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A revolving line of credit allows you to draw against a set amount for your business and pay interest only on what you borrow.

Revolving lines of credit are useful for your company if you need capital for expansion or want an option to cover expenses and support cash flow.

Various types of revolving lines of credit are available, and certain options will be better for your small business than others.

This article is for business owners considering opening a revolving line of credit to help fund their company.

A revolving line of credit is a type of loan that allows you to borrow money when you need it and pay interest only on what you borrow. Then, if you repay any borrowed funds before the end of the draw period, you can borrow that money again. This is what makes a line of credit revolving.

Revolving lines of credit are great tools for your business if you need working capital periodically to finance your company’s growth or ongoing operations. They’re also ideal if you’d like to borrow against your assets to cover expenses or refinance high-interest debt.

Editor’s note: Need a loan for your business? Fill out the below questionnaire to have our vendor partners contact you about your needs.

What is a revolving line of credit?

A revolving line of credit is a loan typically secured by real estate or other collateral – but not always. When you receive a revolving line of credit, the line is divided into two parts: a draw period and a repayment period.

Draw period: During the draw period, you can borrow money against your line of credit. You won’t start paying interest until after you borrow against your line, and then you would make interest-only payments, which typically occur monthly. If you make extra payments – reducing the outstanding balance – you can borrow that money again during the draw period. The draw period varies by the lender. However, it usually ends after one or two years. At that time, the lender may decide to renew your loan, extending the draw period.

Repayment period: At the end of the draw period, if the loan isn’t renewed, the lender may call the loan, in which case you must repay it in full. Most often, the loan enters a repayment period. At this point, the lender converts any outstanding balance to a structured business loan paid back through fixed monthly payments composed of interest and principal.

Did You Know?

SBA Express loans are a type of SBA loan that lets businesses borrow money and use it as a revolving line of credit or a term loan. These loans are excellent debt consolidation options.

Line of credit vs. revolving line of credit

A line of credit and a revolving line of credit have similarities and differences. Both are asset-based loans typically secured by property or another asset. Both options charge interest only on the money you borrow for your company against the line, and you are responsible for interest-only payments on the outstanding balance.

The biggest difference between a line of credit and a revolving line of credit is that a revolving line allows you to reborrow any money you use against the line and subsequently pay back during the draw period. A line of credit that isn’t revolving does not have this feature.

Because a nonrevolving line of credit does not allow you to borrow the same funds a second time, this may also impact the length and structure of the loan’s draw period. It also makes the line inherently less flexible for your business needs.

Types of revolving lines of credit

Though a revolving line of credit is a fairly specific loan class, these are some typical types of revolving lines of credit. Most are relatively similar and require pledging collateral worth more than the loan amount – but not all of them.

Home equity line of credit (HELOC): A HELOC is secured by the equity you have in your residence – the home’s value above your mortgage balance. You qualify for a HELOC if you have over 20 percent equity in your home; you can borrow 85 percent or 90 percent of the home’s total value minus any outstanding balance on your primary mortgage.

Credit card: Though they aren’t secured – and most people don’t think of them as such – business credit cards are technically revolving lines of credit. As long as you make minimum payments monthly, you can pay off the items you charge for your business – within your credit limit – on your own schedule.

Personal line of credit: A personal line of credit is similar to a HELOC, except it’s secured by assets other than a house. Most personal lines of credit are secured, but some lenders provide unsecured lines of credit to highly qualified borrowers.

Business line of credit: A business line of credit is a standard loan in the industry. They can be bank loans or loans issued by alternative lenders and the SBA. In fact, these lines of credit are often one of the best business loans companies can acquire, because they grant the flexibility to cover seasonal expenses or finance growth.

While most of these examples are similar, credit cards stand out. Though they are technically revolving lines of credit, funds borrowed with credit cards are almost always unsecured loans (except for secured options). Because of this, credit cards have higher interest rates than other types of revolving credit lines.

How do you get a revolving line of credit?

These are the steps for obtaining a line of credit:

Identify potential collateral. Before looking for a lender, the first step in attaining a line of credit is considering what assets you can pledge as collateral on a loan. If you can find collateral to secure a loan, you’ll be able to secure much more favorable terms.

Choose a type of line. Once you determine what collateral you have to pledge, you can decide whether you want to get a HELOC, personal line or credit card. If you’ve been in operation for at least two years, you’ll probably want a business line of credit.

Pick a lender. Different lenders specialize in different types of loans. If you want an unsecured business line of credit, online lenders can help. They may charge higher interest than you might pay on a secured line of credit, but you should be able to get your money fast after a short application process.

