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BARCELONA (Reuters) – Google must not be allowed to dominate and block cash from flowing more widely through the mobile telecoms system or else the network operators will not be able to invest to cope with the growing demand for data traffic, Vodafone said on Tuesday.

Vittorio Colao, chief executive of the world’s largest cellphone networks operator, told the Mobile World Congress trade fair in Barcelona that instead new business models needed to be created to cope with the demand for data services.

However, BlackBerry-maker Research in Motion Ltd said it was well aware of the problem, saying that smartphone manufacturers must start developing less bandwidth-guzzling products or risk choking already congested airwaves.

As users abandon traditional cellphones for netbooks, wireless modems and feature-rich smartphones, like Apple’s iPhone, wireless data traffic has exploded and is threatening to saturate network capacity, co-CEO Mike Lazaridis told Reuters in Vancouver before setting off for the trade fair in Barcelona.

“Manufacturers had better start building more efficient applications and more efficient services. There is no real way to get around this,” Lazaridis said.

“If we don’t start conserving that bandwidth, in the next few years we are going to run into a capacity crunch. You are already experiencing the capacity crunch in the United States.”

Colao said the industry was at a key point in its development, as it adapts to the new economic realities of the smartphone and the ever-increasing amounts of data that consumers wish to consume.

In order to succeed the industry needs to allow operators, content owners, application developers, search and operating system owners to develop new business models, to enable the operators to continue to invest in new and faster networks.

Colao picked out two areas of concern.

He said there was a also not enough competition in certain fixed line markets in Europe, which could affect the supply of higher data speeds.

Colao said the industry needed to look to alternative business models and urged regulators to give them the opportunity to experiment.

Examples he gave included allowing operators to charge customers more for higher or guaranteed bandwidth and content providers to guarantee the delivery of their content. He also said applications should be transferable between devices.

“Let us work together to deliver truly competitive, truly open and truly sustainable technology,” he said.

DRASTIC MEASURES

Spain’s Telefonica said last week it was considering charging search engines and a source at the Spanish firm told Reuters they had previously discussed the proposal with other European operators.

Vodafone’s call for a different approach stands in contrast to the makers of operating systems and those involved in the production of the handsets.

Samsung Electronics and Sony Ericsson unveiled new high-end smartphone models on Sunday aimed at improving their positions in the more lucrative part of the phone market.

On Monday Nokia, Intel and Microsoft unveiled new operating software for the top end smartphones and Texas Instruments told Reuters at the fair on Tuesday it was enjoying strong demand for its wireless chips due to the continuing rise of smartphones.

“Smartphones are absolutely, positively the hotspot,” Greg Delagi, the head of TI’s mobile operations said. “That’s what’s driving the industry, it’s the place where there’s opportunities for differentiation, there’s ability to win new customers.”

And he also gave an indication that things may only get tougher for the operators, explaining that TI was working on new capabilities such as filming and sharing three-dimensional video on smartphones which are even more data intensive.

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Apple, Samsung, Xiaomi: Who Sold The Most Smartphones In 2023?

Which companies were able to sell the most in the smartphone market in 2023? There’s not much of a surprise. The three winners are the same as they were the previous year, according to analysis firm Canalys, which bases its findings on the number of phones supplied by factories worldwide. The top three are Samsung, Apple, and Xiaomi. Then we have Oppo and Vivo completing the top 5.

If the rankings have not changed, the numbers show that the top two consistently dominate. Samsung rises from 20 to 22% and Apple from 17 to 19%, while Xiaomi drops from 14 to 13% and Oppo and Vivo drop to 9% of global sales.

It would be easy to assume that the two giants in the front had won everything, but the situation is more complicated than that. In 2023, shipments of smartphones dropped drastically by 11% to fewer than 1.2 billion.

Apple is the unquestionable champion of the fourth quarter

In the fourth quarter, Samsung increased from 19 to 20%, continuing its upward trajectory, much like Oppo, which came in at number four and improved from 9 to 10%. Vivo continues to have 8% of sales, while Xiaomi narrowly holds onto third place with 11%.

How can such performances be explained?

