Trending March 2024 # Career Insights: Everything You Need To Know About Computer Science And Ai Researchers # Suggested April 2024 # Top 5 Popular

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Average salary (per annum): US$100,784 

Qualifications: 

A strong background in programming or systems analysis

Fluency in several computer languages

Master’s degree in computer science or cognitive science (a combination of psychology, computer science, anthropology, and philosophy)

Deep understanding of text representation techniques (such as n-grams, bag of words, sentiment analysis etc.), statistics and classification algorithms

Knowledge of Python, Java, and R.

Top 3 Online Courses:

MSc, online, part-time (Computer Science—Artificial Intelligence), DCU: This is a distinctive program taught by an internationally renowned, interdisciplinary team of NUI Galway experts in the field, many of whom are researchers at the Insight Centre for Data Analytics. Students also have the opportunity to choose from several optional online modules on offer from our partner in this program Dublin City University (DCU). The program is taught over two years and is delivered completely online using state-of-the-art technologies and techniques to support the virtual classroom. Students are expected to attend classes on campus at most one day per semester.

Computer Science MOOC, Coursera: Coursera is a free learning site that offers MOOCs courses from well-known universities. All Coursera courses contain pre-recorded video lectures that you can watch when it is convenient for you. Coursera has programs together with universities that allow you to get a master’s degree or specializations. You can explore various college courses without any hassle. It offers free programs from accredited institutions. These free certification courses online available on this platform are designed by a leading university. 

Computer Science: Java, C++, Javascript, Blockchain, Linux, Data Science, IoT, etc.

Computer science and language, Edx: Edx is one of the best free online course providers. It offers university-level courses in a variety of disciplines. You can browse various subjects like Computer science, language, data science, engineering, and more. This site contains a weekly subject sequence. It includes a short video with learning exercises. The platform provides video tutorials, which are similar to the on-campus discussion group and a textbook. It has an online discussion forum where students can post the questions to teaching assistants. It offers free online courses with certificates of completion.

Top Institutes Offering this Program:

Bachelor of Science in Artificial Intelligence (BSAI) and Master of Science in Artificial Intelligence and Innovation (MSAII): Carnegie Mellon University

Bachelor of Science in Computer Science with Artificial Intelligence research: MIT research: MIT

Bachelor of Science in Computer Science with an Artificial Intelligence research focus, Bachelor of Arts in Computer Science with an Artificial Intelligence research focus, Master of Science in Computer Science with an Artificial Intelligence research focus, Doctor of Philosophy in Computer Science with an Artificial Intelligence research: Yale University

Top Recruiters for this Job:

Deloitte: A finance mogul, Deloitte is one of the largest professional services networks in the world. The company runs a giant network of economic forums, which requires a huge team of IT professionals.

CGI: CGI is the 5th largest independent and end-to-end IT and business services and product organization in the world. Founded in 1976, the company has grown into an organization having 73k professionals in over 40 countries.

Mindtree: Mindtree is a known service provider to several global 2000 clients in the digital technology space. Computer science graduates who are looking to begin their career on a high note should certainly aim for a job in this organization.

Infosys: A dream company for most IT professionals in India, Infosys is a global leader in technology services & consulting. It helps clients in more than 50 countries to create & execute digital transformation strategies.

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Career Insights: All You Need To Know About Nlp Engineers

learn everything about NLP Engineers: Role, qualifications, skills, top institutes, recruiters, etc.

Roles and responsibilities: Natural Language Processing Engineer helps in improving our NLP products and creating new NLP applications. NLP Engineer responsibilities include transforming natural language data into useful features using NLP techniques to feed classification algorithms. To succeed in this role, you should possess outstanding skills in statistical analysis, machine learning methods, and text representation techniques.

