Trending March 2024 # Static Site Generators: What’S Trending Right Now # Suggested April 2024 # Top 10 Popular

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In my review of the most popular front-end frameworks – I’ve covered JAMstack as the most popular trend for two years in a row now. Looking at the data on GitHub, there are roughly 20ish SSG projects right now that have more than 1,000 stars. So, the goal of this review is to look at the most popular options, understand what makes them unique, and also learn why they’re so popular.

What are static site generators?

A static site generator (SSG) is a framework that takes content from various sources (such as markdown files or a database) and generates a set of static HTML files. Unlike traditional dynamic websites, which generate HTML on the fly for each request, static sites are pre-generated, allowing them to be served quickly and efficiently.

This makes static site generators well-suited for blogs, documentation sites, and other types of content-focused websites.

Let’s look at the overall rankings.

SSGDescriptionCreatedStarsNext.jsThe React Framework2024102kGatsbyThe fastest frontend for the headless web, with React.202454kNuxtCreate type-safe, production-grade apps and websites with Vue 3.202444kDocusaurusEasy to maintain open source documentation websites.202443kHexoA fast, simple & powerful blog framework, powered by Node.js.201236kAstroAstro is the all-in-one web framework designed for speed 🏝️✨202428kEleventyTransforms a directory of templates (of varying types) into HTML.202414kVitePressVite & Vue powered static site generator.20246.9kNextraSimple and flexible site generation framework with everything you love from Next.js.20245.5kOutstaticStatic site CMS that lives inside your chúng tôi install.20241.5kThese are overall rankings as far as stars go, but the article itself will be listing each SSG based on its current popularity, as well as what is considered the best choice.

Are you surprised to see chúng tôi in this list? At this rate, not only will Next be the top choice for chúng tôi frameworks, but also general front-end stuff. The other notable generators in this list are Astro, VitePress (which is the new VuePress), but also Nextra (which is based on Next.js).

Actually, all the listed options are great in their own way, and we’ll do a deep dive into that in this article. But when it comes down to it, the actual thing that SSGs are competing for is performance.

I’ll share the average npm install times for each SSG mentioned in this article. I’m also going to add each project’s node_modules size after the initial installation. Each installation was performed 5 times, including using npm cache clean --force every time. And where possible, I’m going to highlight custom benchmarks.

Let’s start with the most interesting project that’s getting a lot of attention right now.


Astro is a modern front-end framework designed for building fast, content-focused websites with a new pattern of web architecture called Astro Islands. Unlike other modern frameworks, Astro is 100% HTML with zero JavaScript by default, meaning it removes all unnecessary JavaScript from static HTML pages, leading to exceptional website performance.

A visual representation of the Island architecture

Astro Islands supports multiple UI frameworks, which means you can create interactive components using any supported framework.

Astro benchmarks

Over the last couple of days (at the time of writing this), Astro has made a few significant announcements. First, they did a complete overhaul of their design system (spoiler: it’s awesome!), they published a performance report for popular web frameworks, and they shipped Astro 2.1.

The Astro team has also done independent benchmarks based on the specification that is set by the HTTP Archive’s Web Almanac standards (Lighthouse, P90).

But it’s not just performance and islands; Astro packs a punch in the features department, too.

Building content-first websites

Astro is designed to solve the problems associated with building content-rich websites. This includes most marketing sites, publishing sites, documentation sites, blogs, portfolios, and some e-commerce sites. Astro’s unique focus on content allows it to make tradeoffs and deliver unmatched performance features that wouldn’t make sense for more application-focused web frameworks to implement.

Astro leverages server-side rendering over client-side rendering as much as possible. This approach stands in contrast to other modern JavaScript web frameworks that require client-side rendering of your entire website and include server-side rendering mainly to address performance concerns.

This approach has been dubbed the Single Page App (SPA), in contrast with Astro’s Multi Page App (MPA) approach. The result is amazing web performance for every website, out of the box.

In conclusion, Astro is an all-in-one web framework that comes with everything you need to build a website, but it’s also flexible enough to allow you to extend it with over 100+ integrations like React, Svelte, Vue, Tailwind CSS, MDX, image optimizations, and more. It’s UI-agnostic, which means you can Bring Your Own UI Framework (BYOF), and you can even mix and match different frameworks on the same page.

Eleventy has been gaining a lot of popularity, especially among people who are tired of using JavaScript-heavy static site generators. Out of the box, Eleventy is zero-config by default and works with any project structure. It does not require a client-side JavaScript framework, although you can use one if you prefer.

Eleventy encourages progressive enhancement, which means you can focus on providing essential content first and add dynamic functionality step by step. This can help reduce the long time to interactive (TTI) issue that occurs in JavaScript-based static site generators.

Eleventy supports 11 template languages, generates pages quickly, and is pre-rendered by default, which can improve performance. Eleventy is suitable for marketing websites, blogs, documentation, and eCommerce websites with mostly static content. In fact, brands like Google, Red Hat, and many notable tech startups use Eleventy in production!

