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TechTarget, Inc. (NASDAQ: TTGT) today announced financial results for the three months and year ended December 31, 2007. Total revenues for the fourth quarter increased by 23% to $28.4 million compared to $23.1 million for the comparable prior year quarter. Online revenues increased by 23% to $19.0 million compared to $15.4 million for the comparable prior year quarter. Adjusted EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization, as adjusted for stock-based compensation) increased by 13% to $8.4 million compared to $7.4 million for the comparable prior year quarter.

Total revenues for 2007 increased by 20% to $94.7 million compared to $79.0 million for 2006. Online revenues, which represented 67% of total revenues, increased by 24% to $63.7 million compared to $51.2 million for 2006. In 2007, adjusted EBITDA increased by 22% to $24.6 million compared to $20.1 million for 2006.

“We are pleased to deliver another quarter and year of strong growth both on the top and bottom line,” said Greg Strakosch, Chairman and CEO of TechTarget. “Our primary focus during the quarter was the acquisition of KnowledgeStorm. We finalized due diligence, closed the transaction and made tremendous progress integrating KnowledgeStorm into TechTarget. We’re confident that this acquisition has expanded our competitive lead and allows us to further scale the business.”

Gross profit margin increased for both the quarter and year to 73% and 70%, respectively, compared to 71% and 69%, respectively, as compared to the comparable prior year periods. Online gross profit margin continued to demonstrate high operating leverage, increasing for both the quarter and year to 77% and 76%, respectively, compared to 76% and 75%, respectively, as compared to comparable prior year periods. Adjusted EBITDA margin was 30% and 26%, respectively, for the fourth quarter of 2007 and 2007.

Net income for the quarter was $2.8 million, unchanged from the prior year quarter. Net income for 2007 was $8.2 million, an increase of 14% compared to 2006. Earnings per basic and diluted share for the quarter and year were $0.07 and $0.06 and $0.15 and $0.13, respectively, compared to earnings per basic and diluted share of $0.00 and ($0.46) in the fourth quarter of 2006 and 2006, respectively. As of December 31, 2007, TechTarget had $62 million of cash, cash equivalents and short term investments, and bank debt of $6 million.

Additionally, as separately disclosed, the Company will be restating certain of its filings as a result of overstatements of its provision for income taxes in 2007; the restatement results in increases in net income of $534,000 and $290,000 for the quarters ended June 30, 2007 and September 30, 2007, respectively.

Recent Company Highlights

Integrated KnowledgeStorm product offerings with TechTarget’s product offerings. Introduced a new lead generation program that combines the TechTarget and KnowledgeStorm offerings called FlexROI™. We sold more than 70 FlexROI programs in the first 60 days since the launch.

Made significant progress integrating the KnowledgeStorm employee base and reducing expenses. Material sales and operational efficiencies have allowed us to reduce the expense base against the KnowledgeStorm business by approximately 50%, which equates to an annual projected reduction of approximately $8 million. At year end, approximately half of the KnowledegeStorm employees had been integrated into the TechTarget workforce, increasing our capabilities against product development, product management and search engine optimization and marketing. Expense reductions have primarily come from selling & marketing and general and administration.

Continued to optimize our web sites for search engines. Visits from search engines were up approximately 40% in the quarter. Our success in attracting a growing amount of search engine traffic, as well as the large amount of direct visits to our sites, allows us to attract over 90% of our new registered members with minimal incremental expenses.

Financial guidance for Fiscal Year 2008 and the First Quarter of 2008

For the fiscal year 2008, the Company expects revenue to grow between 25% – 29% and be within the range of $118.0 and $122.0 million and adjusted EBITDA to grow between 34% – 42% and to be within the range of $33.0 – $35.0 million. The Company expects its online growth rate to be approximately 40% in 2008.

For the first quarter of 2008, the Company expects revenues to be within the range of $23.0 million to $24.0 million and adjusted EBITDA to be within the range of $3.0 million to $3.8 million.

Conference Call and Webcast Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release and the accompanying tables include a discussion of adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA Margin, all of which are non-GAAP financial measures which are provided as a complement to results provided in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The term “adjusted EBITDA” refers to a financial measure that we define as earnings before net interest, income taxes, depreciation, and amortization, as further adjusted for stock-based compensation. The term “adjusted EBITDA Margin” refers to a financial measure which we define as adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of total revenues. These Non-GAAP measures should be considered in addition to results prepared in accordance with GAAP, but should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, GAAP results. In addition, our definition of adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA Margin may not be comparable to the definitions as reported by other companies. We believe adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA Margin are relevant and useful information to our investors as these measures are an integral part of our internal management reporting and planning process and are primary measures used by our management to evaluate the operating performance of our business, as well as potential acquisitions. The components of adjusted EBITDA include the key revenue and expense items for which our operating managers are responsible and upon which we evaluate their performance. In the case of senior management, adjusted EBITDA is used as the principal financial metric in their annual incentive compensation program. Adjusted EBITDA is also used for planning purposes and in presentations to our board of directors. Furthermore, we intend to provide these non-GAAP financial measures as part of our future earnings discussions and, therefore, the inclusion of these non-GAAP financial measures will provide consistency in our financial reporting. A reconciliation of these non-GAAP measures to GAAP is provided in the accompanying tables.

Forward Looking Statements

© 2008 TechTarget, Inc. All rights reserved. TechTarget, KnowledgeStorm and the TechTarget logo are registered trademarks, and FlexROI, chúng tôi and chúng tôi chúng tôi chúng tôi chúng tôi and chúng tôi are trademarks, of TechTarget, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

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Apple Reports First Quarter Results

Apple Reports First Quarter Results

Mac sales increased a total of 23 percent, selling 4.13 million. iPod sales saw a seven percent decline, though, with 19.45 million sold. The iPad, however, saw another increase, as it moved an additional 7.33 million units.

We’ll say few words here on how any of this has a bearing on the future of the company and etc., but expect a large amount of thoughts on the subject in the near future.

Check out the full press release below:

Press Release

Apple Reports First Quarter Results

Record Mac, iPhone, iPad Sales Drive Highest Revenue and Earnings Ever

Revenue Grows 71 Percent; Earnings Grow 78 Percent

“We had a phenomenal holiday quarter with record Mac, iPhone and iPad sales,” said Steve Jobs, Apple’s CEO. “We are firing on all cylinders and we’ve got some exciting things in the pipeline for this year including iPhone 4 on Verizon which customers can’t wait to get their hands on.”

“We couldn’t be happier with the performance of our business, generating $9.8 billion in cash flow from operations during the December quarter,” said Peter Oppenheimer, Apple’s CFO. “Looking ahead to the second fiscal quarter of 2011, we expect revenue of about $22 billion and we expect diluted earnings per share of about $4.90.”

Apple will provide live streaming of its Q1 2011 financial results conference call beginning at 2:00 p.m. PST on January 18, 2011 at chúng tôi This webcast will also be available for replay for approximately two weeks thereafter.

© 2011 Apple Inc. All rights reserved. Apple, the Apple logo, Mac, Mac OS and Macintosh are trademarks of Apple. Other company and product names may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Apple Inc.


(in millions, except share amounts which are reflected in thousands and per share amounts)

Three Months Ended

December 25, 2010

December 26, 2009

Net sales $ 26,741 $ 15,683

Cost of sales (1) 16,443 9,272

Gross margin 10,298 6,411

Operating expenses:

Research and development (1) 575 398

Selling, general and administrative (1) 1,896 1,288

Total operating expenses 2,471 1,686

Operating income 7,827 4,725

Other income and expense 136 33

Income before provision for income taxes 7,963 4,758

Provision for income taxes 1,959 1,380

Net income $ 6,004 $ 3,378

Earnings per common share:

Basic $ 6.53 $ 3.74

Diluted $ 6.43 $ 3.67

Shares used in computing earnings per share:

Basic 919,294 903,542

Diluted 933,154 919,783

(1) Includes stock-based compensation expense as follows:

Cost of sales $ 52 $ 37

Research and development $ 113 $ 74

Selling, general and administrative $ 134 $ 94

Apple Inc.


