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The U.S. Department of Justice has asked a New York court to vacate a stay on an order that would require Microsoft to turn over to the government certain emails held abroad.
The company, which had asked for the stay to pursue an appeal, may now have to refuse to comply with the order after the stay is lifted for its appeal to be acceptable by the appeals court, according to the plan outlined by DOJ to the court, citing a “jurisdictional defect.”
Judge Loretta Preska of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York rejected Microsoft’s appeal of an earlier ruling requiring it to turn over the emails stored in the company’s facility in Dublin, Ireland, but ruled that the company will not have to turn over the emails while it pursues an appeal.
In a letter to the judge on Tuesday, the DOJ, which had earlier consented to the stay, points to the issue that Judge Preska’s decision was not a final, appealable order from the point of the view of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
Microsoft has, meanwhile, informed the district court that it has appealed to the 2nd Circuit from the order entered by the district court on July 31.
Describing the challenged aspect of the warrant as “the functional equivalent of a subpoena,” the DOJ wrote in its letter that under 2nd Circuit precedent, “an entity challenging a subpoena cannot seek appellate review of a district court’s decision upholding that subpoena unless it first defies the court’s order to produce the subpoenaed records and then is held in contempt.”
The DOJ has asked the court to lift the stay and direct Microsoft to comply with the July 31 order. If Microsoft refuses to comply with the order, then the court is requested to issue “a contempt order that would, in turn, be a properly appealable final order, which could be stayed on consent pending appeal.” The DOJ said it also raised the option of jointly seeking from the court a final appealable contempt order, but Microsoft has chosen not to join in this request.
A key issue in the case has been the interpretation of the warrant. U.S. Magistrate Judge James C. Francis IV of the New York court in April declined to quash a December warrant that authorized the search and seizure of information, including content and identifiers such as name and physical address, of a Web-based email account stored at Microsoft’s premises.
The company has held that courts in the U.S. are not authorized to issue warrants for extraterritorial search and seizure. It objected to the warrant issued by the magistrate judge under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, as it would authorize the U.S. government to search “any and all” of Microsoft’s facilities worldwide, which besides violating international laws and treaties, would also spook customers outside the U.S. from using its cloud and other services.
Judge Francis held that a warrant under the Stored Communications Act, a part of the ECPA, was “a hybrid: part search warrant and part subpoena.” It is executed like a subpoena in that it is served on the Internet service provider who is required to provide the information from its servers wherever located, and does not involve government officials entering the premises, he noted.
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Apple and Samsung Electronics won’t be able to keep certain pieces of information from the public during their high-profile jury trial that begins on Monday, a judge in California said Friday. But what will be public and what won’t still isn’t known.
The judge set several deadlines over the weekend for Apple’s and Samsung’s lawyers to submit arguments to the court so that decisions can be made before Monday morning.
The two companies had previously asked for chunks of information in documents to be redacted and for certain items of evidence to be sealed so they would only be seen by the jury, judge, and lawyers involved in the case.
Judge Lucy Koh, presiding over the case at the U.S. District Court in San Jose, said she will allow some source code, royalty rates and unreported financial data to be sealed. However, she said she would need to see and review the documents before accepting the requests. Most information will have to be public, she said. She also limited the volume of evidence.
Both Apple and Samsung had been liberally redacting documents and asking that others be sealed before Reuters filed papers with the court objecting to the classifications being made.
For example, in one filing earlier this week, Apple redacted a key figure in its damages claim against Samsung, but went on to list additional damages of $500 million and $25 million and then noted the total was $2.525 billion. Simple subtraction showed the missing figure was $2 billion — something subsequently confirmed in an unredacted filing. Some images purportedly of future products were also revealed.
Koh twice noted that some of the information that the companies claimed as confidential was found in public submissions to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
“You will not be able to seal your own financial information,” she told lawyers for Apple and Samsung.
The court heard similar requests from several other companies that risk having some of their business dealings made public by the court.Uninvolved Parties Seek Exception
Lawyers from Intel, Motorola Mobility, Philips, IBM, Research in Motion and InterDigital asked Koh to allow contracts and royalty rates to be kept private. Koh indicated she was more likely to accept such pleas from companies that had been brought unwillingly into the case.
Presiding over a courtroom already packed with audiovisual equipment and extra chairs, Koh rejected the idea of having each side change seats. “We’re so congested,” she said.
However, after a request by Samsung, Koh did allow a change in the terms used to refer to each company.Ongoing Legal Battle
Originally, Apple was the plaintiff in the case and Samsung was the defendant, but the case was expanded to include one in which the companies were in the reverse roles. The original labels have been used to date, but Samsung is worried that being constantly referred to as the defendant could harm the offensive portion of its case.