It’s not a framework.

Instead of being a framework, Eleventy is a tool that generates static pages from templates. It is not tied to any specific front-end or back-end technology, and it does not have any particular way of structuring your web application.

Eleventy is designed to be flexible and to work with the existing structure of your project.

This can be particularly useful if you are already using a set of tools and want to add static site generation to your workflow without having to learn a new framework.

Next.js is everywhere! Not only is it the fastest-growing JavaScript framework ever, but it’s also packed to the brim with features and persistent releases that quite literally introduce cutting-edge features. Next started as a zero-configuration framework for server-rendered universal JavaScript web apps and over time has evolved to support various features like static site generation, TypeScript, dynamic pages, serverless functions, and more.

The framework is particularly useful for projects that require flexibility in how specific parts of the website are built, and it can be used in a hybrid mode, combining static site generation with dynamic enhancement.

Next.js also includes built-in features like an image component with optimization, support for exporting applications to static HTML, and Incremental Static Regeneration (ISR), which allows you to create or update static pages after building the site.

Data Fetching in Next

The Next 13 version introduced a new app directory, which for the time being, is still in beta and not recommended to use in production. With this new version, Next’s pre-existing Data Fetching (getStaticProps and others) methods are being deprecated and replaced with the new App Router. For now, however, you can still use the legacy data fetching methods.

In Next, getStaticProps is a function that allows you to pre-render pages at build time using data that’s available ahead of a user’s request. This means that the page can be fully rendered with all its content before the user even requests it, resulting in faster load times and better performance.

To illustrate, an example of where getStaticProps might be used is with a headless CMS. A headless CMS separates the content management from the presentation layer, which allows you to work with the content data without worrying about how it’s going to be presented to the user.

With getStaticProps, you can fetch data from the headless CMS at build time and pre-render the page with that data.

When getStaticProps is used, chúng tôi generates both HTML and JSON files that can be cached by a CDN for performance. The JSON file is used in client-side routing through next/link or next/router, which means that client-side page transitions won’t call getStaticProps again.

This also makes the application faster, as it doesn’t have to re-fetch data that has already been fetched and rendered.

Gatsby is a React-based framework for building websites and apps.

One of the main benefits of Gatsby is its data layer, which allows you to easily pull in data from various sources, such as headless CMSs (Content Management Systems), APIs, and databases.

This data can be combined and queried using GraphQL.

This means that you can use Gatsby to build websites that can pull in data from multiple sources and display it in a unified and consistent manner. Gatsby also provides a large ecosystem of plugins, themes, and starters that can be used to add functionality and customize your project.

As far as performance goes, Gatsby uses static-site generation, deferred static generation, and a custom-built page rendering engine to preload the content that matters, resulting in a snappy website that feels incredibly fast and performant.

Gatsby was acquired by Netlify.

Over the last couple of years, Gatsby has been pushing its cloud services quite hard. So it doesn’t come as a surprise that Netlify took an interest and finally acquired the platform. Kyle Mathews confirmed the news in a blog post last February.

In fact, you now get to deploy your personal Gatsby projects on Netlify for free. You can even use a custom domain name!

Nuxt is a web framework built on top of the popular JavaScript framework, Vue. Nuxt provides developers with a set of powerful features that make web development fast, intuitive, and optimized for user experience. It allows you to build websites and web applications with different rendering strategies, including server-side rendering (SSR), static site generation (SSG), client-side rendering (CSR), and incremental static regeneration (ISR).

Moreover, Nuxt is optimized for performance, with features such as code-splitting, tree-shaking, optimized cold-start, link prefetching, and payload extraction. These features enable fast load times and an overall smoother user experience.

Last but not least, Nuxt has a wide range of modules and plugins available to developers, including those for data fetching, state management, meta tags helpers, route guards, cookies, error handling, and more. You can also integrate Nuxt with popular content management systems (CMS) and user interface (UI) libraries with just one line of code.

Rendering modes

Nuxt supports two rendering modes: client-side only rendering and universal rendering.

In client-side only rendering, the chúng tôi application is rendered entirely in the browser after the JavaScript code is downloaded and parsed. This mode is useful for applications that require high interactivity and don’t need indexing. However, it may have performance issues and slower search engine optimization.

Universal rendering, on the other hand, returns a fully rendered HTML page from the server to the browser. This mode provides faster page load times and better SEO, but can be more challenging to develop for and requires a running server. Nuxt uses the concept of “hydration” to add interactivity to the static HTML page returned from the server, enabling a seamless transition to client-side rendering.

In summary, Nuxt provides developers with the flexibility to choose between client-side only rendering and universal rendering modes based on the specific requirements of the application.

Docusaurus is a static site generator that helps users create documentation sites quickly and easily. It uses MDX, which allows you to write documents and blog posts in Markdown and embed React components within them. It also has built-in localization with support for translations, and you can extend and customize your site’s layout by writing React components.