(in millions, except share amounts)

December 25, 2010 September 25, 2010


Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents $ 10,734 $ 11,261

Short-term marketable securities 16,243 14,359

Accounts receivable, less allowances of $62 and $55, respectively 6,027 5,510

Inventories 885 1,051

Deferred tax assets 1,724 1,636

Vendor non-trade receivables 4,847 4,414

Other current assets 3,467 3,447

Total current assets 43,927 41,678

Long-term marketable securities 32,730 25,391

Property, plant and equipment, net 5,868 4,768

Goodwill 741 741

Acquired intangible assets, net 522 342

Other assets 2,954 2,263

Total assets $ 86,742 $ 75,183


Current liabilities:

Accounts payable $ 14,301 $ 12,015

Accrued expenses 5,953 5,723

Deferred revenue 3,541 2,984

Total current liabilities 23,795 20,722

Deferred revenue – non-current 1,216 1,139

Other non-current liabilities 7,065 5,531

Total liabilities 32,076 27,392

Commitments and contingencies

Shareholders’ equity:

Common stock, no par value; 1,800,000,000 shares authorized;

921,035,475 and 915,970,050 shares issued and outstanding, respectively



Retained earnings 43,050 37,169

Accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) 114 (46 )

Total shareholders’ equity 54,666 47,791

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $ 86,742 $ 75,183

Apple Inc.


(in millions)

Three Months Ended

December 25, 2010

December 26, 2009

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of the period $ 11,261 $ 5,263

Operating activities:

Net income 6,004 3,378

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash generated by operating activities:

Depreciation, amortization and accretion 356 209

Stock-based compensation expense 299 205

Deferred income tax expense 823 425

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

Accounts receivable, net (517 ) 271

Inventories 166 (121 )

Vendor non-trade receivables (433 ) (95 )

Other current and non-current assets (558 ) (369 )

Accounts payable 2,346 956

Deferred revenue 634 606

Other current and non-current liabilities 653 316

Cash generated by operating activities 9,773 5,781

Investing activities:

Purchases of marketable securities (19,575 ) (12,922 )

Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities 3,279 6,216

Proceeds from sales of marketable securities 6,853 3,199

Payments for acquisition of property, plant and equipment (1,214 ) (376 )

Payments for acquisition of intangible assets (49 ) (5 )

Other (23 ) (70 )

Cash used in investing activities (10,729 ) (3,958 )

Financing activities:

Proceeds from issuance of common stock 208 374

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation 454 252

Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards (233 ) (103 )

Cash generated by financing activities 429 523

(Decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents (527 ) 2,346

Cash and cash equivalents, end of the period $ 10,734 $ 7,609

Supplemental cash flow disclosure:

Cash paid for income taxes, net $ 826 $ 980

Apple Inc.

Q1 2011 Unaudited Summary Data

Record Financial Year For University

Record Financial Year for University Bond rating agency Moody’s upgrades BU’s outlook

BU has had a string of record-breaking years financially, generating $157.5 million in operating reserves during fiscal 2024. Photo by Cydney Scott

Boston University ended the last fiscal year with record operating reserves and a record sum of cash gifts from a record number of alumni. Those results cap a string of strong years that have in part led Moody’s Investors Service to revise BU’s rating outlook from “stable” to “positive.”

The University generated $157.5 million in operating reserves when fiscal 2024 closed June 30, a 12 percent increase over the previous year. Those funds support the academic mission of BU, with approximately $100 million earmarked to support physical plant renovations and expansion across the University, such as the Center for Integrated Life Sciences & Engineering and the new studio theater and production and education facility for the College of Fine Arts, says Derek Howe, BU’s vice president for budget and capital planning.

The remainder of these reserves are funds generated as part of revenue-sharing agreements with the University’s various schools and colleges and provide support to the academic and research mission of the University. Examples include upcoming initiatives such as the General Education program, the common core required of undergraduates across all academic programs, starting with the freshman class entering in 2023, Howe says.

“Fiscal 2014, 2024, 2024 were all record years for reinvestment into the University,” he says.

Martin Howard, senior vice president, chief financial officer, and treasurer, says BU’s financial health reflects the University’s growing reputation and increased interest on the part of student applicants—as witnessed by the growth and quality of the undergraduate applicant pool and the recent growth in graduate enrollments—as well as its fundraising and sponsored research funding (which mostly comes from the federal government). More than half of the University’s operating revenues is from net tuition and fees.

Sponsored research revenue totaled $307 million in fiscal year 2024, a small increase over the previous year. That’s noteworthy “in this extremely competitive environment for research funding,” Howard says. BU’s admission in 2012 to the Association of American Universities, a consortium of 62 leading public and private research universities, bolstered the University’s positioning for research support, he says.

Howe says that BU’s efforts at operating efficiently also played a part in its financial situation, adding, “We are always looking for continuous improvement.”

The University’s financial performance contrasts with that of many peers. “The trends at Boston University are more impressive in the context of stagnant or declining operating trends for many rated institutions of higher education,” says Howard.

Moody’s revised outlook for BU signals the potential for a credit rating upgrade if these financial trends continue. The credit rating measures an institution’s ability to repay borrowed capital; the higher the rating, the easier it is for the University to access debt capital at lower borrowing costs. BU’s current rating is A1. (Moody’s ratings range from Aaa to C, with numbers added within each grade for further differentiation.)

In revising its assessment of the University’s rating outlook, Moody’s report cited BU’s “improved ability to invest in strategic initiatives and grow financial reserves through strengthening cash flow, monetization of real estate, and fundraising combined with a moderate reduction of liquidity risks in its debt portfolio” while noting “its organizational culture of continuous improvement and benchmarking for driving operational efficiencies and strategic use of resources.”

On the fundraising front, BU enjoyed a record $157 million in cash gifts from more than 51,000 donors in fiscal 2024, says Scott Nichols, senior vice president for development and alumni relations. Nichols says fiscal 2023 is off to a hotter than usual start as well. The first quarter of every year, July through September, “is usually the worst of the year for us,” he says. Fundraising during the first quarter in recent years averaged $14 million. This year, he says, BU raised $35 million, with a big boost from two large gifts over the summer of $8 million and $10 million.

Since April 2010, all gifts to the University have been part of its comprehensive Campaign for BU, with a goal of $1.5 billion by its end in 2023. When the last fiscal year closed in June, $1.045 billion had been raised.

Nearly 300,000 gifts have been given to the campaign so far, including 167 gifts of $1 million or more. That exceeds the number of gifts that size given to BU between its founding in 1839 and the start of the campaign, Nichols says.

BU recently made the CASE 50, the list of the world’s top fundraising universities compiled by the Council for the Support and Advancement of Education. To crack the list, schools must meet several criteria, among them having had a $1 billion campaign. That was the University’s original goal, and when it was met in April, the Campaign for BU upped its target.

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Política De Privacidad De Techtarget


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Aunque nuestros sitios web no responden actualmente a indicaciones de navegador del tipo «no rastrear», usted puede limitar el seguimiento a través de programas de terceros y siguiendo los otros pasos descritos en esta sección. Usted puede excluirse de la publicidad basada en Internet de TechTarget eliminando cookies o editando la configuración del navegador web de modo que rechace cookies y tecnologías de seguimiento similares. Tenga en cuenta que los navegadores web funcionan utilizando distintos identificadores. Por tanto, usted deberá ajustar la configuración de todos los navegadores web y en todos los equipos o dispositivos desde los que desee excluirse. Además, si se limita a borrar sus cookies, usted deberá borrarlas de su dispositivo después de cada visita a sitios web. Es posible descargarse un complemento de navegador que le ayudará a mantener sus opciones de exclusión en el siguiente enlace: chúng tôi Podrá bloquear las cookies por completo desactivando el uso de estas en su navegador o configurando este para que le solicite su permiso antes de establecer una cookie. El bloqueo de cookies por completo podría provocar que algunos sitios web funcionen incorrectamente.

Tenga en cuenta que el uso de mecanismos de seguimiento en línea por parte de terceros, como nuestros socios, está sujeto a las propias políticas de privacidad de esos terceros, y no a la presente Política de privacidad. Usted podrá excluirse de la publicidad dirigida de empresas dentro de la Network Advertising Initiative a través de este enlace; de empresas que participan en el programa Digital Advertising Alliance a través de este enlace; de empresas de Digital Advertising Alliance of Canada (DAAC) (para usuarios canadienses) a través de este enlace; o de empresas de la European Interactive Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA) (para los usuarios de la UE) a través de este enlace.

¿Por qué recogemos Datos personales?

¿Cuál es la base jurídica para el tratamiento de Datos personales?

¿Con qué fines se utilizan sus Datos personales?

Nosotros utilizamos, agregamos y conservamos sus Datos personales según sea necesario para proporcionarle a usted acceso a contenido, productos y servicios adaptados a sus intereses profesionales y por otros motivos empresariales legítimos. Cierta información es necesaria para poder utilizar nuestros sitios web y para que nosotros podamos prestar los Servicios de gama alta. A un alto nivel, nosotros utilizamos los Datos personales que usted ha proporcionado directa o indirectamente con los fines expuestos a continuación:

Prestarle a usted nuestros Servicios de gama alta, lo cual incluye publicaciones e información que usted solicite, a los que acceda o que puedan ser de su interés (p. ej., envío a usted de informes y boletines informativos sobre la información que está analizando).

