Trending March 2024 # Fun Fact: Nfts And Art Are Two Entirely Different Things # Suggested April 2024 # Top 12 Popular

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Not to sound like a non-fungible naysayer, but NFTs aren’t actually art. That’s the honest truth of the matter. While art is undoubtedly one of the most robust use-cases for NFTs, there’s a reason that legacy art institutions and even the powers that be at Wikipedia continue to dispel the correlation between NFTs and art.

Creators of all types are using NFTs to store, share, and disseminate their unique intellectual property (IP). Beyond art, NFTs are used by scientists, healthcare professionals, game developers, and many others. The distinction between NFTs as a type of tech, and art as a single use case of that tech, has never been more important. If we hope to broaden the horizons of Web3 and onboard a more diverse assortment of people onto the blockchain, this is something we need to talk about.

The difference between art and NFTs

As we understand it, fine art, PFP, photography, and the other various forms of visual NFTs all fall into the “art” category of the NFT space. It’s no surprise that this is the most popular and profitable sector of the NFT market, as art continues to be the NFT use case that finds media attention through ground-shaking sales figures. Yet, as previously mentioned, art is only one use case for NFTs, and one misunderstood at a fundamental level.

Whether or not an artist decides to mint one of their pieces as an NFT, the art will always exist independently of that NFT. And if the art one day just completely disappeared — which has happened before — the NFT would still remain intact and unfazed, cozily tucked in its block of origin.

A set of Doodles NFTs with some of the images missing, illustrating what can happen to NFT media files.

So, art and NFTs are fundamentally different. Even in the case of digital art, there is a divide between token and media. So let’s consider an NFT as the culmination of these two unique parts: a token, and its media.

Put simply, an NFT is a blockchain token that is represented visually (or audibly) through a media file. This can be a picture, GIF, video, song, PDF, whatever. That Bored Ape you missed out on buying back in summer 2023? It’s a token and a picture of a cartoon ape. In this way, a token seems mutually inclusive with its media, but in actuality, these two parts are very different entities.

An NFTs token is not coupled with its media. While the token itself exists on the blockchain, the media lives elsewhere and, in contrast with the token, is quite vulnerable to degradation. This means the media file could disappear, leaving only the token behind.

How an NFT works is, while the token is stored immutably on the blockchain, its digital image files are often stored via a distributed sorting system like the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS for short). These types of systems were created for storing and accessing files, websites, applications, and data. Systems like IPFS exist somewhere between centralized file servers and peer-to-peer file-sharing services, allowing users ease-of-access to digitally stored files.

But file storing isn’t free: If the user isn’t paying for it, someone else is. And just as website admins must pay for their sites and media to be stored on servers, NFT platforms must pay to have JPEGs stored via IPFS. This means that when collectors purchase an NFT, they are depending on a marketplace to pay storage fees so that the media files don’t disappear.

All this to say that, fundamentally, NFTs are a token and a type of technology, while art — and the expression of human creativity — exists independently of that technology. The same case can be made for NFT gaming, music NFTs, literature NFTs, and others. While blockchain technology is constantly leveling up, the fact of the matter currently is that an NFT token and its media are two different things.

The importance of the distinction

Some might argue that the difference between art and NFTs is just semantics, and that the storage method doesn’t matter in the grand scheme of crypto-art. But unlike other forms of art, NFTs have a fatal flaw. While someone would be hard-pressed to destroy a famous painting or steal a prominent piece of digital art, NFT media, through nothing more than negligence, could cease to exist.

The need for change is apparent, as even those like the revered NFT writer and builder Jason Bailey have been outspoken on the problem while working to create solutions. For NFTs to be considered trustworthy as a technology, and perhaps for traditional art folks to believe in their viability, they must live up to their purported permanence in more ways than just through a token ID.

I can go first. I’m petrified that off chain assets (images, media, and data) will disappear. So worried that I started a company (ClubNFT) to help solve it.

— Artnome (@artnome) February 22, 2023

We understand the NFT ecosystem exists at the intersection of tech, finance, and art, but it’s become difficult to ignore the fact that these three sectors do not exist equally within the NFT microcosm. Rather, NFTs are a product of blockchain technology. And as blockchain-based assets, they are often represented through art (or games, movies, songs, etc.), and are given worth through their financial (and cultural) value.

The tech aspect of NFTs is often overlooked by many because the art and financial traits of NFTs are much more appealing. But the tech is what allowed art powerhouses like Damian Hirst and Tom Sachs, in addition to marketplace dominators like XCOPY and Beeple, to truly flourish.

Of course, NFTs are holistically about much more than just money, art, and the other traits and buzzwords that keep them in mainstream media. But for blockchain-powered Web3 to continue to live up to its potential, misconceptions that conflate NFTs with art are worthy of correction.

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Why Mobile And Desktop Rankings Are Different

Google’s John Mueller answered an interesting question about why mobile and desktop search rankings can differ. Mueller offered several factors related to personalization to explain why the two kinds of searches sometimes are different.

Why Do Desktop and Mobile Search Rankings Differ?

