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Introduction to Scrum Software

Scrum is the widely used methodology in the agile framework, and the main aim is to reduce the workload and distribute the work between the team members so that work should be completed on time. The other feature of this method is concerned has more pros than cons, which we will discuss further. Now if we talk about the scrum software which is the essential part of this method and used at large in the industries which work on the agile framework, the scrum software is a set of instruction which help the scrum master as well as the whole team to reduce the time of work and also help to increase the quality of work, so this whole collectively defines the scrum software by and large. So now we will discuss the other aspect of the scrum software.

Roles of Scrum Software

Scrum software is a tool that we can say is the panacea in the field of agile. As far as the role of scrum software is concerned, it plays a vital role by helping the entire team provide easy tools and an interface compatible with work.

The main problem of scrum master, which is handling of the entire process, is also sorted out with this particular software. With the help of this software, one can easily handle on or more than one process at one time, and also team management and allotment of work is also very easy. So, by and large, it has a very crucial role in the work.

Basic Features of Scrum

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Scrum provides the facility of multiuser, so a total of 12 Users may access the scrum software as a whole.

If we talk about the storage of the scrum software, so it comes with the storage of 5-10GB, which is partially the online storage and internal storage.

Scrum also provides the facility of multitasking; with this, a person can access or work on two or more tasks at one time, which eventually saves time and as well as resources.

It comes with a very good feature called the employee workload management tool, which is nothing but a tool that helps the scrum master keep vigil over the team and help him check the work status of the team members.

A tool which is a Task report, from time to time, update the user that how much work is completed and also shows the time required to complete the residue work.

Pros and Cons of Software

Below are some of the pros and cons of the scrum software, which are as follows:


Scrum software puts more emphasis on the workload, and the management tools of this software are quite work-centric and bind the user to work effectively.

The work distribution method and team management are two basic pros of the scrum software; these two tools make the work effective and also enhance the quality of work and reduce the time for work as actual required.

Scrum software comes with many updates, and also, if one wants to increase the storage capacity and user limit, he can easily subscribe to this facility by paying a nominal amount.

Team management and workload are the biggest challenges every manager faces, so this software eliminates this problem and provides an enhanced experience.

If we talk about productivity, it is more than good, and also, eventually, it helps the company to increase its profit.


The upper version of the scrum software comes with less user facility and less storage, so the user has to pay extra to enhance the user capacity and increase the storage of this software.

The facility of the auto tool is there, but the productivity goes decreases when the user uses this tool for some time. So this is not a good tool to use.

Every upgraded software comes with a debugging facility, but this particular software is the one that did not have this facility, which put the data under the threat of spying and Phishing.

The bundle of tools available in the software sometimes confused the user that which tool is to use or not to. So this basically is a negative thing for the work.

If we talk about the resolution and other display aspects, it is not as good as one expects per se.

List of Some Effective Tools

Now we will see some of the tools which are used in the scrum software and are very effective from the work perspective, so some tools are given below:

2. Jira: This tool is used basically for the debugging process and also tracks the bugs in the process so that the project should be saved from theft and spying.

3. nTask: This is a very effective tool in the scrum software, which is basically used to manage tasks; with the help of this tool, users can manage the no. Of task at one time and devote this time to other essential work.

5. Quick scrum: Quick scrum is the tool that helps the user find the effective tool for the process because due to lots of tools, users get confused, so mainly it enhances the efficiency of work.

Conclusion – Scrum Software

As we discuss above, Scrum software is very important software and helps a lot of the industries earn profit by quickly completing the projects. The market of scrum software is a very wide market, and the developers who create this software are really genius because it is very hard to arrange so many programs and algorithms to build Software. Also, it is not exaggerated that scrum software nowadays is the backbone of the industries and companies that rely on it.

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Learn The Example And Benefits Of Encapsulation

Introduction to Encapsulation Benefits

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Benefits of Encapsulation

Now let’s see what the benefits of encapsulation are in various programming languages as follows.

In C++, we can use encapsulation and hiding of data by using user-defined data types that we normally call class. Class is used to merge the information and function into a single entity, and the class contains the different members as follows.

Public: In which all objects of the class are able to access the information or, we can say, data.

Protected: This type of access is limited to some members of a class, or we can say that descendant.

Private: In this type of member, access is limited means within a class or function.

Internal: In which that access is limited.

Protected Internal: In this type, access is limited for the current class.

So these are some parameters we use in encapsulation to now let’s see actual benefits of encapsulation.

