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The next time you decide to hit the retweet button, think again. That video of Derek Chauvin pressing his knee into George Floyd’s neck for nearly nine minutes could have deleterious mental health impacts on the Black community.
From abolitionist Frederick Douglass’ essays on the horrors of slavery to ad hoc social media footage of police brutality, the documentation of brutality against Black people is nothing new. But in this era, in which the power of a camera lies at nearly everyone’s fingertips, the stories have taken a visceral, viral turn.
On March 3, 1991, George Holliday stood on a balcony across from Hansen Dam Park in Los Angeles, filming four officers as they beat and tased Rodney King. This was the first police-brutality video of its kind—nationally circulated on television and massively powerful. After the four officers were proclaimed not guilty, Los Angelenos protested for five days.
Since then, videos have played a crucial part in anti-racism and anti-police-brutality demonstrations. In the last few months, clips of Ahmaud Arbery’s and George Floyd’s murders instigated a nationwide outcry that resulted in the arrest and charge of the perpetrators. Footage of the deaths of other Black men and women continues to be released each week.
The power of video is undeniable—but the net effect isn’t always positive. While they can quickly spread awareness of brutal racial violence and prompt outrage, they also continuously inflict racial trauma on the Black community with each retweet and reshare. Could these videos be doing more harm than good?Trauma through the screen
In a 2023 study published in The Lancet, Boston University researchers found that in the two months following the murders of Black individuals by police, Black individuals living near the crime scene experienced significant deterioration in mental health, along with symptoms of trauma. While most people didn’t directly witness the violence, the dissemination of videos and news reports still caused longstanding mental health problems.
Allissa Richardson, an assistant professor of journalism and communication at the University of Southern California, refers to ubuntu, which means “I am because we are” in the southern African language of Nguni Bantu. “It states that we are interconnected,” Richardson says. “I see my own self in you. That could be my dad lying there, getting the life squeezed out of him. So I can not watch.”
Many compare race-based trauma to vicarious trauma, which typically impacts health care workers, counselors, and psychologists who feel the residual emotional impact of other peoples’ experiences. But University of Ottawa psychologist Monica Williams, who specializes in race-based trauma, clarifies that the two can’t be compared.
The trauma that Black people face is more vivid and personal, she says. “They are seeing members of their own community brutalized. There’s a level of direct threat that’s not necessarily present when a client is describing a story to a counselor.”
“The videos are passed around like popcorn at the theater,” Williams adds. “The images aren’t treated with the same dignity and respect that you’d give to anyone else.” After seeing the barrage of violent clips on social media and the news, Black people may experience stress and mental health symptoms such as crying, depression, severe lack of motivation, low self-esteem, and a chronic inability to focus and concentrate, she says. According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, Black Americans are 20 percent more likely to report severe psychological distress than their white counterparts. At the same time, they’re less likely to seek out treatment, due to a chronic lack of health resources in their neighborhoods and a historic lack of trust with hospitals and doctors.
Ida B. Wells, seen here with her four children, led an investigative series on lynchings in Southern states during the 1890s. She published those with the NAACP, which she helped found. Courtesy of the Ida B. Wells Memorial FoundationInto the shadow archive
Ultimately, non-Black social media users and journalists have a responsibility to treat these videos more sacredly. Part of that means looking at their sharing behavior after other traumatic events. The deaths of white people, for instance, are rarely broadcast on national television; in the case of the 2023 Las Vegas mass shooting, the initial torrent of footage was largely replaced with more respectful portraits of the victims.
Where did the videos of the tragedy go? Into what is called the “shadow archive,” says Richardson, who recently published a book exploring the lives of journalist-activists as they documented Black Lives Matter through their smartphones. The “shadow archive” can be tangible (like a museum or a library) or metaphorical—a place where images of death can go to rest and only be accessed by those who wish to view them out of respect, education, and awareness. The idea originated with Ida B. Wells, a trailblazing investigative journalist in the early 20th century, who frequently dispatched white photographers to document lynchings in the South, and published the photos in the NAACP’s magazine, The Crisis. Once the images reached full circulation and incited lobbying for anti-lynching laws, the organization placed them in a metaphorical shadow archive, preventing them from being published again.