Apply. Applications vary by lender and loan type. Some can be completed online, while others involve reviewing documents with a loan officer or meeting with a private banker or credit union representative.

Accept terms and close. If you qualify for a line of credit, your lender will provide a loan contract term sheet you must review before accepting terms and closing on your loan. This may involve signing a lien agreement pledging certain property as collateral.

Once you close on a line of credit, you should have access to funds within a few days. Some online lenders may take a few days to wire funds to your bank account, but some offer funds as quickly as the same day the loan documents are executed.

Did You Know?

Liens help drive down a borrower’s interest rate. When property offsets a loan’s risk, the lender is likely to recoup its money, even if you default.

Key Takeaway

For large but necessary growth expenses such as payroll and office rent, a revolving line of credit can be an ideal choice.

Credit that revolves around you

Revolving credit lines are among the most flexible forms of small business funding; you can use them virtually however you please. For starters, you never have to use the entire credit line, and you pay interest only on the funds you actually use. On top of that, there are virtually no rules against using credit line funds for specific purchase categories. The only real limit is the size of the line. Many lines are too small for, say, a commercial real estate purchase. Otherwise, business credit lines work entirely for you, entirely on your terms.

Max Freedman contributed to this article.

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Basic Line Chart With Curved Lines

Basic Line Chart with curved lines

Following is an example of a basic line chart with smooth curved lines. We’ve already seen the configuration used to draw this chart in Google Charts Configuration Syntax chapter. So, let’s see the complete example.


We’ve added backgroundColor configuration to change default background color.

var options = { curveType: 'function' }; Example


google.charts.load('current', {packages: ['corechart','line']}); function drawChart() { var data = new google.visualization.DataTable(); data.addColumn('string', 'Month'); data.addColumn('number', 'Tokyo'); data.addColumn('number', 'New York'); data.addColumn('number', 'Berlin'); data.addColumn('number', 'London'); data.addRows([ ['Jan', 7.0, -0.2, -0.9, 3.9], ['Feb', 6.9, 0.8, 0.6, 4.2], ['Mar', 9.5, 5.7, 3.5, 5.7], ['Apr', 14.5, 11.3, 8.4, 8.5], ['May', 18.2, 17.0, 13.5, 11.9], ['Jun', 21.5, 22.0, 17.0, 15.2], ['Jul', 25.2, 24.8, 18.6, 17.0], ['Aug', 26.5, 24.1, 17.9, 16.6], ['Sep', 23.3, 20.1, 14.3, 14.2], ['Oct', 18.3, 14.1, 9.0, 10.3], ['Nov', 13.9, 8.6, 3.9, 6.6], ['Dec', 9.6, 2.5, 1.0, 4.8] ]); var options = {'title' : 'Average Temperatures of Cities', hAxis: { title: 'Month' }, vAxis: { title: 'Temperature' }, 'width':550, 'height':400, curveType: 'function' }; var chart = new google.visualization.LineChart(document.getElementById('container')); chart.draw(data, options); } google.charts.setOnLoadCallback(drawChart); Result

Verify the result.



Bluetooth 5.0 Explained: A Glimpse Into The Future Of Wireless Apple Products

One of Apple’s most controversial moves in recent years was the removal of the headphone jack on the iPhone 7. However, nearly two years later now, Apple has continuously worked on improving its plan for a wireless future with features such as wireless charging on the iPhone 8/X, AirPlay 2, and the W1 chip.

Something that has gone under the radar with the latest iPhone revisions, however, is the inclusion of Bluetooth 5.0, a very important step into creating a more streamlined wireless future. The technology is also included in the 2023 revision of the MacBook Pro with Touch Bar and the HomePod.

So let’s take a look at Bluetooth 5.0. What’s new, why it’s important, and what could users expect in future OS releases from Apple?

What’s new and why it’s important?

There’s a few important pillars of Bluetooth 5.0: Speed, range, throughput, and mesh.

If you recall back to the original watchOS 1.0 days, where everything was being transferred from the phone onto the Apple Watch, then you’d remember how painfully slow of a process that was. Apps and Siri took upwards of 30 seconds to load. At the time, Apple Watch was transferring everything over Bluetooth. With later revisions such as Apple Watch Series 3, the Watch transfers data over Bluetooth, but most apps run independently on the Watch itself, with the aid of both Wi-Fi and Cellular to load data in quicker.