The one would be inclined to immediately blame the brands’ lack of creativity for this decline, but the analytical business, for its part, blames a complex economic environment. “In a hard macroeconomic situation during 2023, smartphone vendors have had difficulty. The fourth quarter represents the poorest yearly and quarterly results in ten years “said Runar Bjrhovde, an analyst for Canalys. According to the company, 2023 will be as challenging.

Who sold the most smartphones in 2023?

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The market for smartphones as a whole is struggling. However, not everyone experiences this collapse as quickly as others. Vivo, Xiaomi, and Oppo all experience steep declines, but Samsung and Apple are maintaining their sales despite the crisis.

The smartphone market has stumbled a little in 2023, falling 11%. At least that’s what the research firm Canalys contends, as it tracks smartphone shipments from manufacturers, a reliable indicator of global sales volume.

They claim that 1.2 billion phones have been sold globally. Additionally, we can readily estimate the number of phones sold by Samsung, Apple, Xiaomi, Oppo, and Vivo as the company also reports the market shares of the top 5 over the course of the year.

“Vendors will approach 2023 cautiously, prioritizing profitability and protecting market share,” said Canalys Research Analyst Le Xuan Chiew. “Vendors are cutting costs to adapt to the new market reality. Building strong partnerships with the channel will be important for protecting market shares as difficult market conditions for both channel partners and vendors can easily lead to strenuous negotiations.”

How many smartphones were sold by the Top 5

Remember that these are estimates, especially given that Canalys makes a point of rounding up and down occasionally to display percentages. Here is the calculation’s outcome:

Samsung: around 264 million (22%);

Apple: around 228 million (19%);

Xiaomi: around 156 million (13%);

Oppo: around 108 million (9%).

Vivo: around 108 million (9%).

Here is what it gives when compared to 2023, when, per Canalys, 1.35 billion smartphones had been sold:

Samsung: around 274.5 million (20%);

Apple: around 230.1 million (17%);

Xiaomi: around 191.2 million (14%);

Oppo: around 145.1 million (11%);

Vivo: approximately 129.9 million (10%).

Chinese brands are facing significant loses

Therefore, it is clear that while all of the Top 5 brands are affected by the decline in sales. Not all of them are affected equally. Apple lost 0.91% and Samsung lost 3.83%, respectively. While the percentages for Xiaomi, Oppo, and Vivo are 18.41% loss for Xiaomi, 16.86% for Vivo, and 25.57% fall for Oppo, the latter is the worst loser in history.

These numbers undoubtedly explain the Chinese manufacturers’ regression in 2023, which frequently prevented them from bringing numerous models to the gloabl market, a problem that particularly affects the models that serve as benchmarks for the brands. We can give the unreleased Xiaomi 12S Ultra, Oppo Find N, and Vivo X90 as examples.

Bu Productions Wins Two Telly Awards

BU Productions wins two Telly Awards Hockey and student-recruitment videos bring home the bronze

Two more Telly Awards will double the number of bronze statuettes BU Productions has garnered for its videos.

The two bronze Telly Award statuettes that grace the offices of Boston University Productions will soon have company: two more bronze Telly Awards, which are the television and video equivalent of an Oscar.

The University’s full-service video and production group was recently notified that two programs it produced over the past academic year had picked up the second pair of accolades. The first, a 10-minute tribute to longtime men’s hockey coach Jack Parker (SMG’68, Hon.’97), was shown at an October 2005 event in his honor at Agganis Arena. The second was a student-recruitment video filmed for the Office of Admissions. Both were produced by Nancy Marrs, Chris Palmer, and Phil Zekos of BU Productions.

The awards competition received more than 18,000 entries. “Production companies only submit what they consider to be exceptional work,” says Marrs, the group’s manager. “I felt that we had produced strong, effective, and creative videos and I’m thrilled that our peers in the industry agreed.”

The Parker video, which features hockey action footage, was written and coproduced by Doug Brown (COM’78), the radio voice of BU men’s basketball. Interviewed for the program were former players, coaching colleagues, and friends, among them Bernie Corbett (CAS’83), who does radio play-by-play for Terrier hockey, UMass-Amherst coach Don Cahoon, New Hampshire coach Dick Umile, and former hockey Terriers Mike Eruzione (SED’77), Mike Sullivan (SMG’90), coach of the Boston Bruins, Travis Roy (COM’00), and Mike Bavis (COM’93), now a BU assistant hockey coach.