Crear su perfil de miembro e historial de intención de compra.

Enviarle a usted cuestionarios de satisfacción, encuestas e información de marketing.

Ofrecerle o mostrarle contenido, anuncios y otros materiales que coincidan con sus intereses y responsabilidades profesionales con fines de publicidad conductual en línea (por ejemplo, para mostrarle anuncios relacionados con su negocio o estudio).

Adaptar los boletines informativos que le enviamos a usted en función de su actividad, intereses y responsabilidades.

Para que TechTarget y sus socios se pongan en contacto con usted con fines de marketing directo en relación con información sobre productos, servicios y eventos pertinentes para sus intereses y responsabilidades profesionales y en relación con invitaciones a tales productos, servicios y eventos.

Comunicarnos con usted, mostrarle anuncios o invitarle a unirse a nosotros en plataformas de redes sociales en las que usted participe.

Ofrecerle oportunidades de contactar directamente con otros participantes de su sector y con proveedores de tecnologías, bienes y servicios que puedan ser de su interés.

Dirigir nuestros sitios web y mejorar nuestros productos y servicios.

Comprender tendencias, estadísticas de uso y datos de intención de compra.

Responder a sus consultas sobre productos o servicios o solicitudes de asistencia y comentarios.

Probar y evaluar posibles nuevos productos y funciones.

Diagnosticar y resolver problemas, analizar tendencias y supervisar el uso y las necesidades de recursos.

Y cualquier otro fin del que nosotros le informemos cuando usted nos proporcione sus Datos personales.

A modo de ejemplo, nosotros analizamos la información recogida de usted para (a) ayudarnos a reconocer su ordenador como visitante anterior y guardar y recordar cualquier preferencia suya mientras visite cualquiera de nuestros sitios web o cualquier sitio web de marca compartida; (b) rastrear y acumular información sobre nuestro sitio web y el uso del contenido y notificarla a nuestros Socios para que puedan medir la eficacia de los anuncios y el contenido que se visualiza en el sitio web; (c) ayudarnos a personalizar el contenido que se le muestra a usted al visitar los sitios web y potencialmente otros sitios web; (d) ayudarnos a mejorar la calidad y la presentación de nuestro contenido y sitios web; (e) personalizar su experiencia de usuario; (f) e identificar las sensibilidades del mercado y el interés relativo del mercado en categorías específicas de productos. TechTarget también utiliza la información recogida para vincular la actividad de usted a su cuenta de miembro. La vinculación de esta actividad permite que nuestro sistema confirme su identidad en nuestros sitios web y permite un fácil acceso a nuestro contenido guardando y reconociendo la información de inicio de sesión de los miembros.

¿Con quiénes compartimos su información?

TechTarget comparte información con proveedores de servicios, filiales, socios y otros terceros cuando sea necesario para cumplir los requisitos de nuestras Condiciones de uso, para prestar los Servicios de gama alta o para satisfacer cualquier otro fin descrito en la presente Política de privacidad.

Socios. TechTarget proporciona a los socios acceso a listas de contactos empresariales e informes que pueden incluir sus Datos personales e información sobre sus áreas de interés obtenida de su actividad en nuestros sitios web y de su interacción con nuestro contenido o el contenido de socios que se haya publicado en nuestros sitios web. Los socios utilizan esta información para mejorar su alcance comercial y de marketing a su público objetivo y optimizar sus estrategias de ventas y marketing. También podrán utilizar esta información para ponerse en contacto con usted para informarle de productos o servicios que sean pertinentes para sus intereses profesionales. Por ejemplo, cualquier informe resumido que facilitemos a nuestros socios pueden incluir afirmaciones el tipo «de las 3000 personas que han consultado el informe xyz esta semana, el 60 % ha hecho clic para leer el informe completo». La información proporcionada en informes resumidos es agregada y no revela información alguna de los miembros. TechTarget también podrá divulgar estadísticas de usuario agregadas (como, por ejemplo, «el 25 % de nuestros usuarios están interesados en el establecimiento de contactos») a nuestros clientes, clientes potenciales y socios y otros terceros, y con otros fines legítimos. Los acuerdos contractuales de TechTarget con sus socios, cuando estén sujetos a nuestros términos y condiciones estándar, exigen, entre otras cosas, que nuestros socios (a) solo utilicen esta información para ponerse en contacto con usted por correo electrónico, teléfono, correo postal u otros medios de comunicación con fines internos de ventas y marketing; y (b) protejan su información y la doten de medidas seguridad de conformidad con la legislación aplicable y nuestras instrucciones. Si no desea que se comparta esta información, consulte la sección «Sus derechos de privacidad y control de sus Datos personales», dispuesta a continuación.

Distribuidores y proveedores de servicios. TechTarget podrá proporcionar sus Datos personales a determinados distribuidores y proveedores de servicios que trabajen para TechTarget o en colaboración con esta según se describe en la presente Política de privacidad y que necesiten acceder a dicha información para facilitar la prestación de nuestros servicios, como la provisión de actividades de almacenamiento o tratamiento de datos, adquisición de miembros, servicios de generación de clientes potenciales o servicios de auditoría corporativa. TechTarget procurará en todo momento limitar la información que proporcionamos a un volumen que sea razonablemente suficiente para que esos distribuidores o proveedores de servicios desempeñen sus responsabilidades en relación con la prestación de nuestros servicios.

Socios externos de análisis y anuncios basados en intereses. Nosotros permitimos a nuestros socios externos de análisis y anuncios basados en intereses recoger determinada información en nuestros sitios web, tal y como se ha descrito en la sección 3, dispuesta anteriormente.

Transferencias comerciales, empresas vinculadas y filiales. Nosotros podremos compartir o transferir a otra empresa la información que recojamos en relación con cualquier fusión, venta de activos empresariales, financiación o adquisición de la totalidad o parte de nuestro negocio o durante las negociaciones conducentes a tales operaciones. Nosotros podremos compartir sus Datos personales dentro de nuestra organización, incluidas nuestras empresas vinculadas y filiales, con el fin de facilitar la prestación de servicios en relación con el uso por parte de usted de nuestros sitios web o su afiliación a nuestra red de sitios web.

Intereses vitales. Nosotros podremos revelar la información que recojamos en los casos en que creamos que es necesario para proteger los intereses vitales de cualquier persona o para ejercer, establecer o defender nuestros derechos legales.

Otras formas en las que usted da su consentimiento específico. Nosotros podremos compartir la información que recojamos de otras formas que usted consienta específicamente.

Retención de datos

¿Cómo protegemos su información?

Sus derechos de privacidad GDPR y el control de sus datos personales

Si desea acceder, rectificar, borrar, restringir, transferir u objetar al uso de su información, o desactivar su membresía, por favor acceda a nuestra solicitud de derechos GDPR de la Unión Europea. Si tiene alguna otra pregunta relacionada a esta política de privacidad o al uso de su información, por favor envíenos un email a [email protected].

Todo email enviado por, o en nombre de, TechTarget incluye información sobre cómo fácilmente terminar su suscripción a futuras comunicaciones.

De conformidad con lo dispuesto en la legislación aplicable, usted tiene los siguientes derechos en relación con sus Datos personales:

Derecho de acceso: Si nos lo solicita, nosotros le confirmaremos si estamos tratando sus Datos personales y, de ser así, le proporcionaremos una copia de estos (junto con otros detalles). Si necesita copias adicionales, es posible que tengamos que cobrar una tarifa razonable.

Derecho de rectificación: Si sus Datos personales son inexactos o están incompletos, usted tiene derecho a rectificarlos o completarlos. Si hemos compartido sus Datos personales con otras personas, nosotros les informaremos sobre la rectificación cuando sea posible. Si nos lo solicita, nosotros también le informaremos de con quiénes hemos compartidos sus Datos personales para que pueda ponerse en contacto directamente con tales personas, siempre que sea posible y legal hacerlo.

Derecho de supresión: Usted podrá solicitarnos que eliminemos o suprimamos sus Datos personales y lo haremos en algunas circunstancias, como cuando dejemos de necesitarlos (nosotros no podremos suprimir sus datos cuando otros intereses pesen más que su derecho de supresión, como, por ejemplo, si la ley nos obliga a conservarlos). Si hemos compartido sus datos con otras personas, nosotros les informaremos sobre la supresión cuando sea posible. Si nos lo solicita, nosotros también le informaremos de con quiénes hemos compartidos sus Datos personales para que pueda ponerse en contacto directamente con tales personas, siempre que sea posible y legal hacerlo.

