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With the growing cases of covid-19, most of us work from home. The bed is my coziest space, and some days I don’t feel like leaving it. Thus, I work with my Laptop on the bed.

Working from bed has been blissful work days for me!

To work from bed comfortably with a Laptop, you need to set up your Laptop in a position that works best for you and your posture. Make sure your back or neck gets pillow support.

You may have many questions along with just how to. Is it good for my spine? What is the best position to sit in?

Do I need to stretch in between? Well, without further ado, let’s find out together!

Is Working from Bed a Good Idea?

Here are some of the benefits of working from bed:

First, you will be relaxed and comfortable.

You will have your own privacy and personal space.

Working on a bed might increase productivity.

You can work in your pajamas.

You may feel sleepy while working and disturb your sleep schedule.

Working in bed might lower your energy level and make you lazy.

It can cause spine-related problems in the long run.

It might disturb your sanitation and hygiene.

Work/life balance disturbance

How to work economically from bed or anywhere.

How to Work on the Bed Comfortably with a Laptop?

It seemed like yesterday when the world talked about generations of computers, and today we have portable laptops in our hands.

See, along with the world’s progress, we now work from work, laptops, and beds. To work from your bed, you need to set up your Laptop in a way that is more convenient and comfortable for you.

Let’s go one by one, step by step, on how you can set your Laptop in bed in a position that works best for you.

Related article learn to use laptop stand usefully for more results.

1. Being comfortable in your Bed Mattress

If you plan to work from the bed, the first step is to get a comfortable mattress.

Mattress comes in with different qualities but the firmer, the better. So, get yourself a form mattress if you don’t have one already!

Be sure that you are more comfortable in the bed than at your work desk. After all, working from bed is all about your comfort and enhancing your productivity.

The memory foam mattress is the one that I personally prefer.

2. Setting up your Laptop in Bed

The first step in setting up the laptop in bed is to have a proper ergonomic laptop. So get a laptop as per your comfort and flexibility.

Choosing the easy, flexible, portable and adaptable Laptop is the first step in setting up your Laptop for working in bed. If using a laptop with a touch screen works best for your comfort, get one according to your needs.

However, if you already have one, you are a step ahead.

3. Positioning the Correct Type of Pillow for your Comfort

It would be best if you had a pillow for your spine while working with Laptop from bed. So you better get one.

However, picking just a random pillow can sometimes not be the one for your back. Maintaining your posture is a crucial part of taking care of your health.

I personally use the back-rest pillow because it goes perfectly while working from bed with my adjustable laptop desk.

You need the type of pillow that does the following:

Provides comfort

Provides back and neck support

Reduces back pain

Helps to maintain posture

Provides lumbar support

To position your pillow correctly, you need to consider the following:

Choose an area making sure you have a wall or bed rest at the back of you

Adjust the pillow to a position that supports your lower back

Use multiple pillows if necessary

The pillow that fits you best ensures your good posture

Also read should you put laptop on bed

Pillows are made up of different materials. For you to work from bed, pillows made up of memory foam are considered best.

Don’t we all love to work from bed with suitable pillows to ease our life?

If you are working from home for a long time and planning to create a home office, read on: What is the Average Size for a Home Office?

Clean your laptop after a messy use on the bed or any where.

4. Correcting the Room Lighting and Adjusting your Bed Lamps

Working from bed sounds easy to hear. But it would help if you considered several factors along with the decision. It would be best if you had proper lighting because poor lighting can stress your eyes.

To prevent eye strain and posture stress, ensure you are not sitting right in front of the window that receives direct sunlight.

Bright light or direct sunlight is not recommended on your laptop screen while you are working. Also, too dim or nearly dark light is equally bad for your eyes.

Things to avoid to correct lighting while working from bed:

Do not sit in front of windows that have direct sunlight coming to your eyes.

Do not work from a room that is too dark to work.

Avoid too bright light, focus on your laptop screen that reflects.

Avoid working continuously for hours without a break for your eyes.

If you are wondering how to choose the correct lights for you, read on: How to Choose the Desk Light for Home Office?

Set up your Laptop in such an area while it is best for your eyes. Furthermore, you can constantly adjust the brightness within your Laptop.

If you are working late at night, your bed lamps can come in handy. Using bed lamps won’t disturb the sleep of people living around you.