The transition serves a moral purpose, but it can benefit people’s mental health, too. What’s more, it leaves room for a deeper representation of Black individuals on social media and the news. When Black women and men die on camera, media companies broadcast them with the same casual air of a sports highlight, Richardson says. “I’m calling for us to use these pictures judiciously. Not doing so at this point [denies] Floyd the same dignity we’ve given white victims.” While it may be difficult to encourage companies like Google and Facebook to keep these videos from resurfacing on their feeds, social media users have the power of making a shadow archive of their own—simply by declining to hit a button or two.
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People often ask me what evidence there is to support the view that our schools should promote social, emotional, and character development in our students. They seem especially interested in whether SECD actually helps shape the character and behavior of students over time.
Because many educators lose track of former students as they move on in grades and grow into adulthood, it’s natural for them to wonder, “Did the SECD curriculum really help my students and do any good in their lives?” A recent study published by the research team at the Seattle Social Development Project reminds us that, when delivered effectively, SECD interventions in schools have long-term benefits.The Results of an Earlier Study
The Rutgers Social-Emotional Learning Lab, of which I am director, carried out one of the earliest peer-reviewed studies on the benefits of SECD. In the study, the group compared three cohorts of students who received social decision-making/social-problem-solving (SDM/SPS) lessons in elementary school. The groups received varying amounts of the program’s components, ranging from two years to five years, with some follow-up in high school after concluding the intervention. Educators used students who received no treatment as a control group.
Results from this study indicate that ninth-grade students who had received interventions drank significantly less alcohol, had fewer self-destructive or identity problems, earned higher scores in overall social competence, exhibited a higher level of membership and participation in positive social organizations and nonsports activities, and did better on-the-job work.
Tenth-grade students who hadn’t participated, meanwhile, had significantly higher rates of vandalizing school property, attacking persons with intent to injure, hitting or threatening other students, self-destructive or identity problems, and unpopularity than students who went through the program. They also showed lower scores in overall social competence. Eleventh-grade students in the control group had significantly higher rates of vandalizing their parent’s property, hitting or threatening their parents, and using chewing tobacco than students in the program.
Across grades, male students in the control groups significantly exceeded male students in the program in rates of petty theft and buying alcohol. The findings also indicated that students who were in the higher-fidelity program generally showed better goal attainment than those in the lower-fidelity program.Further Findings
David Hawkins, founding director of the University of Washington’s Social Development Research Group, says that fifteen years after the Seattle Social Development Program conducted its evidence-based SECD intervention, young adults ages twenty-four and twenty-seven who were part of the intervention reported better mental and sexual health and higher educational and economic achievement than a control group of young adults who didn’t receive the intervention.
As lead author of the study, Hawkins told Science Daily in a recent interview, “The effects of working with children in elementary school show up in their teen years as their rates of violence, heavy alcohol use, and dropping out of school are reduced. By age twenty-one, more of them have completed high school and have better jobs. And by ages twenty-four and twenty-seven, they are above the median in socioeconomic status and education, and they are having fewer mental-health and sexual-health problems.”
The study involved 598 students from fifteen Seattle public schools that serve high-crime neighborhoods. The participants were divided into three groups. One group of 146 students received the intervention in grades 1-6. A second group of 251 students received a partial intervention in only grades 5-6. And the third group of 201 students did not receive any training from the program.
Hawkins reported that the dosage effect found in the SDM/SPS program — and in earlier studies of the Seattle program — was still evident. Children who received the full intervention in elementary school showed the strongest effects and the most positive functioning when followed up. Those receiving the partial intervention showed lesser effects, though they were generally better than the no-exposure control group. The findings indicate that those who received the full intervention had significantly fewer sexually transmitted diseases and reported higher income, increased responsibilities at work, and more community involvement. However, the full intervention had no effect on reducing substance abuse or cutting criminal behavior in young adulthood.
Said Hawkins, “The real value in following people over time is that we get to see how what we do in childhood affects their lives and has enduring effects as they change. We can’t know how one phase of development affects the next step unless we follow people over time.”The Power of SECD
These studies complement other data — from a meta-analysis completed recently by the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning — that reveal the positive follow-up benefits of SECD programs for students in both academics and mental health. The consistent message of these studies, however, is that the “dose” matters and that comprehensive, coordinated, multiyear efforts at SECD are what yield positive results.
