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Seek shelter immediately. Aside from the geopolitical warning signs, your first warnings of an imminent nuclear attack will most likely be an alarm or warning signal; if not, it will be the blast itself. The bright light from a detonation of a nuclear weapon can be seen tens of miles away from ground zero. If within the vicinity of the blast (or ground zero), your chances of survival are virtually nonexistent unless you are in a shelter that provides a very (VERY) good blast protection. If you are a few miles out, you will have about 10-15 seconds until the heat wave hits you, and maybe 20-30 seconds until the shock wave does. Under no circumstances should you look directly at the fireball. On a clear day, this can cause temporary blindness at very large distances. However, the actual damage radius is highly variable depending on the size of the bomb, the altitude of the explosion, and even the weather conditions at the time of the blast.

If you can’t find shelter, seek a depressed area nearby and lay face down, exposing as little skin as possible. If there is no shelter of this kind, dig as fast as possible. Even around 8 kilometers (5 miles) you will suffer third degree thermal-burns; still at 32 kilometers (20 miles) the heat can burn the skin off your body. The wind itself will peak at around 960 kilometers per hour (600mph) and will level anything or anybody caught in the open.

Failing the above options, get indoors, if, and only if, you can be sure that the building will not suffer significant blast and heat damage. This will, at least, provide some protection against radiation. Whether this will be a viable option depends on the construction of the building and how close you will be to the likely ground zero of a nuclear strike. Stay well away from any windows, preferably in a room without one; even if the building does not suffer substantial damage, a nuclear explosion will blow out windows at enormous distances. For an example, one (albeit abnormally large) nuclear test in the Novaya Zemlya archipelago in Russia was known to knock out windows in Finland and Sweden.

Don’t be surrounded by anything flammable or combustible. Substances like nylon or any oil based material will ignite from the heat.

Aside from the geopolitical warning signs, your first warnings of an imminent nuclear attack will most likely be an alarm or warning signal; if not, it will be the blast itself. The bright light from a detonation of a nuclear weapon can be seen tens of miles away from ground zero. If within the vicinity of the blast (or ground zero), your chances of survival are virtually nonexistent unless you are in a shelter that provides a very (VERY) good blast protection. If you are a few miles out, you will have about 10-15 seconds until the heat wave hits you, and maybe 20-30 seconds until the shock wave chúng tôi a clear day, this can cause temporary blindness at very large distances.However, the actual damage radius is highly variable depending on the size of the bomb, the altitude of the explosion, and even the weather conditions at the time of the blast.

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How To Be A Dancer (With Pictures)


Seek guidance. Watch music videos and watch people’s moves, buy dancing lessons on a video, read dancing instructions in books and on the internet, watch YouTube tutorials, find a tutor, get tips from friends/professionals, etc. Dancing is hard, but with hard, dedicated work, you will excel in many ways.

Experiment. Stand in front of a full-length mirror, turn up the tunes, and move your body! Or you could use a rented out dance studio. Practice different moves on different parts of the body. Be sure that each move transitions nicely into the next. Also make sure you’re stretched and do not have cold muscles. Cold muscles can lead to pulling muscles.

Dance schools can range from a local youth centre to a more intense independent school. If you are planning on dancing throughout high school and college into professional dance you will want to pick a more intense school. Talk to other dancers in your area as well as the teachers of each school to pick the best one for you.

Sign up for as many dance classes as possible. Remember that it is important to have a base in ballet as well as to branch out into other classes. You do not have to take every class offered, and you can always sign up for more classes. Talk to your dance teacher and ask her to recommend classes and to evaluate your level. The more you practice, the better you will get. If you cannot afford to sign up for lessons, you can always find some nice DVDs at Target or other stores that will teach you good dance technique. However, if you plan to become a professional dancer, it is necessary to take lessons from a reputable school.

If you have the space, you may want to put a barre somewhere in your home, preferably in a room with wood floors. Even if you do not have the perfect flooring, you will be able to stretch more if you have one.