The person asking the question was interested in learning how to diagnose the reason why a site might not perform as well in mobile search as it does in desktop search.

Here’s the question:

“Why… How are desktop and mobile ranking different when we’ve already been switched to mobile first indexing?”

Google’s John Mueller pointed out that indexing and ranking are two different things.

Just because we’re in a mobile-first indexing environment doesn’t mean that the mobile and desktop versions will be ranked equally because they were indexed as mobile.


“So, mobile first indexing is specifically about that technical aspect of indexing the content.

And we use a mobile Googlebot to index the content.

But once the content is indexed, the ranking side is still (kind of) completely separate.”

Mobile and Desktop Rankings Are Contextually Personalized

Mueller next explained that for some situations the context of the searcher and the device that is used can alter rankings.

He explained that for some searches the needs of the users are different depending on the device and that can influence rankings.

John Mueller Explaining Why Mobile and Desktop Searches are Different

“And it’s normal that desktop and mobile rankings are different.

Sometimes that’s with regards to things like speed.

Sometimes that’s with regards to things like mobile friendliness.

Sometimes that’s also with regards to the different elements that are shown in the search results page.

For example if you’re searching on your phone then maybe you want more local information because you’re on the go.

So we tend to show …a different mix of different search results types.

And because of that it can happen that the ranking or the visibility of individual pages differs between mobile and desktop.

And that’s essentially normal. That’s a part of how we do ranking.

It’s not something where I would say it would be tied to the technical aspect of indexing the content.”

Page Speed and Mobile Factors for Ranking Differences

The person asking the question next asked a follow up question about diagnosing these ranking differences.

He asked if lower mobile rankings are an indication that mobile page speed factors are the cause.

Google’s Mueller answered:

“…Mobile friendliness is definitely a factor.

There might also be other factors that play in there, specifically with regards to mobile and desktop.

These are kind of the differences that are always a bit around with regards to mobile and desktop search results.

Sometimes it’s also just because it’s a different device or a different connection to the Internet so we use different settings essentially for personalization.”

Difference in Rankings is Due to Personalization

Google’s John Mueller confirmed that mobile indexing is just indexing and separate from the ranking part of the algorithm.

He also revealed that personalization plays a role in the occasional differences in search rankings between the mobile and desktop searches.

Mueller explained that the needs of someone on a mobile device may be different from the needs of someone on a desktop device.

So if one is trying to diagnose why there are differences in ranking between devices then maybe it may be useful to see why the top ranked sites mobile versions might be preferable over the lower ranked pages within the context of a mobile device and personalization.

It’s possible there may be clues there to help diagnose the issues.


Watch John Mueller answer the question at the 49:10 minute mark

Uncoiling The Puzzling Link Between Crypto Art And Twitter

Unless we’re talking about a blind prodigy scrawling shapes in the sand on a deserted island, it’s nearly impossible for any visual artist working today to avoid being wholly, intricately, and incalculably influenced by all the art that’s ever been created. We’re too educated, too aware, and confronted by so much so often. 

Because to be alive in the year 2023 is to live online. And online, in certain central hubs, artists can’t keep from seeing a deluge of other artwork any more than I can avoid seeing the political laundry of my aunts and uncles aired in public. Try as I might (and, oh, I might) to the contrary.

Art history as we know it is dead

Should you spend even an hour sauntering through any crypto art gallery or digital art collection, you will likely be overloaded with every style of art. There’s hardly ever cohesion to glean from a given artist’s country of origin, level of education, or circle of friends. It’s nothing less than the world’s fully intertangled totality, senseless and sprawling. And the resulting artwork is as dense, explosive, and chaotic as the green marble it’s made upon.

M○C△ ‘s Genesis Collection is a representative hodgepodge of artistic styles from artists located all around the world.

Traditionally, art history was understood as a series of individual artistic movements — either arising on their own or reacting to others that came before them — that then grew and grew and eventually flamed out, oftentimes triggering the creation of some other art movement, and so on and so forth. Crucially, one could chronicle the connections between them. 

Four thousand years ago, for example, we know that pottery from the Minoan society in Crete was brought to mainland Greece. With that in mind, we can more-or-less accurately extrapolate the effects each civilization’s artistry had on the other’s. And in the centuries before the birth of Christ, Alexander the Great’s Hellenistic empire invaded India and erected statues and structures, immediately affecting the course of artisanship there. 

But, to put it bluntly, that kind of quantifiable art history is dead. 

Globalization — accelerated by the limitless exposure of online life — has been slowly obsoleting this segmented art history throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, with interactions between cultures and schools of thought less overt, and with movements becoming harder and harder to draw distinct lines around. Today, almost every artist crosses boundaries: national, stylistic, motivational. And they do so almost unconsciously, with neither announcement nor analysis, simply by existing online. 

“Once a sizable artistic community found its collective way to Twitter, as it did throughout the 2000-teens, there was simply no way art history, as previously constructed, could surivive.”

In the wake of the art historical timeline’s rather sudden demise, however, we’re left with something much closer to the truth of the human condition. A kind of purity–by-inclusion. Crypto art is that purity.

