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Personality Development – Have you ever observed people who are the center of attraction all the time? They have that superb quality, due to which people get attracted to them. So, how do they manage to do this? Well, the answer is simple they have a personified personality. Their aura is not only learned but is the reflection of their inner self.

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Personality Development- Behavioural Tips

Do you need to change: Let’s understand when it’s time for you to change. Suppose you are talking with someone, and that person, is nodding but not interested in you or your topic! The person is looking at his watch while speaking to you. The person suddenly hops onto someone else and talks for hours with that person. There is sudden silence in the room as soon as you enter. So, come out of your cocoon and see the world unbiasedly. Soon, you will realize that you must adapt to a new environment.

Work on Inner beauty: We all work on external appearance, but when you speak, everything gets reflected, whether you are arrogant, dominating, self-centered, or not concerned. From your actions and way of behaving and say, it all gets reflected. So make sure that you work on your inner beauty or personality. Having a great look takes you just a couple of months, but to have excellent personality development, you need to work for years to develop that aura and confidence, which will make you “a complete man.”

Are “you in self-doubt: Many times, people are genuine, and they know how to carry themselves, but they lack in their confidence levels, and they cannot express themselves adequately. They have fear in them; am I speaking right or not? What will people think about me? Are they making fun of me? Such questions of self-doubt suddenly take you on the back foot. Often, these people know a lot more than the people speaking. It is because they have a fear of the audience.

Learn from Mistakes: If you are learning anything new, you are bound to make mistakes, be prepared to say sorry and apologize genuinely. You can make a respectful corner among your friends and colleagues by saying sorry. Learn from your mistakes, forgive yourself, and move on. Do not stop until you have learned from your mistakes. This may take you years to learn, which is fine; at least you are learning and trying your best. You are a thousand times better than those who never try and are timid to confront their introverted personalities.

Evaluation (OthersOthers’ack): Keep evaluating yourself regularly. Sometimes you will get feedback from your peers like, woo, I didn’t know you negotiate so well, or You can discuss matters so well. Hey, how could you solve that problem so quickly? If such feedback comes your way, you are on the right track. And you are improving gradually. But If you are not getting feedback, then it’s time to have another mechanism for you to evaluate.

Self–Evaluation: For this, maintain notes about the personality traits you need to improve. Like public speaking, you boost confidence, a pleasant personality, helpful nature, socializing, dressing sense, and likewise. You need to find out what you need to work on first. Jot them down on paper with dates and search for the best way to learn that skill. Check for Google if you don’t have an alter ego or mentor of yours. From Google, you will get tips on what you need to do first. Take one trait for improvement at a time, excel in it, and then move ahead.

Develop your network and Socialize: Today is the age of networking, be social with people; you should often go on outings with friends, and you will have self-knowledge about things and develop the confidence to travel independently. Secondly, with your network, you know how to speak and interact, when to take credit for yourself, and when to share and help. When and how to say no without hurting, you will learn all these basic things when with people around.

Imitate: If you know of someone fantastic in team building and has a great personality, observe that person by heart, try to be that person most of the time to learn from him and how he does such things; the more time you spend in observing and learning more you understand about his positive and negative points. You need to adopt only the best qualities and not the negative ones. There is no harm in learning from your idol. Sometimes we can have two or more idols with whom we can stay and learn.

Adaptive: You can only learn when you are adaptive; if you are rigid with your thought process, then learning new things and personality development is next to impossible.

Fun Loving: Always working for targets and remaining a serious and boring kind of a person is never able to develop a fan club of his own; you need to be fun-loving and add some humor while the severe discussion is going on; this will break the monotonous routine in the room, and burst the stress balloon as well. But do it in a controlled and acceptable manner.

Time Management: It is crucial to stick to your time; this will help you prioritize things and decide what to do, when and how to say no, and where to schedule what. With time management, you will learn to know your priorities and scheduling, which reflects better team management qualities, and you will be able to lead. But first, manage yourself, and then you can manage your team well.

Courageous: Taking a stand for your decision is good quality, but you must learn how to express your thoughts and decisions. The win-win solution is the best approach; however, there are situations when you are bound to make tough decisions, the courage is to stick to those plans, but the smartness is when you can handle it smoothly when convincing all the stakeholders involved so that there is minimum dismal in the environment.

Great host: It does not matter if you host the party or not, what is essential is to show concern by asking people around like you should have some snacks, that one is good, have some water you are dancing for a long. I am going to get some food. Are you coming along?

Complement others: If you see someone looking great, it is always good to compliment them; they will love you for that. It’s nIt’snly about dress; this is valid for their impressive victory, speech, or any other quality you admire the most.

Read: A habit of reading will fetch wonders in your personality. The changes you have been trying hard for will come automatically to you. It will transform you from within and help you evoke your inner hidden strengths, from which you were unaware to date. Further reading helps you to introspect about yourself. When you have the habit of daily meditation, chances are you will evolve as a better human, leading to personality development with time and regular practice.

