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Open source software (OSS) has become a buzzword sometimes burdened by misperception and misunderstanding. The OSS movement is deeply rooted in the Linux/Unix community, and it’s based on the premise that developers distribute their software complete with the source code for inspection or customization. But OSS software is not limited to the Linux and Unix operating systems—increasingly, OSS applications are available for Windows, too, even though Windows itself is a closed-source platform.
Budget-minded small business owners can choose from a number of free, open-source applications designed for Windows that will reliably handle their productivity needs. Better still, many OSS programs support Mac and Linux machines, too, meaning that customers that use those platforms can share compatible files and the same software experience.
Compare the standard package for Office 2007, which retails for $399, to chúng tôi an open-source office suite, which is free. The suite includes a word processor, equation editor, visual database, presentation authoring and drawing application.
OpenOffice.org is not simply a cheap knock-off of Microsoft Office. Some proponents say that Writer, OpenOffice.org’s answer to Word, actually bests Word in a number of areas, including page layout, lists, headers, footers and endnotes. (On the other hand, Word maintains the edge on outlining and templates—for a price.) But for typical word processing needs, Writer contains many of the same conveniences you expect, including spellcheck and autocorrect, and Writer can save documents directly to the PDF format. In fact, we wrote this story with Writer.
While you can exchange documents between Writer and Word, some layout features may be lost in the translation, depending the sophistication level of your document.
Likewise, the other chúng tôi applications maintain that familiar-yet-different relationship to their Office counterparts. In Impress, the presentation manager, you can export completed presentations to a PowerPoint format for traditional clients, or you can save them in Flash SWF format for easy Web publishing.
Exchange server combines traditional standards-based messaging with Microsoft extensions for duties such as calendaring, scheduling and tasks. It’s easy to find free open source software for traditional messaging. Leading the pack is Mozilla Thunderbird, a full-featured messaging client with support for POP and IMAP e-mail, NNTP newsgroups, and RSS feeds.
You can add calendaring to Thunderbird with the Lightning extension or run Sunbird, a standalone version of the same calendar application (in case you don’t use Thunderbird for e-mail). Although Sunbird/Lightning lets you share calendars through WebDAV servers and is compatible with Apple iCal, it does not communicate with Exchange servers for access to Outlook calendars. This makes Sunbird/Lightning a good alternative to Exchange calendaring if all you need is the functionality without the interoperability.
The only full-featured free and open messaging client that can talk to an Exchange server is Novell Evolution, but the Windows port is still a little rough around the edges compared to its Linux-based original. It supports only XP, cannot communicate with SSL-encrypted Exchange server, and is sorely in need of a visual face-lift.
Free and open Exchange alternatives like Zimbra support both Outlook and its own free open clients, but require the installation of server software.
If you IM, you can chat the day away with Pidgin. This lightweight and intuitive multi-protocol chat client supports AIM, ICQ, Jabber, Google Talk, MSN, Yahoo and other IM platforms, simultaneously.
The unfortunately named GIMP (“GNU Image Manipulation Program”) has long been the “Photoshop-killer” for anyone using Linux, but it’s also available for Windows. Although GIMP isn’t about to knock Photoshop off its pedestal among high-end devotees, generating output for the printing press, it offers plenty of sophisticated tools for creating Web and software graphics or touching up and editing digital photos.
But GIMP critics say that the interface is confusing, because it is built around a collection of windows rather than one large editing canvas. To address its controversial graphic interface, there is GIMPshop, a modified version of GIMP with a layout more familiar to people who have already racked up hours in Photoshop.
Then there is chúng tôi a Windows-specific graphics editor built on Microsoft’s .NET framework. Its full-featured and intuitive interface belies the software’s lightweight 1.5MB footprint, and it supports popular image-editing features like layers and transparency, and it provides an accessible learning curve.
Data backup is like preventative medicine—we all know we should, but few of us do. One small business recently made the news when a disgruntled employee deleted $2.5M worth of files, which had not been backed up. The data was ultimately restored, but not without shelling out likely thousands of dollars to a specialized recovery firm. You can use Windows’ built-in data backup tools, or turn to more sophisticated free and open source solutions like Amanda, NasBackup, or Cobian Backup 8 (note that the newer Cobian Backup 9 is not open source).
Firefox is really one branch of a free, open source ecosystem. The browser is based on the Mozilla Foundation’s rendering engine named Gecko, which is also the basis for several other free-and-open Web applications like the SeaMonkey Project (with integrated e-mail and calendar), Flock (with integrated social networking), and K-Meleon (“chameleon”) which is lighter and more tightly integrated into Windows than Firefox.