Crypto art is what happens when a global culture uses an apparatus like Twitter to express itself artistically. Crypto art occurs after separable art history ends, once knowledge is gatekept only by participation. It is Darth Vader rebuilt from art history’s lava-charred corpse. A “movement” in the absolute loosest sense of the term: Does it merely reflect art minted as NFTs? Kinda, but not really. Is it just a smaller subset of digital art? That seems reductive. Does it reflect a given cultural attitude? Uhm…maybe?

Many have tried, or are actively trying, to define crypto art. I’m not sure any have totally succeeded. I know, however, that “crypto art” as a term seems to have no regard for artistic style, national origin, or technical/compositional technique. Yes, it’s inextricably linked to the blockchain. And sure, it seems to require some sort of digitization.

But besides that, I know only this: Crypto Art lives on Twitter. It thrives on Twitter. It expands via Twitter. The two are on each other like white on rice. No force has proven nearly powerful enough to rip them apart. 

So let’s give it a whirl, shall we?

Crypto art finds its home

To try and understand how/when crypto art first arrived on Twitter, I spoke to one of its pioneers, the Trash Art legend ROBNESS. He made it clear that crypto art didn’t haphazardly beam down upon Twitter from deep space. It was grown there. He told me:

“When Vitalik [Buterin] first dropped Ethereum [in 2024], the social network he opted and chose to communicate was Twitter. So I would go on Twitter to see what he had to say. And I noticed that most of the crypto art people totally vibed with Twitter as a way to communicate, a fast way to get the information out or collaborate with people. I think we all kinda knew that those crypto personalities that helped build these blockchains, they were the ones that hung out on Twitter more so than any other platform.”

XCOPY, Missalsimpson, Trevor Jones, Robbie Barrat, Gary Cartlidge, and Coldie were the OG crypto artists ROBNESS named explicitly, many of whom were digitally-native well before crypto art formally existed. ”XCOPY was known as a Tumblr master,” ROBNESS told me. “There’s another artist named Max Capacity…they cut their teeth in Tumblr. I think TheSarahShow did as well.” 

Curious, I asked TheSarahShow —Sarah Zucker— about her own artistic history. She said, “Yes, I used to say that Tumblr was like the engine room of my art practice. I was creating artwork daily from 2014-2024 and Tumblr was always the first place where I would show the work, and see how it landed on people…I shifted to using Twitter as my primary social media outlet in 2023 when I became entrenched in crypto art….It was natural to move toward Twitter, where I found a very active and vibrant community of artists developing early NFT culture.” 

Instagram, a strictly visual medium, might seem like a logical spot for an art movement to coalesce, but as Zucker told me, “While I had focused on Instagram for a while, it too felt like a hollow pursuit, lacking a sense of artistic nourishment.” ROBNESS mirrored that thinking, saying that “[Crypto Art] …might’ve moved to Instagram possibly, I just think the communication for Instagram is really terrible…I just think Twitter is a beast.”

Twitter itself is a unique case study. Ranking only number 15 in monthly users among social media sites according to Statista, it has fewer users than Pinterest! Pinterest. And yet, there’s no denying it’s responsible for an outsized share of cultural importance. Twitter is where political discourse has flocked and where conversations about cancel culture, #Metoo, and sports and cinema have flourished. Twitter brought mega-prominence to former American President Donald Trump and one of the world’s richest people, Elon Musk. 

And most importantly, Twitter is where meme culture lives today. 

“I think memes, mimetic art is one of the cornerstones of art in the 21st century, period,” ROBNESS said. “Because we literally have the internet which grew from the 90’s and pretty much exploded right at the millennium…So the fact of the transmission of that type of artwork: It’s so quick, immediate, and it gets to the heart.”

Throughout my conversation with ROBNESS, he repeatedly mentioned influential bits of internet culture that were rooted in meme ideology. RarePepe’s, Vaporwave (“Vaporwave is a music genre…it samples 80’s muzak, like cheesy 80s music, they downplay it, they chop and screw it…and if you didn’t get the aesthetics of the art correctly for your album covers, it’s not a real Vaporwave album.”), and, to a large extent, the visual world that XCOPY and Zucker were contributing to on Tumblr. 

DJPEPE (2024), by DJ Scrilla, Courtesy of Museum of Crypto Art Genesis Collection

All reflect a culture of hyper-specific referencing, allusions, and visuals, which are then consciously or unconsciously co-opted, remixed, extrapolated, and evolved on and on in perpetuity. Memes are the currency of online interaction. They are the transfer and transportation of a cultural/aesthetic idea backwards and forwards, from here to there, hither and thither, again, and again, and again, too often to understand, too quickly to quantify. 

Which more-or-less describes crypto art itself. 

In hindsight, it seems silly to think that in our hyper-connected, overwhelmingly-informed, meme-crazy world, we wouldn’t have art that reflects this reality. When culture is being developed not at any central conduit but in the space between the billions and billions of infinitesimal online interactions we engage in every day, then the actual mechanics of how information is spread, by whom, and to where all become undefinable and unimportant. What matters is the totality: Information is being spread, at this incalculable speed, and it’s having this effect.

