Trending March 2024 # How To Install Almost Any Printer On Ubuntu # Suggested April 2024 # Top 5 Popular

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Are you trying to install a printer on your Ubuntu system? Luckily, Ubuntu now recognizes most printer brands and will automatically install the related drivers when connected.

Many printer manufacturers such as Brother and HP support Linux distributions and release their own printer drivers. But before installing a printer from another brand, you should look at their website to see if they support Linux.

Table of Contents

Keep in mind that your desktop environment is what dictates the configuration tool you need to use to set up your printer, not the Linux distribution.

Is It Already There?

Many modern printers have powerful network capabilities. What this means is that when you go the add printer area, your printer will already be listed.

How can you find out if it is? Note that you will need administrative privileges on the system to set the default printer.

Type Printers in the Activities overview. Moving your mouse to the top-left corner of your screen will show Activities.

Or you can press the Super key on your keyboard. The super key is the one that looks like the Windows logo on most computers.

Go to system settings. You can find it on your toolbar or Ubuntu dock.

Your Printer Is Listed

As you can see in the image above, you can:

Change the name of the printer.

Print a test page to make sure it is working properly.

Troubleshoot your issues if you have a problem.

You should also check the Printer Options to make sure the default settings are consistent with the capabilities and features of your printer.

Keep in mind that every printer is going to be slightly different. However, the main principles are the same across all printers.

Pay attention to the Output Mode in the image above. If you are looking to save money because print cartridges can be expensive, you might want to only use Color when necessary.

When you don’t need a color copy, you can change that option to Black and White or Grayscale.

What If Your Printer Is Not Listed?

There will be times when your Ubuntu OS won’t find a connected printer. There are various reasons for this that range from simple to complex.  

You can either look at the printer manufacturer documentation or follow the steps below.

Check Your Printer Hardware

One of the simplest things to check is the connection. Did you properly connect the power cables and USB (if the printer is not using wireless)?

If you have an older printer or have moved it from one location to another, you could have a loose connection. Check both ends of the USB cable to make sure the connection is secure.

Ubuntu Drivers

Some older printers were not designed to work with the open-source operating system or the latest version of Ubuntu.

Alternatively, if your printer is very new, it might not have been added yet to Ubuntu’s database. So, what can you do?

Download Your Driver

You can go to the printer manufacturer’s official website to find and download the appropriate driver based on the model number.

Each printer’s brand installation will vary so be sure to follow the directions carefully.

Use The “Additional Drivers” Tool

Some printer manufacturers have their own proprietary and closed-source drivers. This means that that Linux distributions won’t be able to automatically enable them for you.

Ubuntu-based distributions have an Additional Drivers tool to enable you to install proprietary drivers. First, open your dash.

Then do a search for Additional Drivers and launch it.

Your system will detect the proprietary drivers you need for your printer and let you install them.

Configure Manually Using CUPS (Common Unix Printing System)

Developed by Apple, CUPS enables your system to detect your printer if it isn’t automatically found. You can use it with a single computer or a group of networked computers.

If you don’t already have CUPS installed, you can install from Terminal with the following command:

sudo apt install cups

Now you need to enable CUPS:

sudo systemctl enable cups

Use the following command to start CUPS:

sudo systemctl start cups

After you authenticate with your user password, the CUPS server will start automatically.

Now that you have enabled and started the CUPS service, exit Terminal. Launch into CUPS in local host:

CUPS Setup - localhost:631

Add your printer from the CUPS for Administrators.

Find your printer from the locally installed printer.

Keep in mind that CUPS is specifically for printing and not scanning or other functions some printers might perform.

To learn more about CUPS, visit the official page.

You're reading How To Install Almost Any Printer On Ubuntu

How To Install Sublime Text On Ubuntu

Sublime Text is one of the most popular text/code editors, and for good reason: you can extend its functionality by using hundreds of plug-ins. Let’s see how you can install Sublime Text on your Ubuntu-based distribution, enable Package Control, and install packages for your development needs.

Install Sublime Text on Ubuntu

In the past, to install Sublime Text, you had to download its package from its official site and install it the manual way. Unfortunately, this meant that whenever there was an update available, you had to repeat the process.