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Is it feasible to drop Google for a period of time in exchange for unfettered open source alternatives?
When I first pondered the notion of such an idea, I figured I must be losing my mind. Drop Google? The search giant, regardless of how well-intentioned it may be, has an octopus-like hold on the Internet – its tentacles are everywhere.
Oddly enough, though, it turned out to be easier than I expected. Let’s look at the mindset, software choices and habit changes needed to make this idea doable.
Considering Google’s contributions to the open source world, why would anyone want to stop supporting such a company? Well, the problem with Google is that despite their support of open source developers, their track record with privacy concerns is spotty.
Perhaps even worse, the fact is that we are becoming entirely too dependent on Google products over those from smaller vendors. Everything from document management to revenue generation is almost entirely tied to Google these days. Ask anyone using the Web regularly and the odds are huge they’re using at least one Google product.
So when we think of dropping Google products, we’re really saying that you’re going to be changing your natural behavior when using your computer. Can open source software seriously meet this challenge head on?
It turns out that it really comes down to one thing: software.
The software lineup
Which specific tools and applications are viable options to replace their Google-powered counterparts? After much searching, I ended up with a compilation of known open source applications and one tool that is just another search engine.
Face it, just because we’re trying to break the Google habit doesn’t mean that starting a new search engine from scratch is in order. Instead let’s use existing open source solutions and see if they have what it takes to replace their Google-based counterparts.
Chrome replacement: Initially I looked into Chromium, but found that it’s still too much of a Google product. So clearly that wouldn’t work. Finally after many hours hunting, I settled on Firefox from Mozilla. Yes, Firefox uses Google search by default. Luckily this can be remedied easily by simply switching to something else for handling search queries.
Google search replacement: Don’t shoot the messenger folks – no, technically DuckDuckGoisn’t an open source search engine.
But after looking into managing my own search engine, I decided that DuckDuckGo might be the best alternative to Google after all. In addition to offering a great API, DuckDuckGo does something very important that Google does not. DuckDuckGo doesn’t track you. They also don’t collect any privacy-harming “cookied data” on you, either.
Gmail replacement: I honestly thought I was out of luck finding a Gmail replacement. Luckily it turns out a trip to SourceForge was all that was needed. I found an open source Webmail solution called Roundcube.
Everything you could want from a webmail client from threaded email to multiple sender identities is available within this software package. The only thing I found missing was a list of hosting companies supporting Roundcube, and perhaps indications of spam filtering. Apart from these quibbles, Roundcube looks awesome.
Google Reader replacement: At first I figured I was going to be subjected to a desktop RSS client to replace Google Reader. It turns out that this wasn’t going to be a problem at all. There’s a Web app called NewsBlur that not only feels like a true Google Reader replacement, it’s also open source and imports content from your existing Reader account. How’s that for awesome functionality?
Google Talk replacement: Finding a replacement for Google Talk was brain-dead simple, I just needed to install Ekiga! Using Ekiga is a natural fit as it supports open protocols like SIP and will work on both Linux and Windows.
The only downside I could find is getting other people to install it. Without the second party making that installation happen, you’d be have only a number of short one-way conversations.
Google Docs replacement: This replacement was perhaps the most difficult so far. Sure, one could stick to the proprietary route and use one of the countless alternatives in the collaborative space. But the idea is to use open source software as the alternative. After extensive searching, I finally located something called the “TeamDrive extension” for Open Office.
The good news is that TeamDrive is supporting the open source office suite Open Office. It would also stand to reason this will be carried over to Libre Office in the future as well. The bad news is that the extension itself is freeware – it’s not open source at all. Surely we can give kudos to the extension developers for selecting Open Office rather than Microsoft Office, right?
Every time I hear of another great open source project shutting its doors, I hold my breath in hopes it will be forked. Sadly though, this isn’t a great plan for all projects. Sometimes these projects are rich in users but poor in developers. In this article, I’ll explore this issue and what can be done to keep open source projects funded.
Historically, open source projects that benefit businesses or education can find a means of funding. Distros such as Debian, receive funding from individuals, organizations and even businesses that have a vested interest in seeing the distro’s development continue for years to come.
Smaller distros based on Debian often lack this option as they don’t hold the same level of perceived importance to those in a position to help financially. These distros and related open source projects tend to rely on direct donations.