ROBNESS’ photomoshed, ultra-reactionary art — like his 64 GALLON TOTER which helped kick-start the Trash Art subculture — shares very little aesthetically with, say, Zucker’s rainbow-colored analog style, XCOPY’s doom glitch, or Missalsimpson’s paint-and-impasto-heavy collage. These are unrelated artists making unrelated works in unrelated parts of the world. And yet, crypto art encompasses all of them.

Still from 64 GALLON TOTER (2024), by ROBNESS

Often, when we talk about Twitter, we assign it various specifying prefixes: Woke Twitter, Basketball Twitter, Disney Twitter, and Black Twitter. But it’s all still Twitter. It’s not just that the thing itself is multifaceted, it’s that being multifaceted is the whole point of the thing. 

Crypto art is as twitchy and unregulated as the totality of life itself, displaying the same contradictory, abusrdist logic of a world in which Taco Bell hawks its latest cheddar-laden mega-taco on the same day Putin reigns missiles down upon Ukraine.

Ditto crypto art. And trying to find a single cohesive way to define — or divide — crypto art is missing the point. You can’t define these enormous things, not while being true to their essences. Crypto art is as twitchy and unregulated as the totality of life itself, displaying the same contradictory, absurdist logic of a world in which Taco Bell hawks its latest cheddar-laden mega-taco on the same day Putin reigns missiles down upon Ukraine. The world is absurd. It is too much to look at altogether. That is its essence. And that is exactly what crypto art, thanks to Twitter, is primed to capture.

If art movements have traditionally been responses to X, Y, or Z stimuli, then in a world in which humans are collectively confronting every single stimulus at once, the art must reflect that experience. Twitter is merely the bridge between the world’s actual totality and the art which reflects that totality. Sometimes it’s gruesome, oftentimes inspiring, elsewhere quite dull, but always varied, always metamorphosing, always different than the day before.

That is the gift of crypto art’s glut. And a gift of that caliber requires a platform as gluttonous as Twitter on which to give it. I’m not saying crypto art wouldn’t have developed into itself without Twitter, but at this point does it even matter? Like, yeah, maybe humanity would never have developed without an asteroid to kill the dinosaurs. Or maybe it would have anyway, and we’d all just be walking around with scales.

Twitter is only temporary

Make no mistake, we have built our home on shaky ground. Twitter is wonderful in so many ways, but it is a snake, and it is unstable, and now that the two are so deeply intertwined, as the big one goes, so goes the other.

Nino Arteiro, Courtesy of Colborn Bell

Twitter was always going to affect crypto art in more than just aesthetics. Because Twitter is based on an algorithm that pushes highly-liked and highly-interacted content to the forefront. Thus, positive feedback loops of attention and interest and economics will always, eventually, develop.

Crypto art OG Nino Arteiro told me more or less the same thing. “I think that the way Twitter and social media work makes a minority of artists, collectors, influencers, and platforms dominate the scene and centralize the visibility, power, and money. That’s what we are seeing today: only a few artists and a few PFP projects dominating almost the entire crypto art market.”

Which is kind of a facsimile for how much of art history has traditionally been assembled: Centralized institutions and figures retrofit a larger artistic narrative onto certain figures (usually straight, white men) in certain places (Europe and America). Will the same thing happen here? Will Twitter’s algorithm continue foisting the voices of “prominent” figures upon the masses, solidifying their opinions into notions of deep-seated cultural importance (Validity and sincerity of those opinions be d—ed!)? Will Twitter itself stunt the free flourishing of crypto art it once helped alight?

Will the works of the Argentine artists in Cryptoarg one day be placed in their own specific box separate from the work of, say, Nigerian artists like Osinachi and Adeoye Paul and Ibraheem Sodiq? Will we remember ROBNESS not necessarily because of his artistic ability but because he’s a vocal and active Twitter user? Will crypto art be ripped apart by hindsight hands into easily-digestible chunks, hegemonized by whichever places and people Twitter’s algorithm —or algorithmically-designated tastemakers— have deemed important?

Honestly, I’m not so sure. That part of art history may very well be gone forever. Popularity and fame are so fleeting in the year 2023. Influence even more so. The voices who rule the crypto art conversation today may well have their throne usurped by the end of the year, or the end of the week! Can any person or institution (M○C△ and myself included) reasonably maintain their podium long enough for the next wave of artists/collectors/enthusiasts, and the next and the next, to hear them?

Twitter is a capricious thing by nature, and we see power balances shifting upon it all the time. Coronations and cancellations. Crypto art will continue to mirror Twitter as long as it lives here, for better and for worse.

Still, it’s strange to think that the artistic continuum may forevermore be dependent on which social media apparatus has the day’s favor, or has the day’s best UI. Because all of this —*gestures around*— is temporary. Twitter itself will inevitably fall. And crypto art will move en masse elsewhere. The question is: To where? It might behoove us to start wondering what a Tik Tok art movement looks like. And what does the next social media behemoth do to crypto art?