This is why my organization, Developing Safe and Civil Schools, is working with New Jersey schools to ensure that they are carrying out their programs in problem prevention, promotion of social and emotional competence, positive youth and character development, and school-climate improvement in ways that will yield the desired effects. Too many schools are doing more than they need to, but with not enough efficiency and coordination to achieve the desired academic and behavioral outcomes. The evidence suggests that we can do better without doing much more.
What do you think about SECD efforts in public schools? Please share your thoughts.
One foil for this sense of helplessness that has made appearances in policy circles throughout the years is personal carbon allowances, or PCAs. Back in the early 2000s, British policymakers considered a “credit card” of sorts that would allow UK residents to monitor their carbon usages—and trade for more or less carbon credits if need be. This already exists on a big scale for some economies, countries, and industries through policies called cap-and-trade. The idea was thought to be ahead of its time by the UK government and was eventually booted, but now, with years of technology improvements, researchers including Ekins, think now is the time to rev up the PCA idea again—and detailed their findings in Nature Sustainability earlier this month.
[Related: What companies really mean when they say they’re ‘net-zero’.]
“Life changed in ways we didn’t think possible just a year before the pandemic,” says lead author Francesco Fuso-Nerini, director of the Climate Action Centre at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. We all had to learn quickly how to track and manage our health, be it through apps, contact tracing, and rapid communication, he says. Taking that knowledge, and the responsibility of our health, could be useful in amping up our response to climate change. “Maybe those changes resulted in people realizing that in global crises, in these times, there are some shared responsibilities.”Understanding PCAs
A simple way to think about PCAs is to think about how you and siblings might have traded chores around the house when you were kids. Say you and your sibling both got $5 for baseline chores. If you wanted an extra buck to go to the movies, the easiest way to get that done without prodding your parents for more cash was to pick up a few of your sibling’s chores to try for that sweet, sweet bonus dollar.
Carbon allowances work pretty much the same way. Everyone starts with a baseline amount. Right now, that could cover how much electricity you use at home, travel budgets, and the impact of your food—with more investigation into other products in the future, Fuso-Nerini says. But if you want to take a long flight or have a big fancy car or something else that pushes out a lot of carbon, you may need more credits than you initially get.
Trading comes in when your allotment doesn’t exactly fit your lifestyle. If a household isn’t using their full allotment, they can sell or trade to those who need more credits. Typically, people with lower incomes have lower carbon footprints than their high-income counterparts, says Fuso-Nerini, so these systems could provide a boost for families who might need it.
Even simply knowing what your carbon footprint is, and how you stack up next to your neighbors, can motivate folks to rethink their own footprints. “PCAs are designed to use three interlinked mechanisms to affect behavioral change: economic, cognitive, and social,” Ekins says.The impact on big business
Fuso-Nerini notes that PCAs aren’t an attempt to put all of the responsibility back on consumers. Existing cap-and-trade measures work to make low-carbon companies and industries more affordable, putting the pressure on big emitters to pay up or figure out a greener plan. “Personal carbon allowances are definitely not about shifting the responsibility to individuals,” he says. “There’s a lot of responsibility on those big companies themselves.”
[Related: What is ‘degrowth’ and how can it fight climate change?]
To return to our childhood allowance analogy: If the movie theater was hacking up prices to $10 a ticket, and we were all still just getting $5 a week, there’s a decent chance we’d be looking for a more affordable way to spend our Friday night. Better yet, the movie theater would have to rethink its prices to keep people coming. In the same way, if businesses want people to keep buying their products and services, but we all are beholden to carbon allowances, it’s on them to find ways to keep selling stuff for a lighter carbon footprint.
While there aren’t any national policies in place, PCAs have been utilized in communities across the globe, notably Lahti, Finland, which was recently voted the European Green Capital for 2023. The city’s 120,000 residents had the option to opt-in to a PCA program to monitor and trade allowances for carbon emissions linked to travel and mobility. According to the city, 3,000 people downloaded the app, and one in three users declared reduced motility emissions.