Here are some recommendations for you;

ProductsFeaturesProduct Image

Ottlite Wellness SeriesAn award-winning Glow LED Desk Lamp with CRI 97 and 5000K temperature designed to reduce eyestrain by 51%

BenQ e-Reading Desk LampA perfect task lighting desk lamp that can be adjusted to ambient lighting and from warm to cool.

Dyson Lightcycle MorphA 3-point revolve motion light that connects to your smartphone—adjusted to ambient lighting whenever needed.

LEDGLE LED Desk LampA smart desktop LED lamp that combines direct and indirect light output perfect for workspaces.

5. Mind your Position while Working on the Bed

You can lie, placing your head on the pillow. However, it would be best if you raise your knees and head to ensure 45-degree propping above your knees.

It is the best and often used position to work with Laptop from the bed. You can use a pillow to support your lower back and place your Laptop on your lap.

If you are using a portable laptop desk, you can keep the Laptop on the desk instead of on your lap. You can try any positions you feel comfortable in without cutting off the blood flow to any part of the body.

If you want to replace your work desk for your comfort, read on: How to Work from Home Ergonomically without Desk?

6. Get an Adjustable Laptop Desk

If you work for long hours and are concerned about maintaining your posture, you can use tools to ease you.

It’s not a critical tool, but if you think it can ease your work-from-bed situation with your Laptop, it’s worth trying.

If the heating bothers you, an adjustable laptop desk can be a good choice. It can be the best choice if your Laptop has a heating problem.

You won’t have to keep a hot device on your lap anymore.

Adjustable Laptop desk helps you

Stretch your legs

Adjust your eyes and Laptop’s screen to the same height

Relief from neck stress

Maintain your posture

Features required in an adjustable laptop desk:

Adjustable angle

Adjustable height

Metal-made desks help your laptop cooldown

You can get this awesome Laptop Desk from Amazon.

You may get tired of placing your laptop on your lap so you may shift to the floor. Read on: Should you put your PC on Carpet?

7. An External Input Devices

Again, it’s not compulsory, but external input devices can help you with the desired positioning in bed.

The Laptop’s input devices, such as the mouse and keyboard, are inbuilt. Using an external mouse or keyboard can help you with different comfortable positioning in bed.

While working from bed, lying with a pillow at the back of your neck, the inbuilt keyboard and mouse may not come in handy. If your comfort demands an external keyboard and mouse, get one.

If you are in a sitting position, working for hours with a laptop keyboard can make your typing difficult.

So, adding an external keyboard and a mouse can improve the ergonomics of your work environment.

Some of the ergonomic devices and their features are listed below:

8. Change the Position Often

Sometimes, you may get so carried away by your work and forget to change your position while working with a laptop in bed.

Working in the same position means improper posture, which may often lead to headaches, back pain, neck pain, etc. So, it would be best if you stretched in between.

Make a routine that you stretch every 30 minutes or so. This will help enhance blood circulation and maintain good posture. In addition, this will help you with your mood and productivity.

While working with different positions, you may change many positions according to your comfort.

You can do so! But make sure that the position of your choice is not cutting off the blood flow to any parts of your body.

Tips for not getting lazy when working form home.

9. Keep Everything you Need Within your Reach

You may need so many things within your reach while working with a laptop from bed.

Keep your Laptop charger, pen, sticky notes, pillows, water bottle, coffee mug, external input devices such as keyboard and mouse, and others as required.

If you do so, you may not have to get up every time you need something.

Keeping the essentials within your reach can come to your hand easily with a minor stretch, if necessary.

Thus, why not organize and keep everything you need within your reach while working from bed!

Things to Avoid while Working with a Laptop in Bed

As easy as it may sound, you need to take care of dos and don’ts while working with Laptop from bed. Here are some of the important points that you MUST know while working with a laptop from bed.

1. Do Not Sit Crossed Leg with a Laptop in Front

If you are sitting with crossed legs with a Laptop on your lap or even on a table is not recommended.

Crossed legs mean you are interfering with your legs’ blood flow, which is bad for your body. And the imbalanced angle of your eyes and laptop screen can strain your neck muscles.

Treat your body well first!

2. Do not Overheat your Laptop

While working from bed, you are gonna have pillows and blankets within your reach. So, sometimes you may happen to use a pillow or blanket to balance your laptop or place your laptop on them.

There is a good chance that you will overheat or, even worse, crash your laptop on doing so.

Bed accessories are good insulators of heat, and on top of that, laptops emit heat from the bottom as the fans are placed there.

Worst combination ever, right?