Practice. Now that you have your dancing style, lessons, and have chosen the moves that look best on your body, you need to put that knowledge into action! The best way to do this is freestyle dancing in the privacy in your bedroom, and then when you’re at an average dancing level, attend school dances to enjoy yourself!

Be healthy both mentally and physically. Dance is a very demanding sport. It is essential to eat a healthy, balanced diet and keep hydrated. If you feel that you are overdoing it, talk to your dance teacher and ask if it is possible to drop a class.

Sign up for a dancing competition. Now that you have learned and put your new skills in front of your peers, it’s time to step it up a notch! Whether you come first or last, you’ll always be a winner for putting in the time and effort to accomplish your dreams!

Balance your schedule. You can dance for up to four hours a day, but remember to schedule your time. Make sure you are able to do your homework every night. Schedule in friend time for those close to you who do not take dance classes with you. Dance can take over your life, but remember that you need to be a rounded person. If you are not planning to become a professional, and just dance for fun, it is not necessary to put as much time into dance.

Speak up! If you don’t understand a dance, ask for help, you’re not going to learn it by standing in the corner watching! Always talk to your dance teachers if you are having a problem and they will help sorts things out.

Know that it is going to be hard. Learn to distinguish between “good” and “bad” pain. Dancing isn’t an easy thing to do, but it doesn’t have to be painful all the time. It’s supposed to be fun! If it gets to the point where you’re not having fun at all, stop. It’s not worth it if you’re not enjoying yourself, or if you wish you were pursuing something else.

Never just dance the steps. Get into the song, and put feeling into it. If it’s an upbeat or happy dance, smile, make big, sharp movements, and smile! If it’s a sad or emotional dance, make each move slower and use your facial expression to guide your body. That makes every performance a lot better.

Keep your confidence. Know that you can do it for sure! Imagine yourself as a brilliant dancer!

Be passionate. The best dancers in the world are not only great dancers because they are good at dancing. They are so passionate that they decided to work hard, dedicate themselves, and go through much pain so they could be the best dancer they could be. If you know this is what you want to do, put all your heart into it.

Finally, and most importantly, never let go of your dreams. If you have always wanted to dance hip hop, but you’re the least cool person you know, go for it. For all you know, it could change your life!


How To Have Fun Writing In A Notebook (With Pictures)

If you draw and colour with pens or markers that aren’t water-based, be careful because you can’t undo or erase.

If you use thick, wet markers that leave marks on the back of the paper, remember that the ink may bleed through to the next page.

As said above, feel free to draw whatever you fancy, however, don’t draw anything inappropriate, violent, or something that implies something mean or bad about another person or yourself. You might regret that later.

Where do you live?

What is it like? Is it always a certain temperature or weather? Why? What kinds of people do you meet? Do you or your country/state speak a particular language? What language is it? If you have answers to all of those questions, write it down in your notebook.

You can even draw a picture of what your home looks like!

Write about your daily life as well. What’s your favourite food? What do you do every day? Do you go to school, work, or somewhere else? Do you live alone, or do you live with others? Who exactly do you live with? Do you limit your screen time? If so, why? When did you begin limiting it?

Write and draw about your plans. What are you planning to do when the time comes in the near or far future? Are you planning to move to a new house? If you are a kid or teen reading this right now, are your parents going to have children soon? Are you going to adopt a new pet? If you are going to go through those situations, write about how you think you will feel, and what you’ll miss and enjoy.

Write about how you acquired the notebook and the notebook itself. Was it a gift? Did you make it yourself? When did you first write in it? Write about how you acquired it. Also write about what you think about the notebook. Do you like it? Why or why not? What colour is the notebook?

Do you enjoy it?

Do you and your family dress, act, or behave a particular way?

Do a particular group of people celebrate it?

Write about your pet(s). What do they sound like, look like, and act like? What is their breed, age, height, width, weight, and gender? How many pets do you have? Are they siblings? Are your relatives and friends involved in taking care of them? What is their species?