Now, Fuso-Nerini says it’s time to reconsider upping these policies to a bigger level, and consider how to help people who are dependent on fossil fuel-intensive industries adjust. At the end of the day, industries and countries still hold the vast majority of responsibility for the climate situation we’re in today, but doing what we can to nudge big emitters in the right direction is a good place for individuals to start.
Greedy activist investor Carl Icahn has escalated his anti-Apple rhetoric on Wednesday after recently filing a proposal to put his aggressive stock buyback proposal up for a vote. Apple responded by confirming that any changes to its own corporate stock buyback program will be discussed in the “first part of calendar 2014,” likely at the upcoming shareholder meeting in February.
Be that as it may, Icahn now feels the Apple board is “doing great disservice to shareholders” by refusing to boost the company’s buyback markedly, according to a tweet today. An in-depth letter will follow soon, the shark investor ominously announced.
At the same time, Icahn announced buying an additional half a billion dollars worth of shares, pushing his stake in the iPhone maker to north of a respectable $3 billion. He called the latest investment a “no brainer”…
Icahn last August announced that he’d taken a large position in $AAPL. He’s been presumptuously pushing for a significant increase of Apple’s buyback ever since.
We feel $APPL board is doing great disservice to shareholders by not having markedly increased its buyback. In-depth letter to follow soon.
— Carl Icahn (@Carl_C_Icahn) January 22, 2014
After meeting with Tim Cook on several occasions, Icahn discovered that the Apple CEO wouldn’t budge so he scaled back his original $150 billion proposal to “only” $50 billion.
If Apple appeased to Icahn’s requests, the company would borrow many more billions of dollars, in turn exposing itself to uncertainty and increasing risk. Apple’s $150+ billion cash horde works out to about one percent of the U.S. gross domestic product.
Having purchased $500 million more $AAPL shares in the last two weeks, our investment has crossed the $3 billion mark yesterday.
— Carl Icahn (@Carl_C_Icahn) January 22, 2014
As Richard Waters of Financial Times points out, with nearly $150 billion in its coffers, “Apple is sitting on close to ten per cent of corporate America’s cash“.
By the way, a precatory proposal does not bind Apple executives to implement Icahn’s buyback proposal, even if the majority of shareholders approved it.
The problem with Icahn: predatory tactics.
Since tweeting about our large position in $AAPL on Aug 13, when the stock was 468 per share, we’ve kept buying shares of this ‘no brainer.’
— Carl Icahn (@Carl_C_Icahn) January 22, 2014
He typically buys massive amounts of shares, essentially buying himself the right to install minions on a company’s board, which gives him a leverage to seek concessions and even push for board/CEO changes, as is his wont.
Speaking to CNBC today, Icahn argued that he’s actually better off if Apple does nothing because “I plan on buying more of Apple’s stock”.
Apple is a culture with a great ecosystem. What bothers me a hell of a lot is that billions of dollars is just sitting there.
“What they’re doing I think is ludicrous in not taking it up right now,” Icahn said of the Apple board’s reticence to raise the company’s ongoing share buyback.
He insists he’s not criticizing the Apple board or the management, but points out “there’s no on on Apple’s board that’s finance guy”. I will not go into when the last time I spoke to Apple CEO Tim Cook was,” he said. “We have a good relationship.”
Luckily, Cook has proven thus far that he can’t be pushed around – the Apple board is all Steve Jobs people – and I hope that the company won’t cave in to Icahn’s pressure.
Otherwise, he could ruin the only truly thriving American corporation left standing, which brings me to my thought of the day: Apple should pull a Dell and take itself private.
This would disentangle Apple from nonsensensical pressure from big shot investors. If anyone is working against Apple and its shareholders’ interest, it’s Icahn himself.
Sexual trauma is a term used to refer to the exposure of a person to sexually inappropriate behaviors, without their consent or when consent was not given freely. This can include but should not be limited to rape, sexual assault, sexual harassment, and/or unwanted sexual attention. There are many reasons why someone may experience this kind of trauma. For some people, it is a memory that they have difficulty processing because it causes them so much stress and anxiety. Other people may suffer from PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) due to the events that contributed to the trauma occurring in the first place. This can leave them with physical symptoms such as large amounts of tension in their muscles which may manifest themselves physically through headaches or insomnia for example. At times people may feel like their environment is dangerous and unable to relax around others.What is Sexual Abuse?