Koh suggested they switch the plaintiff and defendant titles during different portions of the case, but then quickly came up with an even simpler solution: to refer to the companies by their names during most of the case.
Jury selection is scheduled to begin at the federal courthouse in San Jose on Monday morning. The two sides must find ten jurors out of an initial pool of about 70 people.
The case is 11-08146, Apple vs. Samsung Electronics, in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California.
Microsoft lets you add up to ten email addresses to your account. If one email address is locked or compromised, you can access your account with alternative email addresses.
This tutorial will show you how to add and remove email addresses from your Microsoft account. You’ll also learn how to switch or change your Microsoft account’s primary email address.
Table of Contents
Microsoft calls the principal email address displayed on your Windows devices the “primary alias.” You must have at least two Microsoft account email addresses to change your primary alias. If your Microsoft account has only one email address, follow the steps below to add a new email address.How to Add an Email Address to a Microsoft Account
on the top menu.
Scroll to the “Account info” section and select
Edit account info
Add email address
Sign in to your account if prompted. Enter your Microsoft account password and select
You can either create a new Outlook email address or use an existing email address. Select
Create a new email address and add it as an alias
if you’re adding a new email address. Enter an email address in the dialog box and select
Select Add an existing email address as a Microsoft account alias if you’re adding an existing non-Microsoft email address. Enter the email address in the dialog box and select Add alias.
Note: The existing email address mustn’t be linked to a different Microsoft account.
Enter your account password and sign in to continue.
That’ll prompt Microsoft to resend the verification link to your email address. The next step is to make the new email address your Microsoft account’s primary alias.How to Change Your Microsoft Account Email
Locate the new email address on the “Account info” page and select
on the confirmation pop-up.
You can sign in to Microsoft apps and services using all account aliases or email addresses connected to your account. However, the primary email alias appears on your Microsoft devices—Windows PC and Xbox.
You can delete the previous primary alias or leave it as your alternate email address. Select
below the address to delete it from your account.
You may get a prompt to enter your password or two-factor authentication code sent to your email or phone number.
Microsoft allows you to change your account’s primary alias twice weekly. You’d get the error message in the image below if you try to change your primary alias for the third time in one week.Change Sign-in Preferences
As mentioned earlier, you can sign in to Microsoft services using all email addresses connected to your account. To increase your account security, however, Microsoft recommends signing in using email addresses that you monitor.
If you barely use an email address, we recommend disabling it in your Microsoft account’s sign-in preference.
Open the Microsoft “Account info” page and enter your account password if prompted.
Scroll to the “Sign-in preferences” section and select
Change sign-in preferences
Deselect the checkbox next to the secondary email address(es) you want to disable and select
Microsoft won’t remove or delete the email address from your account. However, you won’t be able to sign in to your account using the email address. By the way, you can’t remove your primary alias from your sign-in preference.
Have you ever wanted to unsend an email that you just sent to someone? Outlook has a feature that allows you to recall your emails after you send them, but what if you use a different email client like Gmail?
Table of ContentsWhy Unsend Your Emails
There can be any number of situations in which you might want to cancel sending an email after you hit Send. The most common of them include:
Sending an email to the wrong recipient.
We’ve all accidentally sent an email to the wrong person before. Maybe you hit the wrong name when choosing the recipient among your contacts. Maybe you know two people with the same name and forgot to double check before sending the email to the wrong Alex. Either way, you might not want to share this email’s contents with someone it wasn’t meant for. Especially if it contains some sensitive or private information.
Accidentally sending an email that’s incomplete.
Even if you double checked the address line before sending out your email, you might later realize that you forgot to include something in it. Whether it’s an important link, an attachment, or some other details – sending it separately in another message isn’t always very convenient.
Finding mistakes in your email after it’s been sent.
Have you ever finished your email with “retards” instead of “regards”? We’re all humans and mistakes happen. Spell checker doesn’t always catch all of them, so you might notice some mistakes only after sending the message. Gmail lets you fix this and many other problems by allowing you to unsend your emails.How to Enable the Undo Send Feature in Gmail
The feature that allows you to unsend an email in Gmail after it’s been sent is called Undo Send. By default, this feature is turned off, so you first need to enable it before you can start using it.
To enable the Undo Send feature in Gmail, follow the steps below.
Open Gmail and log into your account.
In the upper-right corner of the window, select the gear icon to open Settings.
Select See all settings.
In the General tab next to the Undo Send, select the maximum range of 30 seconds.
Scroll down and select Save Changes.