Behavioral Tips for Personality Development

Know your body type: It is essential to know your body type, skinny, fat, shot height, plump, or long-legged. Further, what is your face type, round, oval, flat, or with a distinguished face cut? What are your hair type, texture, and color? Your skin color and type. Is your skin allergic to cosmetics, sensitive to sun or cold? Once you know the answer to these things, you will have a better idea of what to have in your wardrobe regarding cosmetics and what you should never try.

Work on your attire: Dress according to the environment and situation; when going to the official party, try dressing up in a one-piece dress, shining top, or blazer with elegant jewelry. Learn the make–up tips as well. Likewise, distinguish your daily official formal attire and your family function attire. You can have exercise attire, sleeping attire, and shopping clothing separately, making you look and feel confident and fresh every time.

Accessories: Accessories are a great way to add to your personality development. You need to know what suits you best. Further, you should be able to carry yourself confidently while wearing those accessories. The wrong way to select is to buy what looks on you or what you like the most on the shopping cart or shelve. Accessories include shoes, jewelry, bags, perfumes, watches, pens for boys, ties, cuff links, wallets, visiting card holders, and your laptop bag; all makeup for a great look.

Your body language: this is universally accepted that your body does 70% of talking, and people will judge you by your gestures, not your speaking. So you need to know what your body is conveying while you speak and if it sounds too offensive, aggressive, or timid when you put your point across. People will judge whether you have the confidence to express what you are saying or whether your mind and mouth are in different directions. Be watchful of your body and its signals to the listeners.

BE ORIGINAL: The next critical point to consider during personality development is to be original. It is a famous saying that an original is always worth more than a copy; hence, one should always be what he or she is rather than pretending to be what they are not. Everyone on this earth is blessed with a unique property, and that particular individual must maintain or enhance that property. An individual should never try to copy or steal personality. Also, one must always try to adopt only the good habits of others.

The pointers mentioned above are easy, yet you need to have the confidence that you can do it, and you should not be in a fake notion that they are simple, so why give them time? In both thought processes, you will fail in your ambition. Therefore, following the mantra of slow and steady wins the race.

Gear up for a battle that is your battle with yourself! All the best for your new journey, hope to see a new you.

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Inside The Race To Develop A Safe Covid

As COVID-19 cases continue to surge in the United States and abroad, researchers are racing to develop a vaccine at record-breaking speeds. In a June 23 hearing before the House Energy and Commerce Committee, Anthony Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, reiterated that he is “cautiously optimistic” about the possibility of a coronavirus vaccine being ready by early 2023.

“The development of a vaccine for a new pathogen typically takes many years and sometimes decades,” says Dan Barouch, the director of the Center for Virology and Vaccine Research at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. “The attempt to develop COVID-19 vaccines in a year is truly unprecedented in the history of vaccinology.”

To date, more than 145 vaccine candidates for COVID-19 are currently under development in laboratories around the world. Barouch and his colleagues are working on a COVID-19 vaccine candidate with the New Jersey-based company Johnson & Johnson, which will begin the first of several stages of human trials later this month. A number of other vaccine candidates have already entered human testing, including ones developed by researchers at Oxford University and the biotechnology company Moderna Therapeutics in Massachusetts.

Before any vaccine can be approved by the Food and Drug Administration, though, its creators must demonstrate that it is both safe and actually protects people from the intended disease—and many potential vaccines fail somewhere along the way. Here’s how researchers are hoping to streamline this complex, expensive process.

“The goal for COVID-19 vaccine development is to move the vaccine programs forward as fast as possible so long as safety and scientific integrity are not compromised,” Barouch says. “What is not acceptable is any sort of cutting corners that would result in patient safety risks, because safety is the most important part of any vaccine, including a COVID-19 vaccine, even during a pandemic”

A new vaccine candidate must first be tested in animals before undergoing three phases of clinical trials in people. These tests investigate whether the potential vaccine could have any harmful side effects, what dose is needed, what kind of immune response it causes, and how effective it is in large numbers of people. Then, after a vaccine has been licensed, researchers will continue to monitor it to see how well it performs in the general population and to make sure there aren’t any extremely rare reactions that weren’t seen until many more doses had been given, says Bruce Gellin, the president of global immunization at the Sabin Vaccine Institute in Washington, D.C.

One hypothetical concern that can arise during this process is that, if a vaccine contains ingredients that resemble molecules found in our bodies, it could trigger an autoimmune reaction, says Patricia Winokur, the executive dean of the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine in Iowa City. For example, the drug manufacturer GlaxoSmithKline discontinued its FDA-approved vaccine for Lyme disease due to rare reports in the early 2000s of the vaccine supposedly triggering arthritis. To date, researchers have found no evidence that this was actually happening to people who had received the vaccine.