You can buy this comfortable Lap Desk on Amazon.

3. Avoid Working with a Laptop in a Dark Room

Working in dim light or dark environments can tire your eyes. Also, if you are working for hours, you may get your eyes strained.

An imbalance in lighting can affect your eyesight as well. So, work in a proper light zone.

Sometimes you may have a deadline, and you are constantly working in a dark room.

Depending on the light from the screen or a dim lamp, you are certainly going to strain your eyes.

According to Harvard Health, the finding suggests that working on a laptop in dim light would not cause any major complication to your eye health; however, it can contribute to straining and tiring eyes.

It can rarely happen while you are traveling. So, keep a laptop keyboard light just in case if your laptop does not have a backlit keyboard.

BenQ Screenbar Lite and BUBOSPER Premium are the best available laptop keyboard lights.

Is Working with a Laptop from Bed Good for your Posture?

Laptops are portable, and we can use them anywhere or everywhere, of course, considering the risks and being careful.

Working with a Laptop from the bed comes with comfort. But along with it, you need to be extra careful and have a proper knowledge of various factors to be considered.

Proper light, maintaining good posture, using external support of pillows, and external input devices, ensuring a good blood flow, and stretching in between helps you.

It is not bad for you and your posture for a short time being. However, for an extended period, it may not be the best way.

Many studies have shown that working from bed with a laptop is bad for your posture because you don’t have proper back support.

Young people do not notice the strain their body goes through while working from bed with a laptop.

According to the studies published by BBC, this habit hampers your brain and your biological clock by interfering with sleep schedules.

Many people are prone to insomnia, decreased productivity, and wrecking their bodies.


Working with a Laptop in bed is easy and comfortable if you consider the different factors that ensure your good posture and blood flow.

Make sure you don’t stress your eyes and work without properly setting up your laptop in bed.

Work from bed with a laptop from time to time but do not make it a habit or lifestyle. After all, your comfort comes first!

You're reading How To Work From Bed Comfortably With A Laptop?

How Does Laravel Permissions Work With Examples

Introduction to Laravel Permissions

Laravel is one of the most sought after frameworks for E-commerce development. The reason for this popularity being the ease of usage. Laravel allows the developer of the scope of creating complex structures and functionalities using simple and expressive syntax. Laravel is scalable and that is the reason why E-commerce site owners prefer to use it. This gives them a wide range of options to choose from for catering to demanding customers. Laravel is known for its vast library of queries which provide all that is needed for quick development. The framework is also capable of integrating with third-party queries to form standalone systems.

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One such query that makes development easy is Laravel Permissions.

What is Laravel Permission? How does Laravel Permission work?

Through Roles and Permissions, one can create several types of users with different roles and permissions, some users will only have view access, some users can also edit items, some can go ahead and delete. Access is usually provided by the Super Admin.

Example #1

Installing the tool: The migration needs to be run: PHP artisan migrate

1. The HasRole needs to be added to the User Model:

class User extends Authenticatable { use HasRoles; ... }

2. It now has to be loaded into the Tool for the Roles to be displayed:

public function tools() /* defining the function tools */ { return [ new NovaToolPermissions(), ]; }

3. Adding an additional relationship if roles are to be assigned from the User resource:

public function fields(Request $request) { return [ ... BelongsToMany::make('Role', 'role', Role::class), ]; }

4. Since we are using the Nova Tool for permission, the viewNova Gate default can be replaced with Gate():

protected function gate() { }

5. This program comes with default permissions:

"viewNova": "viewRoles": "manageRoles": "assignRoles": "viewUsers": "manageUsers":

6. It is pertinent to know that, routine permission is required for certain sections. This is to ascertain that only the correct authority has access to the sections of the blog or the whole blog.

For example, the policy related to the blog: PHP artisan make: policy BlogPolicy Now the policy needs to be assigned:

class AuthServiceProvider extends ServiceProvider { use ValidatesPermissions; protected $policies = [ ]; public function boot() { collect([ 'viewBlog', 'manageBlog', Gate::define($permission, function ($user) use ($permission) { return true; } }); }); } }

7. Final step. Access control has to be specified in the policy:

use IlluminateSupportFacadesGate; public function viewAny($user) { return Gate::any(['viewBlog', 'manageBlog'], $user); } public function view($user, $post) { return Gate::any(['viewBlog', 'manageBlog'], $user, $post); } public function create($user) { } public function update($user, $post) { } public function delete($user, $post) { } public function restore($user, $post) { } public function forceDelete($user, $post) { }

8. Now add labels:

{ "viewBlog": "View Blog", "manageBlog": "Manage Blog" }


This one is for the Edit Role:

The Role would now need to be assigned.

