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Windows Thumbnail cache or chúng tôi files are hidden data files in the Windows operating system, which contain small images, displayed when you view a folder in “thumbnail” view, as opposed to tile, icon, list, or detail view.
Windows keeps a copy of all your pictures, video, and document thumbnails so that they can be displayed quickly when you open a folder. This thumbnail cache – chúng tôi chúng tôi thumbcache_*.db – is used by Windows to speed up the display of thumbnail files in folders.Thumbs.db file in Windows OS
In Windows XP you ‘see’ these ‘hidden’ files chúng tôi files scattered all over the place.
In Windows 11/10/8/7/Vista, the thumbnails ‘thumbcache’ are stored at C:UsersOwnerAppDataLocalMicrosoft WindowsExplorer.How to turn off chúng tôi file creation
But if you like to view folders/files as ‘thumbnails’, as opposed to icons, etc. – best to keep this option on.Disable Windows Thumbnail cache using Registry
You can also disable the thumbnail cache via the Windows Registry. To do so, open the Registry Editor and navigate to the following key:HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionExplorerAdvanced
Related: How to disable Windows chúng tôi files from being createdCan you delete chúng tôi files
No harm is done by deleting chúng tôi files. Deleting the chúng tôi file has no real effect on your operating system or the future ability to view thumbnails at any time. It is automatically re-created, in the respective folder, each time you ‘view’ thumbnails. The only thing is that the loading may take a bit more time, the first time you open the folder. You can use the built-in Disk Cleanup utility to delete the chúng tôi files.
Read: How to delete chúng tôi Files in Network folder.
If you are thinking of turning off the chúng tôi feature to save disk space, then after you have disabled creation chúng tôi use Disk Cleanup utility to delete all the residual chúng tôi files on your disk. Just deleting chúng tôi files make no real sense, as they will be created again once you open that folder to view thumbnails. Just turning off chúng tôi again makes no sense if you want to save disk space. Make sure you delete the residual chúng tôi files on your disk.
TIP: See how you can stop Windows from deleting Thumbnail cache.Thumbs.db Viewer
To view the chúng tôi file on your Windows computer, you will have to make use of some freeware. Thumbnail Database Viewer enables you to view thumbnail cache. chúng tôi Explorer is another small utility to view and extract images from chúng tôi files. You can preview the images inside a chúng tôi save all to a destination folder or save only a single image.
During installation, the tool will offer to install a toolbar and change your home page and search engine. So be careful, select the Advanced option and uncheck these three options.
Even if you delete some files from your disk, their thumbnails will continue to be stored in the chúng tôi files. In fact, the chúng tôi files have also been used by law enforcement authorities to prove that illicit or illegal photos were previously stored on the hard drive, in one case.
Looking to learn more about other files or file types or file formats in Windows? Check these links:
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3 best visual traceroute freeware for Windows 10/11
To identify the Internet path and communication time between your PC and the remote server, you need the best visual traceroute software.
We provide you with a free tool that scans network paths, email addresses and IP addresses.
Another free program can measure packet transit delays and display the network path.
You can also choose a tool that helps you track spammers or diagnose slow connections.
Would you like to identify the internet path as well as the time of communication between your PC and the remote server? There is a visual traceroute program that can help you do that.
A visual traceroute is a software used to identify the internet route and the time for communication between your computer and the remote server.
Visual traceroute programs have many uses. Computer experts use them to resolve network performance problems while end users sometimes need them to identify the path taken or identify the location of a remote website.
Traceroute programs can also be used to identify internet problems such as response time, data loss among others. We have gathered a list of the top 3 best visual traceroute freeware to keep your internet connection secure and help you resolve network issues.What are the best free visual traceroute programs for Windows 10? Path Analyzer Pro
By integrating all these robust features into one program, Path Analyzer Pro has become a necessary tool in the technician’s toolkit. This software lets you research the network paths, email addresses, and IP addresses.
In doing so, it visually analyzes the network path characteristics and lets you know whether it’s the router, server, or ISP responsible for network problems.