You might notice that this uses snap instead of apt. If you prefer to use the terminal, just enter the following command to install the Sublime Text snap package.

sudo

snap

install

--classic

sublime-text

If you prefer “apt,” you will first have to add its repositories and security key:

The developer version demands this license from the get-go, so, as we said, don’t choose it if you neither have a specific need for it nor have bought a license for the application.

If you have paid for it and have no problem with unforeseen consequences, due to the somewhat unstable nature of the developer version, choose it with:

sudo

apt update

Finally, install the program itself with:

sudo

apt

install

sublime-text

After its installation completes, you can now find Sublime Text in your Applications menu.

Installing Packages in Sublime Text

After it’s installed, visit Sublime Text’s “Command Palette.” To do that, use the Ctrl + Shift + P shortcut on your keyboard.

Now you’re ready to start installing extra packages to extend Sublime Text’s functionality. Start by typing “install” in the command palette.

Choose “Package Control: Install Package” from the list of available options. After that, select the package you wish from the hundreds available and press Enter.

The Command Palette allows you to filter down the package list as well to help in pinpointing the ones you want. For example, if you type “HTML,” the package list will show only packages with that term in their name.

After a package is installed, if it needs to inform you about something or allows you to tweak some options, a new “Package Control Messages” document might pop up in Sublime Text’s main interface. In most cases, if you don’t care about being informed of every aspect of the software you use and don’t want to get too granular with its configuration, you can safely ignore them.

There are so many packages available that we couldn’t realistically list all of them. This also means that whatever you need, it will be there available for you to install and use. This is what makes Sublime Text so useful.

Are you using Sublime Text? If not, what alternative did you choose and why? Do you have any suggestions for other plug-ins we missed?

Odysseas Kourafalos

OK’s real life started at around 10, when he got his first computer – a Commodore 128. Since then, he’s been melting keycaps by typing 24/7, trying to spread The Word Of Tech to anyone interested enough to listen. Or, rather, read.

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How To Install Kodi On Any Device

Kodi is a massively popular media application for organizing and maintaining local libraries of content. It’s available on almost all the major platforms including Windows, macOS, Android, iOS, Amazon Fire TV Stick, etc. Having such a wide platform availability, it has got a massive user base across various platforms and hardware devices. In addition, users can now stream endless list of content through third-party add-ons and repositories. In a nutshell, Kodi is now a complete package with a wide reach and enticing features. So if you are tempted with Kodi’s offering and want to try it out then you have come to the perfect place. In this article, we have brought the Kodi installation process for all major platforms in one place. So go ahead and learn how to install Kodi for your particular device.

Install Kodi on Any Device in 2023

In this section, we will go through all the platforms on which Kodi is available and show you how to install Kodi on your device easily. Along with that, we will also share some articles with detailed instructions in case you want to have a better idea about the installation process. Having said that, let’s start with Windows OS first.

How to Install Kodi on Windows

There are two ways to install Kodi on Windows and here we are going to share both the methods. You can choose either of the methods based on what you find convenient.

Install Kodi From the Microsoft Store

The best way to install Kodi on Windows is through the Microsoft Store. You can install Kodi just by making a quick search on Microsoft Store and installing it then and there. No need to download an offline installer and manually installing it. The best part is that you can update Kodi through the Microsoft Store seamlessly without losing your favorite add-ons and repository. But do keep in mind, you must be using Windows 10 or 8.1 to have Microsoft Store. And in case you are unable to find Kodi on the Microsoft Store, follow the link provided below.

Install Kodi from the Microsoft Store (Free)

Install Kodi Using an Offline Installer

In case, your device is running Windows 7 or lower, you can download the offline installer from the Kodi’s official website. Just choose the architecture of your device and you can install it just like any other application.

How to Install Kodi on Android

To install Kodi on Android, the process is fairly simple and straightforward. Just open the Google Play Store and search for “Kodi”. After that, tap on the “Install” button and there you have it. You can also find Kodi on Play Store through the link provided below.

Install Kodi from the Google Play Store (Free)

How to Install Kodi on macOS

How to Install Kodi on iOS

How to Install Kodi on Amazon Fire TV Stick How to Install Kodi on Chromebook

You can install Kodi on Chromebook very similar to Android phones if your Chromebook has Play Store support. Just search for “Kodi” in the Play Store and install it. That’s it.