Also, if you have siblings, children, or grandchildren, don’t forget to write about them as well.

There are infinite combinations and styles you can come up with.

Write about wikiHow in general. Do you like wikiHow? Why or why not? Do you participate in the forums? Why or why not?

Squiggle or scribble. Scribbling for a short amount of time can be the ultimate boredom buster. However, after a period of time, you’ll be bored again. But there are more fun and better ways to scribble rather than just scrawling on paper.

If you have a goal and you haven’t accomplished it in weeks, months, or even years, write about it anyways!

Do your friends or relatives have goals too? Write about their goals too!

Make sure to keep your handwriting legible, otherwise, you may forget something important. Also, keep everything organized and in place.

Try keeping the to-do list somewhere it won’t get damaged or destroyed. Try experimenting with different ways to make the to-do list. Also, personalize it.

If you are going to keep secrets in your notebook, then don’t leave it out or show it to others, even if it has a lock. Someone skillful and determined could easily break or pick the lock, but it depends on what type of lock you have and how secure and hard to break it is.

Write about situations you end up in often. If they are embarrassing, then hide the page that you are going to write it on.

Write about a significant other. If you are in a relationship, write about your favorite things about him or her, the times that you’ve both spent together, and the things you’ve learned while spending time with this person. If you are not in a relationship, write about a crush, best friend, or someone that you like.

Write stories. Try being creative. Usually, stories have themes, plots, settings, and characters. The main hero or heroine is called the protagonist. The villain or bad guy is called the antagonist. The plot is what happens in the story. The theme is the topic that the story is revolved around. The setting is where the story takes place.

You can also sketch, add stickers, and use a coloured pen to write.

Make sure not to write mean things about other people. You don’t want to risk them finding out and hurting you.

Write about things you wish existed. Do you fancy something that would automatically do all of your chores and homework for you? Write about what you would like the invention to do, and draw a picture of what you would like it to look like. Also, search on the Internet if you wonder if any other people want it.

Write about what your environment is usually like. What is the weather? Is it usually sunny, cloudy, raining, or partially cloudy? Do you like the environment? Why or why not? Also, what is the climate in your region like?

Do you like writing about things such as school, your family, your house, your friends, or your pets? Then write about it in your notebook.

Write about your favourite topics in school.

Be careful when writing about controversial topics. You definitely don’t want to hurt the feelings of someone else.

If you don’t know what controversial means, according to Google, it means “giving rise or likely to give rise to public disagreement.”

Write about your friends, family, house and pets as well. It’ll make you feel great.

Practice drawing simple objects like childlike flowers and 3d objects. Then, move on to complex drawings such as realistic flowers and people.

However, do it gradually. Don’t immediately move from simple to complex.

You can colour your drawings whatever colour and shade of colour your heart desires. It’s your notebook, so you can do whatever you want with it.

Be creative! Don’t let other people prevent you from accomplishing your goal!

Practice drawing objects and people in real life.


Write theories, fanfics and draw fanart of your favourite books, TV shows, and movies. Fanfiction is a type of story written by fans.

Good sites include chúng tôi deviantart, and quotev.

Think about what the characters would do, say, or act in a situation you want them in.

Research the characters you want in the story. If you don’t, they may end up acting out of character.

Think of the situation or problem the characters will have to deal with.

Decide whether they will deal with it alone or with other people.

Even thinking “I don’t know what to write about” or “I don’t know where to start” can be fun to write.

Think of yourself, your family, your friends, or anything random and write about them/it.

Freewriting is supposed to be entertaining. You can write anything you desire.

Think of freewriting as a way to pass time, entertain yourself, and express yourself thoroughly.

Although you can write whatever you desire, don’t write profanity, mean or hateful claims about other people, inappropriate things, and negative things about yourself and your life. Also, don’t take a risk writing about controversial topics. Doing that is a good way to hurt someone’s feelings, ruin relationships, and lower your self-esteem.