Example #2

Another quick example:

Install: Install it into the Laravel application which uses Nova through composer. Register the provider in case you have the package discovery disabled. It will be registered in the config/app PHP file as shown below:

NovaPermissionServiceProvider::class, ]

1. Now tool needs to be registered as shown below:

/*defining tools method */ public function tools() { return [ /*…*/ LaravelNovaPermission::make(), ]; }

2. Now, the addition of Morph To Many to the resource as follows:

use LaravelNovaFieldMorphToMany; /*defining method*/ public function field(Request $request) { return [ /* ...*/ MorphToMany::make('Role', 'role', Role::class), MorphToMany::make('Permission', 'permission', Permission::class), ]; }

3. Now, adding class ForgetCachedPermissions to the config/nova.php as follows:

/* config/nova.php */ /*Registering middleware*/ ‘web’, /*adding different classes*/ DispatchServingNovaEvent::class, Authenticate::class, Authorize::class, BootTools::class, ForgetCachedPermissions::class, ],

4. Artisan command line can be used for localization files publishing: vendor: publish. Usage of Custom Role:

/*app/Providers/NovaServiceProvider.php*/ /*defining tools method */ public function tools() { return [ /* ...*/ LaravelNovaPermission::make() ]; }

5. Changing the default Authorization (Policy-based) to Permissions based Authorisation:

/* app/Nova/MyNovaResource.php*/ class MyNovaResource extends Resource { use PermissionsBasedAuthTrait; /* defining array*/ public static $permissionsForAbilities = [ ]; } public static $permissionsForAbilities = [ ];


Here one can create Roles and give access to users as well as to others who would have defined Roles. It is imperative to remember that at the top of the Access control Hierarchy, sits the Super Admin. The Role of the Super Admin is to provide definite access control authorizations for specific responsibilities. Developers need to be careful while creating ACL or Access Control Lists, since a wrong move here may lead to jeopardizing the entire project.

Steps to Provide Laravel Permissions

Another way to provide permissions is:

Step #1

PHP artisan make: seeder PermissionSeeder

Step #2 <?PHP use IlluminateDatabaseSeeder; use SpatiePermissionModelsRole; use SpatiePermissionModelsPermission; class PermissionSeeder extends Seeder { /** * Run the database seeds. * @return void */ public function run() { $roles=[ 'admin', 'accountant', 'user' ]; $permissions=[ ]; foreach ($roles as $role) { } foreach ($authorized_roles as $role) { } } } }

Add role to the Users

Go ahead and refresh the database:

php artisan migrate: fresh –seed


Laravel Permission is important from the perspective of access control. An access control list is a concise set of information authorising users for a certain level of access. Laravel Permissions work on the basis of hierarchy. Developers will be given a higher level of access than front end users.

The administrator of the site will be provided with greater access. The final access rests with the Super Admin. He/she will be the one providing everyone with the Roles and their access limits.

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We hope that this EDUCBA information on “Laravel Permissions” was beneficial to you. You can view EDUCBA’s recommended articles for more information.

How Python Eval Function Work With Examples

Introduction to Python eval()

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eval(expression, globals=None, locals=None)


Eval() function usually needs 3 parameters, but the 2nd and 3rd parameter terms are optional/not much important than the 1st parameter. The 3 parameters are expression, globals, and locals.

Expression parameter: This is the string that is as parsed and also evaluated as the Python expression.

Globals parameter ( dictionary parameter ): This parameter is a dictionary, and this parameter is also optional. Nothing happens even if we don’t specify this parameter in the eval() function.

Locals parameter ( Mapping Object ): This locals parameter is an object which is mapping… The dict or dictionary of the globals parameter is the best and standard mapping type in the Python Programming Language commonly.

How Python Eval Function Work with Examples

Eval() function/method will returns the value/result after evaluating the expression. eval function works by parsing the string value, and that string value also be evaluated as the python expression.