Average salary (per annum)- US$128,915

Qualifications: 

Proven experience as an NLP Engineer or similar role

Understanding of NLP techniques for text representation, semantic extraction techniques, data structures, and modeling

Ability to effectively design software architecture

Deep understanding of text representation techniques (such as n-grams, a bag of words, sentiment analysis, etc), statistics and classification algorithms

Knowledge of Python, Java, and R

Ability to write robust and testable code

Experience with machine learning frameworks (like Keras or PyTorch) and libraries (like sci-kit-learn)

Strong communication skills

An analytical mind with problem-solving abilities

Degree in Computer Science, Mathematics, Computational Linguistics, or similar field.

Top 3 Online Courses:

Data science, Code academy: Machine Learning, Data Science, Python, Regular Expression, NLTK, spaCy, TensorFlow, sci-kit-learn, and more.

The course is for those who want to understand how computers work with human language, learn techniques and libraries for data analysis, and create natural language processing tools. 

Coursera – Natural Language Processing Specialization: This course covers a wide scope of tasks in Natural Language Processing from essential to cutting-edge: sentiment analysis, summarization, dialogue state tracking, to give some examples. After finishing, you will have the option to perceive NLP tasks in your everyday work, propose approaches, and judge what strategies are probably going to function admirably.

Natural Language Processing (NLP) with Python NLTK – Udemy: The course is structured as a prologue to the crucial concepts of Natural Language Processing (NLP) with Python. Mainly centered around working with NLTK, it gives the possibility of such NLP tasks as word tagging and chunking. As an enhancement, it presents certain machine learning algorithms, for example, credulous Bayes.

Top Institutes Offering the Program:

M.S. in Statistics, Data Science :Science: Stanford University

Master of Science in Data Science: University of Washington

Master of Science in Analytics: Northwestern University

Top Recruiters for This Job:

Eliassen Group: Eliassen Group provides strategic consulting and talent solutions to drive our clients’ innovation and business results. Its purpose is to positively impact the lives of its employees, clients, consultants, and the communities in which we operate. Leveraging over 30 years of success, its expertise in talent solutions, life sciences consulting, Agile consulting, cloud services, risk management, business optimization, and managed services enables the company to partner with its clients to execute its business strategy and scale effectively. 

Judge Group: The Judge Group, celebrating its 50th anniversary, is a leading professional services firm specializing in talent, technology, and learning solutions. It consults, staff, trains, and solves. Through its work, it makes people and organizations better. Its services are successfully delivered through a network of more than 30 offices in the United States, Canada, and India. The Judge Group serves more than 50 of the Fortune 100 and is responsible for over 9,000 professionals on assignment annually across a wide range of industries.

Jobot: Jobot blends proprietary AI technology and experienced recruiting pros to create the first of its kind job matching engine. This unique blend of technology and recruiting skills make recruiting top talent and building a positive work culture possible for every company. 

Huxley Banking & Financial Services: It delivers expert permanent and contract recruitment services across the US and all major financial hubs globally. Its efficient structure consists of delivery teams split by vertical market specialization. Through its local market knowledge, Huxley’s extensive database, and the support of an established global network, it identifies professionals its competitors would struggle to find.

Everything You Need To Know About Ransom Web Attacks

There are many reasons why people execute such attacks, but a recent trend has emerged in which attackers are now asking for remuneration with the promise that the attacks will stop once the payment is made. To better understand how to stop ransom web attacks, we will need to dive into the minds of the attackers and understand how they differentiate themselves.

How Ransom Web Attacks Work

Think of a ransom DDoS attack as a kidnapping. The perpetrator has taken something of value from the victim and asks for compensation, promising restitution of what was lost. In this case it’s not a human being kidnapped but the ability for a web service to operate. Attacks often happen on websites, but they could also bring down any other service that uses the Internet. Some of the worst attacks could take down a service, even if the port attacked is closed simply because the infrastructure becomes overloaded by an excessive amount of incoming traffic. Lighter attacks may be more effective on an open port (i.e. a port that is actively “listening” for traffic because a service runs on it, such as port 80 for HTTP).

