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The KDE desktop has been the center of changes and controversy for the last eighteen months. However, with last week’s release of version 4.3, the majority of users finally seem to accept — if not necessarily love — the changes. At this point, it seems fair to ask: How successful are the KDE 4 series of releases?

Personally, I was snared at the 4.0 release. It seemed to include the most interesting innovations on the GNU/Linux desktop (and still does). But the 4.0 release was not ready for everyday use, and I waited over a year for KDE 4.2 before switching to KDE for my main desktop.

Inevitably, that switch brought a degree of disillusionment. After all, following innovations is very different from using a piece of software every day. You need daily use over several months to appreciate a feature fully, or to become thoroughly irritated by it. I eventually found that I had growing lists of both pros and cons — some minor, and some major, but all of which affected my reaction to the KDE 4 series.

In theory, the KDE 4 series has all sorts of features that could transform the user experience. For example, Nepomuck, the metadata manager, should add a whole new dimension to desktop searching and sharing of information. Similarly, geolocation, whose basics are introduced in 4.3, opens immense (and sometimes ominous) possibilities.

However, for various reasons, none of these features has fully materialized yet. Instead, it is relatively minor features that shape my everyday appreciation of KDE:

Previews of desktop folders and tasks: In the latest KDE release, hovering the mouse over a minimized task or a folder opens a popup preview of the item. While this is a small feature, it makes locating the right item on a crowded desktop or task bar far easier than maximizing or opening an item.

Folder Views: When first introduced, Folder Views were supposed to be the end of icons on the desktop. Instead, the rumors claimed, we were all going to be forced to open our applications via the menu. But in practice, those of us who insist on icons on the desktop have never had a better tool than Folder View. Thanks to Folder View, instead of being stuck with one set of icons, we can maintain several, swapping them in a matter of a few seconds. Not only are the multiple icon sets efficient, but they eliminate the need for clumsy workarounds that are required in other desktops.

Activities: Activities are the next generation of virtual desktops. You can zoom out via the desktop tool box (more generally known as the cashew), and see and define activities, and switch between them. Add Activities to Folder Views, and customizing your desktop to your immediate needs becomes easy. In 4.3, you can also associate Activities with virtual desktops, although, fairly clearly, they are eventually going to replace virtual desktops altogether

Completist applications: Every once and awhile, you find a piece of free software that is so crammed with features that you can’t imagine any other application surpassing it. Such applications are a little awe-inspiring, and KDE has at least three of them: Kontact for personal information management, Amarok for music, and digiKam for image management. Amarok has recently released a new version specifically for the KDE 4 series, and digiKam is just about to. Although Amarok in particular has suffered something of the same reaction as KDE 4.0, all these programs are a joy to use if you take the trouble to learn them — although, strictly speaking, Kontact is a central organizer for several related programs.

Next Page: Downside of KDE 4 series

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Surface Pro (2023) Vs Surface Pro 4 Comparison Review

Our Verdict

Until we’ve properly tested the new Surface Pro, we’ll reserve judgement on which 2-in-1 is the best.

Best Prices Today: Microsoft Surface Pro (2023)




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It’s been a pretty long wait, but the update to the Surface Pro 4 is here. Oddly, it’s not called the Surface Pro 5 but as you’ll see there are clear reasons for this.

Whether you’re thinking of upgrading from your Surface Pro 4 or trying to decide which device to buy as an upgrade from something else, our comparison of the two hybrids will help you make the right choice.

See our chart of the best hybrid laptop/tablets to buy.

You can pre-order the new Surface Pro now from Microsoft.

What are the differences between Surface Pro 4 and the 2023 version?

Compare the key specifications (see our table below) and you could easily come to the conclusion that very little has changed.

The two tablets look the same, have the same 12.3in screen, selection of ports and – aside from very minor changes – the same chassis.

During the launch, Microsoft said the new tablet was thinner and lighter. However, that’s not exactly true. Its own website lists the same dimensions for the two and, depending in the configuration you choose, the new device is either a couple of grams lighter or heavier than the equivalent old model.

So it’s not thinner and no-one is going to notice that miniscule weight difference. Can you spot which is which?

Not everything remains the same, of course. The main difference is that the new Surface Pro includes the latest seventh-gen Intel Core processors, which also means upgraded integrated graphics.

Battery life is also improved from ‘up to 9 hours’ for the old model to ‘up to 13.5 hours’ from the new Surface Pro.