However, if that original watchOS method of apps was still being used today, Bluetooth 5.0 would be super beneficial. With the latest version of Bluetooth 4, version 4.2, the throughput is 1Mbps, but with Bluetooth 5.0, that is doubled with speeds up to 2Mbps. This is great for things such as smartwatches, but it’s also a welcome addition for audio as Bluetooth 5.0 will allow for higher bitrate streaming.

While Apple likely won’t make use of higher bitrate streaming for now (Apple Music already streams at 256Kbps and iOS only supports AAC which has a max bitrate of 256Kbps anyways), Bluetooth 5.0 lays the groundwork for potentially lossless streaming over a wireless connection.

What’s more likely to happen is Apple will allow multiple Bluetooth audio devices to hook into a single iOS device. As we’ve seen with countless other Android handsets that include Bluetooth 5.0, Apple could add support for multi-audio streaming over Bluetooth. Since Apple Music and most other audio is around 256 to 320Kbps, Apple could enable the ability to connect to 2 or even 3 separate Bluetooth devices. Of course, there needs to be an upper limit as other Apple services such as AirDrop and Apple Watch also relies on that bandwidth.

Some Bluetooth headphones, for example, already allow you to connect to two devices at once (granted, music can only be playing from one device).

Arguably the more substantial enhancement is in the range department. With Bluetooth 5.0, the wireless technology is capable of 4x the range, going from 200 feet (60 meters) to 800 feet (240 meters). Range is one of those things users won’t typically notice until audio either starts cutting out or completely stops working because the device is out of range. Of course, just like any other wireless tech, obstructions such as walls will play a role.

Mesh has been making its rounds in the Wi-Fi universe, and Bluetooth 5.0 adds support for mesh networking as well. While it doesn’t sound significant, mesh will help with a lot of IoT/smart devices. HomeKit doesn’t support it yet, and smart devices are slow to adopt, so this will take a while, but should improve both range and reliability of smart devices that communicate over Bluetooth. HomePod already supports Bluetooth 5.0, so it’s only a matter of time.

And lastly, speed. While Apple is typically really good with keeping audio in sync over wireless tech, apps can sometimes act wonky. This is because of lag or latency. With any wireless technology, latency is an issue. Especially with video or gaming, latency plays a key role into your general experience. While there aren’t any hard numbers on this, the Bluetooth marketing material from the Bluetooth Standards Organization says you’ll get up to two times the speed with Bluetooth 5.0. Again, that’s fairly vague so we’re not sure if that means improving latency.

Theoretically, however, this could mean going from 90ms lag with AAC (what Apple uses) down to around 40-50ms lag. That’d be a pretty respectable latency as most Wi-Fi networks fall between 20-50ms lag.

What does this mean for Apple users?

Right now, nothing. As we mentioned earlier, Bluetooth 5.0 is currently supported on iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, iPhone X, HomePod and the 2023 MacBook Pro with Touch Bar. However, in the future, as more Apple products adopt the technology, we could see faster AirDrop speeds, better audio streaming, and potentially new innovations from Apple that rely on wireless technology.

As Apple starts to move away from wires and into the wireless world, there are very few things that remain. Nearly everything Apple does is now wireless: Apple Pay, wireless charging on iPhone 8/X, AirDrop, Apple Watch, Bluetooth audio such as AirPods, Magic accessories for the Mac, AirPlay 2 for devices such as HomePod, and of course Wi-Fi and cellular.

Hopefully the next generation of audio devices from Apple will include an updated “W2” chip that supports Bluetooth 5.0.


Should you go out and replace all of your devices to get Bluetooth 5.0? No, absolutely not. Just like any other technology, especially wireless ones, this will be a slow, drawn out process that heavily relies on other manufacturers to latch on.

Even if something like your iMac or MacBook Pro supported it, you won’t likely see the benefits with your Bluetooth 5.0-enabled mouse or keyboard. If you don’t have issues with Bluetooth right now, there’s absolutely zero reason to upgrade your devices just for it.

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How To Check Hardware Specs Of Windows 11 Pc (8 Methods Explained)

While most people today live connected lives with a multitude of electronic gadgets at their disposal, only a few bother to think about the hardware components that go into their smartphones, gaming consoles, or computers. However, it is relatively easy to learn about the specifications of the phones and PCs you use in your digital life. With that said, let us show you how to check the hardware specs and configuration of your Windows 11 PC.

Check Hardware Specs and Configuration of Windows 11 PC (2024)

There are many ways to check the hardware specifications of your Windows 11 PC, and we will detail them all in this article today. You can check the hardware specs of your Windows 11 computer via the Settings app, System Information, DirectX Diagnostic tool, Command Prompt, and a myriad of third-party applications. So let’s get started!