Unlike ransomware, which kidnaps your computer from you, a ransom attack robs you of your ability to provide services over the Internet. If your computer (as opposed to a remote server) is the target of the attack, you also lose the entire ability to communicate or browse on the Web. For major companies this may create losses that amount to more capital than what they would spend paying the ransom, which is why they may give in to the demands.

What Motivates Attackers to Demand Ransom?

A ransom attack, as opposed to hacktivism, does not have any ulterior motive other than short-term profit. While hacktivists may be attacking a server for a cause (such as the October 2024 attacks on allegedly racist websites), ransom attackers will be satisfied only by a lump sum of cash. Hacktivism can be more severe in most cases since the duration of their attacks can be much longer. Despite the distinction I have outlined, the two groups may overlap. Hacktivists can sometimes ask for ransom, although the “reward” may not be in the form of monetary gain but a change in policy or some sort of other measure. Such was the case when Canadian intelligence services were threatened by Anonymous in mid-July 2024.

How Service Providers Can Combat Ransom Attacks

As I mentioned earlier, ransom attacks can cause significant losses during the outages. The longer the attack lasts, the more tempting it is for the target to pay the ransom to cut their losses. This is a flawed way to do things and puts the victim at a more vulnerable position considering there is no guarantee that the attackers will keep their word. Such was the case in November 2024 when a Swiss firm called Protonmail that provided encrypted email services paid the ransom and the attacks continued. The payment simply motivates the attackers to press harder and try their luck again by adding more demands to the table.

The best way to solve the issue is to wait until the attackers move onto another target (which usually happens after they realize they’re not going to get what they asked for). If this is unacceptable, perhaps you should be running your web services on a load balancing infrastructure which will help maintain traffic flow while the main server is attacked. You could use a service like CloudFlare or Incapsula to make sure that addresses are filtered and no attacker knows your website’s actual IP address.

Miguel Leiva-Gomez

Miguel has been a business growth and technology expert for more than a decade and has written software for even longer. From his little castle in Romania, he presents cold and analytical perspectives to things that affect the tech world.

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Everything You Need To Know About The Superbug Mrsa

What is MRSA?

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, often known as S. aureus or MRSA, is a staph bacterium resistant to the standard antibiotics used to treat staph infections. This makes it harder to cure because fewer medications are available to eradicate the germs. MRSA infections come in two varieties: healthcare-associated (sometimes referred to as HA-MRSA) and community-associated (CA-MRSA). S. aureus is generally believed to be a typical component of skin flora and is frequently found in people’s nasal passages and on their skin, for example.

What symptoms indicate MRSA?

Fever and a red

Filled lump on the skin.

Chest discomfort,

Rash

Open wounds

HA-MRSA can develop in the heart, lungs, circulation, or around a recent surgical site.

How does an MRSA rash appear?

A little lump or boil that resembles a spider bite indicates infection for the first time. The bulge and the skin around it might swell, turn red, hurt, and inflame (cellulitis). Additionally, the bump could be heated to the touch and ooze pus.

Treatment options for MRSA

Medical professionals can drain the abscess as part of MRSA treatment, and oral or intravenous antibiotics are other options. Avoid attempting to remove an abscess on your own. To prevent the infection from getting worse, it is crucial that the surgery be carried out professionally and with sterile instruments. You should seek medical attention if the abscess does not discharge by itself after administering a hot pack to the region if it is tiny.

The most common MRSA type, HA-MRSA, affects persons who have recently visited a hospital, nursing home, or dialysis facility.

CA-MRSA can spread through close skin contact or crowded areas. Athletes in high school and college, as well as those living in dorms, jails, and military barracks, are more likely to get this type of MRSA infection.

The spread of MRSA How?

MRSA can spread by touching an infected lesion or exchanging personal objects like towels and razors that have come into contact with an infected skin. There is a higher chance of contracting MRSA in crowded places or situations where there is skin-to-skin contact, such as in sports, the military, or some school and daycare settings.