Who’s to say? But I feel confident saying this: One can’t undo what has already happened. This is the most experienced, savvy, historically-knowledgeable group of artists in the history of the world. And they’re in constant, unfettered communication. This thirst for knowledge won’t diminish. The circles won’t get smaller. The effect won’t dissipate. We’ll all continue to crave more, in every circumstance, and at all times. 

I think the better question is this: Can any art movement replicate the world around us better than crypto art does? Potentially, probably yeah. But God, I shudder to imagine what that would look like. It’s already giving me a headache.

Maxwell Cohen is the Lead Writer at the Museum of Crypto Art.

Andy Warhol: King Of Pop Art

Andy Warhol is best known for his iconic paintings of Campbell’s Soup cans, Coca-Cola bottles, and Marilyn Monroe, as well as his experimental films and avant-garde happenings. Warhol’s work often explored the relationship between art, celebrity, and consumer culture, and he is considered one of the most important figures in 20th-century art. He died on February 22, 1987.

As A Fashion Icon

Andy Warhol was also known as a fashion icon. He was known for his distinctive style, which included his trademark silver-gray wigs, round sunglasses, and a wardrobe of black turtlenecks and jeans. He was often seen wearing these items in public and in his artwork. Warhol was also a frequent attendee of New York City’s Studio 54, where he mingled with other celebrities and fashion icons of the time. He was also known to have a great interest in fashion and had close connections to many fashion designers. He also regularly attended fashion shows and events. Warhol’s influence can be seen in many contemporary fashion trends, and his unique style is still considered iconic today.

Warhol was also known for his eccentric personality and private life. He was gay and had relationships with a variety of men throughout his life. Warhol was also known to be a very private person and rarely talked about his personal life with the media. On February 22, 1987, Warhol died from complications after gallbladder surgery in New York City. He had a big influence on the art world, particularly in the field of contemporary art; his influence can be seen in many contemporary art and fashion trends.

Career Influence On the Fashion Industry

Warhol’s use of repetition, bright colors, and bold graphics in his art also had a big influence on fashion. His work inspired many designers to use similar techniques in their collections and helped pave the way for the use of graphic prints, bold colors, and pop art elements in fashion. In addition, Warhol’s avant-garde happenings and experimental films were also influential in fashion. His use of non-traditional models and his blurring of the lines between art and performance helped pave the way for the use of performance art and non-traditional models in fashion shows and events. In summary, Andy Warhol’s unique sense of style, his art, and his avant-garde happenings had a significant impact on the fashion industry, and his influence can still be seen in many contemporary fashion trends today.

Signature Style

Andy Warhol was known for his distinctive style and iconic outfits. He was often seen wearing a black turtleneck sweater, black denim jeans, and a pair of Converse Chuck Taylor sneakers. He also wore a pair of round sunglasses, which became his signature look. He was also known for his trademark silver-gray wigs, which he would often wear in public and in his artwork.

Warhol’s black turtleneck and jeans ensemble was a reflection of his minimalist aesthetic, and it was also a nod to the uniform worn by artists and intellectuals of the time. The black turtleneck, in particular, became synonymous with Warhol, and it is still considered an iconic fashion item today. Warhol’s round sunglasses were also iconic. They were often featured in his artworks and photographs, and they helped to define his image as a celebrity and artist. The sunglasses were made by a German brand called “Cazal” and became a symbol of the Pop Art movement.

Warhol’s silver-gray wigs were also a significant part of his look. He often wore them in public and in his artworks, and they helped to define his image as a celebrity and artist. He would often change his hair colour to silver-gray, and it became his signature look. Warhol’s iconic outfits, particularly his black turtleneck, jeans, round sunglasses, and silver-gray wigs, helped to define his image as an artist, a celebrity, and a fashion icon. They are still considered iconic today and have had a lasting influence on fashion.


In conclusion, Andy Warhol was a renowned artist, filmmaker, and innovator who had a significant influence on the fashion industry. His unique sense of style, his art, and his avant-garde happenings helped to define the Pop Art aesthetic and paved the way for many contemporary fashion trends. His iconic outfits, particularly his black turtleneck, jeans, round sunglasses, and silver-gray wigs, helped to define his image as a celebrity and artist, and they are still considered iconic today. Warhol’s influence on art and fashion is still felt today; his ideas and ways of expression are still considered a source of inspiration for many artists, designers, and people in the fashion industry.

Various Forms And Functionalities Of Different Colon

Introduction to MATLAB Colon

‘Colon’ is used as an operator in MATLAB programming and is one of the frequently used operators. This operator comes into the picture to create vectors defining with simple expressions, specifying‘for’ iterations or subscribing arrays, or getting access to a set of elements of an existing vector in a sequence. When the colon operator is used to create a vector for indexing into a cell or structure-type array in MATLAB, the resulting operation can produce multiple outputs. This is achieved by using the syntax ‘cellName{:}’ or ‘structName(:).fieldName.’