Today, researchers have sequenced the human genome, as well as that of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19, officially known as SARS-CoV-2. “We can see whether there is anything in those proteins that is similar to anything in the human body,” Winokur says. “That helps us make pretty scientific estimates that this vaccine would be safe over the long haul.”

Additionally, the kinds of vaccine candidates that might cause this type of problem tend to include adjuvants—ingredients intended to help the vaccine provoke a more powerful immune response to the virus. While many approved vaccines include adjuvants, verifying their safety adds additional time to the development process. “But the early [COVID-19] vaccines that seem to be on the fast track do not have adjuvants, so you have removed even that concern,” Winokur says.

Scientists will also be on the lookout for the possibility that a COVID-19 vaccine candidate could, in very rare instances, create an immune response that actually worsens the severity of the disease if the person is later exposed to the real virus. Scientists worried that this may have occurred in previous animal studies of experimental vaccines against SARS (another coronavirus). “That’s the scenario that we would need to be watching very carefully in these rapid vaccine studies,” Winokur says. So far, monkeys that received vaccines developed by the Oxford team and the Beijing-based company Sinovac Biotech (which includes an inactivated version of SARS-CoV-2) have not developed exacerbated disease after being exposed to the virus.

There are many different kinds of vaccine candidates for COVID-19 under development. One strategy that may allow researchers to develop a COVID-19 vaccine particularly swiftly is using pieces of DNA or RNA that code for the spike-shaped protein on the surface of the virus. This protein helps the virus latch onto and infect human cells and seems to be the component that our immune systems react most strongly against. These bits of genetic material prompt our own cells to build copies of the spike protein, which cannot cause disease on its own but can train the immune system to recognize the real virus in the future.

Because DNA and RNA vaccines only include fragments of genetic material, they can potentially be developed and evaluated for safety more quickly than traditional vaccines for which a weakened or inactivated form of the virus must be grown. That said, researchers still have to determine how effective this new kind of vaccine will be; no vaccines based on this technology have been licensed yet.

Although COVID-19 is a new disease, researchers have also had a head start on developing vaccine candidates because of previous work on vaccines for other coronaviruses such as the ones that cause SARS and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). The vaccine candidate created by Oxford University researchers was able to move into human trials rapidly because the team had used a similar technique to develop a vaccine candidate for MERS and had already shown that it was safe in people.

Certain characteristics of the novel virus may also bode well for our chances of developing a vaccine quickly. Viruses are often less complicated than bacteria or parasites like the one that causes malaria, Winokur says. This makes it easier for scientists to figure out which parts of the virus are likely to be the components that cause the body to mount an immune response and create antibodies that will protect us from future infections. Preliminary research also hints that the body may create a robust immune response after being exposed to the novel coronavirus or its protein pieces, which could give vaccine makers a blueprint for designing an effective preventative drug.

Still, scientists have not yet determined what an immune response that would successfully protect a person from COVID-19 looks like, Winokur says. Because of this, demonstrating that a COVID-19 vaccine candidate can actually prevent infection could be a challenge. “That will be harder to evaluate in a rapidly developed vaccine,” she says.

To find out whether a vaccine candidate is effective, researchers must inoculate a large number of people and then wait and see whether fewer of them catch COVID-19 than people who received a placebo. “The more disease that is [out] there, the quicker you can assess how well a vaccine performs,” Gellin says. By its nature, a pandemic will provide many potential opportunities for participants in these trials to be exposed to the virus. “There is so much virus out there [that] you’d probably be able to determine that relatively quickly.”

There are also ways to compress the time needed to move a vaccine candidate through clinical trials. Because COVID-19 poses such a dire threat to public health, scientists are planning large clinical trials that can launch as soon as the results from smaller, earlier-stage trials for a vaccine candidate arrive, Barouch says. Normally, researchers would have to wait until these early studies had concluded before they could even begin to contemplate designing their next round of testing.

“There is no additional risk to patient safety because the larger study doesn’t start until data exists from the smaller study, but the time lag between finishing a phase I/II study and starting a phase III study could be on the order of days as opposed to years,” Barouch says.

The process of producing vaccines on a large scale can be sped up as well in response to the pandemic. “Many companies are starting to mass produce vaccines even now as we speak, before they have any indication that it’s actually effective,” Barouch says. “By willingness to take [that] financial risk, companies can accelerate the process at a speed that has never been done before.”

Even though researchers are working at breakneck speed to design and evaluate candidates for a COVID-19 vaccine, their efforts may not bear immediate fruit. “It is theoretically possible that a vaccine could be available for emergency use authorization by this winter, but that is in no way guaranteed,” Barouch says. “That will require many things all happening well the first time around, and as we know from science and medicine not everything works out the first time around.”