Derecho a limitar el tratamiento: Usted podrá solicitarnos que limitemos o «bloqueemos» el tratamiento de sus Datos personales en determinadas circunstancias, por ejemplo, cuando usted impugne la precisión de tales Datos personales o se oponga a nuestro tratamiento de los mismos. Nosotros le informaremos con antelación antes de levantar cualquier limitación del tratamiento. Si hemos compartido sus Datos personales con otras personas, nosotros les informaremos sobre la limitación cuando sea posible. Si nos lo solicita, nosotros también le informaremos de con quiénes hemos compartidos sus Datos personales para que pueda ponerse en contacto directamente con tales personas, siempre que sea posible y legal hacerlo.

Derecho a la portabilidad de los datos: Usted tiene derecho a obtener los Datos personales que usted haya aceptado proporcionarnos voluntariamente o que sean necesarios para celebrar un contrato con usted. Nosotros le proporcionaremos a usted sus Datos personales en un formato estructurado, de uso común y mecanizado. Usted podrá reutilizarlos en cualquier otro lugar.

Derecho de oposición: Usted podrá solicitarnos en cualquier momento que dejemos de tratar sus Datos personales, y nosotros lo haremos si dicho tratamiento se realiza con fines de marketing directo y otros fines. Sin embargo, si nos amparamos en un interés legítimo para tratar sus Datos personales y demostramos motivos legítimos imperiosos para el tratamiento, nosotros podremos seguir tratándolos.

Derechos relacionados con la toma de decisiones automatizada y la elaboración de perfiles: Usted tiene derecho a no estar sujeto a decisiones basadas únicamente en el tratamiento automatizado de sus Datos personales, incluida la elaboración de perfiles, que produzcan efectos jurídicos significativos en usted, a menos que dicha elaboración de perfiles sea necesaria para la celebración o la ejecución un contrato entre usted y nosotros o se base en su consentimiento explícito.

Derecho a retirar el consentimiento: Si nosotros nos amparamos en su consentimiento para tratar sus Datos personales, usted tiene derecho a retirar dicho consentimiento en cualquier momento. La retirada de su consentimiento no afectará a los datos que fueron tratados antes de que nosotros hayamos recibido la retirada de su consentimiento.

Derecho a presentar una reclamación ante la autoridad de protección de datos: Si tiene alguna duda sobre nuestras prácticas en materia de privacidad, incluida la forma en la que hemos gestionado sus Datos personales, puede dar parte de ello a la autoridad de protección de datos que tenga competencia para atender estas inquietudes.

Escudo de privacidad o transferencia de su información

Actualización: El 16 de julio de 2023, el Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea (TJUE) invalidó el Escudo de Privacidad UE-EE. Tras la decisión del TJUE, el Departamento de Comercio de los Estados Unidos anunció que continuará haciendo cumplir el Escudo de Privacidad para los registrantes actuales mientras trabaja con la Comisión de la UE para desarrollar e implementar un nuevo marco de transferencia de datos. Además, el 8 de septiembre de 2023, la Autoridad Suiza de Protección de Datos anunció que ya no considera que el Escudo de Privacidad entre Suiza y los Estados Unidos sea adecuado a los efectos de las transferencias de datos personales de Suiza a los Estados Unidos. A la luz de estas decisiones, la Compañía continuará cumpliendo sus compromisos bajo el Escudo de Privacidad y se basará en Cláusulas Contractuales Estándar para la transferencia de datos personales y/u otra base legal adecuada para las transferencias de datos, cuando sea necesario. Continuaremos supervisando la orientación sobre los mecanismos de transferencia apropiados y legales y actualizaremos nuestros procesos según sea necesario.

TechTarget recoge, conserva, transfiere y trata Datos personales de acuerdo con la legislación aplicable en materia de protección de datos, lo que incluye los casos en que sea necesario para prestar nuestros Servicios de gama alta, cumplir con las Condiciones de uso o cumplir con obligaciones contractuales. Nosotros podremos transferir su información a empresas vinculadas, socios y otros terceros según se describe en el presente documento. Nosotros protegeremos sus Datos personales de conformidad con la presente Política de privacidad en cualquier lugar donde sean tratados.

TechTarget ha certificado (1) que ha implementado determinadas protecciones y procedimientos que cumplen con los estándares de privacidad y protección de datos de la UE y Suiza; (2) que observa los principios del Escudo de Privacidad de notificación, elección, seguridad, integración de datos y limitación de fines, acceso, responsabilidad de la transferencia ulterior de datos personales, recursos, cumplimiento y responsabilidad; (3) y que se compromete a cooperar con el grupo de expertos establecido por las autoridades de protección de datos de la UE (APD) con respecto a las quejas no resueltas acerca del Escudo de Privacidad a propósito de los datos transferidos desde los Estados Unidos en relación con la presente Política de privacidad. En el contexto de una transferencia de información personal que esté sujeta al marco del Escudo de la Privacidad, TechTarget puede ser responsable del tratamiento y la transferencia de información personal. TechTarget seguirá siendo responsable en virtud de los principios del Escudo de la Privacidad si un agente tercero procesa la información personal de manera incompatible con los principios del Escudo de la Privacidad, a menos que TechTarget demuestre que no es responsable del hecho que dio lugar al daño. Para obtener más información sobre el Escudo de Privacidad UE-EE. UU. y visualizar la certificación de TechTarget, visite el sitio web del Escudo de Privacidad. Los compromisos de TechTarget en virtud del Escudo de Privacidad están sujetos a las facultades de investigación y aplicación de la Federal Trade Commission (Comisión Federal de Comercio de los Estados Unidos).

Si tiene preguntas sobre el compromiso de TechTarget con el Escudo de Privacidad, quejas sobre nuestras prácticas en materia de privacidad o en caso de que considere que nuestro tratamiento de su información personal no cumple con la legislación aplicable en materia de protección de datos, usted puede presentar una queja directamente a nosotros enviando un correo electrónico a la dirección [email protected], completando nuestro Formulario sobre el Escudo de Privacidad o poniéndose en contacto con la autoridad competente de protección de datos.

En determinadas condiciones, descritas más detalladamente en el sitio web del Escudo de Privacidad, cualquier persona física podrá invocar un proceso arbitraje vinculante cuando se hayan agotado otros procedimientos de resolución de litigios. TechTarget se ha comprometido además a abordar las reclamaciones de privacidad no resueltas al amparo del Escudo de Privacidad contratando a JAMS, proveedor de resolución alternativa de litigios ubicado en los EE. UU. y con sede social en Massachusetts (One Beacon Street, Suite 2210, Boston, MA 02108), para que ayude en el proceso de resolución de reclamaciones. JAMS es el medio exclusivo que TechTarget ha dispuesto para resolver las reclamaciones de personas físicas en relación con la participación de la empresa en el Escudo de Privacidad; todas las reclamaciones enviadas a JAMS deberán ser resueltas mediante arbitraje sin coste alguno para la persona física involucrada. Si una persona física no ha recibido oportunamente el acuse de recibo de su reclamación de TechTarget, o si un representante de TechTarget no la ha abordado de forma satisfactoria, dicha persona debe presentar la reclamación a JAMS enviando el formulario que se encuentra en este enlace. La sentencia sobre el laudo pronunciado en cualquier arbitraje del tipo indicado podrá dictarse en cualquier tribunal competente.

También puede presentar una queja con la autoridad competente de protección de datos. TechTarget se compromete a cooperar con el panel establecido por las autoridades de protección de datos de la Unión Europea o del Reino Unido y/o la Comisión Suiza de Información y Protección de Datos, cuando sea aplicable TechTarget seguirá el consejo dado por el panel y/o comisionado, cuando sea aplicable sobre datos transferidos desde la Unión Europea, Reino Unido, y/o Suiza, cuando sea aplicable.

Privacidad infantil

Sus derechos de privacidad en el estado de California

Sus derechos de privacidad de la LGPD.

Si usted es residente de Brasil, la Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados Pessoais (LGPD), Ley Federal Nº 13.709/2024, puede proporcionarle derechos de privacidad adicionales con respecto a la recopilación y el uso de su información personal. Para saber más sobre sus derechos de privacidad en Brasil, por favor lea nuestro Aviso de Privacidad de la LGPD.

Cambios en la presente Política de privacidad

Cómo contactarnos

Si desea ejercer cualquier derecho que pueda tener sobre su data personal, nos puede contactar por los siguientes métodos:

Para solicitudes de derechos sobre data personal bajo el RGPD de la UE, haga clic aquí.