Example #1

At each and every IF statements, if the IF condition is False, then the interpreter of python goes to the ELSE condition’s statements, and the programming inside of it will be printed/interpreted etc.. all at a time, but the program inside of the ELSE condition is also be interpreted every line one by one.


x = 10 print(eval('x')) print(eval('x+10')) print(eval('x*x')) print(eval('x*x*x')) if(x%2==0): print('X is even number') if(x%2!=0): if(x%3!=0): if(x%5!=0): if(x%7!=0): print(eval('x')) print('is a prime number') else: print ('x is not prime number') else: print('x is not prime number') else: print('x is not prime number') else: print('x is not prime number')


Example #2

Now we enter the try, except concept. These are just like the IF and ELSE condition. If the “try” has correct parameters, then try to run properly and exits from the program, or else the except concept comes into the picture. Try, except concept will be very helpful to handle errors and usage of the eval() function/functions. Statements that are in the try will print the eval() function, which has math functions “square root” and the power of x and y values which are about to declare manually by the user. If the input doesn’t contain any input as needed with the mentioned math functions, the result will be printed, and the loop once again runs and asks again for the input, or else you can just enter and go the except concept. There you will print the ext1 value, and the interpreter breaks out and comes out from the except concept. Then the print statement will print “Now it is Done” like that.


from math import * for lm in range(1, 3): func1 = input("Enter the Math Function which are mentioned below to Evaluate.nFunctions Allowed are: 1. square_root(x) and 2. power(x,y):n") try: print(eval(func1, {'square_root': sqrt, 'power': pow})) except Exception as ex1: print(ex1) break print('Now it is Done')


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This is a guide to Python eval(). Here we discuss the introduction and working of the python eval() function along with different examples and its code implementation. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –

How Does Deferred Annuity Work With Example?

Definition of Deferred Annuity

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It further bifurcates into two phases, i.e., the investment and income. The investment phase begins when the buyer makes a contribution or a lump sum contribution in the annuity plan and continues until their last contribution. And income phase begins after investors’ retirement, from when they start receiving the monthly income or lump sum, whichever option they have chosen.

The contribution to the deferred annuity is allowed for taxation purposes, but the IRS (internal revenue service) taxes the return. If the investors have to avoid the penalty of 10% on early withdrawal, they will have to wait 59.5 years before withdrawing anything. In case of the investor’s death, the beneficiary will get the remaining funds in the annuity.

How Does It Work?

Below is the step wise step explanation of how it works:

Step 1 is the agreement between the insurance company and the buyer.

Step 2: The buyer must make a regular or one-time lump sum contribution to the annuity.

Step 3: After retirement, investors can receive regular monthly income and a lump sum benefit, or they can annuitize their annuity fund to receive periodic payments till death.

Step 4: The contribution to the annuity fund is allowed for taxation purposes, but the income received after retirement is taxed by the IRS (Internal revenue service.)

Step 5: The buyers use the annuity plan as a supplementary retirement income.


A deferred annuity based on an ordinary annuity, i.e., payment is made at the end of each period, is as follows:

Deferred Annuity = P ordinary * [1 – (1 + r)-n] / [(1 + r)t*r]


P ordinary = ordinary annuity payment

r = Effective Interest rate

n = No. of Periods

t = Deferred Periods

Deferred Annuity = P due * [1 – (1 + r)-n] / [(1 + r)t*r]


P due = Annuity payment due

The rest is the same as above.

Example of Deferred Annuity

For example, an investor purchased a deferred annuity in which he has to invest $90,000 and will get 30 payments of $9,000 each annually post-retirement. The effective interest rate is 4.5%, and the no. of the period after which the annuity payment will start is 10.

Deferred Annuity = $9,000 * [1 – (1 + 4.5%)-30] / [(1 + 4.5%) 10 * 4.5%]

Particular Value

Payment in a year 1

P(ordinary) 9,000

The effective rate of interest (r) 5%

No. Of deferred period (t) 10

no of the period (n) 30

Deferred Annuity 94,399.80

Types of Deferred Annuity

There are three types of it:

Fixed annuity: The interest rate is fixed and never changes in this type. But it has a lower return rate than other types of annuities.

Variable annuity: In this type of annuity, the funds are invested in various investment options like stocks, bonds, etc. It provides a potentially higher return rate and is also associated with increased risk.

Indexed annuity: In this annuity, the minimum rate of return is guaranteed like in a fixed interest annuity, but the rate can go up, determined by the market index.


Some of the uses are below:

It serves as a supplementary retirement income.

The annuity can a buyer get tax benefits on the contribution payment on a deferred annuity.

The buyer can enjoy the peace of regular monthly income if that is what they choose through the deferred annuity option.