Design principles & comparisons

Docusaurus has clear design principles, aiming to be easy to learn and use with a small API surface area and intuitive project directory structure. It follows a layered architecture with sensible defaults and no vendor lock-in, allowing users to choose their own Markdown engines, CSS frameworks, and methodologies.

Compared to other static site generators, Docusaurus is unique in its focus on documentation sites and provides many out-of-the-box features, including document versioning, internationalization, and search.

While chúng tôi and Gatsby can also help build documentation websites, they require more effort to implement features than Docusaurus.

MkDocs is a good option for those who do not need a single-page application and do not plan to use React.

Docsify and GitBook are not static-site generators and are not SEO-friendly.

Jekyll is a mature tool, but Docusaurus aims to provide a similar developer experience while using modern JavaScript ecosystem tooling to set new standards for doc sites’ performance and ease of setup.

Overall, Docusaurus is a powerful and user-friendly tool for creating documentation sites, with many useful features and a growing community of users. Its support for MDX, React components, localization, document versioning, and Algolia documentation search makes it a valuable tool for developers and engineers looking to build efficient and effective documentation sites.

Hexo’s plugins feature powerful APIs for limitless extensibility and various plugins are available to support most template engines, such as EJS, Pug, Nunjucks, and many others. Hexo’s rich command-line tool set enables users to create, customize, create a new layout or pages with ease, and also allows users to build and deploy their Hexo site with one command.

Hexo is also SEO-ready, with many amazing SEO features included in its barebone setup. You can extend your options by using SEO plugins to optimize your website for search engines. Hexo has a comprehensive documentation that details everything, starting from how to install its command-line tools, how to set up your website, generate, and publish it, as well as add new pages and layouts with detailed customization options.

VitePress is the spiritual successor of VuePress, providing significantly better developer experience, better production performance, a more polished default theme, and a more flexible customization API. While the API difference between VitePress and VuePress mostly lies in theming and customization, the Vue team has decided to focus on VitePress as the main recommended SSG in the long run.

One of the primary use cases of VitePress is for technical documentation, where it ships with a default theme designed specifically for this purpose. It also supports fully customized themes and flexible APIs to load data and dynamically generate routes, making it ideal for building blogs, portfolios, and marketing sites.

VitePress offers a great developer experience when working with Markdown content, powered by Vite. It offers built-in Markdown extensions such as Front-matter, tables, and syntax highlighting, making it an excellent choice for highly technical documentation. Additionally, each Markdown page is also a Vue Single-File Component, enabling interactivity in static content using Vue templating features or imported Vue components.

Generated as a SPA

Unlike many traditional SSGs, a website generated by VitePress is a Single Page Application (SPA), resulting in faster initial load times and better user experience after the initial load. VitePress automatically pre-fetches page chunks for links that are within the viewport, resulting in near-instant post-load navigation.

Moreover, VitePress provides interactivity without penalty. Each Markdown page is processed as a Vue component and compiled into JavaScript, and the Vue compiler separates the static and dynamic parts, minimizing the hydration cost and payload size.

Overall, VitePress is a powerful and flexible SSG that enables developers to build fast, content-centric websites, making it an ideal choice for documentation and other content-driven use cases.

Nextra is a simple, powerful, and flexible site generation framework that enables developers to create beautiful websites with chúng tôi and MDX. It was initially created by Shu Ding and Paco Coursey in 2023, with Yixuan Xu contributing significantly to the project since 2023. In 2023, Dimitri Postolov from The Guild joined the core team to help with the development of version 2.0.

With Nextra, you can easily create multi-language websites using file-based routing with locales suffixed, as Nextra and chúng tôi will do the rest. The framework also supports MDX 2, which allows you to use components inside markdown with a huge performance boost since version 1.

Hybrid rendering

In addition, Nextra offers hybrid rendering, allowing you to leverage the hybrid rendering power of chúng tôi with their markdown content, including SSG, SSR, and ISR.

Outstatic is a content management system that simplifies website development by providing a user interface for content creation and editing. Unlike traditional systems, Outstatic doesn’t require the setup of a database or server; instead, all data is saved in a GitHub repository.

Outstatic organizes website content into two main parts: Collections and Documents.

Collections are used to categorize and define different types of content, acting as categories. For instance, a blog site would have a “Posts” collection to hold blog posts. Each blog post in the collection would be a document.

Documents are the individual pieces of content that comprise the website. They contain various types of data, such as the title, content, date, status, author, URL slug, description, and cover image. The title is the name of the document, while the content is the main text and images.

The date indicates when the document was published, while the status determines whether it’s visible on the website or not. The author field shows the name and avatar of the document creator, and the URL slug is the address of the document on the website.

Additionally, the description provides a brief summary of the document, and the cover image is an optional image used as a cover or Open Graph image.

From a static site generator perspective, I believe that the JavaScript community is moving in the right direction by developing more comprehensive solutions that can build full applications without compromising page speed.