However, if your Chromebook doesn’t have support for Play Store then it’s a bit tedious process. You will have to use a development tool, ARC Welder to convert Android apps to compatible Chrome OS apps. To make things easier for you, we have made a complete guide to install Kodi on Chromebooks for both Play Store supported and unsupported devices. Just open the mentioned link above and go through the steps. You will be able to install and run Kodi on unsupported Chromebooks fairly well.

How to Install Kodi on Linux sudo apt-get install software-properties-common sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc/ppa sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install kodi

After the installation is complete, just type kodi in the Terminal to open it. You can also access Kodi from the Software Center.

How to Install Kodi on Xbox One

There is also another way to install Kodi on Xbox One. The gaming console has its own Xbox App Store. So go ahead and search for “Kodi” in the app store and install it right away.

SEE ALSO: How to Use Kodi – A Beginner’s Guide (2024)

Install Kodi on Your Device and Discover a New World of Entertainment

How To Change The Mac Address On Almost Any Device

Your MAC (Media Access Control) address is vital information. It’s a hardware identifier that helps networks locate your computer (or other device) for various purposes. Note however that while you can change a MAC address, the process isn’t very intuitive, and normally the only thing that can see your MAC address is your home Wi-Fi router — so altering it isn’t really necessary unless you frequently connect to public networks. In any circumstance, we’ll show you how to change your MAC address on most modern devices so you can stay private.

How to change the MAC address on Windows

Windows offers a few native methods of changing a MAC address. Some third-party apps can handle the task as well, and we recommend checking out Technitium. While its UI is a bit weird, you’ll get used to it pretty quickly, and the app is completely free.

How to change MAC address on Windows 11

Joe Hindy / Android Authority

Hit the Windows key on your keyboard and type Settings into search. Open the Settings app when it pops up.

Head to the Network and Internet section.

Select your Wi-Fi SSID or Ethernet adapter as appropriate.

Look for the Random hardware addresses selection. It’s off by default, but you can set it to On or Change Daily.

Setting it to On will randomize your MAC address to any device that can see it.

Setting it to Change Daily will randomize your MAC address every 24 hours.

That’s the process for Windows 11. You can’t change a MAC address manually with this method, but it still obfuscates the address for whatever network you’re on.

How to change MAC address on older versions of Windows

Joe Hindy / Android Authority

Hit the Windows key and type Control Panel into search. Open the Control Panel app once it appears.

Enter your new MAC address. Windows will add punctuation for you, so if you want it to be A1:B2:C3:D4:E5:F6, you’ll type it as A1B2C3D4E5F6. Remember, MAC addresses have to be 12 characters long. Hit OK when you’re done.

Reboot your computer.

Check and make sure it worked okay. Hit the Windows key and search for CMD. Open Command Prompt when it shows up in search.

At the input, type IPCONFIG/ALL and hit Enter. Look for your network adapter and then find the Physical Address. It should be the same as the one defined in previous steps.

How to change MAC address in Windows with the registry editor

Joe Hindy / Android Authority

Hit the Windows key, search for CMD, and open Command Prompt.

Type IPCONFIG/ALL and hit Enter.

Write down the MAC address of the adapter you want to change. You’ll need this information later. We recommend writing it down in a Notepad file, or just leaving the Command Prompt window open for the rest of this tutorial.

Next, hit the Windows key again, search for Regedit, and open the Registry Editor app when it pops up. It’ll ask for admin permission. Grant it to continue.

Open HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, then SYSTEM, CurrentControlSet, Control, Class. Once done you’ll have a massive list of seemingly random values.

You’re going to want to find {4d36e972-e325-11ce-bfc1-08002be10318}. It’s there, just take your time.

Reboot your computer. Once rebooted, return to the Command Prompt and run another IPCONFIG/ALL. Your chosen network adapter should have a new MAC address.

Note — You can return to the registry and delete the NetworkAddress string you created to revert changes. The system will warn you about deleting registry entries. Since you made this one however, you can delete it without causing unexpected issues. Just make sure it’s the one you made.

How to change the MAC address on Android

Joe Hindy / Android Authority

Android is a bit more finicky than other platforms because Google won’t let you mess around much without root access.

Luckily, modern Android devices randomize MAC addresses on their own. Google made that improvement beginning with Android 10. Since that tends to complete the mission of making your device harder to identify on public networks, you probably shouldn’t bother modifying settings.