I hate to be the bearer of bad news, but this is a failed funding model for smaller projects. Unless a project is used in education or the enterprise space, odds are it’s going to be labeled as a hobby project at best and go without the needed funds to help it grow.
Think about how many desktop-ready projects you’ve seen that ask for donations via some sort of payment button. If you look carefully, you’ll notice it’s more than just a few projects. The problem is that there’s no incentive to contribute financially, so most people won’t bother. Clearly there’s a need to offer users a sense of urgency as to why they should consider contributing what they can afford for the software they use.
One of the latest efforts to fund Open Source software and community Linux distributions is Patreon. What’s cool about this funding tool is that it works for anything that has a community willing to fund it. From podcasts to software, the sky’s the limit. Two of my the best examples of this are Elementary OS and Ubuntu MATE.
Now I must disclose that I’m both an Ubuntu MATE user and also a financial contributor (be it a small contribution). Both projects are successfully bringing in funding for their specific projects. However, this is where Elementary OS and Ubuntu MATE separate in terms of their goals.
Elementary OS is looking to use Patreon to fund the hiring of developers for the distro’s continued development. On the flip side, Ubuntu MATE wants to fund their basic server hosting costs, and if there is excess, perhaps reward their community contributors with the extra funds.
Moving beyond the project’s goals according to their perspective Patreon pages, the Milestone Goals are also setup differently between the projects. Ubuntu MATE explains straight away that their Milestone Goals are centered around the project’s server needs and a server for running Discourse software for community interaction.
By contrast, Elementary OS appears to be equating their Milestone Goals to that of wage earning levels. While I like and understand their pledge goals, I found their Milestone Goals to be confusing. My issue isn’t with them wanting to earn money to hire developers or even to simply compensate one for their time. Since I work as a freelancer, I understand this. What I find confusing is how a Milestone Goal that equates a financial level of earning equals an incentive to contribute?
Not to be cold, but when I contribute to Ubuntu MATE, I do so because I want to make sure each month their server(s) are running. Heck, I’d like to see them even get to a point to where they’re compensated for their time investment as well. But with Elementary OS, we’re changing gears from their mission statement “let’s accelerate our development” to “minimum wage” and “a below market salary.” To be clear, if I ran Elementary OS on my PCs, I would be contributing financially. It’s a simple matter of principle for me. But their Milestones Goals have me feeling quite content using other distributions instead.
If you’re going to setup a funding campaign, lose the guilt trip. Explain to me as a potential funding source how my money is going to be used not what wage level it might become eventually. Frankly, no one cares about that. What they do care about is how contributed funds turn into bug fixes or new features.
Each Milestone Goal needs to reflect a positive change that comes about as each goal is realized. Alluding to wage value is both highly ineffective and a huge turn off for anyone reading it. Evolve this into something beneficial to the end user and success will surely follow.
The challenge that any Linux project or Open Source software looking for Patreon funding must juggle is how to keep people excited about contributing their hard earned money month after month. When dealing with end users outside of the enterprise space this is painfully difficult to do.
Look at what failed projects such as Linspire and Xandros did. What did they do poorly and where did they shine? By studying these examples carefully I believe projects such as Elementary OS can learn from their mistakes going forward.
Funding bug fixes is best left to those Open Source projects centered around business and education. Frankly, it’s rare for home users to be very motivated to fund bug fixes outside of WINE gaming or WINE small business applications. If you want to motivate someone to make a sustainable monthly contribution, there better be clearly defined benefits outside of bug fixes.
Option 1 – Faster Development. Contribute and the developer will commit to a release cycle of [insert time period here]. In situations where speedy development isn’t feasible, Patreon contributors could narrate a short behind the scenes screencast to show us what is being done each week.
Option 2 – One time funding to keep the project alive. Going with a one time funding approach, perhaps done every six months or so…depending on the frequency needed. I can think of audio and video editors that would do well with this approach. I’d contribute myself, because the idea of these projects disappearing would impact my daily work-flow.
Option 3 – Access to a special feature. Deciding on the special feature to offer is tricky, but having one available would go a long way to making a monthly contribution seem more palatable.
Trying to find a balance between passion for an Open Source project and being able to support oneself financially from it is tricky. I firmly believe it’s more difficult for desktop specific projects as they’re not as likely to garner support from businesses willing to sponsor them.
My hope is that some of the points made within this article inspire those projects out there looking to fund their continued development by offering unexpected value in addition to the project’s existing features. Remember, unlike proprietary software, Open Source must position itself differently in order to realize ongoing revenue.