While JavaScript frameworks have traditionally been associated with dynamic websites, there’s a fundamental shift happening in the usage of SSGs. However, unnecessary JavaScript code can still be sent to the client, leading to page bloat and slower loading times. The solution to this issue is partial hydration, which allows developers to selectively hydrate only the parts of the web page that require interactivity, rather than sending unnecessary JavaScript to the client.

As static site generators continue to evolve, I’m excited about the potential of bringing these patterns further up into the web platform itself. For example, WebAssembly could allow developers to write a full-stack framework in any language, reducing the gap between frontends and backends and enabling static site generators to use more lightweight, efficient code.

In summary, I think we are moving towards more mature solutions that offer a full toolkit for building full applications, including static site generators. By addressing issues such as page bloat and slow loading times through partial hydration and other techniques, we can improve the performance and user experience of static sites.

Last but not least, I’m including answers to a bunch of common questions below.

Static site generators are a type of website development tool that pre-generates web pages as static files, meaning they do not need to be processed by a server-side programming language or a database when a user visits the website.

On the other hand, dynamic websites like WordPress fetch content from a database, build pages and run plugins before sending the page to the user. This process can take a considerable amount of time and slow down the loading speed of the website.

Because static site generators pre-generate the pages beforehand, there is no need to fetch content from a database or run complex computations to build the page when a user requests it. This means that the loading time of static sites is significantly faster than dynamic sites.

In addition, because static sites can be easily cached, they can be hosted on a CDN (Content Delivery Network) which distributes the content across multiple servers around the world, reducing latency and improving performance for users in different locations.

Static site generators are, therefore, a good option for websites that do not require frequent updates or complex functionality. They are often used for blogs, portfolios, and small business websites.

When too much JavaScript is used on a website, it can lead to page bloat and slow page loading times. This is especially true for websites built using static site generators (SSGs) that use a JavaScript framework, as they may send unnecessary JavaScript to the client.

To address this issue, many JavaScript frameworks use hydration, which is a process that uses client-side JavaScript to make static HTML interactive. However, the problem is that frameworks often send code for parts of the HTML that are not interactive, which can slow down page loading without actually changing anything.

Partial hydration is a solution to this problem. It allows you to define what you want to hydrate, either on a per-page basis (page-level hydration) or in a more granular way by defining precisely what components you want to hydrate (component-level hydration).

With page-level hydration, you can choose whether to include JavaScript for each page.

With component-level hydration, you can implement partial hydration in a more precise way, such as the Islands Architecture that Astro uses.

In summary, partial hydration is a technique used to optimize the loading time of websites that use JavaScript frameworks by selectively hydrating only the parts of the web page that require interactivity, rather than sending unnecessary JavaScript to the client. This technique can significantly improve the performance of websites built using static site generators.

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Difference Between Static And Dynamic Testing

As we know that testing is the most important stage in the process of delivery of any application or software. Testing not only validates the quality of an application but also provides an opportunity to the developer to improve its product.

Every application is being developed in some high or low level language which means some code has been written for its development so on the basis of execution of code written for the application there is classification of testing namely static testing and dynamic testing.

In this article, we will discuss all the important differences between static testing and dynamic testing. Let’s start with some basics of static testing and dynamic testing.

What is Static Testing?

Static testing is the testing in which code written for application is not executed during testing phase and only review of code is performed and basis on which defects and code quality has been examined. As its name implies, static testing performs the static verification of the code. It targets the assessment of program code and documentation.

Static testing is generally performed before the compilation of the code. Static testing involves two types of testing techniques namely review and static analysis.

What is Dynamic Testing?

Dynamic testing there is execution of code written for the application and then defects and application behavior has been examined. Dynamic testing is performed to examine the behavior of the software based on dynamic inputs. The dynamic testing of a software product is performed after compilation of the software code.

Dynamic testing is classified into two types namely – white box testing and black testing. In software testing techniques, the dynamic testing is one of the essential tools for detecting any security threats. The dynamic testing increases quality of the product.

Difference between Static and Dynamic Testing

The following table highlights the major differences between Static Testing and Dynamic Testing −

Parameter Static Testing Dynamic Testing

Definition Static testing is the testing in which code written for application is not executed during testing phase and only review of code is performed and basis on which defects and code quality has been examined. Dynamic testing there is execution of code written for the application and then defects and application behavior has been examined.

Nature of testing As name states static testing does the static verification process in which the requirement and corresponding written code has been verified. Dynamic testing does the validation process which examines the expected behavior of the application based on dynamic inputs provided to the application.

Testing target Static testing targets to the assessment of code and documentation. Dynamic testing targets the runtime bugs/bottlenecks in the software system.

Prerequisite For static testing, a checklist of application process and documentation is required. For dynamic testing, test cases for execution are to be developed.

Stage of testing Static testing generally get performed before compilation of code Dynamic testing mostly performed after compilation of code.