And even if a vaccine for COVID-19 becomes available in record time, it’s unlikely there will be enough doses to meet the enormous worldwide demand for it immediately. Ultimately, we will probably need a widely-available vaccine to bring the COVID-19 pandemic to an end. But while we wait for that vaccine to materialize, we can at least use measures like wearing masks and social distancing whenever possible to prevent COVID-19 transmission.

“With a vaccine, you want to have people protected as quickly as possible,” Gellin says. “But should they have to wait, there are still ways that they can protect themselves.”

12 Unique Ways To Use Usb Otg On Android

USB On-The-Go (popularly known as USB OTG) is undoubtedly one of the coolest features of Android (although few other devices support it too). It’s a standard that allows USB OTG compatible devices (e.g. almost all modern Android devices) to act as “hosts” or controllers for other USB gadgets, such as keyboards/mice, flash drives, and even game controllers. This essentially means that Android devices don’t need a computer to act as host for interfacing with other USB devices, and act like mini-computers themselves.

Not by a long shot, and that’s why this article rounds up some unique and cool USB OTG uses. But before we even get to the listing, here are some important things you need to keep in mind.

Important points

Although almost all Android devices have USB OTG capability, some (older) devices might not work. For such devices, you’ll generally need to resort to solutions like rooting and flashing custom ROMs.

In majority of the cases, A USB OTG Cable (such as this) is needed to connect USB OTG supported devices with other USB devices.

1. Use Mice/Keyboards with Android Phone 2. Connect USB Flash Drives for Data Transfer and Media Playback

This can be helpful when there’s some important data on your Android phone that you want to copy to a USB flash drive (or vice-versa). Just connect the flash drive, and use one of the many file manager apps to move/copy data. You can also use this feature if you have certain media (songs, movies etc.) that you want to enjoy on your smartphone, without the hassle of transferring it to the phone’s storage. How cool is that?

3. Create Music on Android with MIDI Controller Apps Using Musical Instruments

Almost all modern musical instruments (e.g. keyboards, guitars) have the ability to hook up with PCs via the MIDI standard. And thanks to USB OTG, you can connect them to your Android devices as well. This lets you use musical instruments to create music on Android devices. Generally, you also need some musical instrument specific apps for this. For illustration, check the companion video, showing Grand Piano Pro, an Android app, outputting musical notes produced by a connected musical instrument.

4. Control DSLR Camera(s) with Android Smartphones

Preferred by pro photographers (and these days, even beginners), DSLR cameras offer best in class image quality, complete with extensive manual controls, and a range of accessories. However, you can also control your DSLR camera and granularly tweak its manual controls using your USB OTG connected Android phone, via numerous apps available for the same. One such app is DSLR Controller, which can be used to adjust focus, zoom control, shutter speed, ISO, and then some more, directly from the Android smartphone. It can even be used to record Time lapse videos.

5. Play Games on Android Smartphones with Game Controllers

6. Access Ethernet on Android Devices

7. Print Documents Stored on Android Phone

8. Import Photos from Digital Cameras to Android Device

Like almost all other devices, digital cameras also use USB for connecting with computers. And thanks to USB OTG, you can easily import the photos taken by digital cameras (e.g. DSLRs) to your Android phone. It’s as simple as connecting the camera to the Android phone, and can be really useful when you want to manage/edit the photos from the digital cameras on the Android smartphone, using one of the many apps available for the same.

9. Use Your Android Smartphone to Charge other Phones

In what might be one of the most interesting uses of USB OTG, it can be used to have one Android phone charge another phone. All you have to do is connect the two phones, and the phone acting as the USB host (the one directly connected to the USB OTG cable) will start charging the other device. This can be really helpful in emergency situations when your phone’s battery runs out, and you don’t have a charger or wall socket around. Even non-Android devices such as iPhones can be charged via this method.

10. Use USB Accessories with Android Phones

Thanks to the ubiquity of the USB interface, there are countless accessories available for it. And with USB OTG, using them with your Android smartphones has never been easier. Want a little cool breeze on a hot summer afternoon? Use this portable fan with your Android smartphone. Or how about an LED light to find something in the dark? The possibilities are endless.

11. Record Audio directly to Your Android Smartphone

12. Transfer Contacts, Messages between Phones

After getting a new smartphone, one of the first things to be done is to set it up. Generally, this includes transferring your contacts, messages, and other settings from the old device to the new one. And with Samsung’s SmartSwitch app and USB OTG, getting your new smartphone up and running is a cakewalk. The SmartSwitch app lets you transfer messages, contacts, call logs, and much more between not just Android devices, but iPhones and Blackberry devices as well.

SEE ALSO: 10 Best USB Hubs

Do more with USB OTG

10 Tips To Use Apple Pages On Mac Like A Pro!

New to Apple Pages or simply looking for different things to do with the app on Mac? We’ll walk through several tips for using the app that’ll turn you into an Apple Pages Pro in no time!