Para solicitudes de derechos de consumidor bajo el CCPA de California, haga clic aquí.

Para otras preguntas relacionadas a la privacidad, pueden enviar un correo a

[email protected]


Adicionalmente, puede hacer preguntas sobre este aviso de privacidad u otros temas de privacidad enviando un correo a [email protected], o escribiendo una carta a nuestro oficial de protección de datos ubicado en nuestra oficina corporativa en TechTarget, Inc., 275 Grove Street, Newton, MA 02466, USA, o a cualquiera de nuestras oficinas listadas aquí, y/o llamándonos a (617) 431-9200.

Ubicaciones de oficinas y subsidiarias

BrightTALK Limited

Reino Unido

BrightTALK, Inc.

California (EE. UU.)

TechTarget Securities Corporation

Massachusetts (EE. UU.)

TechTarget Limited

Reino Unido

TechTarget (HK) Limited

Hong Kong

TechTarget Germany GmbH


TechTarget (Australia) Pty Ltd


TechTarget (Singapore) PTE. Ltd.


E-Magine Médias SAS


En caso de divergencia entre la versión en inglés de nuestra Política de privacidad y cualquier traducción a otro idioma disponible en cualquiera de nuestros sitios web, prevalecerá la presente Política de privacidad. Las versiones traducidas de nuestra Política de privacidad se proporcionan únicamente con fines prácticos.

Sharepoint 2007: Getting To Know Sharepoint

• Introducing SharePoint / Business Drivers for SharePoint

• Organizing SharePoint’s Document Library

• Collecting and Organizing Data with SharePoint Lists

• Collaborative Structure/ Personalizing SharePoint Server 2007

• Collaborating with SharePoint 2007 / SharePoint Calendaring, Blogging, Wikis

• Accepting Emails / Accepting Content in SharePoint 2007

• SharePoint Search Capabilities

• WSS vs. MOSS / Integrating Office 2007, Outlook 2007 with SharePoint

• Managing Excel for Sharepoint / Administering and Monitoring SharePoint 2007

• Securing SharePoint / SharePoint Best Practices

Introducing SharePoint 2007

It is rare for a technology product to attract as much attention as SharePoint has in recent years. The industry has historically paid little attention to new product suites, particularly those related to web design. SharePoint products and technologies, however, have managed to excite and rejuvenate industry followers, causing them to take notice of the ease of use, scalability, flexibility, and powerful document management capabilities within the product.

Microsoft has further upped the excitement with the newest release of the 3.0 generation of SharePoint, including the full Microsoft Office SharePoint Server (MOSS) 2007 and the free Windows SharePoint Services (WSS) 3.0 products. These products not only introduce several sought-after features, but improve on key areas of the product line that have limited its full scale deployment in the past. What Microsoft has created is a powerful, regulatory compliant, scalable, and economical product for document management and team collaboration.

This chapter introduces both the WSS 3.0 and MOSS 2007 products, giving a high-level overview of the features and functions in each product. It lists the differences in functionality between the product lines and in various licensing options, and discusses specific improvements over the SharePoint 2003 line of products. It serves as a jumping-off point to the other chapters in this book, indicating which particular areas of the book give more information about individual features and technologies.

“SharePoint 2007 Unleashed” learn more

Understanding the Business Needs and Drivers for SharePoint 2007

A number of organizational needs have spurred the adoption of SharePoint technologies. Some of the most commonly mentioned requirements include the following:

• A need for better document management than the file system can offer—This includes document versioning, check-out and check-in features, adding metadata to documents, and better control of document access (by using groups and granular security). The high-level need is simply to make it easier for users to find the latest version of the document or documents they need to do their jobs, and ultimately to make them more efficient in those jobs.

• Improved collaboration between users with a minimal learning curve—Although virtually everyone has a different definition of what comprises collaboration, a functional definition is a technology solution that allows users to interact efficiently with each other using software products to share documents and information in a user friendly environment. In regard to SharePoint, this typically refers to document and meeting workspaces, site collections, discussion lists, integration of instant messaging and presence information, and integration with the Office suite of applications. Integration with Office applications is a key component: Most organizations do not want to force users to learn a new set of tools to collaborate more effectively because users generally resist such requirements.

• A better intranet—Although most companies have an intranet in place, the consensus is that it is too static, that it is not user friendly, and that every change has to go through IT or the “web guy.” This level of request generally comes from a departmental manager, team lead, or project manager frustrated with their inability to publish information to a select group of users and regularly update resources their team needs to do their jobs.

• A centralized way to search for information—Rather than using the “word of mouth” search engine (that is, asking coworkers via email for a specific document), there should be an engine in place that allows the user to quickly and efficiently find particular documents. The user can search for documents that contain certain words; documents created or modified during a certain timeframe; documents authored by a specific person; or documents that meet other criteria, such as file type.

• Creation of a portal—Many definitions exist for the term portal , but a general definition that a portal is a web-enabled environment that allows Internet and, potentially, external users to access company intellectual resources and software applications. A portal typically extends standard intranet functionality by providing features such as single sign-on, powerful search tools, and access to other core company applications such as help desk, human resources software, educational resources, and other corporate information and applications.

The SharePoint 2003 product line offered a wide variety of tools that went a long way toward meeting those commonly requested goals. Even better, it integrated in many areas with the Office 2003 family of products (and to some extent with previous versions of Office), which made the learning process relatively easy for all different levels of users. It was a second generation Microsoft product, building on SharePoint Team Services and SharePoint Portal Server 2001, which placated some of the warier decision makers.

However, as SharePoint newbies rapidly became power users, requests came up for features that SharePoint 2003 didn’t provide out-of-the-box. Fortunately, third-party companies quickly evolved to offer new, cutting-edge features, such as an undelete capability, workflow tools, enhanced navigation tools, roll-up web parts, and many more. A subset of users generally turned to FrontPage 2003 to modify their SharePoint work environments to better suit their needs; for example, by removing the Quick Launch area, modifying the navigation bars, adding zones, and making other structural changes. Unfortunately, in the process of making those changes, the site collection became “unghosted,” rendering it an island separated from the server-hosted site definitions.

“SharePoint 2007 Unleashed” learn more

As more third-party applications became part of the SharePoint 2003 environment, support, maintenance, troubleshooting, and end user training became arithmetically more complex. Many organizations reached a certain level of complexity and decided to halt the addition of more functionality, despite the demands of the user base, after word of the 2007 versions of SharePoint started to circulate.

Enter the SharePoint 2007 product line, which builds on the many strengths of the previous version, introduces features that end users have requested, and provides new features that many users might never have dreamed of. The following sections introduce SharePoint features using a bottom-up methodology that starts with the smallest units of organization—document libraries and lists—and works up to sites, workspaces, and site collections. This approach will help you understand how different groups of users benefit from SharePoint’s new and improved features.

Organizing and Streamlining Document Management

One of the most used features of SharePoint is the document library. Knowledge workers, team members, and end users will find themselves “living” in document libraries when adding to or accessing files stored in these units. It is important for SharePoint administrators and architects to put sufficient time and effort into designing the document libraries to meet the needs of the different types of users.

A powerful new feature of SharePoint 2007 document libraries is security-trimming of the user interface: menus that shouldn’t be seen by a user with a lower level of access and privileges don’t appear. In Figure 1.1, the New, Actions, and Settings menus wouldn’t appear if the individual accessing the library had only Reader privileges. The Edit menu shown in Figure 1.1 is security-trimmed to the privileges of the user. In this case, User1 has Owner-level rights in the library, so that user can perform these actions: View Properties, Edit Properties, Manage Permissions, Edit in Microsoft Office Excel, Delete, Send To, Check Out, Unpublish this version, Version History, Workflows, and Alert Me.

SharePoint 2003 users will notice that some of the tools that used to be available in the Quick Launch area have moved to the Edit menu. Chapter 7, “Using Libraries and Lists in SharePoint 2007,” provides a detailed overview of different tools as well as the actions available in the New, Upload, Actions, and Settings menus.

Site administrators have access to many additional tools that enable the creation of different views of the information stored in the library. The links in the General Settings column enable an administrator to determine which basic features the library makes available. The administrator controls versioning (with the new abilities to create only major or both major and minor versions, and to limit the retained number of each type), requiring that documents be checked out before they can be edited, whether content types can be used, whether new folders are allowed, and whether items in the library appear in search results.