Cost to Company In Static testing, the cost of finding the defects and fixing them is less. Also, the Return on Investment is high because static testing is carried out at an early stage of development. In case of Dynamic testing, the cost of finding and fixing the defects is high. Also the Return on Investment (RoI) is low because this process is carried out after the development phase.


The most important difference between static and dynamic testing is that the static testing checks the defects in software without actual execution of the software code and it analyzes the static behavior of the software, while dynamic testing is used to analyze the dynamic behavior of the software.

Three Useful Password Generators For Linux

Trying to come up with strong and yet easy to remember passwords can be a challenge. If you are like me when I need to enter a new password for an account, be it online or for a computer, my mind just goes blank! Luckily there are a number of password generators available for Linux, each with its own approach to generating secure passwords.

1. pwgen

To install pwgen, type the following into a terminal window:


apt-get install


If you run pwgen without any parameters, it will generate a screenful of passwords. Just pick a single password from the list and then clear the terminal. This prevents anyone who happened to be looking over your shoulder from seeing which password you picked.

Run pwgen like this:

After you pick a password, type “clear” to erase the contents of the terminal window.

If you are sure that no one is looking over your shoulder, you can force pwgen to generate just a single password with the “-1” flag:

To generate a completely random password, use the “-s” flag:

To make your password extra secure, you can force pwgen to create a password with at least one special character (e.g. exclamation mark, comma, quote, plus, minus, colon, etc.). To do this, use the “-y” flag:

A few more interesting flags for pwgen are:

-0: Don’t include numbers in the generated passwords.

-B, --ambiguous: Don’t use characters that could be confused by the user when printed, such as ‘l’ and ‘1’, or ‘0’ or ‘O’.

-v, --no-vowels: Generate random passwords that do not contain vowels or numbers that might be mistaken for vowels. This prevents the accidental creation of passwords with offensive substrings!

2. makepasswd

The makepasswd utility works in a similar way to pwgen, however it does not attempt to create passwords which are easy to remember. All of the passwords are generated randomly, with an emphasis on security over pronounceability.

To install makepasswd, type the following in a terminal:


apt-get install


To generate a single password, type:


To generate five passwords of at least 10 characters each, use:






You can also specify a string from which to generate the random password. This can be useful for generating PIN numbers. For example, to generate a 4 digit PIN, use:

3. passwordmaker

The passwordmaker program is a little different from the previous two examples. Originally, passwordmaker was an extension for popular web browsers like IE, Firefox, and so on. The passwordmaker-cli package installs the command line version of the tool. To install it, type:


apt-get install


To use it, you need to specify a domain name (a URL) and a master password. The tool will take these bits of information and generate a unique password for that URL. For example:



chúng tôi the prompt, enter a secure but memorable password. The password produced in my example is “FC(QI-Ge”.

Now here is the magic of passwordmaker. If you run the program again using the same URL and the same master password, then the same password is generated. This means that you can generate a password for a certain site but you don’t need to remember it, nor do you need to store it somewhere. When you want to retrieve the password for that site, just run passwordmaker again using the same URL and the same master password and you will always get the same generated password.

Here is an example of running the program twice. Notice that the same password is generated.

Gary Sims

Gary has been a technical writer, author and blogger since 2003. He is an expert in open source systems (including Linux), system administration, system security and networking protocols. He also knows several programming languages, as he was previously a software engineer for 10 years. He has a Bachelor of Science in business information systems from a UK University.

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Questions Answered = Increased Site Conversions

Answering the right questions on the path to conversion

Whether you’re working on increasing conversions for an online enquiry form, quote request form, e-commerce transactions or an online application process, answering more of your visitors questions will help them and your business. It’s a fundamental of web marketing.

In this post I’ll look at:

A case study showing the potential of this approach

Some of the key site areas where this applies to (and typical questions users may have)

How and where you can answer user questions

How to find out what questions you should be answering

1. A case study of how this approach increased conversions by 66%

Let’s start with an example of a quote form I worked on to boost conversion. Here is a “Which Test Won” – which do you think worked best – Version A or Version B?

Version A

Version B

And the answer is…

Version B – I guess you answered correctly given the title of the article? But it’s an effective example of the principle of answering the right question. How many forms just use empty space for simplicity?

We increased conversion of the form further through AB testing with Google Website Optimiser and the result was…

Version C

To see further information on this case study and other form conversion results, see my presentation: Usability & User Experience 101 – #UX101.

2. Different types of conversion process to apply this analysis to Quote Request

This is typically where you are asking visitors to submit their characteristics and needs so that you can issue a quote. Providing a quotation may happen as soon as they submit their requirements, for instance when looking for car insurance, breakdown cover, mortgages, loans and utilities. Alternatively it may only be possible to provide the visitor with a quotation after their requirements have been manually reviewed.

Typical Questions That Visitors May Have

Why do you need this information when I only want a quote?

What are you going to do with my information?

Will the information be safe?

Will you pass the information on to other organisations?