After enabling this feature, you’ll now be able to unsend your email for up to 30 seconds after you hit Send if you realize you forgot something or want to double check the address line.How to Unsend an Email in Gmail
When you realize that you want to cancel a sent email, you have a few different ways to do it, depending on whether you’re using Gmail on your computer or on your smartphone.How to Unsend an Email on Your Computer
If you’re using Gmail on your computer, follow the steps below to unsend an email.
After you hit Send, search for a menu bar in the bottom-left corner of your screen.
Select Undo from the menu bar.
You’ll see a Sending undone confirmation on your screen. That means you’ve successfully cancelled your email.
If you didn’t get the confirmation, then you didn’t manage to cancel your email within the 30 seconds and it has gone through. You can also go to Sent and see if your email is there to confirm this.
After you receive the Sending undone confirmation, you get the original email back on the screen. You can either make changes and send it again, save it as draft for later, or delete it.How to Unsend an Email Using a Gmail Shortcut
You should then see the same Sending undone confirmation message appear on your screen. Note that this method will only work if you already have keyboard shortcuts enabled in Gmail. You can do it via the Settings, in the same General tab that you used to enable the Undo Send feature.How to Unsend an Email in Gmail on Your Smartphone
You can also use your Gmail mobile app to unsend an email. To do that, follow the steps below.
After you hit Send, select Undo at the bottom of your screen.
You’ll see a message appear confirming your email cancelation.
Gmail will then take you back to the original email window, so that you can edit, delete the message, or save it as draft.Take Full Control Over Your Emails
Gmail is a powerful email client as it gives you a lot of freedom and control over your emails. Besides the ability to unsend a sent email in Gmail, you can also learn to schedule your emails to be sent later or transfer your emails between different Gmail accounts. However, not all of the features are that obvious, and sometimes you have to learn hidden tips and tricks to organize your emails better.
Definition of SQLite CASE Statement
SQLite provides the case statement that means we can add case expression with conditional logic into the SQL statement. Basically, SQLite case expression executes the list of different conditions and it returns an expression that depends on the outcome of the execution. Working of SQLite case statements is the same as IF – THEN – ELSE statements like other programming languages. SQLite case statement we can use in any clause or SQL statement if the expression is valid, it included different clauses such as WHERE, ORDER BY, HAVING and SELECT as well as it also support the different SQL statement such as SELECT, UPDATE and DELETE. SQLite provides two different forms of the case statements.
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Syntax:case specified test expression when [specified condition.1] then [specified expression. 1] when [specified condition.2] then [specified expression. 2] ………… when [specified condition. N] then [specified expression. N] else [specified expression] end
In the above syntax, we define more than one condition to get the required result. In the above syntax, we use when and then clauses and that work in an orderly manner. The execution above syntax is that it first executes condition 1 if this condition is true then it executes the expression 1 otherwise it will execute condition 2 and so on. If the condition is false then it will execute the else part of the syntax.How CASE statement work in SQLite?
Now let’s see how the case statement works in SQLite as follows.
Normally there are two forms of the case statement in SQLite as follows.
SQLite simple case expression
The syntax of this we already mentioned in the above syntax. In this method, it compares each expression with the list of expressions to return the end output. This is a very simple method to execute the case statement as per the requirement of the user. Here each condition and each expression depends on each other that means if the first condition is true then and then only it executes expression, in this way it executes all conditions and expression and if a condition is false then control transfer to the else part as shown in the above syntax.
Search case expression
The search case expression assesses a rundown of expression to choose the outcome. Note that the straightforward case expression just analyzes for equity, while the looked-through case expression can utilize any type of examination.
Syntax:case specified test expression when [specified Boolean expression.1] then [specified expression. 1] when [specified Boolean expression.2] then [specified expression. 2] else [specified expression] end
Search case expression assesses the Boolean expression in the grouping indicated and returns the relating result if the expression assesses to valid.
In the event that no expression assesses to valid, the search case expression returns the expression in the ELSE condition whenever indicated. In the event that you overlook the ELSE statement, the looked-through case expression brings NULL back.
Like the straightforward case expression, search case expression stops the assessment when the specified condition is met and execution will be stopped.Example
Now let’s see the different examples of SQLite case statements as follows.create table stud (stud_id integer primary key, stud_name text not null, stud_email text not null, stud_mark float not null);
In the above example, we created a new table name as stud different attributes such as stud_id with integer data type and primary key, stud_name with text data type and not null, stud_email with text data type and not null, and stud_mark with float data type and not null constraint. End out of the above statement as shown in the below screenshot as follows..table
Now insert some records into the stud table by using insert into the statement as follows.
With the help of the above statement, we inserted some records into the stud table successfully. End out of above statement as shown in below screenshot as follows.