The main benefit of encapsulation is that we can hide the information from the user. That means we provide security to our data or information by using the above member function. Furthermore, by using encapsulation, we can give access to a specified level without any complexity. Therefore, we can easily handle the application and understand the application.

By keeping information hidden, or we can say that it is private in programming language and offering public obvious assistance techniques, the part of the object turns out to be obvious to different objects. This builds ease of use. Different objects know about the configuration to send messages into the object by using the public service. This is basically an agreement between the two objects. The invoker is consenting to send the message in the particular structure, including passing any of the necessary boundary data. The conjured object is consenting to handle the message and, if essential, return worth in the predetermined structure.

By using encapsulation, we can create classes in different modes such as read-only and write-only mode. Another benefit of encapsulation is that we reduce human error because we write code in a proper manner and suitable.

Let’s consider a simple example of a washing machine; in this scenario, we just switch on the machine’s power button, and the machine gets started, and after some time, we switch off the power button of the machine, then the machine stops. The final conclusion of this scenario is that we don’t know what happens inside the washing machine or what type of mechanism is used. Notice here we see this is a very simple mechanism to wash the cloth just by pressing the power button, but inside the washing machine, a different element or we can say that object works together to wash the cloth. This mechanism is called encapsulation; see here, there is no complexity to handle the washing machine in a similar way. Therefore, when we use encapsulation in programming, it minimizes the complexity of the program, avoids human error, and protects the information.

When we talk about a java programming language, the encapsulation provides some different benefits as follows.

The Java programming language provides the setter and getter methods to make classes read-only and write-only. It also provides the control functionality over the data, which means we can provide the logic inside the method per our requirement.

Examples of Encapsulation Benefits

Now let’s see the example of encapsulation in C++ to better understand the benefits of encapsulation as follows.



By using the above program, we try to implement the encapsulation in C++. First, we create the class name as Encapsulation_Benefits after that, inside the class, we create a private member function with variable y. Then we set the value to that variable by using a public member function. Then we just call the class by using objects as shown in the above program. The final out of the above program we illustrate by using the following screenshot.


We hope from this article you learn the Encapsulation benefits. From the above article, we have learned the basic theory of Encapsulation, and we also see examples of Encapsulation. From this article, we learned the benefits of Encapsulation as well as how and when we use Encapsulation.

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What Is The Role Of Biomimicry In Design And Innovation?

blog / Product Design & Innovation How Biomimicry is Transforming Product Design and Innovation

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Imitation of the living and nature. That is what biomimicry means. Nature is the source of life and sustenance that nurtures, provides, and protects all living beings. But it can do more than that; it can also inspire marvelous human engineering designs and innovation. For example, if it weren’t for the study of bird flight or airflow over bird wings, the idea of inventing a plane would have probably never occurred to humans. This serves as one of the earliest examples of biomimicry and shows how nature can be a great source of inspiration for humanity and its drive to create. 

Today, biomimicry has become an essential tool for creating more sustainable designs and solutions that are inspired by nature. Let’s take a closer look at the world of biomimicry, and how it plays a transformative role in design and innovation today. 

What is Biomimicry?

The simplest way to explain biomimicry is that it is the science of examining nature’s processes, models, and elements and using them to create sustainable solutions. The concept was first popularized in 1997 by scientist Janine Benyus in her book, Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature. There are three main elements of biomimicry, which are:


This represents how nature works and our responsibilities toward fellow living beings


Leveraging natural principles to create and formulate sustainable design solutions


This reinforces the fact that humans and nature are deeply intertwined 

Biomimicry begins with a system or material found in the natural world that becomes the basis for design or innovation. In fact, the main goal is to see nature as a model and design sustainable products around these standards. 

ALSO READ: Sustainable Business: Why Your Company Needs to go Green  

Examples of Biomimicry

Biomimicry finds applications across various industries, from architecture, transportation, design, and urban planning to medicine, agriculture, and technology. Here are some examples of biomimicry to help you understand its applications better. 

Wind turbines

are modeled after the tubercle-studded flippers of humpback whales

According to public-benefit corporation NYSERDA

, by 2030, the global gross domestic product from products based on beehives, whales, and seashells could reach $1.6 trillion

The shape of the kingfisher’s beak inspired the aerodynamics of the

Japanese bullet train

Antimicrobial surfaces

are created based on the presence of denticles on shark skin

How is Biomimicry Impacting Product Design and Innovation?

Biomimicry has become a viable tool for developing new sustainable products and technologies worldwide. According to a Statista report, the global biometric technology market is predicted to reach $18.5 billion by 2028. But how does this nature-inspired approach revolutionize design and drive innovation? 