In short, will I be spammed?

Enquiry forms

Standard across most websites, the contact page enquiry form is there to allow your visitors to provide their contact information and details of their enquiry. There are no rules as to how much information you should ask for on enquiry forms, although when it comes to personal information, I always recommend that companies keep this to a minimum.

If you do provide a variety of products or services, then I recommend that along with an enquiry form text box you provide dropdowns, radio buttons and checkboxes where suitable to allow visitors to quickly specify the type of enquiry they are making.

Typical Questions That Visitors May Have

When can I expect to get a reply?

Will you share my information with any other companies?

Buying (e-commerce checkout forms)

In comparison to quote request and online enquiry, once you are expecting visitors to provide both personal and financial information, the amount of questions that visitors (particularly 1st time visitors) may have as they are going through the browsing and buying process can increase considerably.

Of course transparency should be a primary objective for retailers. That’s transparency about your proposition, stock availability, delivery options, delivery costs and other parts of your terms and conditions, in turn you are answering visitor questions which in turn will encourage more of them to consider making a purchase with you.

Dependant on where in the browsing and buying process the visitor currently is will mean the questions they have will vary.

Typical Questions – Product Page

Is the item in stock?

When will it be delivered?

Is there an express delivery option available?

Will they charge me if I need to return it?

Typical Questions – Shopping Basket

How much is delivery?

When will my items be delivered?

Is there an express delivery option available?

Is this site secure?

Do they accept Paypal payments?

Typical Questions – Checkout Process

Why do I need to register to buy this? (view more on handling new customer registration)

Is this site secure?

Why are they asking for 2 different telephone numbers?

Can I get it delivered to an alternative address?

Can I pay with [XYZ] card type?

What do I need to do if I want to return it?

Do they have a customer service number I can call?

Why do I need to register in order to checkout?


Online bookings have been available for a long time for a variety of services, such as holidays, flights, lessons, events and conferences. As part of the online booking process, if visitors are required to provide financial information then some of the same questions for checkout process will apply.

Typically online bookings will be a multi-step process, where visitors are expected to complete more than 1 web form as they move through the process. A critical point to make here is that the higher the value of the booking, the more likely it will be that visitors will have more questions that they want answering in order for them to complete their booking.

Questions That Visitors May Have

Are there discounts available for group bookings?

Can I come back and complete by booking at a later stage?

What information will I need to hand to complete my booking?

Exactly how much will this booking cost me?

What happens next?


Online applications include the likes of loans, accounts, mortgages and courses . Each type of application may lead to a variety of questions for your visitor, and similar to online bookings the application process will typically be completed over a number of steps.

Questions That Visitors May Have

How long will the application process take?

What information do I need to have to hand?

Can I come back and complete this later?

Why are they asking for this information?

When will I know if my application has been approved?

What happens next?

Can I speak to a customer service representative?


These can range from visitor signing up to your service (perhaps you provide a free version as well as a more feature rich paid for service), signing up to receive your newsletter to signing up to join a social network.

As with all the examples I have used in this post the questions visitors may have will vary dependant on what product, service or feature they are signing up for.

Questions That Visitors May Have

Why do I need to provide this information just to sign-up?

Will you share my personal information?

Is your service popular?

How many other people have signed up?

How can I upgrade at a later stage if I want to?

3. How and Where To Answer Questions

There are a variety of areas you can utilise to answer visitor questions. Below I have provided some recommendations for how and where to do this.


When visitors are working through a multi-step process such as buying, applying or booking, I strongly recommend businesses consider enclosing the process. This results in you providing a simplified header which rather than containing your sitewide navigation, search feature and other links, allows you to promote more clearly answers to typical questions visitors may have.

Typically your header that is used on each of the steps can:

Make your site security highly visible

Provide customer service contact details

Provide links (which open in a lightbox or overlay rather than the same window) to useful customer information ie. Returns policy, delivery methods, payment options

Make it clear what payment methods you accept

Right of your web forms

Particularly for countries where visitors read from left to right, support information which usually answers questions which visitors may have about this particular form are positioned to the right of the form.

This area to the right of your web form may typically:

Provide useful information relating to this form (which could for any of the different types of form described above)

Not be specific to 1 particular field, but more about the what the visitor is being asked to complete on this form

Provide information on next steps once the visitor submits the form

In-line with individual fields

There are 3 main methods for displaying information for particular fields:

shown automatically at the side or underneath the actual field

shown once the visitor hovers their mouse over a small icon, usually which contains the letter i to represent ‘information’

It’s important to note that I don’t recommend providing this level of information for every field, just for the fields where it won’t be immediately clear to the visitor as to why you are asking for this information.

One example could be if you are asking for both a landline and mobile number, you can make it clear why, for instance if they also provide their mobile they will receive text alerts on the status of their order.

On your button!

Its usually best practice to use descriptive words on your buttons rather than continue or next, for example. Particularly for multi-step processes by making your button descriptive you can in turn help to answer visitor questions such as “what happens next?” or is this site secure.