What is Apple Pages?

Apple Pages is a word processing tool for macOS. It comes preinstalled when you purchase a Mac and is also available for free in the App Store.

Similar to Microsoft Word, you can create documents like articles, reports, and resumes, as well as brochures, newsletters, and flyers in Pages.

With the built-in features of Apple Pages, you can format text, insert media, use bullets and numbering for lists, add tables and charts, share documents, and much, much more.

Whether you’re new to Pages or have used it before, we’ll share some tips for making the most of the Apple Pages on Mac. 

How to open Pages on Mac

To get started, open Pages from the Applications folder on your Mac. Select New Document. 

Then, pick a template for a quick start or the Blank option to start from scratch.

1. How to save documents in Pages

One feature you’ll almost always use is saving a Pages document. What makes the app even better is that you can save a document in a different file format or use the password-protection feature. 

Save a document

To save a document, go to File → Save in the menu bar. The first time you save the file, you’ll be asked to provide a name.

Save as a different file type

If you’d like to convert your Pages document to a different file type when you save it, this is easy to do. You can export it as a PDF, Word, Epub, plain text, or RTF document.

When the Export Your Document box opens, confirm you’re on the correct tab for the file type you selected.

When you’re ready, select Save.

Then, name the file, optionally add tags, and pick the location to save it.

Select Export, and you’re done. 

Password-protect a Pages document

With the PDF and Word file formats, you can add a password when you export and save the Pages document.

Follow the steps above to select either PDF or Word. In the Export Your Document box, check the option for Require password to open.

Enter the password, verify it, and optionally include a hint.

2. Customize the toolbar in Pages

The nice thing about Pages, along with other macOS apps, is that you can customize the toolbar at the top. This allows you to include those actions you perform most and remove those you never use.

To add an item, drag it from the window to the location you want it in the toolbar.

To use the default set of items, drag that gray bar from the bottom onto the toolbar.

To remove an item from the toolbar, drag it out and down to the window.

To rearrange items in the toolbar, select and drag them where you want them.

To choose from icons and text or only icons, select an option in the Show drop-down box on the bottom left.

3. Adjust auto-correct settings in Pages

Auto-correct is a handy feature that anticipates what you want to type and corrects it if it’s misspelled. While you’re probably used to the feature in apps like Messages on iPhone, you can also use it in Pages on Mac. And luckily, you can customize how auto-correct works.

Select Pages → Settings in the menu bar and pick the Auto-Correction tab in the box that appears.

Formatting: Check the boxes for the formatting options you want to include and use the drop-down boxes to choose the Double and Single quotes formats.

When you finish, close the box using the X on the top left.

4. How to track changes in Pages

To enable the feature, select Edit in the menu bar → Pick Track Changes.

You’ll then see the Track Changes toolbar at the top of the document.

On the far right, select the gear icon to adjust the settings for the tracking, including using markup or making the version final, accepting or rejecting all changes, and choosing your author color (to indicate changes you make).

5. How to add objects in Pages

You may want to insert an object in your Pages, document like a table, chart, text box, or shape. 

6. How to insert images in Pages

For documents like brochures, flyers, school essays, or even a resume, you may want to add an image in Pages. You have various options for adding a photo, picture, or image from your Mac, iPhone, or iPad.

Place your cursor in the document where you want the image.

Then, pick one of the following:

Photos: Choose a picture from the Photos app on Mac.

Choose: To insert an image from a location on your Mac, pick Choose and then browse for the picture.

iPhone and iPad: If you have a connected iPhone or iPad, you’ll see options beneath that device to Take Photo, Scan Document, and Add Sketch. Pick one of these options and then follow the prompts on that device to snap a photo, scan a document, or sketch an illustration and insert it in Pages.

7. Insert page numbers in Pages

If you have a document that requires page numbers or simply prefer to include them, you can easily add them to either the header or footer in your Pages document.

Hover your cursor over the header or footer area to display the section.

Your page numbers automatically appear at the top or bottom of each page.

8. Change the background color in Pages

When you finish, you can close the sidebar by deselecting the Document button.

9. How to highlight text in Pages

Perhaps it’s specific text you’d like to highlight in your document instead. Unlike Microsoft Word, Apple Pages doesn’t offer a handy highlight button. However, you can still highlight text in any color you like.

Select the text in your document that you want to highlight.

You’ll then see your text highlighted in your color of choice.

10. How to show the word count in Pages

One simple setting that comes in super handy but may be overlooked is seeing the word count for your document. Along with the number of words, you can see the number of characters, paragraphs, and pages.

As you work on your document, you’ll see the count at the bottom adjust accordingly.

To remove the word count at the bottom, select View and pick Hide Word Count.

Are you pumped for Pages?

Hopefully these tips have you ready to do something a little different in Pages. But remember, this isn’t an inclusive list. You can do even more than what you see here to create stunning documents using Pages on Mac. Plus, you can use and sync the app with your iPhone and iPad as well. 