The Permissions and Management column enables the administrator to define privileges for different groups and users to the library, create workflows, and manage information management policies (such as policy statements, auditing, expiration, and barcodes). The Communications column makes it possible for an administrator to allow the document library to receive emails, to define the email address and how to manage and store emails, and to decide whether the list can receive RSS feeds.

Collecting and Organizing Data with Lists

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These tools show the interconnected nature of SharePoint 2007 and the Office 2007 applications, and power users of lists will soon find many creative uses for SharePoint list data in Outlook (taking data offline), Access (easily creating sophisticated reports), and Excel (taking snapshots of data for more complex analysis and chart creation). Chapter 10, “Using Word, Excel, and Excel Services with SharePoint 2007,” and Chapter 11, “Leveraging Additional Office 2007 Products in a SharePoint 2007 Environment,” provide additional information about the integration between SharePoint and Office applications. The following are examples of possible uses for other list types:

• Announcements list—Provides rich text–formatted information to users of a site that expires after a certain date.

• Contacts list—Creates a list of internal or external contacts relevant to the audience of the site.

• Discussion Board list—Allows users to create and participate in threaded discussions to enhance brainstorming and other forms of collaboration.

• Links list—Creates a list of URLs that are useful for site users. The URLs can be links to other SharePoint sites, internal web-enabled resources, or external websites.

• Survey list—Creates a survey that allows users to answer questions of many types (text, choice, rating scale, and yes/no) and enables administrators to show a graphical summary of the results.

• KPI list—Uses data in another SharePoint list, in an Excel workbook, from a Microsoft SQL 2005 Analysis Services, or manually entered information to provide a visual summary of status based on actual values. Figure 1.5 shows a simple example that displays a green circle, yellow triangle, or red diamond for three different rows. Key performance indicators are important elements in creating dashboards of information to help managers see at a glance how the organization is doing in specific areas of interest.

Providing Collaborative Structure with Workspaces, Pages, and Sites

Managers, administrators, and SharePoint architects must focus on some of the larger organizational elements in SharePoint to ensure that the overall structure facilitates collaboration and document management. Sites are the basic building blocks in SharePoint 2007. After creating a web application in IIS (Internet Information Services), you can extend the web application and create a site collection. A site collection can grow to a virtually unlimited size, and contain hundreds or thousands of subsites, and sub-subsites, but will always have only one top-level site. Windows SharePoint Services offers fewer options for types of sites that can be created and templates that can be used for the top-level site.

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Pages, a new feature in SharePoint 2007, enhance SharePoint’s publishing capabilities. Astute users of SharePoint 2007 will notice that the home pages that load for a site are actually located in the Pages folder, rather than in the root folder of the site. Figure 1.7 shows the Site Content and Structure page with the root-level Pages folder selected. Pages in SharePoint 2007 can be copied and reused among sites; have page settings (such as page layout templates and audience targeting) and properties to edit; permissions; and versioning is on by default. By default, each page requires approval before publishing. Chapters 9 and 12, “Implementing Records Management and Enabling Web Content Management in SharePoint 2007,” provide additional information about managing and editing pages.

Personalizing SharePoint Server 2007 with Personal Sites

Personal sites allow individual users to create a site where they can manage personal information in their profile and store personal documents, links, and contacts. This is available only in SharePoint Server 2007. This feature has been greatly enhanced since SharePoint 2003, and now plays a key role in facilitating social networking, and helping co-workers understand others’ skills and experience. One important benefit of My Sites (also called Personal Sites) is that they encourage users to stop saving files locally in favor of a central location. In addition, each user is now empowered to create a custom working environment, portions of which they can share with the general population.

Personal sites allow a great deal of customization. A user can customize the site to his or her heart’s content, and has access to the full range of web parts located in the Web Part Gallery, which the site collection administrator can control. A My Site can also serve as a training tool, and encourages users to experiment with different web parts, libraries, and lists, to bring those skills to other sites they manage, and to make requests for new functionality.

Personal site profiles can be part of individual personal sites as well. A user can customize which pieces of information are available to different audiences (such as My Manager, My Workgroup, and My Colleagues). Information entered in the About Me field in the profile is shown (in this case, in the style of a resume) and beneath it other information from the user’s profile, including responsibilities, skills, past projects, schools, birthday, and contact information. The site collection administrator can modify, delete, and add new fields to the fields tracked in the user’s profile to suit the needs of the organization.

Collaborating with SharePoint 2007

The development of SharePoint 2007 placed considerable emphasis in on the improvement of the collaboration functionality in the platform. New collaboration techniques, such as blogs, wikis, and RSS feed support, were added and existing collaboration functionality was enhanced and improved. End users will immediately notice the improvements made to this area, so it is of considerable importance to understand the key features in the category.

Leveraging Workflow for Enhanced Collaboration

Workflows are now available in SharePoint 2007 lists and libraries. The interface is intuitive enough that even less experienced administrators can quickly create and test workflows. Several standard workflows are provided (including Approval, Collect Feedback, Collect Signatures, and Disposition Approval), and the workflow’s tasks are tracked in either an existing Tasks list or a new one created specifically for the workflow. A Workflow History list tracks the workflow’s history. Participants in the workflow are notified by email when they have a task to complete, and can interact with the workflow from Office 2007 applications such as Word 2007. Chapter 21, “Using Design 2007 to Extend SharePoint 2007 Workflows and Customize the User Experience,” provides additional information about workflows.

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Enhancing Calendaring

Blogging with SharePoint 2007

One of the more popular communications mechanisms in use on the World Wide Web today is the web log, commonly shortened to blog. A blog, as shown in Figure 1.9, is a mechanism similar to a newsgroup in which a user can enter a question or information about a specific topic, and then have multiple other users add their own responses to the question. The original author can moderate the responses before adding them to the site, or have responses automatically added. Topics can include simple items, such as “What should we have for lunch at the team meeting,” or complex technical discussions.

Using Wikis for User-Generated Content

Wikis have been increasingly popular in online collaboration circles in recent years, so much so that they have been included as a design element available by default in SharePoint 2007. A wiki page, such as the one shown in Figure 1.10, is one to which users can easily add their own information about a particular topic, allowing them to easily add new pages, links to pages, and modify other users’ content. This allows a team to create its own content quickly and easily and to moderate other users’ content, empowering the users’ ability to impart their own knowledge with little effort. Figure 1.10 shows a wiki page in Edit mode. The page shows users’ changes, with deletions crossed out and additions highlighted.

Determining User Presence Information

SharePoint 2007 includes built-in smart tags that display every time there is a reference to a user object, such as when an individual user adds a document. The smart tag allows access to a sequence of communications options, such as those shown in Figure 1.11. For example, the smart tag can be emailed, phoned (if integrated with a phone PBX platform through Exchange 2007), or instant messaged.

When an end user uses an approved instant messenger client, such as Communicator 2007, MSN Messenger, or Windows Live Messenger, and a contact from the user’s buddy list appears with a smart tag, the user can obtain the contact’s presence information. The user can then user can get in touch with the contact directly from the SharePoint site.

In addition, SharePoint can integrate with an enterprise presence platform, such as Microsoft Office Communications Server 2007 or Microsoft Live Communications Server 2005. Those applications can display presence information for any user within the enterprise, not just those in a buddy list. Chapter 19, “Enabling Presence Information in SharePoint with Microsoft Office Communications Server 2007,” presents more information about integrating SharePoint 2007 with Office Communications Server 2007.

Accepting Emails Directly into Site Content

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The capability of SharePoint 2007 to accept emails directly into site content positions it to replace public folder technology in Exchange, which is slowly phasing out in favor of technologies such as SharePoint. It is not uncommon to find organizations that use Exchange completely replacing public folder functionality with WSS and its email-enabled content capabilities.

Configuring a SharePoint 2007 environment to accept inbound mail is not complex. It involves simply adding the SMTP Server service to a system and then configuring the server role in SharePoint, as shown in Figure 1.12 (SMTP stands for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol). SharePoint 2007 also allows direct integration with Active Directory, making possible the automatic creation of contact objects, in Active Directory, which correspond to the SharePoint email-enabled content. More information on configuring SharePoint for inbound mail access is in Chapter 18, “Configuring Email-Enabled Content and Exchange Server Integration.”

Presenting and Navigating Content in SharePoint 2007

One of the most often heard complaints about the SharePoint 2003 product line related to the unfriendliness of navigation. Help desk resources continually fielded requests for navigational improvements but, unfortunately, third-party products were generally required to meet the needs of the masses. SharePoint 2007 greatly improves the navigation options with the inclusion of tabs, tree navigation look, and breadcrumb trails. Figure 1.13 shows a sample site hierarchy tree that can greatly facilitate intersite navigation.