“The video didn’t fit precisely into any of the categories that were offered in the awards competition,” says Marrs. “So I entered it into a miscellaneous category for nonbroadcast productions.” The footage and interviews “struck an emotional chord as former players and colleagues reflected on Jack as a teacher, mentor, and caring friend,” she says. “I think the audience was moved by the video tribute, and I think that Jack was too.”

One of BU Productions’ previous Telly Awards is also sports-related — for a 2003 video about the John Hancock Student Village produced for the athletics department.

 The new 17-minute admissions video, titled Inside Boston University — Student Portraits and shot between the summer of 2005 and this past March, was shown at admissions receptions all over the country — exclusively to students who had been accepted to BU but had not yet committed to attending the University. The video will likely have a shelf life of three to four years, according to Marrs. “Producing this program is tricky because we have to appeal to both 18-year-old prospective students and to their parents,” she says. The video won in the recruitment category of the competition.

Last spring, Marrs and company won a Telly Award for another student recruitment video. “Videos that we produce for the Admissions Office are a labor of love for BU Productions,” she says. “We work extremely hard over the course of an entire academic year to create an effective program that will help convince prospective students and their parents that BU is the right choice for them.”

 “I have a very talented and dedicated staff that puts its heart and soul into projects like these,” says Marrs. “We spent a lot of late nights and weekends in the edit suite, and 16-hour days are typical during the last month of production. It’s a total team effort.”

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Nmap Example: How To Scan Networks And Hosts

Nmap Basics

Nmap can be used to scan a single host or a range of hosts on a network. The simplest Nmap command is:

nmap [target]

Where [target] is the IP address or hostname of the target host. This command will perform a basic scan of the target host, displaying open ports and the services running on those ports.

Scanning a Single Host

To scan a single host, simply enter the host’s IP address or hostname as the target:

nmap 192.168.1.1

This command will scan the host with the IP address of 192.168.1.1 and return a list of open ports and services.

Scanning a Range of Hosts

To scan a range of hosts, use the -sL option to list the hosts and the -n option to disable DNS resolution:

nmap -sL -n 192.168.1.1-10

This command will list all the hosts in the range of 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.10 without attempting to resolve their hostnames.

Scanning a Network

To scan an entire network, use the -sP option to perform a ping scan:

nmap -sP 192.168.1.0/24

This command will scan the entire 192.168.1.0/24 network, displaying a list of hosts that respond to ping.

Scanning for Open Ports

To scan for open ports on a target host, use the -p option followed by the port number or range of port numbers:

nmap -p 80 192.168.1.1

This command will scan port 80 on the host with the IP address of 192.168.1.1.

nmap -p 1-1000 192.168.1.1

This command will scan ports 1 through 1000 on the host with the IP address of 192.168.1.1.

Scanning for Services

To scan for specific services on a target host, use the -sV option:

nmap -sV 192.168.1.1

This command will scan the host with the IP address of 192.168.1.1 and attempt to identify the services running on open ports.

Scanning with OS Detection

To scan a target host and attempt to identify its operating system, use the -O option:

nmap -O 192.168.1.1

This command will scan the host with the IP address of 192.168.1.1 and attempt to identify its operating system.

Conclusion

In this article, we have discussed the basics of Nmap and provided some examples of how it can be used to scan networks and hosts. Nmap is a powerful tool that can provide valuable information about a network’s topology, operating systems, and open ports. By understanding how to use Nmap, you can better secure your network and identify potential vulnerabilities.