Healthcare-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) infection risk factors differ from those that apply to community-based MRSA infections (CA-MRSA).

HA-MRSA risk factors include −

Implantable Medical Devices: MRSA may enter your body through medical tubings, such as IV lines and urine catheters.

Long-Term Care Facility Residences: In nursing facilities, where MRSA is widespread, the infection can spread from carriers to people with compromised immune systems.

Following are some CA-MRSA risk factors −

Sports Involving Contact: In sports like wrestling, football, and others where there are wounds or abrasions on the skin, MRSA can spread quickly through skin-to-skin contact.

Having a Cluttered or Unsanitary Environment: MRSA poses a significant risk to jails, daycare facilities, student residence halls, and military training facilities.

Sexual Activity Among Men: Males who have sex with another man are much more prone to develop Pathogens.

Injecting illicit substances: MRSA may enter your body through shared or recycled needles.

Having a Tattoo: Tattoo needles may get MRSA into your body if not handled correctly.

Surgery or recent illness: Your body is more vulnerable to MRSA infection if you recently had the disease or underwent surgery.

Recent use of antibiotics: If you’ve recently used an antibiotic, your chance of contracting MRSA may be higher.

Contact or Infection with MRSA in the Past: If you have had MRSA infection in the past or are in close contact with someone who has, your risk of disease is higher. 

Make an appointment with your doctor immediately if you get skin signs associated with MRSA or a fever. Keep the wound bandaged in the interim, and wash your hands often. Avoid attempting to pop or squeeze pus from your injury. This might exacerbate the illness.

Compared to a typical CA-MRSA skin infection, HA-MRSA symptoms are typically more severe. Your circulation, heart, lungs, other organs, or the site of a recent operation may get infected with MRSA after being exposed to it in a hospital environment.

Some signs of HA-MRSA include −

Chest pain

Coughing

Breathing difficulty

Fatigue

Fever

Headache

Rash Injury that Isn’t Healing

Like other staph infections, MRSA infections usually are identified using a bacterial culture. Your doctor will take a sample from your skin rash or sore using a cotton swab and from other places, including your nasal secretions.

After being submitted to a lab, this sample is put on a plate with ingredients that promote bacterial growth. The bacteria are then examined and classified after this. If MRSA is proven to be the source of your illness, further testing will identify the appropriate drugs that may be used to treat it. A novel, quicker test that finds staph DNA may be used as an alternative to a bacterial culture.

Depending on the infection’s type and location, MRSA treatment may vary. The abscess may need to be drained by your doctor if you have an MRSA skin infection. You might require this therapy.

Avoid attempting to puncture or drain an abscess on your own. The process must be carried out appropriately with sterile instruments to prevent the infection from worsening or spreading to other persons.

Taken in conjunction with other treatments, using certain antibiotics, such as −

Linezolid

Doxycycline (Vibramycin)

Clindamycin (Cleocin)

Trimethoprim (Trimpex)

Minocycline (Minocin) (Zyvox)

vancomycin (Vancomin)

Your doctor will give you an antibiotic if you have HA-MRSA (acquired in a healthcare environment). Your infection’s location and the results of your blood tests will determine the medication you receive.

Depending on where and how severe your illness is, your doctor will recommend either an intravenous (IV) or oral antibiotic. MRSA infections can spread if they are not treated or the antibiotics used to treat them are ineffective. A life-threatening illness like that might develop.

Avoiding MRSA

Medical staff must adhere to protocols to control any infection to stop the spread of MRSA in healthcare institutions. These practices might involve −

Putting on protective clothing

Adhering to stringent hand hygiene guidelines

Cleaning up polluted areas

Washing contaminated laundry properly

There are several actions you may take to lessen your chance of contracting MRSA in your neighborhood (CA-MRSA) −

When you’ve been around other people, wash your hands thoroughly.