Turning to nature for ideas on designing and developing products works well and is substantially cost-effective. Additionally, biomimicry takes sustainable innovation further by exploring how nature’s operating instructions can be harnessed to build and redesign products that can better support environmental sustainability. This is why many businesses worldwide are now tapping into biomimicry to bring about innovation backed by eco-friendly products that are sustainable in the long haul.

Many challenges humans face today, like depleting energy reserves, have already been explained by nature. Emulating nature’s unique ways of adapting and problem-solving can lead to developing some of the most significant product designs. Biomimetic integration, with its nature-inspired problem-solving approach, can be game-changing—even revolutionary—when applied in the right context. 

ALSO READ: Why do Sustainable Development Goals Matter to Job Seekers 

Is Biomimicry Sustainable?

Since biomimicry is based on ‘solutions’ proven by nature, it enables the designing products that are in harmony with the environment. Mimicking nature’s processes is more efficient in protecting our ecosystem and can help propel us toward creating an environmental balance that is conducive to life. In fact, biomimicry enables innovators to focus on nature’s inherent sustainable strategies to create adaptable and multifunctional products.  

Learning, the Emeritus Way

Products inspired by nature can bring forth transformative change in how we develop, design, transport, and distribute goods and services. However, if you’d like to further deepen your knowledge of biomimicry and its applications, check out product design and innovation courses at Emeritus. In fact, you can equip yourself with the right skills to build a successful career in this emerging field! 

By Neha Menon

Write to us at [email protected] 

The Role Of Chatbots In Online Casino Platforms

“Hi, I’m Jack. Welcome to the XYZ website. What do you need?” is a commonly spotted message on different platforms.

Some people misinterpret this to mean that they’re chatting with a human customer care agent. When you see this type of message pop-up, you need to understand that you’re communicating with an online robot or chatbot.

The job of this chatbot is to ensure that all users have quick answers to the questions they seek. That’s why online platforms like Wildz Casino leverage these bots in several ways.

In the sections below are the types of chatbots found on online casino platforms.

Command-based chatbots

Command-based chatbots depend on an existing database of questions and their associated solutions. This type of bot can only provide solutions to questions that are similar to those that have been pre-programmed.

You can liken it to making a query on a search engine. A search engine like Google can only return results based on the results that closely match your query.

Similarly, a command-based chatbot cannot answer questions that don’t match the existing ones. If this chatbot doesn’t understand the query, it can enlist the help of a human customer service official.

Artificial Intelligence-based chatbots

An Artificial Intelligence-based chatbot doesn’t need to have questions and answers pre-programmed. You can even give the chatbot unclear questions and receive a decent answer.

This chatbot leverages natural language processing, a field in deep learning to give human-like replies. Like other machine learning algorithms, chatbots improve over time as they learn from increased data.

Read on about the benefits of chatbots to online casinos.

Customer support

One of the biggest benefits of online casinos is that you don’t have to travel miles away from home to engage in gaming. Nevertheless, this convenience is countered by the fact that you must understand many things in the casino, which could prove difficult for a new gamer.

The quality of answers given to a wide range of questions is heavily contingent on the deep learning algorithm the chatbot uses.

Gives information on promotions

The casino industry is highly competitive, with new platforms entering the sector monthly. The size of the target market is increasing at an arithmetic rate, and the platforms are increasing geometrically.

This means the supply is outstripping demand in the sector. That’s why casino operators are using promotions and bonuses to beat their rivals and attract customers.

The promotion offered could be contingent on the time spent on the website. The chatbot could also study the gamer’s playing pattern.

Points of communication

Chatbots are sometimes leveraged as points of communication for a casino’s customers. Crucial information like a policy modification or a new product can be passed through chatbots.

Chatbots typically pass this information when the user visits the website. Nevertheless, gamers can receive the information on other communication channels as long as they have accounts with the casino.

Money-saving tool

Quality customer support is highly vital to the success of any online casino. However, the cost associated with hiring human customer support is typically high.

Leveraging a chatbot saves money and even cuts down on the human customer support required. The only cost associated with the chatbot is the initial expense of buying and integrating the tool.

Chatbots also go further than humans in their service, allowing users access to 24/7 service.

Chatbots work by allowing users to get quick help on a website. Command-based chatbots are the ones that have pre-programmed questions and answers. However, artificial intelligence-based chats leverage natural language processing to find solutions to vague queries.

Chatbots benefit casinos since they allow for reduced expenditure, dissipate useful information, and are quality customer support tools. Also, they are available 24/7. They provide a quick and easy way for users to get help without having to wait for a human customer service representative. In addition, chatbots can be used by anyone.