Unlike usual writing, freewriting doesn’t need proper grammar, spelling, or punctuation.

You can also use really new pictures. Their age does not matter.

Even as a joke, never, under all circumstances, keep mean, embarrassing, threatening, hateful, or attacking photos of anyone. They could find out someday and hate you for it.

Plan on what exactly you are going to write about.

Plan the introduction. This is the very first part of an article.

Plan the article itself.

Plan the conclusion, the final part of the article. The article should never stop mid-sentence, or else it will be nominated for deletion for incomplete and look unprofessional or unfinished.

Write the craziest and stupidest things anyone could ever write if you want.

You can write as quickly as possible and as sloppily as possible.

Write random letters, numbers, and symbols that have no real meaning, but pretend that they do.

Write a rough draft of your essay. If your grammar isn’t correct or the draft looks sloppy, fix it even though the word has “rough” in its name.

Get a new sheet of paper. You’ll write the final result.

Begin writing your rough draft, but make it cleaner and better.

Copyedit and proofread. Look out for mistakes and fix the essays spelling, punctuation, capitalization, structure, and style.

Your final result should be nice and polished.

Try writing numbers, special characters, and emoticons to improve both your writing and drawing skills.

If you write in cursive, practice connecting each individual letter, and then move onto words.

Practice making 3D and block letters too! Be artistic.

Write down their appearance, personality, and other traits.

Remember to keep the organism safe. If it dies, don’t stop researching about it.

You might learn what you want to learn about it, maybe even more.

If you are observing something like germs or bacteria, be careful to not get sick.

Remember to make a password that is at least 8 characters, having a mix of letters, numbers, and special characters, and totally different from your address, real name, or anyone else’s name, so your account doesn’t get stolen.

Remember not to use the same password for several sites.

Keep the notebook somewhere where no one would look.

If they find your passwords, politely ask them to not log into your account.

If they really did find your password, change your password to something lengthy, confusing, and hard for others to guess but easy for you to remember.

If they get into your account, tell them that it’s wrong to snoop on other peoples stuff.

Forgive them if they apologise.


How To Operate An Aerial Lift (With Pictures)

Weight capacity. Aerial lifts can raise a load of between 500 and 1000 pounds. If more than one person will be needed in the basket, along with their tools, a larger capacity lift will probably be needed.

Fuel type. Aerial lifts typically use either gasoline, diesel, or liquefied petroleum gas (propane, for example). You will want to choose a lift that you can obtain fuel for if you plan to use it extensively.

Reach. Aerial lifts range from 30 feet (9.1 m) to over 100 feet (30.5 m) in vertical reach. They also can extend horizontally, but telescoping out at a low boom angle reduces the lift’s weight capacity and stability.


Check with the rental company about renter’s insurance, delivery and pickup fees, cleaning and refueling charges, and other costs associated with the equipment rental. These hidden costs can more than double the price quoted.

Obtain whatever tools and materials you need to perform the work you plan to do using the aerial lift. This is especially important if you are renting the lift, as slowdowns may occur if you have to shop for these items after you begin the job.

Fuel level. If you are working in the basket and the machine runs out of fuel, you may be stranded if no one is around to use the auxiliary controls to lower the machine from the ground control panel.

Tire condition. Never operate an aerial lift with underinflated tires, or tires showing damage which may cause them to fail. When an aerial lift is operating under load, a rapidly deflating tire can cause the machine to overbalance and turn over.

Hydraulic hoses should be inspected for damage, leaks, kinking, or exposure to abrasion. Repair or replace any hoses that appear to be in danger of failing.

Fire extinguisher should be mounted in an easily accessible location.

Check the oil and coolant levels in the lift’s engine.

Make sure all access panels are secured.

Check your work area for unlevel or unstable ground, and look at the swing radius of the machine to make sure it doesn’t hit adjacent structures when the machine is rotated.