Open-source data science projects are a great way to boost your resume
Try your hand at these 6 open source projects ranging from computer vision tasks to building visualizations in RLooking for open-source data science projects?
Projects play a HUGE part in cracking data science interviews. I’ve personally taken over a hundred interviews in the last year and quite often, the final round comes down to the quality of these data science projects. This is especially relevant for newcomers and freshers in data science.
What kind of projects have you picked up? How did you perform on these projects? Did you beat the benchmark model? Did you experiment with the source code and build something different?
These are critical questions that might make or break your data science interview. I always encourage folks to take up a diverse range of data science projects and try to learn from that as much as possible.
I will cover 6 such open-source data science projects in this article. I love putting this out at the start of every month (this is the 25th edition!). You’ll see a broad range of projects here, from performing computer vision tasks using MS Excel to drawing up a unique visualization in R.
You can check out the entire archive of open source data science projects here. And here’s the collection I picked out last month.6 Open-Source Data Science Projects Computer Vision using Deep Learning Open Source Projects
What’s the last MAJOR development you remember from the computer vision space? I’ve come across articles recently saying we’ve hit the proverbial deep learning wall – and there is no way up from there.
I respectfully disagree with this. There is a LOT more to uncover and unpack in deep learning (and computer vision in particular). If you’re wondering where I’m getting this level of confidence from, wait till you check out the below open-source computer vision using deep learning projects!
There are more jobs in deep learning and computer vision than ever before. And that trend is likely to increase exponentially in 2023. Time to get on board and polish up your computer vision skills!
You should check out the below resources to get started with deep learning and computer vision:
Real-time object detection has really gathered pace in the last year or so. I love the different applications we can design using real-time object detection, such as tracking a football or a player during a game.
Now here’s a really cool Hollywood-level computer vision project – removing people from complex backgrounds in real-time using deep learning! The developers off this project have used chúng tôi to build their model.
Check out this example:
This was done in real-time in a web browser! That’s the beauty of chúng tôi The GitHub repository I’ve linked above contains the code to implement the project in your own machine.
Here are a couple of in-depth computer vision tutorials to get you started with these concepts:
You can detect faces and find edges and lines using the tutorial provided in the project on GitHub. Here’s a quick look at what you’ll be building in Excel:
You don’t need any background in computer vision to work on this project. You will, however, need to know at least how a weighted average is calculated (and knowledge of Excel is required, of course).
So whether you’re a newcomer in deep learning and computer vision, or are coming from a software development background, this project is for you! Go ahead and try it out on your own machine and let me know about the crazy applications you build.
Here are a couple of resources to learn MS Excel:Other Open Source Data Science Projects
Here are a few non-computer vision and non-deep learning projects I wanted to highlight. These cover a range of data science topics, from data visualization in R to the importance of software engineering in machine learning.
If you’re looking for a comprehensive, end-to-end course on machine learning, look no further!
An R project! It’s a miracle! I’m a heavy R user and I love working with the wonderful ggplot2 library – but there haven’t been a lot of recent updates to report about. So I was thrilled when I came across ggbump last month.
ggbump is an R visualization package for, you guessed it, creating bump charts. Here’s an example of what you can draw using ggbump:
Bump charts are typically used to compare two dimensions against each other using one measure value (all you Tableau folks will understand this!). The majority of use cases focus on exploring the changes in the rank of a value over time (like the bump chart above).
ggbump isn’t on CRAN yet but you can install it directly in R using the below command:devtools::install_github("davidsjoberg/ggbump")
Here are a few resources to get you started with data visualization in R and Tableau:
Redshift Warehouse Module
I encourage you to go through the below tutorial on building your own machine learning pipeline using sklearn:
This is a fascinating project. Graphs can appear to be daunting at first, but once you get an idea of how they work, you’ll love working with them.
Graph neural networks (GNN) are behind applications like social media network analysis, knowledge trees, recommendation systems, and much more.
The GitHub repository I’ve linked above provides the implementation of various flavors of graph neural networks in TensorFlow 2.0. You have a few training script examples in the repository as well to get you on your way.
You can install the Python library from pip:pip install tf2_gnn
I’ve provided resources below to help you understand the various concepts behind graph neural networks:
Software engineering is a very under-rated part of the machine learning pipeline. Experts don’t discuss it, courses don’t usually cover it, and data science aspirants don’t study about it.
And yet, when you sit for a data science interview, you’ll inevitably face a ton of software engineering questions. How do you set up a machine learning pipeline? What is model deployment? And so on.