The last notable change is the new kick-stand hinge which now reclines to an almost-flat 165 degrees. This position is called ‘Studio mode’ and lets you use the Surface Pro like the Surface Studio – it’s a more comfortable angle to use for sketching and drawing.

Other minor improvements are better sound quality from the speakers and more rounded corners.

The Surface Pro 4’s stand allows it to tilt back to 150 degrees – the same as the Surface Pro 3. The extra 15 degrees sounds like a small change, but until we’ve properly tested the two devices, it’s hard to know if it really makes a difference or not.

As before, there’s a choice of ultra-low-power Core m3, i5 and i7 processors. The fanless Core m model is available from launch this time – it came later with the Surface Pro 4.

If you opt for the flagship model with 1TB of storage, that’s an NVMe SSD which should improve performance even more compared to the equivalent Surface Pro 4.

That covers the main tablet, but both the keyboard and Surface Pen have been updated for 2023 as well.

Like the recently announced Surface Laptop, the Type Cover keyboard is now skinned with Alcantara – a man-made suede-like material.

This costs £149 (US$159) and comes in three colours to match the new shades for the tablet: Cobalt Blue, Burgundy and Platinum. They go on sale 30 June, a couple of weeks after the Surface Pro.

The new Surface Pen comes in the same colours, plus black. It costs £99.99 (US$99.99) – yep, it’s not bundled in the box any more – but there’s no confirmed release date yet.

It’s longer than the old Surface Pen and does away with the clip. New is its ability to detect when you’re tilting the pen at an angle (similar to Apple’s Pencil) and can therefore more accurately reproduce the effect of that on screen.

Depending on the type of pen you’ve selected in an app, it could mean you get a thicker line the more you tilt.

Which processors and storage can you get with the new Surface Pro?

The table below shows how the old and new Surface Pro models compare for their main specs.

How do they compare on price?

The Surface Pro 4 has dropped in price now that the new version has been announced, and the Core i7 versions are no longer on sale in the US.

The Pro 4 comes with the older version of the Surface Pen (unless you go for the Core m3 model), so don’t forget to add £99.99 (or $99.99) to the price of the new Surface Pro if you know you’ll need a stylus.

Surface Pro (2023):

Core m3, 4GB, 128GB: £799, US$799

Core i5, 4GB, 128GB: £979, US$999

Core i5, 8GB, 256GB: £1249, US$1299

Core i7, 8GB, 256GB: £1549, US$1599

Core i7, 16GB, 512GB: £2149, US$2199

Core i7, 16GB, 1TB: £2699, US$2699

Surface Pro 4 (UK):

Core m3, 4GB, 128GB: £636.65

Core i5, 8GB, 256GB: £917.15

Core i7, 8GB, 256GB: £1104.15

Core i7, 16GB, 256GB: £1231.65

Core i7, 16GB, 512GB: £1529.15

Core i7, 16GB, 1TBGB: £1869.15

Surface Pro 4 US models:

Core m3, 4GB, 128GB (no pen): US$699

Core i5, 4GB, 128GB: £979, US$849

Core i5, 8GB, 256GB: £1249, US$999

Core i5, 16GB, 256GB: £1549, US$1399

Core i5, 8GB, 512GB: £2149, US$1399

Core i5, 16GB, 512GB: £2699, US$1799

Pre-order the Surface Pro 5 here.

Should I buy the new Surface Pro?

It is, overall, very similar to its predecessor. That’s probably why it isn’t called the Surface Pro 5. The new processors mean better performance and battery life, but those are the significant two improvements.

Microsoft says the screen on the new tablet is better, but hasn’t yet specified how.

In the UK at least, the Core i7 versions of the Surface Pro 4 are significantly cheaper than the equivalents from the new range, and they’re even better value because they include a Surface Pen.

If you already own a Surface Pro 4, there’s no real incentive to upgrade unless you’re going from a low-powered model and are planning to buy a Core i7 version.

Specs Microsoft Surface Pro (2023): Specs

Windows 10 Pro

12.3in PixelSense display, 2736×1824, 267ppi

Up to Intel Kaby Lake Core i7

Up to 16GB RAM

Up to 1TB storage

USB 3.0


Micro-SD card reader

11ac Wi-Fi

Bluetooth 4.0

5Mp front camera

8Mp rear camera



Black Shark 4 / 4 Pro With Snapdragon 888 Soc Launched

At this launch conference, the company also unveiled the new JOYUI operating system.