Check back with iGeeksBlog for more on using Apple Pages! In the meantime, share your own tips and tricks for using Pages on Mac.

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With her BS in Information Technology, Sandy worked for many years in the IT industry as a Project Manager, Department Manager, and PMO Lead. She wanted to help others learn how technology can enrich business and personal lives and has shared her suggestions and how-tos across thousands of articles.

10 Lightroom Editing Tips To Improve Your Skills

When it comes to photo editing software, Adobe Lightroom is one of the most well-known programs. Whether you want to crop and adjust family photos or produce professional-grade images for publication, Lightroom can do it all.

In this beginner’s tutorial, we’ll cover 10 Lightroom editing tips you can use to improve your photo editing skills. These tips apply to every version of Lightroom, including Lightroom Classic, Lightroom CC, and the Lightroom mobile app.

Table of Contents

1. Understand the Basics of Lightroom

If you’re new to Lightroom, check out our Lightroom beginner’s guide on how to get started. After that, these basic post-processing tips will help you progress in your photo editing journey:

Use auto-tone.

If you’re new to Lightroom, you can use the auto-tone feature in the Basic panel of the Develop module. This will allow Adobe Sensei — Lightroom’s artificial intelligence (AI) — to adjust your image to what it thinks are good settings. While this won’t be a finished product, it can help get you closer to it.

Use auto-

white balance


Just like auto-tone, you can select the


button under the White Balance section, too. Lightroom will adjust your white balance to what it thinks is right. This won’t always be perfect, but it’ll usually be closer than the original (if you used the wrong settings in camera). This means you won’t have to play around with the Temp and Tint sliders.

Press reset.

If you don’t like your edit, but you’re not sure exactly what went wrong, you can select


. This simple button takes your photo back to its original state, letting you start again.

Compare to the

original image


When editing, you can press the keyboard shortcut “” to view the photo in its original state. Toggling between edited and original states, you can easily see what you like about the photo and what you don’t.

Pro tip: Set your camera to produce RAW files rather than JPEGs. RAW files contain more data, letting you manipulate the image more than you can with JPEGs. This is especially helpful if you don’t expose your images correctly, as it gives you more leeway to rescue the light and dark areas.

2. Use Brushes to Dodge and Burn

Dodging and burning is when you apply exposure tweaks to small areas of your image, rather than applying global adjustments. “Dodging” is when you increase the exposure (or lighten the image) and “burning” is when you decrease it (or darken the image).

Lightroom includes several selection tools, from brushes to radial filters to automatic subject selection tools. The most common way to apply dodging and burning is to make local adjustments using the Brush tool.

To do so:

In the

Develop module

, select


(or press







. If using a mouse, you can expand or contract the size of your brush using the mouse wheel. On Lightroom mobile, use the size slider. You can also adjust the feather, flow, and density.

Any settings you activate under


will be applied to the area you brush. To dodge, increase the exposure. To burn, decrease it.

Pro tip: Use the “Auto Mask” feature to assist your brushing process. Applying a brush to specific, finely defined areas (like hair or birds) can take a lot of time. Auto Mask lets Lightroom try to find the edges of each object automatically. This way, when you use the brush, it won’t apply masking to the area it doesn’t think is part of the object.

3. Use Range Masking

When you use masking, there’s a handful of ways to tell Lightroom to only apply that mask to particular parts of your image inside the mask.

To do so, press Masking then select Range and choose either Luminance Range or Color Range. Alternatively, if you already have a mask, you can press Subtract then Luminance Range to remove that luminance value from your mask.

Each of these will give you power over what to include or remove from your masks. However, range masking gives you even tighter control by letting you tell Lightroom which colors or luminance values you want to focus on.

Choosing Luminance Range will open up a new slider that lets you control both ends from 0-100. Play around with the sliders to see how your mask changes. To target dark values, move the right-hand slider towards the 0 value. To target light values, do the opposite.

Choosing Color Range opens up a similar slider. Use the dropper to select the color you want to remove, then use the slider to refine your selection.

4. Remove Fringing

You’ve probably noticed that several of your photos have a frustrating green or purple fringe to objects in harsh light. This is caused by something called “chromatic aberration”, an unavoidable optical phenomenon that occurs because of the way light reaches your camera sensor through your lens.

Luckily, Lightroom has a built-in tool to remove this. In the Develop module, scroll down to Lens Corrections. Here, you can choose either Profile (automatic) or Manual.



, select

Remove Chromatic Aberration

to allow Lightroom to automatically try to remove the fringing.

If this doesn’t work, select


then select the

Dropper tool


Hover over the fringing until the right color appears (in the example below, purple).