If you’re still running Android 9.x or earlier for whatever reason, your MAC address isn’t randomized. The good news is that you can fix that. The bad news is that you’ll need root to do it, and we’re not responsible for any damages you encounter in the process.

The first step is to root your phone. Each phone has a different method, so run a Google search for your phone model and follow instructions carefully.

Install a version of BusyBox. We recommend BusyBox for Android (Google Play) or straight-up BusyBox (Google Play).

After that, you’ll need Change My MAC (Google Play).

Once installed, open that app and give it superuser permissions.

From there, follow in-app instructions. You’ll be able to assign your own custom MAC address or randomize it.

To revert — All you have to do is turn your Wi-Fi off and back on again. It’ll revert to its default MAC address or a different random one if you’re on Android 10 or higher.

We wish there were an easier method for people on older versions of Android. If we spot one that actually works in our tests, we’ll update our article and put it here.

How to change the MAC address on macOS

There are a few different ways to change your MAC address on macOS that vary in difficulty.

Change macOS MAC address with Terminal

Joe Hindy / Android Authority

Look for your current MAC address. You can either leave this window open for the rest of the tutorial or write down the MAC address somewhere.

On the next page, you’ll find your Wi-Fi adapter. Look under the BSD Device Name to find your network adapter’s name.

Next, disconnect your Mac from your network, but don’t turn off the adapter itself. For example, if you’re on Wi-Fi, disconnect from your Wi-Fi router, but don’t turn your Wi-Fi off entirely.

Open Launchpad and search for Terminal. Open it when you find it.

Next, type sudo ifconfig [network adapter name] ether xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx and hit enter. In this command, replace [network adapter name] with the adapter name we found in the steps above and replace xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx with the MAC address you want. Check the screenshot above to see what I used.

Pro tip —  Some sources have said that you may need to run this command a couple of times to get it to stick. If you hit up on the arrow keys, it’ll repopulate the command, and you can just hit Enter again. Do this five or six times. It won’t hurt anything.

Repeat the first three steps to check and see if your MAC address has changed.

Open Launchpad and type Terminal into search. Open Terminal once you find it.

Type brew install spoof-mac and hit enter. This will install a tool that will spoof your MAC address.

After the install is complete, type sudo spoof-mac randomize [network adapter name] and hit enter. Replace [network adapter name] with your actual adapter. Check the tutorial above for steps to find your network adapter name(s).

That’s it, your Mac now has a randomized MAC address that will keep people on public networks guessing. You may need to turn your Wi-Fi off and back on in order to see the change.

While still in Terminal, type ifconfig and hit enter. Find and check your network adapter to make sure the MAC address is, in fact, different.

Not only is this the easiest solution, but you’ll also have Homebrew. Homebrew has a lot of power user tools that can make life easier.

Third-party apps that change your Mac’s MAC address

Joe Hindy / Android Authority

Like Windows, macOS has some third-party apps that make this process pretty easy. Below is a list of apps (and their price tags) that can get the job done.

WiFiSpoof ($24.99) — WiFiSpoof is a solid app that works as intended. It’s a bit pricy at $24.99, but it’s also one of the few that you can get right out of the Mac App Store.

LinkLiar (Free) — LinkLiar is a much simpler tool that still works really well, and supports modern macOS releases. You can install it manually or through Homebrew. It’s free and open-source.

There are others, but we tested both of the above apps and found that they got the job done.

How to change the MAC address on iOS

Joe Hindy / Android Authority

iOS is a lot like Android in that aren’t any native methods to select your MAC address. In fact the software spoofs for you automatically, as long as you’re running iOS 14 or later. You can toggle this on and off though, so we’ll show you how.

On your iPhone, open Settings, then tap Wi-Fi.

Hit the small blue “i” icon next to the network you’re connected to.

On the next page, find the Private Wi-Fi Address toggle. When Private Wi-Fi Address is on, your MAC address is randomized.

When you toggle Private Wi-Fi Address off, you’ll get a warning telling you that you’ll rejoin a network with a non-private MAC address. Hit the Rejoin button to continue.

When you turn Private Wi-Fi Address on, you’ll get a different window telling you that you’ll rejoin the network with a private address. Hit Rejoin to continue.

Note — You can do this on a per-network basis, for instance keeping the feature off on your home network but enabled for a coffee shop’s Wi-Fi. We recommend leaving it on for every network, because it certainly doesn’t hurt anything.