Learn The Examples Of The Load() Method

Introduction to jQuery load()

The load() method of jQuery is used to get data from the server and place the HTML or text response in an element in the DOM. So, basically, it is a combination of two conventional methods of most scripting languages – the global get method and the respective methods to get the element in DOM and set their contents. If the element selector does not correspond to any element in the DOM, the load method is not called.

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NOTE: Prior to jQuery v3.0, there was an event handler in jQuery by the name of the load. Whether the event handler would be invoked or the method was determined at run time based on the number of arguments passed. Post jQuery v3.0, the event handler has been deprecated, and we now only have the load() method to get data from the server and modify the contents of DOM elements with the response.

Syntax of load() Method

The syntax of the load() method has three variants based on the number of optional parameters passed to the method.

The basic and the most elementary syntax is as follows:

Here data is sent along with the request object to the server. This is useful in cases when your server expects some data or some parameters along with the request object. A simple example would be the id of the person whose details are requested from the server.

Then there is the third syntax which includes a callback function:

Here complete is the callback function, which is called when the request to the server is completed. A request to the server is considered complete post the receipt of the response and the DOM manipulation of the element. A very important point to note here is that this callback function is called once for every element in the selector.

NOTE: If data is sent along with the request, the POST method is used by jQuery. If not, the GET method is assumed.

How does the load Method Work?

Let’s see behind the scenes of the load method.

Step 1 – It begins with finding the element in the DOM.

Step 2 – If the element is found, the next step is to send an AJAX request to the server at the specified url. An AJAX is an Asynchronous JavaScript and XML call. Since they are asynchronous, they do need a page refresh.

Step 3 – Once the response is received from the server, the next step is to insert the DOM element’s response. jQuery uses the browser’s innerHTML property to manipulate the contents of the element.

Step 4 – Now is the time to execute any callback functions, if present.

Examples of jQuery load()

Let us look at some of the examples of the load() method.

NOTE: Throughout the examples in this article, we would be using the browsers’ developer console. Simply open the browser developer tools (Ctrl/Cmd + Shift + C) and go to the Console tab in the developer tools window.

It looks like this in Chrome:

This is the playground for most of the jQuery related concepts. We would be using this playground throughout this article.

Next, we identify the element we would like to modify the contents of. Let’s modify the complete body of the page. From the Elements tab in the developer window, you would see that the element is this:

This element is uniquely defined through an id attribute bodyContent. We would use this id as a selector.

NOTE: Keep in mind that the attribute values are case sensitive – bodyContent is not the same as bodycontent.

Now, we would fetch data from Wikipedia’s JavaScript page and insert it into the jQuery page’s content. Go to the console tab and type the following command:

As you press enter, notice that the jQuery page’s entire content now has JavaScript page’s content.

Ignore the error – this is because our experiment resulted in implementing one object model more than once, which caused Wikipedia’s code to throw an error. Next, go back to the Elements tab and search for the bodyContent element again.

Notice the change in the entire HTML content of the element. It now looks like this:

You could also display an alert when the entire operation is successful through the load method’s complete function parameter. Go back to the console tab and type the following command:

alert(“Okay!!!”); }); Elements of load Method

The load() method of jQuery fetches HTML from the URL and uses the returned HTML to fill the selected elements; let’s look at a few elements.

Loading Page Fragments

The load() method also allows us to load a fragment of the content instead of the entire content. Let’s see how to do this.

Go ahead and give it a try to see the results for yourself. Also, go to the JavaScript page and search for the element by the id History. Verify whether the results are indeed accurate.

So what happened here? jQuery did load the entire contents of the url but parsed it to find the element suffixing the url and inserted only the element’s innerHTML contents into the destination element in the DOM.

Executing Scripts

There is a fundamental difference between when jQuery implements the load method with a selector appended to the url and without a selector appended to the url.

In the former case, the scripts from the url are executed. Whereas in the latter case, the scripts are omitted. Thus,

Conclusion – jQuery load()

So, we have covered the load() function of jQuery in this article. We have understood how the load method works behind the scenes and in-depth as well. It is recommended to practice the method more with different kinds of data. This will help you get a better understanding of how the function works.

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Learn The Examples Of Typescript Regex

Introduction to TypeScript RegEx

TypeScript RegEx is a Regular Expression object for matching text with some pattern. As TypeScript is also a part of JavaScript, similarly regular expressions are also the objects. TypeScript RegEx is the pattern matching standard for replacement and string parsing. These RegEx are used on various platforms and other programming environments. Since RegEx are language-independent, here, we will be discussing TypeScript RegEx. However, these Regular Expressions are now available for most of the Visual Basic and Visual Basic for Applications versions. Regular Expressions are used to find strings and replace them in a defined format. TypeScript Regular Expressions are also used to parse dates, email addresses, and urls, config files, log files, programming, or command-line scripts.