Any bites, wounds, or sores should be bandaged and kept clean.

Avoid touching anybody else’s bandages, wounds, or cuts.

Share your towels, razors, clothes, and cosmetics with no one.

Athletes should take extra precautions to prevent MRSA, including −

Shower right after working out.

Shower at home if a public shower is unclean.

Prior to and following athletics, wash your hands.

Before utilizing communal workout equipment, disinfect it with an antibacterial solution.

Use a towel to shield your skin from the shared workout equipment.

Never reuse or share braces or splints.

Everything You Need To Know About The Xiaomi Mi Band 5

Our verdict: Xiaomi Mi Band 5 review

Also read: The best fitness trackers you can buy

The Mi Band 5 also gets several new sports modes, bringing the total up to 11 in all. In contrast, the Mi Band 4 offered a total of six sports modes. It’s nice to see more indoor activity features on the Mi Band 5. Check out all the new sports modes below.

Outdoor running

Treadmill

Cycling

Walking

Freestyle

Pool swimming

Elliptical (New)

Rowing machine (New)

Jump rope (New)

Indoor cycling (New)

Yoga (New)

Besides the added sports modes, the Mi Band 5 gets many new tracking features and improvements.

Improved sleep tracking

The Mi Band 5 now has improved sleep monitoring, with continuous heart rate tracking as you snooze. Xiaomi claims this will help identify sleep problems such as irregular and sporadic sleep patterns and rapid eye movement. Based on the data collected, the app will give you suggestions on how to improve your sleep quality.

Blood oxygen tracking

The Chinese Mi Band 5 also gets a built-in SpO2 or blood oxygen tracker. This was absent from the Mi Band 4. The tracker can apparently detect your blood oxygen saturation levels every second for eight hours in a row. That’s a total of 28,800 readings in a span of eight hours. This continuous SpO2 monitoring is also aimed at improving sleep quality. It will work in tandem with the Mi Band 5’s sleep tracking function to provide more comprehensive sleep quality feedback.

Women’s health and PAI scoring system

Other new features include menstruation cycle tracking, breath training, remote control for your smartphone camera, and a new PAI Vitality Index. PAI stands for Personal Activity Intelligence and is a feature borrowed from Huami’s Amazfit wearables. It essentially gamifies health tracking by giving you a score between 1-100 based on your daily activity and heart rate.

Magnetic charging

Jimmy Westenberg / Android Authority

Apart from the new sports modes and tracking features, the Mi Band 5 also brings a major design tweak. Traditionally, all Mi Bands have had to be popped out of their silicone straps for charging. The new Mi Band 5 does away with that hassle and brings all-new magnetic charging onboard.

The band has a 100mAh battery which, Xiaomi claims, can keep the lights on for up to 14 days on a full charge.

See also: Does the Xiaomi Mi Band 5 work with Xiaomi Mi Band 4 straps?

NFC and voice assistants

In China, the Mi Band 5 includes support for NFC and the XiaoAI voice assistant. The Russian variant of the Mi Band 5 launched with NFC, but the global model lacks this option. In fact, it lacks NFC, SpO2 tracking, and a voice assistant.

Now that you know all that’s new with the Mi Band 5, here’s a quick table summarizing the specs.

Fitbit Inspire 2: The Inspire 2 is the best gateway Fitbit thanks to its included year-long Fitbit Premium trial for new users. It is much pricier than the Mi Band 5, though.

Check pricing

HUAWEI Band 6: HUAWEI’s surprise fitness tracking hit of 2023 packs an SpO2 sensor, a large, bright smartwatch-like screen, and excellent battery life. The Band 6 is relatively cheap, too.

Check pricing

Amazfit Band 5: If you’re looking for a near carbon copy of the Mi Band 5, the Amazfit Band 5 is that product. It’s effectively an upgraded Mi Band 5 that’s also available in the US. It includes an SpO2 sensor and a two week battery life.