That’s about all you can do. There are some other options if you jailbreak, but we don’t recommend jailbreaking your iPhone just for this function. The Private Wi-Fi Address option does exactly what it needs to, which is to hide your real MAC address from public (and private) networks.

Enable developer mode on your Chromebook.

Warning — Entering developer mode will essentially factory reset your Chromebook. Unfortunately, this is necessary.

Once booted, press Ctrl +Alt +T to enter Crosh, a portmanteau between Chrome and Shell. It’s basically a terminal like the one on macOS or the Windows Command Prompt.

In all of the below commands, replace eth0 with wlan0 if you use a wireless connection. Basically, eth0 is Ethernet, and wlan0 is WLAN (wireless LAN).

Type sudo ifconfig eth0 down and hit Enter. This will disconnect you from the Internet.

Type sudo ifconfig eth0 hw ether xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx and hit Enter. Replace the x values with the MAC address of your choice, but make sure to leave the colons in.

Finally, type sudo ifconfig eth0 up to reconnect to the Internet.

You should be using a different MAC address now. To revert, simply reboot your Chromebook.

Note — You have to have admin access in order to perform this task. People using a Chromebook managed by another person won’t be able to perform the above steps.

FAQ

A MAC address, or Media Access Control address, is a unique identifier that helps other devices find your device on a network.

A MAC address is a 16-digit identifier code where every two digits is separated by a colon. So, it’ll look like this: a1:b2:c3:d4:e5:f6.

Yes. In fact, that’s why so many people want to change, or spoof, their MAC address. That makes it harder to target on public networks.

How To Install An Ftp Server On Ubuntu With Vsftpd?

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to another over a TCP-based network, such as Internet. An FTP server allows users to upload and download files over network, and it is an essential tool for file sharing and remote file access. In this article, we will guide you through process of installing an FTP server on Ubuntu with vsftpd, one of most popular FTP servers available.

Step 1: Install VSFTPD

The first step in installing an FTP server on Ubuntu is to install vsftpd package. You can do this by running following command in your terminal −

sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install vsftpd

This will download and install vsftpd package along with any necessary dependencies.

Step 2: Configure VSFTPD

After installing vsftpd, you need to configure it to suit your needs. configuration file for vsftpd is located at /etc/vsftpd.conf. To edit file, open it in your favorite text editor with root privileges, like this −

sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf

This will open configuration file in Nano text editor. You can make any necessary changes to file to configure FTP server as you wish. For example, you may want to set FTP server to run in standalone mode, enable anonymous FTP access, or limit number of concurrent connections.

Step 3: Start FTP Service

Once you have configured vsftpd, you need to start FTP service. You can do this by running following command in your terminal −

sudo systemctl start vsftpd

This will start vsftpd service and enable it to accept incoming connections. You can verify that service is running by checking its status with following command −

sudo systemctl status vsftpd

If everything is working correctly, you should see a message indicating that service is active and running.

Step 4: Configure Firewall Rules

By default, Ubuntu comes with a firewall called UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) that can be used to manage network traffic. If you have UFW enabled on your system, you need to allow FTP traffic through firewall. You can do this by running following command −

sudo ufw allow ftp

This will allow incoming FTP traffic on default FTP port, which is port 21.

Step 5: Test FTP Server

Once you have completed installation and configuration of your FTP server, you can test it by connecting to it from another machine. You can use any FTP client of your choice, such as FileZilla or WinSCP, to connect to FTP server. To connect to server, you will need to know its IP address and username and password that you set up during configuration process.

Step 6: Configure SSL/TLS Encryption

FTP by default is not a secure protocol, and all data transfers are sent in plain text. To improve security of your FTP server, you can configure SSL/TLS encryption to encrypt all data transfers between server and clients. This can be done by obtaining an SSL/TLS certificate and configuring chúng tôi file to use it.

Step 7: Set Up User Accounts And Permissions

By default, vsftpd allows anonymous FTP access, which means anyone can connect to your FTP server without a username or password. However, this can pose a security risk, and it is recommended to disable anonymous access and set up user accounts with proper permissions instead. You can create user accounts and set their permissions by using command-line tool “adduser” and “chmod” respectively.