This wonderful repository offers a curated list of tutorials that cover software engineering best practices for building machine learning applications. Here’s what the repository currently covers:
Broad Overview of Software Engineering in Machine Learning
Deployment and Operation
Trust me, software engineering is a must-have skill in your data scientist’s resume. You need to get on board with this and start picking up these skills.End Notes
My pick of the above open-source projects:
Computer Vision using Microsoft Excel
ggbump in R
On July 19th, 2010, the CTO of NASA joined with Rackspace to announce a new effort, known as OpenStack.
Three years later, OpenStack is much more than just Rackspace and NASA. Today OpenStack is supported by 231 member companies, including some of the biggest names in technology with HP, IBM, Dell, Cisco, Intel, AT&T and Comcast.Cloud Storage and Backup Benefits
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The OpenStack project started out with just two core pieces, the Nova compute project from NASA with 9,000 lines of code and the Swift object storage platform, which had 20,000 lines of code. Over the last three years, the project has added new projects, including the Horizon dashboard, the Glance image storage service, the Keystone identity service and the Quantum networking service, among others. In total, the project has well over 600,000 lines of code today.
On the Rackspace side, one of the key leaders from the early days of the effort onward has been Jonathan Bryce. Bryce is also a co-founder of the Rackspace Cloud and currently serves as the Executive Director of the OpenStack Foundation. The OpenStack Foundation was formed in 2012 as a way to help push the open source effort forward in a vendor-neutral multi-stakeholder model.
Bryce told Datamation that in the last three years, he has seen an astounding community emerge around OpenStack.
“The community and collaboration of our members is a true success story in the technology industry that has created opportunities for organizations and individuals around the world,” Bryce said.
Another key figure in the growth and evolution of OpenStack is Mark Collier, who helped to found the effort and is currently the Chief Operating Office of the OpenStack Foundation. At Rackspace, Collier worked as the VP of Business and Corporate Development.
Collier told Datamation that three years ago when OpenStack got started, he didn’t expect things to be where they are now.
“We believed strongly in the idea of a fully open cloud platform that was started by users with a strong ecosystem around it, but had no idea how fast that ecosystem would come together or how many users would be interested in just three years,” Collier said. “We certainly didn’t expect to have over 1,000 developers, that’s pretty unheard of in open source.”
“That told me the idea was very powerful,” Collier said. Now we see the more people visit chúng tôi from Beijing than any other city, and Japan interest continues to be very strong as well,” Collier said. “Considering the project was started by two organizations in the US, that definitely surprised me.
“The power of open source really is universal and global,” Collier added.Challenges
The rapid growth of OpenStack has not come without its fair share of challenges.
“We are constantly striving to manage this accelerated growth to enable the hundreds of changes that come into the same code base on a daily basis and dozens of events that happen each week,” Bryce said. “We’re constantly thinking about what’s next, how to scale, and how we continue to make OpenStack an attractive community for the brightest minds and innovators to come together and build the future of computing.”
In the beginning of the effort, it was possible to know everyone that was involved in the community, but that’s no longer the case.
“We just have to trust in the model and values of the community, and pitch in wherever we can to help preserve that and grow the platform’s reach,” Collier said. “From the Foundation perspective, that means prioritizing, but as long as we stick to our core values we will do the right thing for OpenStack.”
Sean Michael Kerner is a senior editor at Datamation and chúng tôi Follow him on Twitter @TechJournalist.