Turn the remote key switch to Platform Control at the ground control panel. This enables the lift engine to be cranked from the platform, and engages the platform control panel for controlling the lift’s operation.

Check to make sure all control identification on the console is readable. There are several different electrical switches and joysticks that control the lift’s operation, and each should be clearly labeled, including the direction of motion they control.

A tilt or out of level warning indicator

A capacity meter. As the boom is extended, the amount of capacity normally changes on each machine. Booming out at a low angle reduces the machines capacity by as much as one half.

Fuel gauge

Push the engine start switch. This is usually indicated by a cranking engine symbol. If the engine doesn’t turn over when the switch is pushed, you may have to recheck the ground control console kill switch or the master key to make sure they are in the correct position. Refer to the operator’s manual if you cannot get the machine to crank easily.

Look on the platform floor for a boot like enclosure. This is the control engage lever, and is operated by placing your foot in the boot-like cover and pressing down the switch with the toe of your boot to enable to machine’s controls. The engine should rev up when the switch is functioning properly, and most machines are equipped with an alarm that sounds when it is operated to warn bystanders the machine is moving.

Swing the platform to familiarize yourself with this motion/function. This is done by toggling the joystick in the direction you want the boom to swing (left or right, or clockwise/counterclockwise). Watch for obstructions any time you swing the boom.

Telescope the boom out and in by toggling the control indicated for this feature. Note that smaller, compact aerial lifts may not have telescoping segments in their boom.

Drive the machine to get the feel of the steering/drive controls. You should lower the work platform to about three feet above the ground, with the boom telescoped in to its shortest length, and position the platform at a slight angle from the centerline of the drive wheels to allow you to see in front of the machine while it is moving. Again, it is urgent you practice in a level, clear area before maneuvering around structures or obstacles.

Use the right (usually) joystick to engage the drive wheels. Most joysticks have steering buttons on top, so to turn your wheels to the right, toggle the right button (reversed if you are backing the machine), to turn left, toggle the left button. Push forward on the joystick to drive the machine forward, and pull the joystick back to back the machine. Again, note that the further you push or pull the joystick, the faster the machine will travel, so push and pull the joystick gently until you become familiar with the motion of the machine.

Become familiar with all the machine’s controls and functions before approaching a structure or position from which you plan to work. Patience is critical in operating an aerial lift, and mistakes can be deadly or very costly. Read the warnings below, and remember, check out the operator’s manual for detailed information about the particular lift you are using.


How To Make Olive Juice: 15 Steps (With Pictures)

Water-cured olives can be used if you want a fresher flavor, but these olives tend to be considerably bitterer and do not last quite as long as brine-cured olives.

You could use fresh olives during harvest season, which falls out around late September through mid November, but fresh olives have a very bitter taste that may make the juice less palatable.

Dried olives should be avoided, since they do not contain enough juice to extract.

Use whole or pitted olives. Avoid olives that are stuffed with other ingredients.

Wash the olives to remove the brine. Clean the olives under running water to rinse off any brine or dirt that may be on the surface. Even though you will end up placing the olives in a salty, brine-like solution later on, it is important that you wash off any old brine to avoid contaminating the solution you use with additional salt.


Crushing the olives beforehand may release too much of the juice too early, causing you to lose it. If you do not pierce the olives, however, the juice may struggle to break through the skin and reach the liquid.

Mix water, salt, and vinegar in a separate bowl. Blend the ingredients together with a spoon. The liquid should have a murky appearance. If it still seems clear, you may need to add another 1 teaspoon (4.8 grams) of salt.

Pour the liquid solution into the glass jar. Do not fill the jar to the top. Instead, leave about 4 inches (10 centimeters) of empty space in between the surface of the water and the brim of the jar.

Add the twig of peppermint to the jar. Push it down so that it sits beneath the surface of the water. This step is only optional, but peppermint does add a dimension of freshness to the olive juice.