Nmap (Network Mapper) is a free and open-source tool used to discover hosts and services on a network. It is a powerful tool that can provide information about network topology, operating systems, open ports, and other valuable information that can be used to secure a network. In this article, we will discuss the basics of Nmap and provide some examples of how it can be chúng tôi can be used to scan a single host or a range of hosts on a network. The simplest Nmap command is:Whereis the IP address or hostname of the target host. This command will perform a basic scan of the target host, displaying open ports and the services running on those chúng tôi scan a single host, simply enter the host’s IP address or hostname as the target:This command will scan the host with the IP address of 192.168.1.1 and return a list of open ports and chúng tôi scan a range of hosts, use theoption to list the hosts and theoption to disable DNS resolution:This command will list all the hosts in the range of 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.10 without attempting to resolve their chúng tôi scan an entire network, use theoption to perform a ping scan:This command will scan the entire 192.168.1.0/24 network, displaying a list of hosts that respond to chúng tôi scan for open ports on a target host, use theoption followed by the port number or range of port numbers:This command will scan port 80 on the host with the IP address of chúng tôi command will scan ports 1 through 1000 on the host with the IP address of chúng tôi scan for specific services on a target host, use theoption:This command will scan the host with the IP address of 192.168.1.1 and attempt to identify the services running on open chúng tôi scan a target host and attempt to identify its operating system, use theoption:This command will scan the host with the IP address of 192.168.1.1 and attempt to identify its operating chúng tôi this article, we have discussed the basics of Nmap and provided some examples of how it can be used to scan networks and hosts. Nmap is a powerful tool that can provide valuable information about a network’s topology, operating systems, and open ports. By understanding how to use Nmap, you can better secure your network and identify potential vulnerabilities.

Who Can Start A Not

What is a Not-For-Profit Organization?

The term “not-for-profit organization” refers to an organization that doesn’t generate profits for its members; instead, all the earnings and donations are used towards its objectives.

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Unlike profit-making organizations, these entities don’t usually perform any credit transactions. Hence, they are not required to maintain any credit records or accounts for profit & loss. However, they keep track of the uses and sources of funds to assess their financial position at the end of the fiscal year.

Characteristics of a Not-For-Profit Organization

A few distinctive characteristics make not-for-profit organizations different from for-profit organizations.

They primarily establish themselves to offer services (such as healthcare, education, shelter, etc.) to a specific section of society free of charge or at a very nominal price.

The members elect an executive committee or managing committee and is responsible for the day-to-day operations of this type of organization.

The members of these organizations, formed as charitable trusts or societies, actively contribute to running the operations by extending subscriptions.

These organizations’ primary sources of income include subscriptions, donations, government grants, legacies, and incomes from investments.

The capital fund receives a credit when the sources of funds exceed the uses in any particular, fiscal year.

These organizations are usually known for contributing to society and not so much for their members’ goodwill.

Examples of Not-For-Profit Organizations

The following are real-life examples of not-for-profit organizations:

British Heart Foundation Cancer Research UK Types of Not-For-Profit Organizations

The following three types broadly divide not-for-profit organizations.

1. Social Advocacy Organizations

These organizations were formed to promote a particular social cause and name. They usually organize fundraising events and conduct other measures to raise public awareness to encourage them to support their cause. These organizations use membership dues and donations from public and corporate entities to fund their cause. These organizations fall under the 501 (c)(4) category of the US Internal Revenue Service for tax purposes.

2. Trade Organizations

These organizations improve the business conditions of their members. They usually raise funds through membership dues. Some of the most common examples of trade organizations include real estate boards, chambers of commerce, and health workers’ organizations.

3. Foundations

Affluent individuals or corporates usually start these entities to fund and support a particular social cause. They must donate some of their income to retain their not-for-profit status. Foundations can be classified into two major types – private and public.

Individuals, families, or corporations can start private foundations. However, these entities must meet the payout requirement and maintain a list of grants paid out every year.

Public foundations receive aid from different sources, such as individuals, corporates, or other foundations. They actively engage in various social initiatives, including providing homeless shelters.

Who can Start a Not-For-Profit Organization? Benefits of Forming a Not-For-Profit Organization

Some of the major benefits of forming a not-for-profit organization are as follows:

These organizations benefit from exemption from paying income taxes, enabling them to divert all their income towards businesses to achieve their goals.

Since these organizations work hard to improve society, they receive government favors through grants, one of their biggest sources of income.

It gives great fulfillment and personal satisfaction to people who work for society and its welfare.