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Various forms of syntax are supported to use the operator ‘:.’ The functionalities of different syntaxes are described below:



li = j:k This syntax is used to create a unit-spaced vector list i.e. values with increment value ‘1’, consisting of the elements as [j,j+1,…,k].

li= j:i:k This syntax creates a regularly-spaced vector list ‘li’ using values with increment value ‘i’, consisting of the elements [j,j+1,…,k].

M(:,n) This syntax is used to store the nth column of matrix M.

M(m,:) This syntax is used to store the mthrow of matrix M.

M(:) This syntax can be used to reshape the element ‘M’ into a vector containing a single column.

M(j:k) This syntax can be used to apply the vector list having the elements: to index into matrix M.

This is equivalent to forming a vector as [M(j), M(j+1), …, M(k)].

M(:,:,p) This syntax can be used to store/extract the data from a three-dimensional array A set on the pth page.

M(:,:) This syntax can be used to reshape the elements of matrix ‘M’ into a two-dimensional matrix.

M(:,j:k) This syntax can be used to include the subscripts present in the first dimension and to use the vector having elements j:k for indexing the second dimension. This results in a matrix having columns as [M(:,j), M(:,j+1), …, M(:,k)].

Examples to Implement MATLAB Colon

Below are some examples mentioned:

Example #1


list_name = -3:3


Explanation: The command has generated a list of values from -3 to 3 having different between 2 consecutive elements as ‘1’.

Example #2


list_name = -3:3:30


Explanation: The command has generated a list of values from -3 to 30 having different between 2 consecutive elements as ‘3’.

Example #3


Mat_A = magic(3)Mat_A(2,:)


Explanation: The command has displayed the elements from the second row of the matrix ‘Mat_A’

Example #4


Mat_A = magic(3)Mat_A(:,2)


Explanation: The command has displayed the elements from the second column of the matrix ‘Mat_A’

Example #5


Mat_A = magic(3)Mat_A(:)


Explanation: The command has displayed the elements of the matrix ‘Mat_A’ in a single column.

Example #6


Mat_A = magic(4)Mat_A(2:4)


Explanation: The command has displayed the elements of the matrix ‘Mat_A’ indexed between 2 to 4.

Application of MATLAB Colon

Below are the applications:

1. Using colon to create a list

A vector with evenly-spaced numbers can be generated using a colon operator.

Mat_A =1:2:10


2. Creating a vector with only column format

The colon operator can be used to transform the input of the row vector type to that of the column vector type. The colon operator can also be used to create a column vector with reshaping or permute functions.


allthesame = isequal(M32vec, M32vecP, M32vecR)


3. Maintaining the shape of an array during assignment operation

The application of the assignment operator in the assignment operation on the input matrix assures the shape of the array remains unchanged.


M32sumAll(:) = [1 2; 3 5]


4. Working with all the entries in specified dimensions

The colon operator can also be used to manipulate specific dimensions of the input array.


M = zeros(3,3,3)M(:) = 1:numel(M)M1 = M(:,[2:size(M,2) 1],:)


Explanation: The colon operator is used to redefine the indices of the elements in the input matrix ‘M’ and create a new input matrix ‘M1’.

5. Create Unit-Spaced Vector


list_vector = 1:15


Explanation: Using a colon operator, a list of numbers from 1 to 15 is generated from the MATLAB command.

6. Create a Vector with a Specified Increment

Using the colon operator, a vector with a list of numbers having an equal difference between two consecutive numbers within a specified range can be generated using the syntax li=j:i: k.


list_vector = 1:3:15


Explanation: Using a colon operator, a list of numbers from 1 to 15 with a common difference of 3 is generated from the MATLAB command.

7. Specify for-loop Iterations

Colon operator is also used in designing the looping operation in MATLAB programming.




Additional point:

In case I being a non-integer and k is not equal to j+m*i, in the command form of li=j:i:k, floating-point arithmetic determines about colon, including the endpoint k or not.

If no scalar array is specified, then MATLAB assumes i:k as j(1): i(1):k(1).

li = colon(j,k) and li = colon(j,i,k) are rarely used alternate ways for the commands li=j:k and li=j:i:k respectively.While implementing class, these syntaxes can be used to apply operator overloading.

Linspaceexhibit similar behavior to that of colon operator. Logspace, the sibling function, is used to generate values being logarithmically spaced.

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This is a guide to MATLAB Colon. Here we discuss an introduction to MATLAB Colon, syntax, examples, and application. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more –

8 Fun Photography Projects And Ideas To Try At Home

Fun Photography Projects To Try At Home

When you think of fun photography projects, you probably aren’t thinking of many you can do inside. Most photographers like to get outside and explore local areas to take photos, shooting whatever catches your eye. You rarely have a get a burst of inspiration from something you see every day inside your own home.

Unfortunately, you can’t always get outside to take pictures, but that doesn’t mean your creativity has to stop! There are still a ton of fun photography projects that you can try without needing ever to take off your pajamas. How good does that sound?

In this article, I’ll be sharing eight fun photography projects and ideas that you can try on those days that you can’t leave the house. All of the ideas I share here can be created with items you already have in your home to make life as easy as possible. No rain, snow, or wind can rain on your parade (not even a global pandemic) with these eight creative photography projects. Let’s jump in!