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In TypeScript, Regular Expressions or RegEx object can be done in 2 ways:

Using/ Calling a Constructor function of the Regular Expression Object.

Using a Regular Expression Literals.


Here in TypeScript, we use a Constructor function of the Regular Expression Object.

let regex = new  RegEx('bc*d')

Parameter: A pattern string is to be passed to the RegEx constructor object.

We can also use Literals for Regular Expressions,

let regex: RegEx = /bc*d/;

This syntax consists of any string pattern inside slashed.

Examples of TypeScript RegEx

Here are the following examples mention below

Example #1

RegEx using literals


let sampleRegEx: RegExp = /^[+ 0-9]{7}$/; console.log(sampleRegEx.test('732g')) console.log(sampleRegEx.test('453gh67')) console.log(sampleRegEx.test('2355575')) console.log(sampleRegEx.test('7878734')) console.log(sampleRegEx.test('423%^')) console.log(sampleRegEx.test('abcdefg')) console.log(sampleRegEx.test('@#$$#%5'))


Expression pattern [0-9] represents that the matching string should only contain numbers from 0 to 9 and only 7 digits are to be present in the string. Based on these conditions, the string checks with the expression and returns a Boolean value as true or false.

Example #2

RegEx matching for Email Address using RegEx constructor Object.



Example #3

Replacing string value with TypeScript RegEx


var regex = /apple/gi; var regexStr = "oranges are jucier than apple"; var newStr = regexStr.replace(regex, "mosambi");


Here, regex has a pattern ‘apple’. TypeScript Regex searches for the string ‘apple’ and replaces it with ‘mosambi’ using the string replace method and prints the complete string.

Let us get deeper on how to actually write a Regular Expression,

A TypeScript Regular Expression consists of simple characters as such, inside slashes / /. Expression such as /abcd/ or something which involves combination of special characters like /ab+c/ or complex expressions like /[a-z]+.%$d*/.

Simple patterns are constructed of characters to find a match directly. In example 3, we had directly searched for the word ‘apple’ and replaced using the word ‘mosambi’. Such matches will be useful to search for a word, replace it, or search for a substring. Even ‘space’ counts here. There is a lot of difference between the word ‘EducbaWebsite’ and ‘Educba Website’ if we search for the expression ‘ba W’.

Coming to Special characters, when a user searches for something more than a direct match like finding more than one g’s or finding digit 5 or any special character in the pattern. For example, Finding a single r followed by zero or more a followed by a digit, the pattern looks something like this; /ra*5/ Here * refers to zero or more a’s i.e the preceding item in the pattern.

Escaping: Used for Special Characters, If the user wants to have any kind of special characters in his pattern, the user needs to escape it by using a backslash in front of a special character. For example, to search for r followed by ^ and then at, backslash ‘’ will be used to ‘escape’ ‘^’ making it a literal instead of a special character. Pattern looks as, /r^t/

There is one more method to discuss in TypeScript RegEx, which is exec, this is used to search for a match in the specific string, returning the result of an array or a null. TypeScript RegEx objects are stateful when expressions have a global or a sticky flag set. Using exec, the user can loop over multiple matches in the input text.

Syntactically written as, regex.exec(string)

The string is the parameter passed to match the mentioned Regular Expression or the pattern. If there is a match found, exec() is a method that returns an array along with the index and the input text by further updating the last index of the object. If the matched text fails, the exec() returns null and the last index of the object is set to 0.

Example #4

TypeScript RegEx.exec()


const regexExec = RegExp('edu*', 'g'); const string = 'tutorial from educba, in the hindu education'; let arr; while ((arr = regexExec.exec(string)) !== null) { console.log(`Found ${arr[0]}, indexed at ${regexExec.lastIndex}.`); }


Here we searched for string ‘edu’ globally in the string above. Have declared a while condition saying if .exec(string) is not null, then return the index of the pattern found and set the last index.


With this, we conclude our topic ‘TypeScript RegEx’. We have seen what is TypeScript RegEx or also known as Regular Expression. We have seen how the syntax is and how it works, pulled out a few examples using both the literal method and the constructor object method in a way that will be understandable to all of you. Also have seen what are the types of expressions, Special character escaping, global object, and many more. Thanks! Happy Learning!!

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