Black Shark 4

In the camera department, the Black Shark 4 Pro comes with a 48MP main camera. The two other lenses are an 8MP wide-angle and 5MP macro lenses.

From the launch information, the Black Shark 4 comes with a 4,500 mAh high-capacity battery. This smartphone supports 120W high-power charging. This smartphone takes only 5 minutes to charge the battery to 50%, and it can get a full charge within 15 minutes. With 100% power, the charging speed is second to none in the industry.

Of course, in addition to high-power fast charging, this time the Black Shark 4 will also use NFC as standard. Not only that, the Black Shark 4 is not only a gaming phone but also a “music phone”. According to DxOMark rating, Black Shar 4 tops its audio rating with a total score of 81. This report has not been officially released by DxOMark. This device relies on the industry’s top large-amplitude linear dual speakers and fully symmetrical super-large sound cavity.

The Black Shark 4 will be available in a variety of colors such as fantasy black and storm blue.

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Black Shark 4 Pro

The Black Shark 4 Pro has more colour options than the regular version. It is available in Black, Gray, Ink Sea Black, and Pink. This smartphone comes with a Snapdragon 888 flagship processor. It also uses the UFS 3.1 storage as well as LPDDR5 RAM.

The Black Shark 4 Pro uses a Samsung E4 material AMOLED gaming screen. This display supports a 144Hz screen refresh rate, and a 720Hz touch sampling rate. Its touch response delay is as low as 8.3ms.

The Black Shark 4 Pro further uses a new “sandwich” liquid cooling system. It has a built-in double-layer three-dimensional heat dissipation system. This system increases the heat dissipation efficiency by 30%. It also reduces the CPU core temperature by 18 degrees.

The disk array system is composed of an enhanced version of UFS3.1+ customized SSD. This increases the storage read performance by up to 55%. The storage write performance also increases by up to 69%. This greatly increases the speed of game installation and file processing.

The Black Shark 4 Pro uses a full-scene X antenna intelligent switching system and a built-in network acceleration system.

Just like the Black Shark 4, the Pro model also uses a 4500 mAh capacity battery. This battery also supports 120W ultra-fast flash charging. According to Black Shark, this device can get a full charge in 15 minutes. It can get up to 50% charge in 5 minutes. The Black Shark 4 Pro also uses a cooling rear clip with a built-in temperature display. Thus, users can see the temperature of the device in real-time.

The Black Shark 4 Pro also uses a 15V ultra-high power smart power amplifier. This increases the drive power by 50%. This smartphone also comes with an ultra-large amplitude dual 1216 linear speakers and a 1.5CC full symmetrical ultra-large sound cavity design.

In the camera department, the Black Shark 4 Pro comes with a 64MP main camera. The two other lenses are an 8MP wide-angle and 5MP macro lenses.

Price and Availability

The Black Shark 4 series will be available for pre-sale at 5 pm today. However, the first official sale of this device will be at 10 am on March 26.

Black Shark 4 price

6GB + 128GB – 2499 yuan ($384)

8GB + 128GB – 2699 yuan ($415)

12GB + 128GB – 2999 yuan ($461)

12GB + 256GB – 3299 yuan ($507)

Black Shark 4 Pro price

8GB + 256GB – 3999 yuan ($614)

12GB + 256GB – 4499 yuan ($691)

16GB + 512GB – 5299 yuan ($814)

Other Devices

Black Shark also released a couple of devices in addition to the Black Shark 4 series. Here are the devices and their prices

Black-Shark cooling back clip 2 Pro – 199 yuan ($31)

Black Shark 20000 mAh mobile power bank – 159 yuan ($24)

Black Shark 4/4 Pro armor thermal conductive protective shell – 79 yuan ($12)

Black-Shark 4/4 Pro fluorescent protective shell – 39 yuan ($6)

Lte Advanced Pro And The Road To 5G Explained

The path to 5G

Before we look at LTE Advanced Pro in some detail, let’s understand exactly where this all aims to end up. The goal is to continue to evolve the current LTE standard towards reaching the 5G specifications. The standard looking to become a rather large, all-encompassing wireless communication system that not only caters for faster data speeds, but also supports many more devices online at the same time with greatly reduced latency.