1. Create A DIY Bokeh Filter

Get out a piece of dark-colored paper, scissors, and some tape; craft time is in session.

Creating a custom bokeh filter is super easy, and one of many fun photography projects to try at home. This effect works by manipulating the light entering your lens, causing any bokeh to appear heart-shaped. You can create any shape you’d like, but for this example, I’ll be sticking with a heart. I recommended using a longer lens for this project, something like 70mm or longer. That way, you won’t catch much of the paper on your lens. It’s also useful to use a dark-colored paper to ensure you get the crispest bokeh shape possible.

What You’ll Need

Dark Colored Paper. Craft paper works best.



A pen or pencil

How To Do It

Step 1: Trace a circle around the front element of your lens and then cut it out.

Step 2: Fold the cutout paper in half and draw a half heart (or whatever shape you’d like), starting from the fold. Make sure this shape is around .5 – 1 inches in size. Cut the shape out then unfold the paper to see the result.

Step 3: Place the paper over your lens and tape it down to the outside edges. Try to make the paper as snug as possible to the glass for the best effect.

Step 4: Find a light source and make it out of focus. Watch how the bokeh turns into the shape you created!

Tip: Make sure you use as wide an aperture as possible for the best results.

The Result

Now your bokeh takes the shape of whatever cutout you created. Some other great ideas I recommend trying are a star, diamond, or triangle shapes!

2. Create A DIY Lightbox For Product Photography

Ever thought that you needed a bunch of expensive gear for a product photography studio? Think again!

A lightbox is an easy way to get an even and professional light in your product photography. Lightboxes are best for smaller items, but what you can photograph will depend on the size of the lightbox you create. In this example, I’ll be creating a relatively small one to photograph a tomato. For this fun photography project, you may need to sift through your recycling to find an old box; the remaining items should be a lot easier to find.

What You’ll Need:

A cardboard box, the size is up to you

White Paper

Parchment Paper or Wax Paper

Tape or stapler

A Knife

A Small Lamp

How To Do It

Step 1: Cut your box in half and cut out two squares on each side. Try to make these squares very large to help let more light in.

Step 2: Cut two pieces of parchment paper to fit over the cutouts in the side of your box then tape or staple them in place. This acts as a diffusion!

Step 3: Tape the top of your white paper to the top of the box, let it sit inside your box with a natural bend in it, then tape the bottom side in place. This creates a DIY infinity wall!

Step 4: Place your lamp beside your box to shine through the parchment paper. This works best if you use a light on either side of the box, but isn’t necessary. For extra ease, I will be using my LED panels for my lightbox.

Tip: Try to place your lightbox in front of a window to get as much extra light as possible.

The Result

With a little DIY trickery, you just created your very own lightbox. This is an easy photography project to try at home and works to capture very professional looking product photos with ease! A good one to add to your list if fun photography projects.

3. Experiment With Lens Whacking

Lens whacking, also known as freelensing, is when you take a photo with a detached lens. The result is a dreamy, soft-focus photo effect made entirely in-camera. How awesome is that?

When you are trying lens whacking, make sure you are not in a dusty area. Without the lens fully attached to your camera, it can be very easy for little particles to land on your sensor. Be vigilant, and don’t take your lens too far away from your camera body if you can help it. Lens whacking requires minimal lens movement and relies mostly on small angular adjustments to let in small light leaks. You can take your lens further away from the camera to get drastically improved minimum focus distances, great for dreamy macro photography!

What You’ll Need:

Your Camera Body

A Detachable Lens

How To Do It

Step 1: Detach your lens from the camera body and pull it slightly away lens mount. Try to angle your lens in different ways to allow for light leaks.

Step 2: Find a subject big or small and move your lens around to find the perfect focus and light leak. Press the shutter button when you’ve found the ideal spot!

Tip: Lens whacking works best at a mid-range to long focal length. I would suggest using a 24mm or higher for this effect.

The Result

Lens whacking is an easy way to make a dreamy and mystical look totally in camera! This photo effect works best for portraits or macro photography and is a fun photography project to let your creativity run free!

4. Try The A To Z Challenge

Don’t worry, if you aren’t in the mood for arts and crafts, this one’s for you.

If you’re as competitive as I am, you’re going to love the A to Z photography challenge. The challenge is simple, find something to photograph for every letter of the alphabet. For example, you could use the word ‘Wet’ for W and photograph splashing water or water droplets on someone’s skin. The real challenge comes with the letters Q, X, and Z!

To spice this up a little more, challenge someone you live with to do it with you, but you can’t take a picture of the same thing! The A to Z photography challenge is a fun way to work those creative muscles and see what interesting shots you can find in your own home.

How To Do It

Step 1: Create a list of words to represent every letter of the alphabet.

Step 2: Find something to take a photo of that represents each word you came up with on your list. You can’t take a picture of the same thing twice!