The contributions towards deferred annuity payments are allowable for tax benefit purposes.

There is no annual contribution limit for price towards the deferred annuity.

The buyer can receive a monthly steady income post-retirement or a lump sum after retirement.

It helps buyers comfortably plan their retirement.

The return of the deferred annuity post-retirement is taxable.

If a person withdraws the money before a stipulated period, they must give a 10% penalty.

The annuity providers charge hefty commissions when selling the funds to the investors.

Some deferred annuities have high annual fees for their maintenance purpose.

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How Does A Wireless Mouse Work?

This article explains about a wireless mouse, its types, and how it works. So, without further delay, let us get right into it.

Before we get into the working principle of a wireless mouse, let us first discuss the two types of wireless mouse popular in the market.

A wireless USB mouse uses a USB dongle that receives data transmitted by the wireless mouse. This mouse operates in the 2.4 GHz frequency band to transfer data. Low battery consumption, connection over a longer distance, and lower latency are what make a wireless USB mouse so popular.

To use the wireless USB mouse, you simply plug the USB dongle into the computer, power on the mouse and the input device is ready to use. 

Wireless Bluetooth uses a computer’s Bluetooth to transfer data. To use a wireless Bluetooth mouse, you first need to pair it with your computer’s bluetooth. Once you pair both the devices, you can use it to move the mouse cursor.

The Bluetooth wireless mouse usually suffers from higher latency and higher battery consumption compared to the wireless mouse using USB connector. Furthermore, it also does not support connection over longer distances compared to a wireless USB mouse. 

Bluetooth also uses a 2.4 GHz frequency band to transfer data like a wireless USB mouse.

The mouse records its current position using LED or laser light.

The mouse sends this movement data to the computer using a transmitter.

The computer moves the mouse cursor using the received mouse movement data.

Three things are constantly occurring when you physically move the mouse:

Now let’s discuss each step in detail.

Most mouse nowadays uses optical sensors to record mouse movement. These optical sensors take a couple of thousand pictures every second. And then, the sensor compares each picture to the previous one to record the mouse movement. On the other hand, an older mechanical mouse uses a rubber ball to track the mouse movements.

Under the mouse, there is a LED or laser emitter, depending on the type of mouse you use. This emitter turns on the LED when you connect the mouse to a computer. 

The light touches the surface and then reflects to the mouse, where a CMOS (Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor) sensor records the bounce-back time. By doing this, the mouse records every surface detail. 

Once the sensor records the bounce back time for a second time, the DSP (Digital Signal Processor) compares the two surface details and calculates the new mouse position. Once the mouse figures out its position, it sends the data about its position to the computer. This will then move the mouse cursor. 

Different mouse will have different frequencies that it operates on. This is why a USB dongle from one device may not always work on a different device, even if they both have the same manufacturer.

The receiver can be either a USB receiver or a Bluetooth module inside the computer. The receiver is set to catch a frequency signal in a certain range. So when the transmitter sends the signal on said radio frequency, the receiver catches the signal sent through the channel. The receiver then sends this information to the driver installed. The mouse driver in turn decodes this radio signal to determine the mouse’s position.

Some devices only support line of sight communication. This means that the computer may not record data from the mouse when there is an obstacle between the transmitter and the receiver.

Once the computer receives the data, it moves the mouse cursor according to the physical mouse movements.

In the case of a Wireless USB mouse, the receiver is the USB dongle you plug into the computer’s USB port. As for the wireless Bluetooth mouse, the mouse sends data to the PC in the frequency range between 2.402 to 2.485GHz once both the devices are connected and paired for an encryption.

Depending on the mouse, it may use a wireless receiver or Bluetooth, or both. If your mouse supports both wireless USB and Bluetooth connectivity, you do not need the USB dongle. You can simply pair it with your computer’s Bluetooth.

However, if your mouse only supports wireless USB, it requires a separate USB dongle.

Both USB and Bluetooth wireless mouse uses electromagnetic waves to transfer data from the transmitter to the receiver. These waves have high wavelength. Thus, making these radiation harmless.

Hp Pavilion X360 Convertible 14: A Good Laptop With Better Rivals

The HP Pavilion x360 Convertible 14 is a competent convertible laptop for mainstream use, but its lackluster performance and battery life don’t hold up well against similarly-priced competition.