Although there currently isn’t a definitive standard for a 5G technology just yet, the groups working on the early trials have defined a number of key requirements going forward. Here are some of the most important ones:

1Gbps to 10Gbps connections for peak data rates

100Mbps cell edge data rate (mobile data speeds)

1 millisecond end-to-end latency

1000x bandwidth per unit area

10-100x number of connected devices

90% reduction in network energy usage

Improved coverage, with a perception of 100% coverage

ARM announces its Cortex-R8, destined for future 5G modems


Other improvements to the standard include more efficient channel encoding, a new FDD/TDD data frame structure designed to reduce latency, and adaptive carrier upload/download allocation for traffic offloading and optimization. Additional antennas can also be deployed at base stations with enhanced MIMO for additional network coverage.

When it comes to the lower power device support and superior connectivity, LTE-M and NB-IOT technologies encompassed in LTE-A Pro will offer lower speed, narrow band access for low power devices. The aim is to reduce power consumption and costs, while allowing for high node density. Low data rate of just a few 100 kbps and much slower latencies should keep power usage down for these devices, while high bandwidth networking is reserved for our more powerful gadgets and other connected devices.

Release 14 of LTE-A Pro also aims to also coalesce vehicle-to-vehicle (LTE V2X) and device-to-device communications, convergent TV services, and location/proximity aware mobile devices for social networking and emergency services. It really is a huge standard to cover virtually any form of communication that you can think of.

If all this techno-jargon is a little off-putting, Qualcomm has put together a rather handy video that helps to explain a lot of these fundamental points.

Wrap Up

The long and the short of it is that LTE Advanced Pro aims to vastly increase the data speeds and bandwidth available for mobile communication by streaming and collecting data through a wider range of technologies. Not only that, but the technology wants to bring a much wider range of connected devices and platforms all under a single standard. This could enable brand new ways of communicating with each other and open up doors to innovative new products and markets. All of which is a precursor for next-generation 5G technologies.

We have already seen trials and modems offering support for some of the components of LTE Advanced Pro, but major roll-outs aren’t expected to begin hitting markets for a year or more yet. Even then, different countries and carriers will begin rolling out their own services in their own time, so the road to 5G is going to be very gradual. Still, now we know what’s heading our way.

How To Clear Your Xbox Series X & Series S Cache.

If you have an Xbox Series X or Series S and are having some issues installing games or getting random error codes, and sign-in errors, you may need to clear your console cache. This is one of the primary ways to solve problems on Xbox Series S and X consoles and one that can be done really easily.

Related: How to fix EA app error “There was a slight hiccup and we couldn’t finish installing”

All modern devices have caches that store certain kinds of temporary data that is primarily used to speed up trivial tasks and make the entire system seem snappier. Internet browsers are exactly the same and rely heavily on their cache to improve website experiences and keep sites loading as fast as possible. From time to time these caches can be corrupted and end up causing a variety of different problems.

How do you clear the cache on an Xbox Series X?

As is typical of Microsoft, this entire process of clearing the Xbox Series X & S cache is far more complicated than it needs to be. So follow the steps shown below very closely.

To begin, turn on your Xbox Series X(any method works fine).

Once your console has booted up press the Xbox button on the controller to open the Guide.

Now go to the Profile and System tab, and you will see a long list of extra options that you have probably never really explored.

Next, go to Settings and change to the Devices and Connections tab. Finally, select the Blu-Ray then Persistent storage.

Once you go to it select Clear Persistent Storage and the cache on your console will be cleared.

As you can see the reason for hiding it under Blu-ray is absolutely ridiculous and in a location that most people aren’t going to look.

How do you clear the cache on an Xbox Series X?

In terms of the Xbox Series S, you might think the procedure to clear the cache is the same, but that is not the case, for some strange reason. So follow the steps shown below very closely.

To begin, turn on your Xbox Series S(any method works fine).

Once your console has booted up press the Xbox button on the controller to open the Guide.

Now go to the Profile and System tab, and you will see a long list of extra options that you have probably never really explored.

Now just Restart your console and it will boot with a clean cache and you should be completely error-free. Remember this process as it is the best go-to method for solving just about every Xbox game error or sign in error. If you haven’t cleared your Internet browser cache for a while I also suggest getting that done as well. Check out our comprehensive guide for each browser below.

How to clear the cache and cookies in Chrome, Firefox, Edge, & Brave.

Campaña: Pasos Para Recaudar Fondos Con Tus Redes Sociales

Campaña: Si alguna vez te has preguntado cómo recaudar fondos para tus campaña con tus redes sociales, estos son los 3 pasos que necesitas tomar.