Check pricing

Xiaomi Mi Band 5: Price and availability

Jimmy Westenberg / Android Authority

The Xiaomi Mi Band 5 launched with the same affordable price tag as its predecessor. In China, the regular variant of the Mi Band 5 without NFC debuted at 189 yuan (~$29). Meanwhile, the version with NFC landed at 229 yuan (~$36).

Bear in mind that these were launch prices, so expect the Mi Band 5 to cost a lot less now that it has been around for more than a year.

The Mi Band 5 is also available in Europe and the UK as the Mi Smart Band 5 (albeit without NFC, SpO2 tracking, and voice assistance). You can buy the global Mi Band 5 for $39 on Amazon. Meanwhile, you can pick up the Xiaomi Mi Band 5 in India for Rs 2,999 (~$40).

Xiaomi Mi Band 5

A bit older, but also a bit cheaper

Xiaomi makes great cheap fitness trackers, and the Mi Band 5 is no exception. For well under $50, you get a bigger display, more trackable sport modes, 24-hour heart rate monitoring, improved sleep tracking, and PAI integration.

See price at Amazon

See price at Amazon

See price at Amazon

A: Yes. It features a 5ATM rating.

Everything You Need To Know About Today’s Google I/O Keynote

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Google announced a bunch of stuff today at the annual I/O conference in California. The announcements are mostly updates–nothing as exciting as the introduction of Google Glass or a new tablet–but there are lots of changes that’ll affect how you compute, and that give an idea of how Google plans to evolve in the near future. Here’s what we saw:

Maps Can Think. One of Google’s best tactics of late is taking what it knows about you–which is a lot, eeee–and not just presenting it to you, but analyzing and predicting what you want to know. When you search for “Sur La Table” on your phone, your results now show a white box that gives you the address and store hours–exactly what you probably want to know. And the new Google Maps works the same way.

Sync Your Stuff. Android’s notifications system has been about two or three years beyond Apple since the launch of the first Android phone. For every step Apple takes, Google takes one a step further. Apple uses the swipe-down-from-the-top motion to trigger a notifications shade? Android allows you to swipe them individually to close, or head straight to your settings menu from there. The latest is syncing: swipe to dismiss a notification on your phone, and that’ll be carried over to any other Android or Chrome device, so you don’t need to dismiss things multiple times. Smart.

Another Music Subscription. Google introduced the awkwardly named Google Play Music All Access service, which is…exactly like Spotify, or Rdio, or Zune, or Rhapsody. Ten bucks a month, listen all you want. We love these services, but Google made no effort to move things forward with this offering, so we’re not sure who’s going to use it. Why use Google Play when you’ve already got Spotify and Rdio on your phone?

Google Insists You Want Voice Search. Google spent a long time today discussing the improvements made to voice search. (We’re iffy on its potential.) Google Glass relies on it already, but now Google wants you to have a full-on conversation with your computer, tablet, and phone, as well. You talk to it by saying “Ok, Google.” Read more about that here.

Chat Is Now Hangouts. GChat might be ubiquitous among the under-30 set, but Google’s approach to chat has been confusing. Google Chat, Google Talk, Gmail, Google Hangouts, Video Chat–lots of different services, unnecessarily confusing. Now it’s all one thing: Google Hangouts. It’s available for Android, iOS, and on your computer as a Chrome extension, and looks like a more powerful, cleaner version of GChat. You can drop photos and videos easily, switch to video chat in the same window, and Google has apparently hand-drawn hundreds of new emoji, if you’re into that kind of thing. More on that here.

Google+ Is Still Alive. Google redesigned Google+, with a new multi-pane design and fancy animations, though we doubt that’ll get anyone to use it who doesn’t already. The best part? Photos are well-attended; they’ll upload automatically, highlight and autocorrect exposure and color, and attempt to group them based on content, so all photos of a certain party will be together.

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