The following are additional tools available to affect the navigation experience:

• Specify whether this site should display subsites and publishing pages in navigation

• Specify whether to sort subsites, pages, headings, and navigation links automatically or manually when displayed in navigation

• Specify whether to display the same global and current navigation items as the parent site, or only the navigation items below the current site

• Customize the Quick Launch area by moving the location of different types of lists and libraries, adding headings, adding links, and deleting entries

The overall result of these tools is a highly customizable interface that should allow site administrators to customize their navigational environments fully without resorting to the use of tools such as SharePoint Designer 2007.

Using the Sites Directory to Find Information

The Sites directory is very customizable and allows a site collection administrator to fine-tune both the categories used to manage and display different sites and the layout of this information. In addition, site administrators can change the name of a site, move a site to another location, or change permissions for a site from the top-level Sites directory.

The configuration of the Sites directory can be quite important in more complex environments because without a logical configuration, users might have a difficult time locating the specific site they are looking for.

Managing Content in SharePoint 2007

Assigning Retention and Auditing Policies

SharePoint 2007 offers enhanced auditing tools to help administrators keep records of what is happening with important content. Events available for auditing include the following:

• Opening or downloading documents, viewing items in lists, or viewing item properties

• Editing items

• Checking out or checking in items

• Moving or copying items to another location in the site

• Deleting or restoring items

• Editing content types and columns

• Searching site content

• Editing users and permissions

Administrators are now able to retrieve the entire history of actions taken by a particular user during a particular date range. Excel-based audit reports capture all the events selected for auditing, and those reports are accessible from the View Auditing Reports page, shown in Figure 1.16. Reports are available in the following categories: Content Activity Reports, Custom Reports, Information Management Policy Reports, Security and Site Settings Reports.

Finding Information with SharePoint Indexing and Search

The completely redesigned search engine now offers easy-to-use, enterprise class functionality. A number of clients have justified their upgrade to SharePoint 2007 based on the enhanced search functionality alone!

Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 offers enhanced functionality, but it lacks many of the capabilities found in SharePoint Server 2007’s search function. In Windows SharePoint Services 3.0, the query searches only the current site and any subsites below it. The search engine will not search for content outside of Windows SharePoint Services, even if the other site is compatible with Windows SharePoint Services. SharePoint Server 2007 is required for this extended functionality, and provides many other powerful tools, as covered in detail in Chapter 13, “Benefiting from the Enhanced Search Capabilities in SharePoint 2007.” A brief summary of enhancements and new features follows.

Using Improved SharePoint Search Capabilities

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If a user selects the People tab, that user can search the information stored in the user profiles (updated, ideally, by each person through their personal sites). The user by default can search on first name, last name, department, title, responsibilities, skills, and memberships.

Creating and Managing Search Scopes

The creation of new search scopes in SharePoint Server 2007 takes place in the Shared Services administrative console. This allows SharePoint to search content stored in other SharePoint servers, websites, file shares, Exchange public folders, and business data stored in the Business Data Catalog.

To ensure that an account with appropriate permissions to access the source data is used, create crawl rules. Intuitive crawl logs provided detailed information about the successes or failures of crawls, which enables the SharePoint administrator to quickly fine-tune and troubleshoot the crawls to ensure that they are functioning properly. Built-in search query reports provide current information on a number of search related topics, including the following:

• Number of queries over the previous 30 days

• Number of queries over the previous 12 months

• Top query origin site collections over the previous 30 days

• Queries per scope over the previous 30 days

• Top queries over the previous 30 days

• Search results top destination pages

• Queries with zero results

• Queries with zero best bets

These reports make it extremely easy for SharePoint administrators to understand what users are looking for, whether they are finding it, and how to customize the environment with best bets to facilitate the searching process.

Comparing the Versions of SharePoint

One of the reasons that the free version of SharePoint, Windows SharePoint Services 3.0, doesn’t meet the needs of all users and all organizations is that it does not provide the flexibility or full set of tools that larger organizations require. A more complete comparison of Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 and SharePoint Server 2007 comes later in the chapter, but design options are much more limited in Windows SharePoint Services 3.0.

Detailing the Specific SharePoint 2007 Products

• Windows SharePoint Services 3.0—The Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 product is a free (value-add) product that can be downloaded from Microsoft and installed on any Windows Server 2003 system without any additional licensing (aside from the server itself). It provides core document management, collaboration, and search capabilities.

• Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 (with Standard CALs)—Microsoft Office SharePoint Server (MOSS) 2007 includes two types of client access licenses (CALs): standard CALs and enterprise CALs. The core WSS functionality receives enterprise search and people search capabilities with both CAL editions. MOSS 2007 is the tool for large, distributed organizations that have to store more than 500,000 documents.

• Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 (with Enterprise CALs)—Adding the enterprise CAL to the standard CAL in a MOSS 2007 environment allows for the addition of the Business Data Catalog.

• Microsoft Office SharePoint Server for Search 2007 (Standard Edition)—This product was created for those organizations that simply need search capabilities, but do not yet require the document management and collaboration features of the full MOSS 2007 product.

• Microsoft Office SharePoint Server for Search 2007 (Enterprise Edition)—The Enterprise Edition of MOSS 2007 for Search adds additional search providers to the product and allows for additional scaling options.

Outlining Key Features Differences Between WSS and MOSS

A great deal of confusion exists over which version of SharePoint 2007 is right for particular circumstances. In a great number of cases, a small, free deployment of WSS 3.0 would satisfy many of the needs of an individual project or project team. It is therefore critical to understand which features are present in each edition of this product. Check the index of this book to find the individual chapter that discusses each feature in more detail. Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 includes the following features:

• Document Management functionality, up to 500,000 documents

• Email-enabled content capabilities

• Basic search capabilities

• Alerting capabilities

• RSS feeds

• Wikis

• Blogs

• Mobile device support

• Direct integration with Office 2003/2007 clients

• Capability to serve as a public folder replacement for Exchange environments

Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 adds all of WSS 3.0’s features plus the following:

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• Unlimited document repository capabilities

• My Site personal sites

• Additional built-in web parts, such as the Social Networking and Document Roll-up web parts

• Search capabilities across enterprise content sources, including file shares, web sites, Lotus Notes databases, and other third-party content sources

• People search

• Workflow support

• Support for chúng tôi pluggable authentication and forms-based authentication

• Single sign-on support

• Content syndication

• Site directory

• Audiences (targeted site content)

• Enterprise content search capabilities

• Search relevance

• Indexing controls

• Security-trimmed search results

• People search

• Site templates

• IRM support

• Retention and auditing policies

• Master pages and page layouts

• Web content editor

• Navigation controls

Adding the Enterprise CAL to a MOSS 2007 environment maintains all the WSS 3.0 and MOSS 2007 Standard CAL features, and adds the following:

• Excel services

• Business intelligence features

• Business process and business forms support

• Business data search

As organizations examine more feature-rich versions, they will find that these versions are also more expensive to license, particularly because WSS 3.0 starts as a free product. It is therefore critical to identify which specific features are required from the SharePoint product and to make a licensing decision made from that discovery. It is important to remember that migrating an environment from WSS 3.0 to MOSS 2007 is relatively straightforward and changing from standard CALs to enterprise CALs in MOSS 2007 is exceedingly easy, but there is no easy way to downgrade from one version to the next. This is an important factor to take into account when deciding on the SharePoint 2007 version to use.

Integrating Office 2007 Components with SharePoint 2007

Using Office 2007 applications with SharePoint 2007 is ideal because they provide the most complete level of integration, whereas using Office 2003 and earlier versions provides only limited levels of integration and compatibility. It is worth noting that support and training are more involved and complex when there is more than one version of Office products in use, so standardize on one version as much as possible.

Integrating Outlook 2007

Outlook 2007 integrates with SharePoint 2007 in a number of different ways. To begin with, Outlook receives many of the alerts and messages from SharePoint, so users can receive significant amounts of information without leaving the comfort of their email client. In addition, it is possible to configure SharePoint libraries to accept incoming emails and publish RSS data. Outlook 2007 can receive RSS feeds directly. Outlook 2007 users can chose Connect to Outlook as shown in Figure 1.18. This enables users to synchronize and take files offline with them when they don’t have access to the SharePoint environment, make changes, and synchronize back to the SharePoint document library when they again have connectivity. Chapter 7 discusses the links between certain lists and Outlook, and Chapter 11 provides additional information about connectivity between the applications.