So you consider yourself a digital nomad. You live your life on the go and every tool you use is geared toward that lifestyle. You need to be mobile, agile, and as efficient as possible. These choices are never so apparent as when you wind up having to use a tool that doesn’t make your on-the-go nomadic tendencies as fluid as need be. But don’t think for a second that the only tools you can get are proprietary software. In fact, there are plenty of open source tools that can help you achieve nomad nirvana. And because these tools are open source, they have no associated software cost, making them even more appealing to those attempting to carve out a living in a non-standard fashion. What are these tools? Let’s dive in and find out.Nextcloud
We’ll start off with a tool you’ll probably need to enable collaboration as a part of your daily grind. Even though you might have chosen to go solo, chances are at some point you’re going to have to work with others. On top of that, you’ll probably want a cloud server that isn’t directly tied to Google, Apple, or Microsoft. So why not have your very own cloud solution, one that gives you full control over every aspect? That solution isWordPress
Part of your digital nomad existence is probably spent blogging. And what better blogging tool than the world’s most popular solution,Scribus
At some point, you’re going to need to create PDF documents. But you’re a digital pro and converting from a LibreOffice .odt file to a PDF doesn’t give you enough control. Instead, you need the power of a full-blown desktop publishing software title, such asCalibre
Speaking of books, if part of your digital nomad life is that of an author, you’ll want the right tool to convert your manuscripts into publishable ebook formats. The single best tool for this job isOrbot VPN
There may come a time when you’re going to need a VPN, especially in certain countries or regions around the world. This requirement might also come about when you’re unsure how secure a local area network is. Why trust that to corporate solutions that’ll cost you money? Instead, opt for the TOR-based VPN solution,Conclusion
So you consider yourself a digital nomad. You live your life on the go and every tool you use is geared toward that lifestyle. You need to be mobile, agile, and as efficient as possible. These choices are never so apparent as when you wind up having to use a tool that doesn’t make your on-the-go nomadic tendencies as fluid as need be. But don’t think for a second that the only tools you can get are proprietary software. In fact, there are plenty of open source tools that can help you achieve nomad nirvana. And because these tools are open source, they have no associated software cost, making them even more appealing to those attempting to carve out a living in a non-standard fashion. What are these tools? Let’s dive in and find out.We’ll start off with a tool you’ll probably need to enable collaboration as a part of your daily grind. Even though you might have chosen to go solo, chances are at some point you’re going to have to work with others. On top of that, you’ll probably want a cloud server that isn’t directly tied to Google, Apple, or Microsoft. So why not have your very own cloud solution, one that gives you full control over every aspect? That solution is Nextcloud . With the latest release, Nextcloud includes more tools than you’ll probably need as a digital nomad. In fact, once you have this cloud-based server up and running, you’ll find most everything you need is at the ready. And with Nextcloud 18, you’ll also enjoy a fully featured office suite included, so you can take care of all your writing and collaboration tasks within a single web-based tool. The only caveats to using Nextcloud is that you’ll have to pay for hosting the service and, depending on your skill level, you might have to hire an IT outsourcing company like BairesDev to get the server up and running. So even though you’re not going to be paying a single dime for software, you do have to host that free software chúng tôi of your digital nomad existence is probably spent blogging. And what better blogging tool than the world’s most popular solution, WordPress . However, I’m not talking about making use of a chúng tôi subdomain. Instead, why not install the open source WordPress blogging solution on that same host that houses your Nextcloud? WordPress is actually an open source blogging server tool that is the same backend/frontend used on chúng tôi In fact, because you’d be hosting it yourself, you’ll enjoy even more features found on the free site. This allows you to install any one of the thousands of WordPress plugins and themes, so you can customize your blog site to exactly meet your chúng tôi some point, you’re going to need to create PDF documents. But you’re a digital pro and converting from a LibreOffice .odt file to a PDF doesn’t give you enough control. Instead, you need the power of a full-blown desktop publishing software title, such as Scribus . With Scribus, you can create professional-quality PDF documents with ease using CMYK colors, spot colors, ICC color management, and more. With this desktop layout software, you can generate everything from pamphlets, flyers, and novels. If you have a need to get seriously creative with your page layouts, this is the tool you’ll need.Speaking of books, if part of your digital nomad life is that of an author, you’ll want the right tool to convert your manuscripts into publishable ebook formats. The single best tool for this job is Calibre . With Calibre you can easily convert MS Word files, open document format, PDF, and HTML files into either .EPUB or .MOBI files that can then be uploaded to any of the digital bookseller sites. And for those that really like to have full control over how their ebooks look, you can use the built-in editor to make changes to those manuscripts in real-time. But Calibre isn’t just a converter. With this tool, you can also organize your own book library and even serve that library up over a local area network.There may come a time when you’re going to need a VPN, especially in certain countries or regions around the world. This requirement might also come about when you’re unsure how secure a local area network is. Why trust that to corporate solutions that’ll cost you money? Instead, opt for the TOR-based VPN solution, Orbot VPN . Orbot VPN is a free proxy app for Android, that allows other apps on your phone to use the network more securely. Because Orbot VPN works as a standard mobile app, it’s incredibly simple to use (so you won’t have to turn to that IT outsourcing service). The only caveat to using Orbot VPN is that network connections do tend to be a bit slower than usual. However, when anonymity and security are key, that lack of speed won’t be an chúng tôi only scratches the surface of the tools you’ll need as a digital nomad. But as for those tools you can use that have open source options, this list will go a long way to getting you started. With a foundation tool like Nextcloud, you’ll find that adding a few more pieces to the puzzle will perfectly round out your nomad toolkit just fine.
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