Steps to Check Hardware Specs of Windows 11 PC

As we mentioned above, there are various ways to check the hardware specifications of your Windows 11 computer. We will explain all of them here in this guide, starting with the easiest method – via Windows Settings.

Method 1: Using the Settings App

The easiest way to find information about the hardware on your Windows PC is using the Settings app. Here’s how you do it:

Under the Device specifications section, you can check the key hardware specs for your Windows 11 PC, including the processor, system memory (RAM), architecture (32-bit or 64-bit), and more.

Now, scroll down a bit to the Windows specifications section to check information about your operating system. It includes the edition, version, installation date, OS build , and the service pack (Microsoft calls it Experience).

Method 2: System Information (msinfo32)

Another easy way to check the hardware specs of your Windows 11 PC is through the System Information panel. Here’s how you do it:

Open the Run dialog box by pressing ‘Windows key + R’ simultaneously. Then, type in or copy + paste msinfo32 and hit Enter.

With System Summary selected on the left sidebar, you can check several aspects of your computer’s hardware. It includes the system model and type, processor brand and model, UEFI/ BIOS version, RAM capacity, motherboard brand and model, and also virtualization support, among other things.

Method 3: DirectX Diagnostics (dxdiag)

Windows 11 also includes the DirectX Diagnostic Tool (dxdiag) to view information about DirectX audio and video support. You can also use it to check many system specs. Here’s how:

Open the Run dialog box as described in Method 2. Now, type in dxdiag and hit Enter.

Note: You can also search for ‘dxdiag’ (without quotes) in the Windows search bar to access the feature.

Now, move to the Display tab at the top. Here, under the ‘Device’ section, you can find details about your GPU, including the name and manufacturer, graphics memory, and display details.

Note: You can create a specs report for future reference using the ‘Save All Information’ button at the bottom.

Method 4: Command Prompt

First, open a Command Prompt window in Admin mode. To do that, search for ‘cmd‘ (without quotes) in the Windows search bar and select Run as administrator.

Now, type in or copy + paste systeminfo in the Command Prompt window and hit Enter. You will see detailed hardware and software information about the computer. It includes info on the system architecture, whether it uses BIOS/ UEFI, RAM, network details, and Windows 10 update information.

Method 5: PowerShell

You can also use PowerShell to view the system specifications of your Windows 11 computer. Follow the guide below to do that:

In the PowerShell window, type Get-ComputerInfo and press Enter.

To view details of a specific component, use the following modified command: Get-ComputerInfo -Property "property name*". Replace “property name” with the name of the component you want more information on. For example, to get details about your Windows installation, use the following command: Get-ComputerInfo -Property "windows*"

Note: The asterisk at the end is a wildcard that ensures PowerShell will display every property that starts with ‘Windows’.

Method 6: Device Manager

Alternatively, you can natively view the system specs on your Windows 11 PC through the Device Manager. Here’s how you do that:

Open the Run dialog box as explained earlier in the article. Then, type in devmgmt.msc and hit Enter. The Device Manager window will now open.

Device Manager displays a list of everything that’s built into your PC, either desktop or laptop. Go through each item on the list and check the names and model numbers of the hardware specs in your Windows 11 PC.

Method 7: Third-Party Applications

Alongside the aforementioned native methods, there are also a plethora of third-party applications that offer you information about your system hardware to varying degrees. Some of the oldest and most accurate ones are listed below:

CPU-Z (download)

HWiNFO (download)

AIDA64 (download)

Speccy (download)

Open Hardware Monitor (download)

All of these tools are either free-to-use or shareware, with the last one even being open-source. You can use them to check information about your computer’s hardware. For demo purposes, we are using CPU-Z, which offers detailed information about the computer’s CPU, motherboard, RAM, GPU, etc. Open the program and navigate to the relevant tab to get all the details about that component.

Method 8: Open up Your Computer Case

Most of the hardware parts have at least the basic information printed or inscribed on them. That includes the CPU, GPU, motherboard, RAM, PSU, etc. For custom-built PCs, you can find all the info, although it might be a little more difficult in the case of OEM devices.

Easily Check Your Windows 11 PC Hardware Configuration!

As you can see, checking the full configuration of your PC is relatively easy. The best part is that there are multiple ways of doing that, and we have covered pretty much all in our article today. So now that you know how to view the hardware specs of your Windows 11 PC, check out a few other guides that might be of use for you. That includes how to prevent your PC from overheating, how to improve your Windows laptop’s battery life, and how to change Power Mode settings in Windows 11.