Examples of button wording include:

Checkout securely

Review my order

Place my order

Proceed to delivery options

Proceed to payment

4. Finding out what user questions you should be answering

There are a variety of methods of customer/user research you can use to determine what questions you should be aiming to answer. One of the best ways is by conducting user testing, whether this be moderated lab based testing or remote user testing. You can read more about good, better and best approaches to user testing.


As I’ve detailed in this article there are lots of potential questions that users may have on the wide variety of sites vying for their attention – it is up to the people (like you!) responsible for running and improving the performance of the website to find out what questions users have which they can then provide the answers for – good luck!

4 Best Bella + Canvas Mockup Generators (Free & Paid)

Are you looking to quickly and easily create high-quality Bella + Canvas mockups but not sure which online mockup generator to choose?

We investigated all the major mockup tools and put together a list of the best ones to make it easy for you.

Let’s get into it.

Best Bella + Canvas mockup generators:

More options:

Bella + Canvas mockup template numbers:

Bella + Canvas mockup templates on Placeit

At top spot we have Placeit which has the most to offer when it comes to Bella + Canvas mockups.

Their library of Bella + Canvas mockup templates is much bigger than the other tools, with over 800 at the time of writing, including 20+ Bella + Canvas video mockups.

Whatever you’e looking for you’re likely to find it on Placeit. They have Bella + Canvas mockups featuring hoodies, t-shirts, tank tops, and more. You can also filter the results by model gender, ethnicity, and age if you have something specific in mind.

Placeit also has mockups for different Bella + Canvas lines including 3001, 3003, 3005, 6400, and many more.

Bella + Canvas mockup we made with Placeit:

Bella + Canvas t-shirt mockup from Placeit


Some free templates

Individual mockups: $7.95

Subscription: $14.95 /month or $89.95 /year

Bella + Canvas mockup templates on Smart Mockups

Next up is Smart Mockups which is another high-quality online mockup generator with a solid range of Bella + Canvas mockup templates (150 at the time of writing).

The vast majority of Bella + Canvas mockups on Smart Mockups are t-shirt mockups but they also have other products such as sweatshirts and plenty of flat lay mockups if that’s the look you’re going for.

Smart Mockups also offers paid subscribers the ability to turn their own images into mockups so if you have some of your own high quality Bella + Canvas photos this could be a great option for you.

Bella + Canvas mockup we made with Smart Mockups:

Bella + Canvas t-shirt mockup from Smart Mockups


Some free templates

Premium plan: $14 /month or $108 /year

Pro plan: $24 /month or $228 /year

Bella + Canvas mockup templates on Mock It

In at number 3 we have Mock It which is a fairly new mockup generator. They have a good library of Bella + Canvas mockups with over 80 at the time of writing.

None of the mockups on Mock It feature models so if you’re after lifestyle images you’re probably better looking elsewhere.

What they do offer is simple product-only mockups and their library covers plenty of Bella + Canvas items including t-shirts, hoodies, sweatshirts, tank tops, leggings, and more.

Bella + Canvas mockup we made with Mock It:

Bella + Canvas 3000 long sleeve t-shirt mockup from Mock It


Some free templates

$9 /month or $79 /year

Bella + Canvas mockup templates on MockupMark

MockupMark is another high quality online mockup generator with a focus on apparel mockups including Bella + Canvas mockups (60+ at the time of writing).

Their template range includes a lot lifestyle mockups with stylish models so it’s a great option if you need great-looking visuals for your website or online store.

They have a variety of Bella + Canvas products featured in their library including t-shirts, tank tops, hoodies, and sweatshirts.

They also have mockups for other brands often used by eCommence and Print on Demand store owners including Anvil, Gildan, and American Apparel.

Bella + Canvas mockup from MockupMark:

Bella + Canvas hoodie mockup from MockupMark


Some free templates

$14.99 /month or $119.88 /year

$299.99 lifetime option

Alternative Bella + Canvas mockup generators

Bella + Canvas mockup from Photific

There were a few Bella + Canvas mockup generators that didn’t quite make our top 4 but we think are still worth a mention:

Alternative Bella + Canvas mockup sources

Bella + Canvas mockups on Creative Market

Here are some fantastic alternative options for Bella + Canvas mockups:

Related articles

Wrapping things up

So there you have it. 4 of the best Bella + Canvas mockup generators.   

We hope this article was helpful to you!

8 Best Ai Music Generators To Create Amazing Jingles

Best AI Music Generators In 2023 1. AIVA

We start the list with AIVA, an AI music generator that works on a variety of generation profiles that are either user-fed or custom. For those unaware, a generation profile is a pre-created dataset of music that contains a few sample tracks. AIVA can use this data to further evolve on it and create new music. It is chock full of these profiles and ranges from Lo-fi, techno, meditation, afro house, and a lot more. You can choose any of these profiles and then proceed to make your own composition.