Using Word 2007 with SharePoint Sites

Word 2007 enables users to access data stored in the SharePoint 2007 document library in a number of ways, several of which are visible in Figure 1.19. The document properties ribbon is below the standard ribbon and circled in the figure. It shows metadata that the library administrator has chosen to publish to Word 2007. Users with sufficient privileges can update this information without leaving Word 2007.

Without even leaving Word 2007, a user can update metadata, edit workflows, change access rights to the document, and see important task information. Chapter 10 provides additional information about using Word 2007 with SharePoint 2007, along with other new enhancements in Word 2007 that can enhance document security and collaboration when used with SharePoint 2007.

Managing Excel 2007 and Excel Services for SharePoint

Customizing SharePoint Content with SharePoint Designer 2007

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• Create, open, edit, back up, and restore SharePoint sites

• Create SharePoint master pages and web part pages

• Building SharePoint no-code applications

• Create lists, views, and forms

• Create and aggregate data views and forms on a variety of data sources (SharePoint lists and document libraries, SQL databases, XML files, web services)

• Add business logic with no-code workflows

• Render accurate, high quality WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) of CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), XHTML (Extensible Hypertext Markup Language), and chúng tôi pages

• Create integrated code and split view standards-based pages (XHTML, CSS, XSLT [XSL Transformations])

• Support deep CSS formatting and layout

• Manage and apply styles

• Edit properties

Administering and Monitoring SharePoint 2007

Administration of a SharePoint 2007 environment is greatly simplified and improved over the 2003 version of the product line. It is no longer necessary to hunt around for administrative tools and commands because a distinct, centralized set of tools contains them all. The SharePoint Central Administration tool, accessed from the server console or remotely from a web browser, contains the bulk of all administration of the farm. It contains operations tasks, application management tasks, and shared settings administration. In addition, SharePoint 2007 provides the capability to give site administrators customized permissions to specific areas, with site administration taking place from the Site Settings link within each site. Chapter 14, “Managing and Administering SharePoint Infrastructure,” covers the administration of a SharePoint environment in detail.

Backing Up and Restoring SharePoint

SharePoint 2007 is a mission-critical application environment that requires a robust and reliable backup-and-restore infrastructure. Fortunately, SharePoint 2007 dramatically improves restore functionality with the addition of a two-stage recycle bin, shown in Figure 1.20. This enables end users to recover their own documents that have been deleted, and enables site administrators to recover files that have already been emptied from the site Recycle Bin.

In addition to Recycle Bin functionality, SharePoint 2007 includes a built-in farm backup tool. This backup tool allows the entire farm, or individual farm components, to be backed up and restored.

SharePoint also includes powerful site backup functionality with the STSADM command-line tool. This simplifies using a combination approach to backups and restores. Chapter 17, “Backing Up and Restoring a SharePoint Environment,” offers more information about all these approaches to backing up and restoring.

Using the SharePoint Best Practices Analyzer

Microsoft has released a Best Practices Analyzer for Windows SharePoint Services 3.0. (That link takes you to the page to download it.)

After installation, the Best Practices Analyzer can evaluate the existing Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 implementation. Figure 1.22 shows a portion of the report, which discovered two errors and six warnings in a test configuration. As with any automated analysis, review the errors to see whether they do in fact have to be rectified, or they simply do not agree with Microsoft best practices. For example, one of the errors identified indicates A dedicated front-end Web server is configured for crawling, which is part of a design that includes only one front-end server! The second error that appears states No trusted locations have been defined for Excel Services within SSP SharedServices1, which is a valid error, and Excel Services would not work in this configuration.

Monitoring a SharePoint Environment with the SharePoint Management Pack for Microsoft Operations Manager 2005

SharePoint 2007 by itself does not include an integrated monitoring application or service. Instead, it provides for application hooks into monitoring platforms, providing for especially tight integration with the Microsoft Operations Manager (MOM) 2005 application, shown in Figure 1.23, or its new successor, System Center Operations Manager (OpsMgr) 2007.

The SharePoint Management Packs available for MOM 2005 and OpsMgr 2007 give unprecedented levels of monitoring capabilities at the application level because the SharePoint 2007 team wrote the management packs. If an individual service within SharePoint were to fail, the management pack would trigger an alert within MOM, detailing specifics about the failure and giving an administrator a list of next steps and knowledge base articles to help solve the issue. Chapter 16, “Maintaining and Monitoring SharePoint 2007 Environments and Databases,” supplies more information about using MOM 2005 to monitor SharePoint 2007.

Securing the SharePoint Environment with ISA Server 2006

SharePoint 2007 is a critical component that can often contain sensitive data about an organization and its intellectual property. Many organizations want to enable their end users to be able to access this data from anywhere on the Internet, but are concerned about the security implications of doing so. For these scenarios, best practice dictates the use of a reverse proxy security solution that provides for application-layer filtering of the HTTP traffic to the SharePoint environment. One of the most comprehensive applications to provide this level of filtering to a SharePoint is Microsoft’s Internet Security and Acceleration (ISA) Server 2006.

A SharePoint 2007 site reverse proxy scenario, detailed in Figure 1.24, allows all the Secure Sockets Layer–encrypted traffic intended for SharePoint to be intercepted, scanned at the application layer for vulnerabilities and attacks, and then re-encrypted and sent back to the SharePoint Server. To reduce the surface attack vector of the platform, allow only the specific HTTP calls required by SharePoint 2007 and disallow all other types of HTTP calls, extensions, and methods.

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This type of solution also allows for the use of forms-based authentication scenarios that do not require custom chúng tôi authentication providers in SharePoint, further enabling some of the security options available to SharePoint designers. Chapter 15, “Securing a SharePoint Environment,” contains more information about using ISA 2006 with SharePoint 2007.

Sharepoint 2007 Summary

SharePoint 2007 products and technologies are an exciting evolution of a product that has received considerable attention in recent years. Inclusion of new collaboration features such as blogs, wikis, RSS feed readers, and other end user enhancements make the platform more accessible and user friendly, whereas improvements made to existing key functionality enhances the viability of the platform. In addition, several key new administrative enhancements and functionalities, such as email-enabled content support, Excel Services, and Business Data Catalog services, position the product for enterprise document management capabilities.

This chapter discussed the functionality improvements and additions to both Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 and Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007. Later chapters of this book supply additional information about each of the topics discussed here.

Best Practices

• It is a good idea to become familiar with the differences among workspaces, sites, site collections, and top-level sites when planning and designing SharePoint 2007 environments.

• The new and improved navigational tools in SharePoint 2007 enable site collection administrators and site administrators to customize their sites to meet the needs of the end users, and now include tree views, breadcrumb trails, and fully customizable Quick Launch area.

• Understand the differences among SharePoint 2007 product versions and their embedded features. Many organizations might find that a cheaper version of the product suits its particular needs.

• Download and run the Microsoft Best Practices Analyzer for Windows SharePoint Services 3.0. The results give the SharePoint farm administrator a report that summarizes errors and warnings based on Microsoft best practices and SharePoint configuration requirements.

Record And Share Terminal Session With Showterm

You can easily record your terminal sessions with virtually all screen recording programs. However, you are very likely to end up with an oversized video file. There are several terminal recorders available in Linux, each with its own strengths and weakness. Showterm is a tool that makes it pretty easy to record terminal sessions, upload them, share, and embed them in any web page. On the plus side, you don’t end up with any huge file to deal with.

Showterm is open source, and the project can be found on this GitHub page.

Installing Showterm for Linux

Showterm requires that you have Ruby installed on your computer. Here’s how to go about installing the program.




If you don’t have Ruby installed on your Linux system:



+x ~





If you just want to run the application without installation:






You can type showterm --help for the help screen. If a help page doesn’t appear, showterm is probably not installed. Now that you have Showterm installed (or are running the standalone version), let us dive into using the tool to record.

Recording Terminal Session

Recording a terminal session is pretty simple. From the command line run showterm. This should start the terminal recording in the background. All commands entered in the command line from hereon are recorded by Showterm. Once you are done recording, press Ctrl + D or type exit in the command line to stop your recording.

When viewing your recordings, the timing of the video can also be controlled by appending “#slow,” “#fast,” or “#stop” to the URL. Slow makes the video run at normal speed; fast doubles the speed; and stop, as the name suggests, stops the video.

Showterm terminal recordings can easily be embedded in web pages via iframes. This can be achieved by adding the iframe source to the showterm video URL as shown below.

As an open source tool, Showterm allows for further customization. For instance, to run your own Showterm server, you need to run the command:


In case you are thinking of sharing some command line tutorials with a colleague, be sure to remember Showterm. Showterm is text-based; hence, it will yield a relatively small-sized video compared to other screen recorders. The tool itself is pretty small in size – only a few kilobytes.

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