Seal and shake the jar. Make sure that the lid is securely held in place and will not loosen or come undone accidentally. Then, give the jar a vigorous shake to loosen the juice inside the olives and mix it with the other ingredients.

Place the jar of olives in the refrigerator. The juice needs time to blend into the water and other ingredients. Leave the olives inside the refrigerator for a minimum of 30 minutes or overnight.

Pour the liquid into a second, smaller glass jar. Strain out the olives and the sprig of mint. Set the olives on a glass or plastic cutting board and discard the mint.

Note that it is also important to use a plastic or glass cutting board. If you crush the olives on a wooden board, some of the juice may end up getting absorbed into the wood.

You may also find it helpful to use a plate or bowl. Many cutting boards do not have lips, so some of the juices could run off. If you crush the olives inside a bowl, however, the juices will remain.

Drain the pressed juice into the olive juice mixture. You may need to strain the juice out by scraping or dumping your pile of crushed olives into a strainer.

Seal and shake the jar of juice. Give the jar a vigorous shake to combine the new juice you added to the existing juice solution.

Store your olive juice in the refrigerator until ready to use. Shake the jar before each use to make sure that none of the ingredients have settled or separated.


How To Maintain Your Mobile Phone: 14 Steps (With Pictures)

If the mobile phone has sat idle for a long time, it may need special moisture treatment. In humid areas, the internal moisture of the mobile phone could cause harm to the parts. When using your mobile phone has been idle for a reasonable amount of time, it will have attained a certain internal temperature. This can cause the accumulated water to evaporate at ordinary times. To avoid harm to the body, don’t touch the antenna.

Do not attempt to open your phone. This can cause damage and can be dangerous if you do not know much about phones and how they work.


Maintain your mobile phone properly. If the phone or any of its parts are not working, take it to the nearest qualified maintenance facility.

Use a mobile phone holster. They can reduce the amount of wear done to the phone. Secondly, they can also reduce the harm to the phone when it gets wet.

Of course, this does not mean the holster is flame-resistant after you use it. Be cautious to avoid damaging it.

Don’t use mobile phones in the rain or the bathroom.

Don’t put your mobile phone in the cold air outlet, because condensation in the mobile phone will invisibly corrode the circuit board. The longer this goes on, the more severe the water erosion of the circuit board is. You may not notice anything initially, but if you keep going on, the phone could stop working.

Pay attention to how you carry it. Everyone has different ways to carry mobile phones, but some methods can increase the chance of damage. For example, carrying a phone in the back pocket of your jeans can cause it to fall out when you walk or be damaged if you accidentally sit on it. Also, when people keep slim phones in their breast pocket, these can fall out easily if they bend over.

Don’t put the phone near anything magnetic. The phone’s speakers contain small magnets. If a magnet becomes attracted to the speakers, it could block the sound, meaning it’s more difficult to hear.


Know “first aid” for your phone. It’s likely that at some point the mobile phone will come into contact with water, for example by rain or having drinks spilled on it. If this happens:

Turn off the power immediately and then, if possible, remove the battery to avoid water corroding circuit boards. Water is an enemy of your phone – after coming into contact with it, your phone should be sent for repair as soon as possible.

Do NOT use a hair dryer to dry the cell phone’s internal moisture. This may cause more harm than good. Instead, place it in a bag of uncooked rice for a day.

The power source you have plugged it into is too high and so the fuse has blown. This can be sent to a repair shop and fixed.

The battery itself is aging. This can also be sent to a repair shop and fixed,or may need replacing.

The battery has come into contact with pieces of metal with dirt, causing poor power contact and stopping it from charging. The problem is caused by oxidation of the contact terminals and as long as you use a glue stick to wipe clean, the situation will be improved.

The battery is too loose. You can put paper between the battery and the mobile phone to stop it being too loose. Do not put paper between the terminals of the battery and the phone.

If your mobile phone is lost, ask the police if anyone has found it first. If not, call your mobile phone provider and get them to lock the phone so it can’t be used for illegal activities.


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