5. Use Composition Aids

You can use Lightroom’s grid overlays to crop and compose your photos exactly how you’d like. There are several overlays, from the rule of thirds to the golden ratio spiral. These can help you compose your photo according to several well-known aesthetic “rules” of composition.

To select your composition aid, press the


button in the

Develop module


When the crop overlay appears, press


on your keyboard. Keep pressing


to cycle through the different options. On Lightroom for mobile, tap the

three dots

in the upper-right corner, then tap the

Grid icon

. Choose






, or



6. Pay Attention to the Histogram

You can find the histogram in the top-right corner of the Develop module. This complicated-looking graph shows your image’s tonal values and color distribution.

The red, blue, and yellow sections represent how concentrated those colors are in the image. Green areas are where blue and yellow overlap, and turquoise areas are where green and blue overlap. The gray areas are where all three colors overlap.

The left-hand side of the histogram represents the darkest parts of your image, and the right-hand side is the brightest. So if most of your peaks are on the left, your image may be underexposed (and vice versa). A well-exposed image will generally have most of the histogram toward the center of the graph in a single peak.

Pressing the J key will show you where your image is clipping. Clipping is where your highlights or shadows have reached the point where no information is being shown anymore — it’s just white or black pixels.

If you press J and then play around with the exposure slider, you’ll see red areas where the highlights are clipping and blue where the shadows are. This can help you get the perfect exposure.

7. Remove Unwanted Dust Particles (and Other Objects)

When it comes to photography, dust spots are an annoying part of the process. Changing lenses often introduces dust to your camera sensor, which can appear as distracting black smudges in your photos.

Lightroom now features a spot removal tool that can help you remove these (and other) distracting objects from your photos, speeding up your editing workflow because you no longer need to switch to Photoshop to get rid of them.

To remove dust particles:

In the

Develop module

, press the


icon (it looks like a bandaid).

Using the healing tool, hover over the section you want to fix. You can increase the size with your mouse’s scroll wheel or by adjusting the size slider.

Press and drag the healing tool over the area you want to fix, then let go. Lightroom will automatically replace that section of the image with similar pixels.

8. Batch Editing

If you have a series of similar images you want to edit the same way, you can apply batch editing to speed up your editing process.

To do so:

Edit your image manually or apply one of the Lightroom presets.

With the edited image selected, hold




on Mac), and select all other images you want to apply the edit to.

Make sure every setting you want to apply is ticked, then press



9. Use Masking When Applying Sharpening

When you’re applying sharpening and noise reduction, you’re able to selectively choose which parts of the image you want to affect. To do so

Use the sliders to apply as much sharpening or noise reduction as you’d like.

Press and hold the


key (or


on Mac), then move the


slider. Your image will turn to black and white. The areas in white are where the sharpening or noise reduction will apply. Everywhere that’s black will be ignored.

10. Learn How to Color Grade

Color grading is one of the hardest skills to learn, but with a lot of trial and error, you can hone your eye and learn to make beautiful images.

In Lightroom, colors can be manipulated in several ways:

In the

Basic panel

, the


slider enhances all colors, while


enhances colors in low-intensity areas.

In the

Tone Curve

panel, each color channel can be manipulated by changing its tonal values individually. To do so, choose the


then select and drag the



In the



, you can adjust the hue, saturation, and luminance for each color individually.

In the

Color Grading

panel, you can adjust color wheels for your Midtones, Shadows, and Highlights. Moving the dot to a particular color will tinge those tones correspondingly. The further you move the dot to the circle’s edge, the more saturation will be applied.

Finally, in the



, you can adjust the Tint, Hue, and Saturation of the major colors to achieve the exact look that you want.

From Beginner to Professional

Becoming adept at photo editing can take time. There are dozens of editing tools, and it can be hard to know where to start. But with these photography tips, you should be well on your way to using the Lightroom photo editor like a pro.

10 Tips For Leaders To Improve Their Self

Self-awareness is the ability to monitor your own emotions and reactions.

Studies show that people who have great self-awareness are better leaders because of it.

There are many ways to improve self-awareness, like setting boundaries and practicing self-discipline.

This article is for leaders who want to improve their self-awareness.

What is the most important characteristic of a leader? Some might say it’s integrity. Others might say it’s being a good motivator. But psychologist and author Sherrie Campbell, author of Loving Yourself: The Mastery of Being Your Own Person, believes self-awareness is the key factor in leadership success.

What is self-awareness?

Self-awareness is the ability to monitor your own emotions and reactions. It lets you know your strengths, weaknesses, triggers, motivators and other characteristics. Being self-aware means taking a deeper look at your emotions, why you feel a certain way, and how your sentiments could turn into reactions.


Learning how to identify emotions as they happen increases your self-awareness.

Practicing self-awareness allows you to react better to situations or people who might set you off, which is a healthy skill to cultivate – especially as a leader. When you’re aware of your emotions and how you handle them, you’re better equipped to process and work through them, avoiding unnecessary conflict. This will also help you set a good example for your team and make them more comfortable approaching you with questions or concerns. Even if you’re not where you want to be as a leader, developing self-awareness and acknowledging areas you need to work on is the first step.