The board members of these organizations have limited liabilities, which means they are not personally liable for the organizations’ arrears, debts, and other obligations.

Key Takeaways

Some of the key takeaways of the article are:

A not-for-profit organization utilizes all its funds to pursue its objectives, either earned or donated.

This type of organization doesn’t share its surplus among the group members; instead, it gets credited to the capital fund.

Many not-for-profit organizations use business and management techniques similar to for-profit organizations to run their operations.

Conclusion

So, it can be seen that not-for-profit organizations are set up to mitigate a particular social cause. These organizations have no profit-making motives, and their sole objective is the betterment of society. Anybody who intends to serve society and has a business plan can set up a not-for-profit organization.

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This is a guide to a Not-For-Profit Organization. We also discuss the definition, characteristics, examples, types, who can start it, and benefits. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

Dinosaurs Who Stuck Together, Survived Together

During the early Jurassic Period, some 200 million years ago, the only large herbivores in many ecosystems were long-necked dinosaurs called sauropodomorphs. These reptiles were the forerunners of the gargantuan sauropods, the group that included Brachiosaurus and Brontosaurus.

A well-populated breeding ground in southern Patagonia hints at one reason early sauropodomorphs were so successful: They knew how to stick together. When scientists analyzed the eggs and skeletal remains of juveniles and adults of a species known as Mussaurus patagonicus, they found that the fossils were segregated by age, suggesting that the dinosaurs raised their young as a community. 

The 193-million-year-old site represents the earliest evidence of herd-living in dinosaurs, the team reported on October 21 in Scientific Reports.

The species that he and his colleagues investigated was originally discovered in Argentina’s Laguna Colorada Formation in the 1970’s. In recent years, the team has excavated dozens more Mussaurus specimens of all ages from the site. The youngsters appear to have walked on four legs before becoming bipedal as they matured. The largest adult specimen would have reached an estimated 1504.8 kilograms (about 1.7 tons) in size.

In total, the researchers examined more than 100 eggs and 80 Mussaurus skeletons from an area of about 1 square kilometer (about 0.39 square miles). The team used x-ray imaging to peer inside the eggs and confirm the embryos’ identities. To determine the juvenile dinosaurs’ ages, the researchers counted the annual growth rings visible in fine slices of leg bone under the microscope.

The fossils were found close together, in three levels within an area of reddish-brown siltstone that appears to have been a shared breeding ground, Ramezani says. He and his colleagues observed that many of the fossils were grouped by age, including several nests with clusters of eight to 30 eggs, a collection of 11 juveniles that were the same size and appeared to have died and been buried together, and adults alone or in pairs.

[Related: This Australian behemoth is officially the largest dinosaur on the continent]

“This age segregation is basically key; it tells us that this is not something like a simple family structure, being parents and juveniles together,” Ramezani says. “These are colonies of a lot of dinosaurs that are basically taking care of the young [and] the eggs together.”

The sediments found amongst the fossils indicate that the site was located near a short-lived lake, he says. The researchers speculate that the dinosaurs might have died after a long drought, then been rapidly buried in windblown dust.

Mixed in with this dust there was also some volcanic ash, which contains minute zircon crystals. These crystals have high levels of uranium that over time decays into lead. By analyzing the amounts of both elements in the crystals, Ramezani and his team were able to calculate the age of the sediments the dinosaurs were buried in. They found that the site was 193 million years old, pushing back the earliest recorded herding behavior in dinosaurs by at least 40 million years. 

However, it’s likely that dinosaurs began gathering in herds to forage and care for young together even before Mussaurus appeared on the scene. This strategy may have enabled sauropodomorphs and possibly other early dinosaurs to thrive and eventually dominate ancient ecosystems, Ramezani says. 

In fact, paleontologists have reported nesting colonies of other early sauropodomorphs from China and South Africa that appear to have lived around the same time. 

“They have some ideas based on the rocks what the approximate ages would be, but they don’t have the exact ages,” Ramezani says. “We definitely need more information, better [estimates of] ages, to be able to put these pieces of the puzzle together and complete the picture of this social behavior.” 

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