Spice Things Up

To make things more interesting, challenge someone else in your house to do the challenge with you. Work together to create a list of words for every letter of the alphabet and then go try to find something to take a photo of that represents the words.

The twist? Neither person can take a photo of the same thing. The images must be entirely different for every word.

Once you finish, show the photos to someone else and see if they can guess the word each picture represents. The person whose photos get guessed the most times correctly wins!

5. Clone Yourself

Have you ever thought about how much better life could be if there were two of you? Well, now it’s possible! With a little help from Photoshop, of course.

Cloning yourself is a fun photography project to try at home and is a ton of fun for any photographer. The effect is simple to make and requires super minimal Photoshop knowledge to pull it off. The effect works by taking multiple photos of yourself in different places, all without moving the camera. Once you bring the images into Photoshop, you simply overlay the two pictures and mask each clone into place. Don’t worry if that sounds confusing; I share this process more in-depth below.

It’s best to choose an open space and make sure that none of your poses overlap. This will make your life significantly easier when you start in Photoshop!

What You’ll Need

A Tripod

How To Shoot It

Step 1: Set up your camera on a tripod and set a shot that you’re happy with. Think ahead and consider where you’ll be standing in each shot and what your pose will be.

Step 2: Set your camera’s drive mode to a 10-second shutter delay. This way, you’ll have ample time to run into position after you hit the capture button. If your camera has wifi connectivity, you can also trigger the camera from your phone via the brand-specific camera app. For my Canon camera, I use the Canon Camera Connect App.

Step 3: Repeat step 2 throughout a variety of poses until you are happy with the results. Do your best to make sure none of your poses overlap.

How To Edit Your Clone

In my example, I only have two images, shown in my layers panel.

Step 2: Add A layer mask to the top image in your layer stack.

Step 3: Select the layer mask and press Command or Control + I to invert the layer mask and make everything transparent.

Step 4: Grab your brush tool and make sure white is set to your foreground color. Paint over the area you want your clone to be visible.

The Result

After some basic layer mask work in Photoshop, you now have yourself a perfect clone! The possibilities with this fun photography project are endless and can even give you a good laugh now and again.

6. Capture Your Pets In Action

Nothing warms your heart more than your pet doing something hilarious or adorable. That’s why capturing your pets in action is the perfect photography project to capture at home!

To get that perfect action shot of your pet, you need to think of an activity. Do they make a funny face when they run, can they catch a treat in the air, do they jump high when you throw a ball? These are all great starting points to capture your pet in action… unless they’re a fish, of course.

Make sure you are using a fast shutter speed for these action shots so that everything looks crisp even when they are moving quickly. If you aren’t shooting in manual mode, I would suggest using shutter priority mode.

Try a few different activities with your pets and see what types of hilarious or heartwarming images you can capture. This is one of my favorite photography projects to do at home and always puts a smile on my face. I guarantee it will do the same for you!

7. Explore Your House With A Macro Lens

After spending so much time in it, your house can start to feel like a pretty mundane place. There’s not much that catches your eye or inspires you to take photos, but have you tried doing any macro photography?

Macro photography is a fun way to get reinspired about any place you’re in. With macro photography, you’re finding the little details that you don’t typically give any attention to, things like the stack of books on your shelf, the texture of a picture frame, or the drip of water from a tap. There are a ton of things in your house that look pretty plain to your eyes, but look incredible through a macro lens.

You don’t need to have an actual ‘macro lens’ to take macro style images. Just choose whatever lens has the best minimum focus in your kit. You can find the minimum focus labeled on the lens body or on the focus ring.

Go around your house and see what types of interesting things you can find; you may be surprised! Be sure to experiment with lighting whenever possible to really spice up your homemade macro shots.

8. Create A Flat lay

If you have a bit of OCD, then there is no better photography project for you than this.

A flat lay is a photo of a bunch of stuff lying on a surface, taken from directly above. Flatlays can consist of literally anything from camera gear to satisfying color patterns. The only thing required of a flat lay is that the photo’s shot from directly above. Everything else is up to you to decide.

What You’ll Need

A chair or stool to stand on and capture photos from

A surface, preferably one with an interesting texture.

Stuff to put in your flat lay (literally anything)

How To Do It

Step 1: Begin to place all of your objects on the surface of your choosing. Try to put everything in a patterned layout. Minimalism is key to this.

Step 2: Once everything is laid out, carefully stand on a chair or stool to get a top-down view on your flat lay. Take the photos with your lens pointing straight to the flat lay.

The Result

There are a ton of creative ways to tackle a flat lay, and that’s just the beauty of it. Flat lays are an excellent way to show off your style and let your OCD run wild. Flatlays with light colors are typically the most popular online, but make do with what you have in your house. I wouldn’t recommend buying any flat lay backgrounds unless you want to get really serious about the whole thing.


So those are eight fun photography projects and ideas to try at home. Whether you’re stuck inside because of the weather, an injury, or a global pandemic, these eight projects are perfect to work those creative muscles with. Not only do these photography projects offer something fun to do, but they are also excellent ways to build up your skills and creative eye as a photographer.

Happy Projecting,

– Brendan 🙂

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