Campaña: Pasos para recaudar fondos

Crear una campaña para recaudar fondos para una fundación es algo complejo, pero esto se ha vuelto mucho más factible y fácil con campañas en redes sociales y la influencia de muchas personas dentro de ellas.

Sugiero seguir estos pasos para lograr éxito es tu campaña.

Elegir el tema de la campaña:

Aquí unos ejemplos:

Evento de capacitación a cambio de víveres o dinero por la asistencia.

Venta de productos creados por la misma fundación

Maratón a favor de la fundación.

Elegir las redes sociales y plataformas a utilizar

En este caso podríamos elegir las siguientes redes sociales: Facebook, Twitter, Instagram y Youtube. En caso de necesitar ayuda de profesionales para el evento de capacitación sería clave utilizar Linkedin.

Por otro lado debemos elegir la plataforma de reservas o compra de tickets, como por ejemplo Eventbrite  y la plataforma para la venta de los productos si es el caso.

Elegir el tipo de contenidos y crear un calendario para redes sociales

En el siguiente cuadro recomiendo los siguientes tipos de contenido y sus diferentes formatos para cada red social:

Al momento de crear un contenido, sea el tipo que sea, debemos incluir siempre una “llamada a la acción”.

Ejemplo de contenido para los temas de campaña sugeridos:

Evento de capacitación a cambio de víveres o dinero por la asistencia.

LinkedIn: Crear una oportunidad de empleo para encontrar voluntarios para las capacitaciones

Facebook: Crear evento y publicita (Ads). Postear contenidos variados antes, durante y después del evento.

Twitter: Compartir evento de Facebook y twittear mínimo 8 veces al día sobre el evento. También detectar influenciadores para pedir su recomendación para asistir al evento.

Instagram: Postear imágenes antes, durante y después del evento, además de 1 video de expectativa.

Youtube: Subir un video de expectativa, además de videos con recomendaciones de los expositores.

Venta de productos creados por la misma fundación:

En este caso pueden ser productos promocionales de la fundación y también otros creados por la misma fundación y sus miembros, como el libro de cuentos de la fundación Formación Juventud Boliviana el cual puedes pedirlo en su Facebook.

Facebook: Postear contenidos variados, principalmente en formato de imágenes y sin olvidarse el llamado a la acción. Poner anuncio pagado (Ads) y añadir el acceso directo a la tienda virtual (si se tiene)

Twitter: Twittear unas 8 veces al día sobre los productos, beneficios, a quienes van el dinero y para que lo necesitan.

Instagram: Realizar las mismas acciones que en Facebook.

Youtube: Videos de los mismos niños contando su cuento (en el caso del libro de cuentos).


Primeramente aliarse con alguna empresa de bebidas no alcohólicas.

Facebook: Crear evento y publicita (Ads). Postear contenidos variados antes, durante y después del evento.

Twitter: Compartir evento de Facebook y twittear mínimo 8 veces al día sobre el evento. También detectar influenciadores para pedir su recomendación para asistir al evento. Seguir y mencionar a las marcas patrocinadoras del evento.

Instagram: Postear imágenes antes, durante y después del evento, además de 1 video de expectativa.

Youtube: Subir un video de expectativa y después de realizado el evento.

Nota: En los 2 casos de la realización de un evento, se puede crear el mismo, gratis o pagado en una plataforma como Eventbrite para tener mayor seguridad de la cantidad de asistentes y poder prever ante todo.

Administrar la campaña en Hootsuite

Para lograr un lanzamiento y administración de la campaña eficiente y ordenadamente recomiendo utilizar Hootsuite. Con esta plataforma podrás principalmente programar tus contenidos, seguir los hashtags de tus eventos y/o campañas, ver quienes son tus influenciadores, ver comentarios y poder responderlos, de la misma forma los mensajes internos (inbox y mensajes directos), ver estadísticas, etc.

Ahora existen las campañas de Hootsuite. Hay una que te permite realizar un concurso de fotografías; en este caso, mi recomendación es crear un concurso con fotos de participación en la campaña(eventos, ventas,etc.), lo cual provocaría una mayor participación ¿por qué? porque solo podrían participar del concurso de fotografía las personas que participen en la campaña.

¿Qué te parece?, ¿Te animas a poner en práctica estos pasos y consejos para recaudar fondos para una fundación?

Empieza a utilizar Hootsuite hoy

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