An unwelcome and unconsented sexual encounter between two people of the same or different sexes is referred to as sexual abuse. When a male engages in sexual activity with a woman against her consent, it is considered deviant sexual behavior. People who are denied access to lawful possibilities for sexual fulfillment frequently engage in deviant sexual conduct. Risk factors for sexually transmitted illnesses, including HIV/AIDS, include deviant sexual conduct. This risk factor is more prevalent in cases of sexual assault and other abnormal sexual conduct, such as homosexuality. In cases of sexual assault, the victims’ psychological health is often negatively impacted. Some of the typical signs of sexual abuse include posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, chronic stress, low self-esteem, and even engaging in revictimization.
Victims of sexual abuse suffer long-term effects. Victims of sexual assault have both direct and indirect effects. Sexual abuse may have both direct and indirect repercussions on victims, including psychological and physical problems as well as effects on relationships and social standing. Traumatic events shape human realizations and sentiments, learning and thought processes, as well as how we sense, assess, and perceive other people and the environment.What are the Types of Sexual Abuse?
One in four men and one in three women, according to studies, have experienced some kind of physical or sexual abuse at some point in their lives. These numbers are thought to be understated compared to the true prevalence of sexual assault since so many victims choose not to come forward. Additionally, only one of the five forms of physical or sexually abusive behavior is covered by these statistics.
Verbal − The use of spoken or written words to communicate, suggest, or imply sexual content is referred to as verbal sexual abuse. In social situations, the workplace, and the family, verbal sexual abuse occurs frequently. Even though it causes serious harm, crude humor is frequently tolerated in our culture. It can be challenging to cope with since we may sense a violation yet be afraid of the social or interpersonal repercussions of speaking up. Sexual jokes, physical characteristic mocking, explicit sexual descriptions, name-calling, remarks on physical growth, solicitation, unwelcome romantic approaches, sexting, stalking via phone calls or other texts, etc. are examples of verbal sexual abuse.
Covert − Abuse of this kind may take place without the victim’s knowledge. Photography, social media stalking, spying on others, and sexual cyber-harassment are some examples. Without the victim’s awareness, perpetrators will make an effort to satisfy their sexual needs.
Visual − Visually being exposed to inappropriate sexual material is abusive. This can involve being exposed to nudity, sexually explicit photographs, or sexting or airdropping without your consent.
Physical − Any non-consensual caressing, fondling, tickling, kissing, physical constraint, and any physical contact done in a sexual way or to the victim’s sex organs are all considered to be this sort of abuse.
Ritualistic − Abuse of this kind frequently combines with a ritual or spiritual practice. Sometimes, criminals will try to convince themselves or others that what they are doing is a kind of worship or restitution to the victim. Genital mutilation, child marriage, incest rituals, or even incantations during abuse are examples of this type of sexual abuse.What is Sexual Trauma?
Sexual abuse exposure is referred to as sexual trauma. Any improper, purposeful conduct meant to provide the offender with a sexual enjoyment is considered sexual abuse. 1 The conduct might be verbal, like humiliation or threats of sexual actions, physical, like being touched or grabbed in a sexual way, or it could be visual, like being forced to see sexual acts or pictures. These actions may result in physical harm, terrifying experiences, or even being coerced into engaging in sexual activity.Symptoms of the Sexual Trauma
Sexual trauma affects people differently, especially depending on their age and support network. Sexual trauma survivors may manifest physical, behavioral, and/or emotional PTSD symptoms. It’s critical to avoid discounting your or others’ experiences because they don’t exhibit the “typical” signs of survivors.
Among the warning signs and symptoms of sexual trauma are −
Modifications to sleep habits (more, less, frequent waking, nightmares, etc.)
Changes in friends or social conduct
Alterations in hygiene
Alterations in performance in job or school
Variations in mood (depressed, flat or numb, irritable, cries easily, etc.)
Practicing self-destructive habits.
Testing various compounds
Children acting out sexually (using provocative language or body language or doing sexual impersonations)What is Sexual Trauma Therapy?
There are numerous different therapeutic approaches to sexual trauma. Therapy may provide a secure environment for a victim to go through their sexual trauma, including addressing any unfavorable or harmful beliefs they may have formed. You may utilize the skills and tools you get during therapy to manage unrelated stress for the rest of your life.