Autogpt Explained: The Revolutionary Ai

Discover its capabilities, limitations, and potential risks in this article. Learn how to use AutoGPT with caution to avoid potential job displacement, cyberattacks, and unexpected actions.

AutoGPT is a groundbreaking AI-powered tool that has revolutionized the way we perform tasks. This experimental open-source project is built on the latest ChatGPT model, GPT-412, and has the ability to perform web searches, planning, coding, and even run an autonomous Twitter bot. In this article, we will take a closer look at AutoGPT and explore its capabilities, limitations, and potential risks.

AutoGPT is an autonomous agent powered by AI that can create and accomplish tasks on its own. It integrates with vector databases, a memory storage solution, which enables it to retain context and make informed decisions. When a client assigns a project to AutoGPT, it performs tasks to fulfill the project requirements. For instance, if you ask AutoGPT to do market research about different headphones in the market, it will do web searches and provide you with structured and cleaned output.

AutoGPT is not limited to ChatGPT as it can also do web searches and try to find information from the internet. It combines GPT-3.5 and GPT-4 via API, which allows it to create projects that have been iterating on their prompts and reviewing each other’s work. Moreover, it can create tasks for itself, accomplish them, create new tasks, and even reprioritize its list of tasks. AutoGPT’s AI system creates different AI agents to meet specific tasks.

See Also: How to make money with AutoGPT?

While AutoGPT can be used for various tasks, it relies on GPT-4 API, which is paid and expensive compared to GPT-3.5. The cost may go up very high if it gets stuck in a loop, which is one of its limitations. Additionally, AutoGPT lacks the ability to convert a chain of actions into a reusable function for later use, making it inefficient and costly for users. Another limitation is that it can get stuck in a loop too often, which can be frustrating for users. Lastly, there are concerns about data breaches, which are possible with any AI system that processes sensitive information.

See Also: How To Install AutoGPT: Step By Steps Guide

AutoGPT is a powerful artificial intelligence tool that can automatically generate natural language text based on certain inputs. However, like any technology, it also has potential risks and drawbacks that should be considered before use.

Another risk of using AutoGPT is the potential for it to be used for malicious purposes. For example, since AutoGPT can generate code as well as text, it could be used to create harmful programs or carry out cyberattacks. Additionally, it may be used to generate fake news or misleading information.

There is also a risk that AutoGPT may behave in unexpected ways, such as running forever or carrying out actions that would not usually be authorized. This is because AutoGPT learns and makes decisions based on the data it is trained on, which may not always be perfect or unbiased.

Therefore, it is important to use AutoGPT with caution and to be aware of its potential risks. It is also essential to consider ethical and moral considerations when using this technology, as it has the potential to impact society in significant ways. Ultimately, it is up to the user to determine whether the benefits of using AutoGPT outweigh the potential risks.

Also Useful: How to Get Started with AutoGPT: A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners

AutoGPT is a cutting-edge technology that offers great potential for various applications. However, like any other technology, it has its limitations that need to be carefully considered before implementing it. One of the major limitations is its cost, which can be quite high, making it challenging to adopt in production environments. This can be a significant barrier for organizations looking to leverage the benefits of AutoGPT.

Another limitation of AutoGPT is its inability to convert a sequence of actions into a reusable function. This can result in inefficiencies and higher costs for users, as they may have to re-create the same sequence of actions repeatedly. This limitation can also make it more challenging to scale the use of AutoGPT across an organization.

AutoGPT can also get stuck in a loop frequently, which can be frustrating for users. This limitation can slow down the process of generating text, and cause delays in completing tasks. Therefore, it is crucial to monitor the process closely and take corrective measures to avoid such loops.

Finally, there are concerns about data breaches that can occur when using AutoGPT. As with any technology that handles sensitive data, there is always a risk of data breaches. Therefore, it is essential to take proper security measures to mitigate these risks and ensure the safety of the data.

More Info: How to Accessing AutoGPT in Your Browser

AutoGPT and ChatGPT are two distinct tools that are based on the same technology. Here are the differences between the two:

Functionality: AutoGPT is capable of functioning autonomously without any human intervention. On the other hand, ChatGPT requires detailed instructions and human interaction to function.

Purpose: AutoGPT is primarily used for generating written content, whereas ChatGPT is designed for generating responses in a conversational context.

Web search capabilities: AutoGPT has the ability to search the web and retrieve information, whereas ChatGPT is limited to conversational tasks.