Users can then choose the key signature which contains all the scale notes. You can also choose the duration and number of compositions. Once done, the AI music generator spits out an output within a minute. To give credit to the service, the music does sound quite amazing, depending on your chosen style. If you’re not satisfied, AIVA even allows fine editing like tempo, melody, chords, bass, and percussion.

AIVA only allows a maximum song output up to three minutes for the free tier and no monetization. You can get the standard paid plan for €15 per month which gives songs up to five minutes and limited monetization. For those looking for quick and pleasing AI music, check out this generator.

2. Soundraw

If you love sound-making but want a lot more variety, Soundraw is a good option. The AI music generator has a plethora of options when it comes to creating sound. You can choose the song’s tempo, mood, and even genre, theme, and instruments. Unlike AIVA, Soundraw allows users to generate songs as long as five minutes even on the free tier.

Try Soundraw (Paid, starts at $16.99 per month)

3. Magenta Studio

Magenta’s Generate tool is extremely simple to use and only requires a small one-time download. It creates a four-bar phrase with no input needed from the user. You can either create a drum phrase or a melody. All you need to do is choose the type, output file location, variations, and temperature. The Generate app uses a Variational Autoencoder (VAE) that has been trained on millions of melodies and rhythms to learn music qualities. It then renders the musical file into a MIDI file. The output music, while short, is good for quickly getting users out of creative blocks.

Magenta Studio is fully free to use and keep on your device. Simply download the tools from the below link and begin using the AI music generator easily.

Try Magenta Studio (Free)

4. Synthesizer V

While Magenta Studio is nice, it is limited to simple music generation. Synthesizer V, on the other hand, brings the power of vocals into the equation. This freemium software is an AI voice-to-music AI generator. Synthesizer V has a wide collection of voices, each with its own vocal profile. As you would have expected, the app uses lyrics entered by users and converts those into full-fledged songs.

Synthesizer V Studio Pro is the paid version, which comes with a plethora of different voices and even more customization. You can get the same for a one-time payment of $89. The AI music generator is definitely a must-try if one wants to experiment with voices.

Try Synthesizer V (Free, Get the Pro version for a one-time payment of $89)

5. Voicemod Text to Song Converter

While Synthesizer V is an intricate AI music generator, you do require a certain skill set to use it. However, Voicemod takes that away with its ready-to-use design. The AI music generator is available on the web and packs in a lot of features. Since the tool is online, you can use Voicemod anywhere, including your PC and mobile devices. Like other services, the AI music generator creates songs out of any lyrics you input into it.

You get started by choosing a song type out of more than 16 different types on the website. This ranges from simple pop samples to more detailed EDM and even Christmas music. Users can then choose from seven different singers. The vocals also differ as one song has a classical soprano voice while the other has a Mezzo or a pop one.

The generator sometimes does get confused with the tone but depending on the lyrics it gets them in the end. The best part is that the AI music generator is fully free to use. Just make an account and get started.

Try Voicemod Text to Song Converter (Free)

6. Image to Sound Effect

While all the above AI music generators rely on lyrics to output songs, this interesting tool focuses on images. The image-to-sound effect generator outputs sound through CoCa Image Captioning and AudioLDM. The tool is currently based on Huggingface and is really easy to use.

All the users need to do is upload an image and choose from a few settings. The tool primarily has a duration that goes up to 10 seconds and the song speed. While it derives a prompt from the image automatically, you can manually add a description if you like. Once chosen, give it a couple of minutes and with until it gives out a song. In most cases, the sound effect or melody is apt and certainly interesting. It did spazz out fully when we uploaded an image of Kanye West, but that’s understandable. However, note that if you’re looking for a full-fledged song generator, you should give this one a pass.

7. Boomy

Boomy is yet another AI music generator that creates a good amount of beats for users. Like other music generators, Boomy offers a range of styles including Rap Beats, EDM, Lo-Fi, Experimental, and even custom styles. Boomy then provides users with specific tracks the AI will sample from. Depending on your taste, you can choose or reject them.

That’s all it takes for this AI music generator to output a tune. While generators like Magenta and Soundraw give multiple versions, Boomy sticks to a single one. As such, one needs to repeat the steps to get fresh tunes. However, Boomy brings an interesting feature that other apps don’t. The music generator gives Dolby Mastering, which lets users choose a song sample and master it to over 40 music platforms. However, this is a paid feature that costs $9.99 per song. Nonetheless, Boomy itself is completely free to use.

Try Boomy (Free)

8. Melobytes

Melobytes is one of those AI music generators that come packed in an old-school website. However, it also turned out to be one of the fastest at giving outputs. While a user can go about using Melobyte’s other audio tools, their AI music tool is our focus here. The AI music generator has dozens of music styles to offer. This range not only from the old school options, but go all the way up to classic symphony styles like Bach, Beethoven, Vivaldi, and even Chopin.

Try Melobytes (Free)

Create Beautiful Compositions with These AI Music Generators

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