The purpose of therapy is to help the patient reduce trauma-related symptoms and gain control over how the traumatic incident and its triggers affect them. In essence, the objective is to assist the Survivor in becoming an Overcomer. There may be other models available, however, the following are some of the typical modalities utilized by mental health professionals.
Psychodynamic Therapy − Focuses on the impact of the sexual assault on the victim’s sense of self and worldview in order to get insight into how to best support healing and recovery.
Cognitive Processing Therapy − For people who have suffered trauma, evidence-based cognitive behavioral treatment is available. This model emphasizes the survivor’s healing and educates them on how to serve as their own therapist in the event that new issues crop up in the future.
Accelerated Resolution Therapy − is a research-backed form of psychotherapy that speeds up healing by changing the way the brain processes and retains traumatic memories and images. This concept includes both memory reconsolidation, which combines new information into old memories, and memory visualization techniques that are improved by horizontal eye motions.Conclusion
Sexual abuse is a situation that causes a lot of worries. The victims of sexual abuse have severe negative effects on their reproductive and mental health. Due to the fact that it affects both the mother and the new-born, pregnant women are typically the worst affected. Some of the direct effects of sexual abuse include premature delivery, mother-fatal transfer of illnesses such as pelvic discomfort, vaginal bleeding, and urinary tract infection, among others.
The promising smart wearable industry
Smart wearable technology is one of the most popular technologies in the world. According to Precedence Research, a Canada/India-based company, which is one of the leading providers of strategic market insights, the global wearable technology market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 13.89% during the forecast period 2023 to 2030.
The global wearable technology market size got esimation of USD 121.7 billion in 2023. And probably will surpass around USD 392.4 billion by 2030. Taking up the biggest share of the wearable technology market, the wrist-wear product segment, accounted for the market share at 49.2% in 2023.The futuristic technology – IoT
The technology of Internet of Things(IoT) is one of the futuristic technologies, which connects and exchanges data between appliances or devices at sites. And such technology is synonymous with products pertaining to the concept of the “smart home”.
People attain enormous convenience in daily life with IoT technology, which then gains itself tremendous popularity. According to the report of the website Statista, the total Internet of Things (IoT) market worldwide was worth around 182 billion U.S. dollars in 2023. And according to forecast should rise to more than 621 billion U.S. dollars in 2030. Tripling its revenue in ten years.Gizchina News of the week
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Two giants shake hands
What if these two life-changing technologies combine together and people can take control of their appliances or devices anywhere with a small smart wearable gadget on their wrists ? Doesn’t this picture look amazing in your eyes ? And it’s happening.
The leading smartwatch manufacturer, DTNO.1 , and the well-known global IoT development platform service provider, Tuya Smart, see the values of and approach to each other. And these two giants have signed a cooperation agreement. Now DTNO.1 smartwatches will officially get the support by the Tuya Smart IoT technology. Which has helped many companies set up IoT platforms. And is inclusive of so many appliances that it provides perfect “smart home” solutions.DTNO.1 smartwatches connected to IoT platforms
DTNO.1 smartwatches will connect to IoT platforms supported by Tuya smart technology. Perfectly getting into the realm of “smart home” as the most convenient remote. The engineers from the two companies are working together now in an effort to realize the function of the remote control of DTNO.1 smartwatch. In the near future, DTNO.1 smartwatches will be capable of controlling every appliance at your home. Such as air conditioning, air purifier, curtains, lights, television, humidifier, sweeping robot, and so on.
The video clip below uses the smartwatch DT3 Pro Max as the prototype to demonstrate the function of controlling appliances.Alexa will brings DTNO.1 a real AI intelligence
Combining the Alexa AI voice assistant and IoT platforms, DTNO.1 smartwatches will be able to allow users to give commands by voice to any of their appliances or devices at home. For example, when you are outside and don’t remember whether you have turned off the lights at home or not, then you lift up your wrist and talk to a DTNO.1 smartwatch, “Alexa, turn off the lights at home”. And the lights at your home will be instantly turned off. More than that, we will get more tasks ,that could be complemented by these two novel technologies.
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