Model: AutoGPT is an experimental open-source project built on the latest ChatGPT model, GPT-4. It combines GPT-3.5 and GPT-4 via API, allowing for the creation of projects that can iterate on their own prompts and review each other’s work.

Overall, while both AutoGPT and ChatGPT are based on similar technology, they have different functionalities and purposes. It’s important to consider these differences when selecting the appropriate tool for a particular task.

See More: How To Use AutoGPT On Mac

AutoGPT stands out from other AI models due to the following reasons:

Independent operation: Unlike other AI models, AutoGPT operates autonomously. You do not have to guide the model to meet your requirements. Instead, you define your objectives, and the AI does the rest for you.

Changing the interaction between AI and humans: AutoGPT fundamentally alters the way AI interacts with humans. AI agents approach problems, learn from their mistakes, and deliver satisfactory results, allowing us to optimize our prompts better.

Better suited for generating written content: AutoGPT is primarily designed for generating written content, making it highly efficient in producing quality written material.

Combining GPT-3.5 and GPT-4 via API: AutoGPT is one of the latest AI models in the artificial intelligence industry. It combines GPT-3.5 and GPT-4 via API, enabling the creation of projects that have been iterating on their prompts and reviewing each other’s work.

AutoGPT can be potentially used for cyberattacks due to its ability to write and execute computer code. Here are some ways in which AutoGPT can be used for malicious purposes:

Generation of malicious content: AutoGPT can be used to create and generate malicious content such as phishing emails, fake news, or spam messages. This content can be used to spread malware, steal sensitive information or even manipulate people’s perception of reality.

Creation of deepfakes: AutoGPT can be used to create deepfakes, which are manipulated videos or images that can be used to spread disinformation or defame individuals. These deepfakes can be used to manipulate public opinion or cause harm to an individual or group.

It is essential to be aware of the potential risks associated with AutoGPT and use it with caution to prevent its misuse for malicious purposes.

AutoGPT is an independent AI tool that eliminates the need for human intervention. However, users may encounter some errors while using it. Some of the most common errors are:

AutoGPT getting stuck in a loop: This is the most common error encountered by users, where AutoGPT fails to complete the task and repeats itself, causing frustration. This error occurs because AutoGPT depends on GPT-4 to break down tasks, which may result in inadequate results.

Traceback errors while running Python with AutoGPT: Users may encounter traceback errors while running Python with AutoGPT. This error may be due to an issue with the setup or the user’s system configuration.

Common setup issues: Users may face some common setup issues while using AutoGPT, such as an incorrect installation of dependencies or an incompatible system configuration.

To avoid these errors, users should be aware of the potential issues and take necessary precautions while using AutoGPT. They should also follow the recommended steps to set up and configure the tool to ensure smooth operation.

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Sharepoint Rest Api: Explained With Examples

The SharePoint REST API has quickly become a go-to method for connecting external applications and services to SharePoint sites. It gives organizations the power to maximize their investment in the SharePoint platform.

The SharePoint REST API is a flexible and efficient method for interacting with SharePoint data remotely, providing a powerful alternative to traditional client APIs. By leveraging the SharePoint REST API, developers can efficiently integrate SharePoint functionality into their own applications.

If you’re a developer looking to integrate SharePoint into your applications, this comprehensive guide will give you all the information and steps that you will need to make your integration both effective and successful.

Now let’s start at the beginning with some basics!

REST, which stands for Representational State Transfer, is an architectural style that guides the design and development of networked systems. It’s a lightweight and flexible way to interact with SharePoint remotely using any technology that supports the REST protocol.

REST emphasizes a stateless client-server communication model, where clients send requests to servers to perform actions on resources. These requests are typically in the form of HTTP methods like GET, POST, PUT, PATCH, and DELETE, which align with different operations on the resources.

The REST architecture focuses on the notion of resources, which are identified by unique URLs and is based on the standard Open Data Protocol (OData) and allows developers to perform basic create, read, update, and delete (CRUD) operations through a RESTful HTTP request.

In the context of SharePoint, resources can be items in a SharePoint list, documents in a SharePoint library, or even the SharePoint site itself. By interacting with these resources using HTTP requests, clients can retrieve information, make modifications, and perform other actions.

Constructing requests and handling responses: To interact with the SharePoint REST API, developers need to construct HTTP requests with the necessary information, such as the target endpoint, headers, and sometimes request chúng tôi requests are sent to the SharePoint server, which processes them and returns responses. These responses contain the requested data, confirmation of a successful operation, or error messages if any issues arise.