The HP Pavilion x360 Convertible 14 (dw0097nr) is a competent convertible laptop for handling the day-to-day workload of a work-from-home or distance-learning experience. It also offers some unique features, including a rare cellular option and a full-sized SD card slot. The USB-C and HDMI ports allow for two additional displays, including 4K support. While these attributes work in the Pavilion x360’s favor, its middling performance and underwhelming battery life make other laptops we’ve tested in its price range seem like a better deal.

This review is part of our ongoing roundup of the best laptops. Go there for information on competing products and how we tested them. 

Mark Hachman / IDG

As a convertible, HP’s Pavilion x360 Convertible 14 rotates easily into tent mode. The hinge is engineered well, preventing the laptop from sagging, even as it approaches a 180-degree angle.

HP Pavilion x360 Convertible 14 basic features

In case you can’t find it, HP representatives recommended some virtually identical alternatives. The $650 HP Pavilion x360 Laptop 14t-dw000Remove non-product link lacks the Optane memory option and LTE WWAN. The $586.95 HP Pavilion x360 14t-dh200Remove non-product link is even more similar, though it also lacks WWAN options and you’ll need to pay a bit more for the 1080p display option. Both the 14t-dw000 and 14t-dh200 were in stock at press time, however, and should offer comparable performance.

Keep in mind that in all these machines, the processor’s “G1” suffix denotes the minimal amount of graphics capability provided. Higher-end members of Intel’s 10th-gen Ice Lake family offer more visual horsepower. 

Here are the specs for the unit we tested: 

Mark Hachman / IDG

Display: 14-inch (1920×1080, WLED) multitouch, 250 nits (rated)

Processor: Intel Core i5-1035G1

Graphics: UHD 620

Memory:  8GB DDR4-3200 SDRAM (1 x 8 GB)

Storage: 256GB SSD+16GB Optane

Ports: 1 USB-C 3.2 Gen 2 (10Gbps, charging, display), 2 USB-A 3.2 Gen 1 (formerly USB 3.1, 5Gbps), 1 HDMI 2.0, SD card slot, 3.5mm jack, SIM slot (as reviewed) 

Camera: 720p (user-facing)

Battery: 41.3Wh (reported), 43Wh (rated)

Wireless: WiFi 6 (Intel Wireless-AC 9461 802.11ac) and Bluetooth 5, with Connected Modern Standby; Intel LTE (XMM 7360) SIM slot (as reviewed)

Operating system: Windows 10 Home

Dimensions (inches): 12.76 x 8.70 x 0.74 inches

Weight: 3.55 pounds

Color: Natural Silver (Exterior)/ Ash Silver (Interior)

Overall build quality and display

HP’s Pavilion x360 14 emerges from its box a bit on the heavy side, though that’d only be an issue if you actually traveled with it. Our review unit boasts the rather generic Natural Silver exterior. A narrow band of silver runs around the edge of the Dark Ash Silver keyboard deck.

Because the Pavilion is a 360-degree convertible, it flips smoothly from clamshell back into tent mode, supporting its own weight. During a year when we’ve been stuck inside most of the time, I’ve grown to appreciate laptops that can serve as portable entertainment centers during off hours.

Mark Hachman / IDG

Air is pulled in from a wide grille underneath the laptop through a second grille on its left side.

HP’s display is passable, a common quality level among lower-priced laptops. Its backlight has a top brightness of about 250 nits, the bare minimum for what we consider to be sufficient for indoor work. My downstairs office gets minimal outside light, and I found the display to be just slightly on the dim side. Color fidelity seemed adequate, however, with sufficient viewing angles from either side. Just don’t expect to use it outdoors.

Fortunately, the available ports adorning the HP Pavilion x360 Convertible 14 make it easy to expand beyond the built-in display. HP includes both an HDMI 2.0 as well as SuperSpeed 10Gbps (formerly known as USB-C 3.2 Gen 2).

Mark Hachman / IDG

The right side of the HP Pavilion x360 Convertible 14 (dw0097nr) includes a port for the barrel charger, HDMI 2.0, USB-A, standard USB-C (not Thunderbolt), a full-sized SD card slot, and the SIM card slot.

Mark Hachman / IDG

Another USB-A port sits on the left side of the HP Pavilion x360 Convertible 14, along with a grille to vent the laptop’s thermal exhaust.

HP supplies a 45W power supply inside of the box, which uses a round “barrel” connector to charge the laptop. Alternatively, you can use a third-party charger to charge the laptop via the USB-C port.