Step 8: Monitor FTP Server Logs

It is a good practice to monitor your FTP server logs regularly to detect any suspicious activity or unauthorized access attempts. You can view vsftpd logs at “/var/log/vsftpd.log” by using “tail” command, which shows last few lines of file in real-time.

Step 9: Use SFTP Instead of FTP

FTP is an old protocol and has some security vulnerabilities. If possible, consider using SFTP (SSH File Transfer Protocol) instead, which is a more secure and modern protocol that uses encryption and secure shell (SSH) to transfer files. SFTP uses same SSH port (22) as SSH and can be enabled on same SSH server.

Step 10: Use Passive FTP Mode

FTP uses two modes, active and passive, to transfer files between server and clients. In active mode, server initiates data connection, and client listens for incoming connections, while in passive mode, client initiates both control and data connections. Passive mode is more firewall-friendly and allows clients to connect to FTP server even if they are behind a NAT (Network Address Translation) or firewall. To enable passive mode in vsftpd, you can add following lines to chúng tôi file −

pasv_enable=YES pasv_min_port=1024 pasv_max_port=1048

These lines will enable passive mode and specify range of passive ports that vsftpd will use for data transfers.

Step 11: Limit FTP User Sessions

To prevent overloading your FTP server and ensure better performance, you can limit number of concurrent FTP user sessions that are allowed to connect to your server. You can do this by adding following line to chúng tôi file −

max_clients=50

This line will limit number of concurrent FTP user sessions to 50, and you can adjust this number to suit your needs.

Step 12: Use a Dedicated FTP Client Step 13: Automate FTP Transfers With Cron Jobs

If you need to transfer files regularly between your FTP server and other machines, you can automate process by using cron jobs. A cron job is a Linux command that runs automatically at specified intervals, such as daily, weekly, or monthly. You can set up a cron job to run an FTP script that transfers files to or from your FTP server automatically, without requiring any manual intervention.

Step 14: Use Chroot Jail

A chroot jail is a security feature that restricts users to a specific directory and prevents them from accessing other parts of file system. By using a chroot jail, you can enhance security of your FTP server and limit damage that can be caused by a compromised user account. To set up a chroot jail for vsftpd, you can add following line to chúng tôi file −

chroot_local_user=YES

This line will restrict users to their home directory and prevent them from navigating to other directories.

Step 15: Enable IPv6 listen_ipv6=YES

This line will enable vsftpd to listen on IPv6 addresses.

Step 16: Backup FTP Server Data

Like any other data storage system, an FTP server can be susceptible to data loss due to hardware failure, system crashes, or other unforeseen events. To prevent data loss, it is essential to regularly backup your FTP server data. You can use tools like Rsync or SCP to transfer files to a remote location, or use cloud-based backup services like Amazon S3 or Google Drive.

Step 17: Harden Your FTP Server

To enhance security of your FTP server, you can implement several security measures, such as −

Disable root login

Enable SSH access

Use a firewall to block unauthorized access

Implement password policies

Install security updates regularly

Use intrusion detection and prevention systems

By following these security measures, you can protect your FTP server from security threats and ensure that your data remains safe and secure.

Conclusion

In this article, we have shown you how to install and configure an FTP server on Ubuntu with vsftpd. With this setup, you can easily share files between computers on your network or remotely access files from anywhere in world. By following these steps, you should now have a working FTP server that you can use for your file sharing and remote file access needs.

How To Install And Configure � R� On Ubuntu 16 04

Output: Executing: chúng tôi — –recv-key– E298A3A825C0D65DFD57CBB651716619E084DAB9 gpg: Total number processed: 1 gpg: imported: 1 (RSA: 1)

Once the trusted key is to install on the server database, we can add the repository to the machine with the below command.

Once the repository is added, we will now update the machine with the below command