How important is self-awareness in leadership and business?

Without self-awareness, leaders can appear arrogant. If you cannot be personable, or know when you are crossing a line, how can you lead a company?

The need for self-awareness extends to other business situations, too. Think about how crucial self-awareness is in giving sales pitches or handling feedback, for instance; if you are not aware of how you will react or do not have a way to prevent a negative reaction, you could get yourself in trouble.

Did You Know?

Coping mechanisms developed in childhood can prevent you from achieving goals. By becoming aware of these automatic reactions, you can opt out of using them when they provide no benefit.

Self-awareness is also helpful for presentations. Many people get nervous when delivering pitches, speeches or even notes at a meeting. Self-awareness can help. If you use too many filler words during presentations, practice your presentation and have someone clap every time you use a word you want to avoid. If you tend to sway or pace around while presenting, limit your ability to move by sitting at the table with your client or using a podium.

What are self-awareness skills?

In addition to being aware of your own emotions, self-awareness involves knowing how you will react to others.

“Self-awareness keeps us grounded, attuned and focused,” said Campbell in her book. “When leaders are grounded, they can be efficient and deliberate in staying on task and being attuned to those around them. Leaders who can control their minds and emotions help to guide those around them to develop their own self-knowledge and success.”

These are some important self-awareness skills:

Empathy: When you fine-tune your self-awareness abilities, you will become more empathetic thanks to heightened emotional intelligence.

Adaptability: If you know how you will react, you could avoid a tough situation by taking a walk or just taking a few deep breaths.

Confidence: By accepting and even embracing your flaws, needs and strengths, you will increase your ability to be vulnerable, which allows for stronger relationships in the workplace. Maintaining confidence is key to success.

Mindfulness: When you’re self-aware, you become more mindful of the present moment, allowing yourself to take situations as they happen rather than dwelling on the past or projecting into the future.

Patience: While your immediate reaction might be to scold an employee for a mistake or let your frustrations out on your team, self-awareness will help you practice patience, even in the face of conflict.

Kindness: This is achievable when you put aside your own feelings to support another person. Even if you’re having a bad day, being self-aware and realizing your workers are also human beings with similar struggles can help you be more sympathetic.

Key Takeaway

Self-awareness rarely happens immediately. It takes time, commitment and practice.

Tips for becoming more self-aware

Learning to be aware of yourself isn’t always easy, but it can help you become a more effective leader. Here are 10 tips for improving self-awareness.

Keep an open mind. When you are able to regulate your own emotional world, you can be more attuned to others’ emotions. To be a successful leader, you need to be curious about new people and all they have to offer. This shows that you can be a team player and don’t need to be Number One all the time. The more open you are to others, the more creative an entrepreneur you will become.

Be mindful of your strengths and weaknesses. Self-aware individuals know their strengths and weaknesses and can work from that space. Being mindful of this means knowing when to reach out for assistance and when you can handle a situation on your own.

Stay focused. An important part of being a leader is making connections, but you can’t do that if you’re distracted. Train yourself to focus for long periods of time without getting sucked into social media, emails or other small distractions to improve your productivity.

Set boundaries. A leader needs to put strong limits in place. Be warm toward others, but say no when it’s needed. Be serious about your work and your passions, and keep your boundaries firm to maintain the integrity of your goals and the work you put into them.

Know your emotional triggers. Self-aware individuals can identify their emotions as they are happening. Don’t repress your emotions or deny their causes; instead, bend and flex with them, and fully process them before communicating with others.

Embrace your intuition. Successful people learn to trust their instincts in decision-making and take the risks associated with those choices. Your instincts are based on the survival of the fittest and the need to succeed. They will tell you what to do next, so learn to trust your intuition.

Practice self-discipline. Good leaders tend to be disciplined in every area of their lives. This trait provides them with the enduring focus necessary for strong leadership.

Consider how your actions affect others. We often act without thinking first, focusing only on our own needs. While self-awareness requires acknowledging your emotions, you must also identify how you handle those feelings and how any subsequent actions impact those around you. Being more considerate of others will help you navigate difficult situations.

Apologize when necessary. Mistakes happen, but self-awareness will help you recognize when your slip-ups require apologies. Maybe you lashed out at your staff, or perhaps you’ve been difficult to reach lately. Whatever your mistake was, saying you’re sorry (and meaning it) and then changing your behavior is the best way to move forward.

Ask for feedback. While being self-aware means understanding yourself without input from others, it takes courage (and self-awareness) to ask for honest employee feedback. Doing this acknowledges your natural biases toward yourself (which we all have), and helps you gain a more objective view.

Nicole Fallon contributed to the writing and research in this article.

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