Typing, audio and camera

I tend to prefer keyboards with more pronounced key travel, so the shallow keyboard on the HP Pavilion x360 Convertible 14 wasn’t especially comfortable over prolonged use. I almost always write a laptop review on the keyboard of the device that I’m reviewing, and I’ll be happy to go back to something which allows my fingers more flexibility.

My only other complaint is that the individual keys aren’t especially large. Otherwise, the Pavilion’s keyboard provides a comfortable typing experience. Its only other quirk is the column of Home, Pg Up, and related keys that runs along the right side of the keyboard, rather than the lower right-hand corner (as is more common).

Mark Hachman / IDG

The keyboard of the HP Pavilion x360 Convertible 14 (dw0097nr).

Normally, audio enhancement technologies help somewhat. Bang & Olufsen tuned the speakers and provided an audio utility conveniently designed with an equalizer and noise cancellation for the available microphone. But even headphones can’t really help; your best bet is to boost the bass as much as possible.

Mark Hachman / IDG

HP’s convertible Pavilion is tuned by B&O, but it doesn’t really help.

The HP Pavilion x360 Convertible 14 uses a 720p camera (as most laptops do), and I was pleased with its color fidelity. Unfortunately, there’s no Windows Hello capability at all—no depth camera, and no fingerprint reader either.

A mix of bloatware and useful utilities

Mark Hachman / IDG

HP’s utility software is useful and comprehensive, but it’s difficult to navigate through.

HP offers a wealth of its own utility software, most of which serves a useful purpose—but there’s just so darn many of them! The HP Support Assistant, for example, includes useful driver updates for various components within the system, but it’s separate from Windows Update, and that’s distinct from the app-specific Microsoft Store. Dig though and you’ll be rewarded, as there’s a terrific amount of information and diagnostics available. 

Mark Hachman / IDG

The SIM card slot of the HP Pavilion x360 Convertible 14 (dw0097nr) is spring-loaded, popping out at a touch.

Performance is merely average

What follows are results from our suite of synthetic and real-world benchmarks. We compared the HP Pavilion x360 Convertible 14 to its competition within the budget and mid-range laptop PC category. Its results are highlighted in red, below.

PCMark 8 Work/Creative: Everyday tasks

Mark Hachman / IDG

We’ve put both the PCMark Work and Creative test into the same graphic, highlighting HP’s Pavilion x360 in red. As our real-world experience confirms, this laptop does fine in office work and web browsing.

Cinebench: CPU performance

We use Maxon’s Cinebench test to look at the raw output of the CPU. The R15 test is older, meaning we have a broader base of laptops for comparison. It’s also a fast test, providing a snapshot of how the PC manages a “sprint” of processing demand. We use the multi-thread benchmark to evaluate how well the laptop does with all cores enabled. The single-threaded test, while applicable to most mainstream tasks, tends to yield pretty much the same result regardless of CPU. 

Mark Hachman / IDG

While HP’s convertible doesn’t feel especially poky, it lags behind others in its class.

HandBrake: Sustained CPU workload

Mark Hachman / IDG

Again, HP’s Pavilion convertible falls well down the list of its competitors.

3DMark Sky Diver: Graphics performance

Mark Hachman / IDG

From a graphics perspective, the HP Pavilion x360 14 is somewhat average, though you can do better.

Battery life (video rundown test)

We end with battery life, an ordinarily critical aspect of a laptop that doesn’t mean quite as much with a global pandemic keeping us close to home. Nevertheless, it’s good to know whether you’d have the battery life to work outside, stop at a sidewalk cafe, or just crash on the couch for a change of scenery.

The Pavilion x360 Convertible 14’s 43Wh battery is on the small side for a laptop of its size, and that hurts it here. The laptop’s lackluster seven-plus hours of life might have been par for the course 18 months ago, but many laptops we see nowadays easily exceed 10 or more hours.  

Mark Hachman / IDG

Just over seven hours of battery life really isn’t too bad for home use. But if this aspect is important to you, look elsewhere.

Conclusion: Good but not great

The HP Pavilion x360 Convertible 14 should suffice for working or learning from home. In our real-world use, it never felt especially poky. However, the numbers don’t lie: You can do better. From a performance standpoint, this is really the moment for AMD-powered laptops, such as the $655 Acer Swift 3. Acer’s recent $650 Spin 3 also compares favorably. If performance isn’t your priority, you might still have regrets about the battery life or the dim display.

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