$ sudo apt-get update Output: Reading package lists... Done Output: Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: linux-headers-4.4.0-21 linux-headers-4.4.0-21-generic linux-image-4.4.0-21-generic linux-image-extra-4.4.0-21-generic Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them. The following additional packages will be installed: bzip2-doc cdbs cpp-5 dh-translations fontconfig fontconfig-config fonts-dejavu-core g++-5 gcc-5 gcc-5-base gfortran gfortran-5 icu-devtools intltool libasan2 libatomic1 libauthen-sasl-perl libblas-common libblas-dev libblas3 libbz2-dev libcairo2 libcc1-0 libcilkrts5 libcurl3 libdatrie1 libdrm-amdgpu1 libdrm-intel1 libdrm-nouveau2 libdrm-radeon1 libelf1 libencode-locale-perl libfont-afm-perl libfontconfig1 libfontenc1 libgcc-5-dev libgfortran-5-dev libgfortran3 libgl1-mesa-dri libgl1-mesa-glx libglapi-mesa libgomp1 libgraphite2-3 libharfbuzz0b libhtml-form-perl libio-html-perl libio-socket-ssl-perl libipc-system-simple-perl libitm1 libjbig0 libjpeg-dev libjpeg-turbo8 libjpeg-turbo8-dev libjpeg8 libjpeg8-dev liblapack-dev liblapack3 libllvm3.8 liblsan0 … … … Creating config file /etc/R/Renviron with new version Setting up r-cran-boot (1.3-18-1cran1xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-cluster (2.0.5-1xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-foreign (0.8.67-1xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-mass (7.3-45-1xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-kernsmooth (2.23-15-2xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-lattice (0.20-34-1xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-nlme (3.1.128-2xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-matrix (1.2-7.1-1xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-mgcv (1.8-15-1cran1xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-survival (2.39-4-2xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-rpart (4.1-10-1) ... Setting up r-cran-class (7.3-14-1xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-nnet (7.3-12-1xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-spatial (7.3-11-1xenial0) ... Setting up r-cran-codetools (0.2-15-1cran1xenial0) ... Setting up r-recommended (3.3.2-1xenial0) ... Setting up r-base (3.3.2-1xenial0) ... Setting up liblzma-dev:amd64 (5.1.1alpha+20120614-2ubuntu2) ... Setting up r-doc-html (3.3.2-1xenial0) ... Setting up x11-utils (7.7+3) ... Setting up x11-xserver-utils (7.7+7) ... Setting up libauthen-sasl-perl (2.1600-1) ... Setting up r-base-html (3.3.2-1xenial0) ... Setting up libwww-perl (6.15-1) ... Setting up libxml-parser-perl (2.44-1build1) ... Setting up intltool (0.51.0-2) ... Setting up dh-translations (129) ... Setting up cdbs (0.4.130ubuntu2) ... Setting up libxml-twig-perl (1:3.48-1) ... Setting up libnet-dbus-perl (1.1.0-3build1) ... Setting up r-base-dev (3.3.2-1xenial0) ... Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.23-0ubuntu3) ... Processing triggers for systemd (229-4ubuntu10) ... Processing triggers for ureadahead (0.100.0-19) ...

Once the package is installed, we can verify the packages using the below command

$ sudo -i R Output: R version 3.3.2 (2024-10-31) -- "Sincere Pumpkin Patch" Copyright (C) 2024 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit) R is free software and comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. You are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions. Type 'license()' or 'licence()' for distribution details. Natural language support but running in an English locale R is a collaborative project with many contributors. Type 'contributors()' for more information and 'citation()' on how to cite R or R packages in publications. Type 'demo()' for some demos, 'help()' for on-line help, or 'help.start()' for an HTML browser interface to help. Type 'q()' to quit R. > Install the additional R Packages from CRAN Repository

As R has a lot of packages or add-on, where here in the demo we will install the txtplot which is an ASCII graph package which also includes the scatterplot, below is the command to be run from the R console.

> install.packages('txtplot') Output: Installing package into ‘/usr/local/lib/R/site-library’ (as ‘lib’ is unspecified) --- Please select a CRAN mirror for use in this session --- HTTPS CRAN mirror 53: (HTTP mirrors) Selection:1 Content type 'application/x-gzip' length 6152 bytes ================================================== downloaded 6152 bytes * installing *source* package ‘txtplot’ ... ** package ‘txtplot’ successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked ** R ** preparing package for lazy loading ** help *** installing help indices ** building package indices ** testing if installed package can be loaded * DONE (txtplot) The downloaded source packages are in Output: 120                                                  + * + |                                                        | d 100                                   + * + s 80                                + * *                + a 60 + * * * * * + c 40 + * * * * * * * + 20 + * * * * * + | * * *                                                  | 5 10 15 20 25 speed >

In the above article we have installed R uses the CRAN repository which is an open-source from RStudio Server as we have completed the server side installation and test some sample date with graphs.

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