Now use a simple SQLite case statement as follows.select stud_id, stud_name, stud_mark, case else "You are Fail" end as "grade" from stud;
In the above example first, it check stud_mark greater than or equal to 85 if this condition is true then it shows A+, if condition false then it check second condition that is stud_mark greater than 70 then it shows A. if condition is false then control passes to third condition that is stud_mark greater than or equal to 60 then it shows B. if condition is false then it check stud_mark greater than or equal 50 then it shows C and if all condition is not satisfied then it execute the else part of above SQL statement that is You are Fail. End out of above statement as shown in below screenshot as follows.
Now let’s see the example of the second method that SQLite search case statement as follows.
We have an already created table that is stud, so directly use SQLite search case statement as follows.select stud_id, stud_name, stud_mark, case else "C" end "grade" from stud;
In the above example, we use a Boolean search case statement as shown in the above statement, here first check stud_mark greater than 86 then it prints A+. if the condition is false then is check the second condition that is stud_mark greater than 70 and stud_mark less than 60 then it prints A and if both conditions is false then it executes else statement. End out of above statement as shown in below screenshot as follows.Conclusion
We hope from this article you have understood about the SQLite case. From the above article, we have learned the basic syntax of case statements and we also see different examples of case statements. We also learned the rules of case statements. From this article, we learned how and when we use the SQLite case statement.Recommended Articles
We hope that this EDUCBA information on “SQLite CASE” was beneficial to you. You can view EDUCBA’s recommended articles for more information.
What Australian entrepreneurs need to consider in 2023, writes Leigh Travers, Chief Executive Officer at Binance Australia.
Photo illustration by Jonathan Raa/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
We are now well into double-digit percentages of Australians owning some cryptocurrency (Statista cites 25.6%). While the number of holders has experienced a drop from the peaks last year, there is a clear positive trend on a multi-year time horizon. Convincingly, data from a 2023 ASIC survey found that crypto was the second most commonly held investment after Australian shares.
As we move into the new year, Binance Australia believes that collaboration with all stakeholders interacting with Web3 will positively impact the ecosystem’s sustainability and ensure a safer and fairer market for all Australians.Australia’s journey to build a steady regulation ecosystem
A digital asset exchange’s role, first and foremost, is to protect and serve its users. There is a responsibility for every major platform to collaborate with policymakers and regulators to contribute to the development of a regulatory framework with consumer protection and market integrity at its heart. Compliance is a collaborative process, and as a leading platform in the domestic market, Binance Australia wants to ensure consumers are benefitting from Web3 by making it accessible to everyone in a safe way.
Locally in Australia, the government has acknowledged and will work to establish a digital assets framework in 2023. Significantly, the government will prioritise and assess its ongoing “token mapping” work with the industry players and has committed to introducing a licensing regime for digital asset service providers. This is regulation that Binance Australia wants to ensure a sustainable crypto ecosystem in Australia and to ensure there isn’t regulatory arbitrage from overseas operators.
Globally, governments will be looking towards Europe for developments in the Market in Crypto-assets Regulation (MiCA) which is expected to enter force in the first half of the year. The enforcement of these frameworks is likely the first comprehensive regulatory regime tailored specifically to protect investors of digital assets and ensure financial stability while still facilitating space to foster innovation.
Adopting these measures will result in the growth of an industry where Web3 technology, such as digital assets, can operate effectively. Ultimately, we welcome the Australian government’s decision to pursue well-considered regulation in Australia in harmony to provide the utmost security for users and create a fertile ground for innovation within the ever-changing and growing crypto market.To the nation’s financial freedom and beyond
Even as fear, uncertainty and doubt circulate the market, business leaders should not confuse volatility or the behaviour of bad actors with the potential use cases of digital assets and the underlying technology. Web3 is now widespread; on the back of the breakthrough of NFTs into global popularity, leading major brands like the AFL to explore how they can implement Web 3 technologies into their platforms, products and operations.
And while NFTs and fan tokens have come into trend through our love of sport, market interest is high in digital identity solutions such as Soul bound tokens. Soul-bound tokens are similar to NFTs but cannot be transferred and are used to verify users’ identities to authenticate achievements, wallet addresses, and trades. This is particularly important to reduce risks around handling private and sensitive personal identification documentation and remove the friction around using new services and products.So, what happens next?
New technologies are built to be disruptive and challenge the foundations of the status quo. For Web3, we are in the midst of a time where institutions, communities and businesses are exploring the roles each plays in the growth. The ecosystem will grow stronger as regulatory frameworks are developed, and the industry continues to evolve toward greater decentralisation. With blockchain being a borderless technology, Web3 is here to stay. We certainly welcome discourse to get governments, regulators and industry players on the same team to construct an ecosystem where users are secure and comfortable in the crypto market going into 2023.
Leigh Travers is Chief Executive Officer at Binance Australia
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