SharePoint client object models: The SharePoint REST API provides functionality that corresponds to various client object models, including:

JavaScript (JSOM): Via JavaScript libraries, you can interact with SharePoint remotely.

Silverlight (CSOM): Using .NET libraries, you can create Silverlight applications that work with SharePoint.

Managed .NET (CSOM): Through C# or VB, you can build client applications that SharePoint is compatible with, using managed .NET code.

Mobile (MCSOM): You can create Windows Phone apps that leverage SharePoint REST API with Microsoft’s Mobile Client Object chúng tôi client object model allows you to interact with all the SharePoint entities, such as lists, SharePoint libraries, content types, and more.

SharePoint Online: In the context of SharePoint Online, the REST API plays a crucial role by allowing the integration of SharePoint content and features into various client and mobile applications. When you query SharePoint Online using the REST API, you get results from:

Content in SharePoint Online site collectionsContent in Microsoft 365 groups

The SharePoint Search REST API enables you to add search functionality to your applications, providing a seamless and efficient way for SharePoint site users to access SharePoint content from different platforms and devices.

Understanding these fundamental concepts will provide a solid foundation for working with the SharePoint REST API. Now let’s explore the practical aspects of integrating with SharePoint using the REST API in the next section!

In this section, we’ll delve into the process of integrating SharePoint’s REST API into your applications. We’ll go over the authentication and authorization process and then how to set up your development environment.

When integrating with SharePoint using the REST API, it’s crucial to understand the authentication and authorization process. SharePoint employs a variety of authentication methods to ensure secure access to its resources.

Here are some key points on authentication to consider:

1. Different authentication options: SharePoint supports multiple authentication options, including OAuth, app-only authentication, and more. OAuth is commonly used and involves obtaining an access token that represents the authenticated user or application.

2. Obtaining access tokens for API requests: To make API requests, you need to obtain an access token. The token is acquired through an authentication process, where the requesting applicant presents valid credentials and receives a token in return. This token is then included in subsequent API requests to prove the authenticity of the requester.

To start integrating with the SharePoint REST API, you’ll need to set up your development environment. Here are some points to consider.

1. Required tools and libraries: Depending on your programming language or platform, there are various tools and libraries available to facilitate SharePoint REST API integration. These may include SDKs (Software Development Kits), code libraries, or development frameworks specific to your chosen programming language.

2. Establishing connections to SharePoint sites: In order to interact with SharePoint using the REST API, you need to establish a connection to the SharePoint site or site collection you want to work with. This typically involves providing the site URL of the SharePoint site and the appropriate authentication credentials.

Once you have your development environment set up, you are ready to start leveraging the power of the SharePoint REST API to interact with SharePoint resources programmatically.

Now that you have a solid understanding of the basics and have set up your development environment, it’s time to explore the various operations that can be performed using the SharePoint REST API.

In this section, we’ll delve into the various operations that can be performed to retrieve data, create and update resources, delete items, and work with metadata.

Understanding these operations and their implementation through the SharePoint REST API will empower you to efficiently interact with SharePoint, automate tasks, and streamline your workflows.

Retrieving data from SharePoint through REST API is a valuable technique for developers when working with a particular SharePoint group such as a group of files, documents, properties, metadata, and more. The REST interface allows developers to perform various CRUD operations with ease using HTTP requests.

To interact with files and documents using the SharePoint REST API, you can use methods like GET, POST, PUT, MERGE, and DELETE. Each method represents a specific action: retrieving, creating, updating, merging, and deleting files or documents, respectively.

For example, to fetch a list of items in a specific SharePoint document library, you can use the following HTTP request:

You can also fetch files within a specific folder using:

SharePoint entities, such as files, documents, and folders, have properties and metadata associated with them. The SharePoint REST API enables developers to fetch and manage this information.

To retrieve properties of a file, use the following request:

Updating metadata of a file requires the MERGE method along with additional header information:

Headers: Content-Type: application/json;odata=verbose If-Match: * X-HTTP-Method: MERGE Body: { “__metadata”: { “type”: “SP.Data.DocumentsItem” }, “Title”: “Updated Document Title” }

Finding specific information or items in SharePoint is made easy using search and query capabilities of the REST API. These features allow developers to filter, order, and customize their search results based on various parameters.

One example is filtering items in a list by using the $filter query option:

Sorting search results can be done using the $orderby query option:

The SharePoint REST API also supports batch requests, allowing developers to combine multiple requests into a single call, improving performance:

By leveraging the SharePoint REST API capabilities, you can efficiently fetch data from SharePoint, manage its properties and metadata, and perform accurate search queries while maintaining a smooth user experience.

For instance, to create a new list, construct a RESTful HTTP request using the JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) format, like so:

var listData = { '__metadata': { 'type': 'SP.List' }, 'Title': 'NewList', 'Description': 'This is a new list.' };

Then, make an HTTP POST request to the following URI:


Similarly, to add an item to a list, send a POST request with the JSON payload representing the new item:

var itemData = { '__metadata': { 'type': 'SP.Data.ListNameListItem' }, 'Title': 'New Item' };

The request should be sent to the following URI:


You can update data in SharePoint by using the PUT or MERGE HTTP requests. These methods are often combined with X-HTTP-Method in the header to avoid issues related to certain firewalls and proxies. With MERGE, you can update only the properties you want to modify, while the PUT request will update all properties of an item, even if they’re not included in the request.

For instance, to update an item’s title, use the following JSON payload:

var updatedData = { '__metadata': { 'type': 'SP.Data.ListNameListItem' }, 'Title': 'Updated title' };

Then, construct an HTTP POST request to the item’s URI, and update the item using the MERGE method:


The SharePoint REST API provides options to delete and recycle objects, such as lists or items. To delete a SharePoint object, you can use the HTTP DELETE command. Alternatively, you can use the recycle operation to move an object to the recycle bin.

For example, to delete an item, send a POST request with an X-HTTP-Method of DELETE and the appropriate headers:


To recycle an item, use the recycle endpoint, like so:


SharePoint lists are an integral part of the SharePoint site architecture. Using REST APIs, you can manage list items easily by interacting with various endpoints related to lists and list items:

The SharePoint REST API simplifies the process of interacting with SharePoint entities, making it more convenient and efficient for developers to manage site collections, lists, and items programmatically.

Microsoft Graph API is a unified API endpoint for various cloud-based services, including SharePoint Online. With the Graph API, client applications can interact with SharePoint sites, lists, and libraries using RESTful web technologies.

The API follows the Open Data Protocol (OData) standard, allowing developers to perform CRUD operations on SharePoint entities using HTTP commands like GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE.

Here’s one of the SharePoint rest endpoint examples using Graph API. This is a REST endpoint URL for SharePoint Online through Graph API:

This endpoint allows retrieving items from a specific list in a SharePoint Online site.

Developers using the .NET Framework or Silverlight can also interact with SharePoint REST services. SharePoint provides client object models in these technologies, making it easy to work with SharePoint data in various .NET and Silverlight applications.

In the SharePoint REST service, REST endpoint URLs follow a specific pattern, enabling developers to perform operations on entities such as sites, lists, and fields.

Here’s an example of a REST endpoint URL structure for SharePoint:

The SharePoint REST API offers capabilities to leverage social features such as feeds and followings. The SocialFeedManager and SocialFollowingManager classes provide methods for managing social feeds and following content in SharePoint.

Using the SocialFeedManager, developers can create, read, update, and delete posts, replies, and likes in user feeds. The SocialFollowingManager class, on the other hand, enables managing and retrieving users and content being followed. Below are some examples of REST endpoint URLs for working with these classes:

The SharePoint REST API provides a powerful means to interact with SharePoint programmatically, enabling developers to unlock the full potential of SharePoint for their organizations.

By following the guidelines, best practices, and examples outlined in this comprehensive guide, you are well-equipped to embark on your journey of integrating SharePoint with the REST API and building robust, customized solutions tailored to your unique needs. Embrace the power of the SharePoint REST API and unleash the full potential of SharePoint integration.

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To authenticate with the SharePoint REST API, you have to first obtain an access token. This is typically achieved by registering an app in the Azure Active Directory and acquiring the token using the application’s credentials. Then, include the access token in the HTTP header of your REST calls, usually as a Bearer token.

To call SharePoint REST API from JavaScript, you can use the XMLHTTPRequest or the fetch API. These SharePoint APIs allow you to make HTTP requests like GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, and PATCH to interact with SharePoint REST endpoints. Make sure to construct properly formatted URLs for the endpoints and include the necessary headers for authentication and content type.

When using SharePoint REST API, some limitations and restrictions might apply. For instance, REST API requests are subject to the SharePoint threshold limit for data retrieval.

Additionally, certain operations may not be supported for specific scenarios or environments, like working with taxonomy fields, accessing on-premises SharePoint farms, or interacting with certain SharePoint add-ins and features.

Make sure to check the API documentation for specific functionality and limitations.

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