Path Analyzer Pro utilizes the most powerful path discovery engine available today. In addition to path recovery, it has other unique features such as instant report generation, stunning graphical visualizations, multi-metric hop analysis, firewall detection and traversal among others that give it an edge against the competition.
Experts have seen it perform up to 20 times faster than the traditional traceroute programs.
Get Path Analyzer ProOpen Visual Traceroute
Open Visual Traceroute is one of the best traceroute programs and one of the few tools available for Windows 10 that allows you to get public information about a domain. In addition to working as a perfect network analyzer, it can measure the packet’s transit delays, display network route, and act as a 3D and 2D map visualization tool.
Its most important features are the Network Packet Sniffer and Whois. Network packet sniffer allows you to see what data is being sent back and forth from your system to the internet while Whois allows you to get public information about a certain domain.
Open visual traceroute is a revolutionary application that is fast, convenient, and most importantly; it’s completely free and open-source.
Get Open Visual Traceroute3D Traceroute
3D Traceroute is a free utility for Windows computers that works great at detecting many aspects of internet connections.
At times, connecting to some sites might take too long or not connect at all. In such cases, 3D traceroute can help you find out what’s happening behind the scenes. Just type in the IP or address of a remote server and it will display the route taken in an easy to understand 3D chart.
You will be able to see all the details such as details of all the servers en-route and the details about the time taken for each link. You can use the information provided to trace spammers, to determine the owner and the location of a website or even to diagnose slow connections.
Get 3D Traceroute
As the name suggests, traceroute software are tools that help end users and technicians identify the problems associated with network connections.
These programs provide users with information such as the path followed by the host and the network, the time taken by the host to contact the server and other useful information for diagnosing network problems.
However, the free tools mentioned above should provide enough information to resolve all your network problems and provide additional bonus information that might be of interest to you.
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WiseCleaner has always been presenting the best useful software for users and Wise PC 1stAid is its next software in the lineup. Helping you to solve your common PC problems, WiseCleaner has now come up with PC troubleshooting software, Wise PC 1stAid.Wise PC 1stAid is a Windows optimizer & troubleshooter
With a very simple interface Wise PC 1stAid is an intelligent freeware specially designed to help users fix the most commonly encountered PC issues. It offers a direct and easy approach for users to get the solution for these common issues like memory issues and slow PC speed issues. Wise PC 1stAid is best suitable for not so tech-savvy users who cannot deal with the complex configuration settings of the computer system.
Wise PC 1stAid includes 11 problem suites and every suite has a brief problem description and a direct button to fix the issue.
The 11 problem suites include:
Desktop icon errors
Cannot open links
Hyperlinks in IE cannot be opened
Cannot open Task Manager
Cannot open Regedit
Cannot open web pages while surfing the internet
Lame internet surfing
Programs not running smoothly
Too much memory occupied
The running speed of PC is too low
You just need to find the required problem suite and hit the ‘Fix Now’ button. The software will then automatically look for the issue and fix it. Make sure that the problem suite you are selecting actually refers to the problem bothering you. You can read the description of the problem in the suite and check if that is the same issue you are facing.
If you do not find your problem listed in the 11 problem suites of Wise PC 1stAid, you can get your solution from the WiseCleaner forum. All you need to do is to download Wise PC 1stAid and install it on your system. On the main interface of the software, you can see all 11 problem suits. On the right pane, you can see the direct link to WiseCleaner Forum. You just need to fill in your description and submit your problem to the official tech forum and look for the solution.
The description form includes a space where you can describe your problem with appropriate screenshots and submit it on the forum. The program will also take the basic information about your computer system like your Windows edition; processor, disk space, memory, and system drive to solve the issue perfectly.
Your issue will be displayed as a post in the forum and will be checked by the other forum members and professional technicians. When any user or technician replies to your query, the “My Question” icon at the upper right corner of the main interface will start blinking reminding you to check the solution.
In a nutshell, Wise PC 1stAid is an easy-to-use system repair application that can fix the most common PC issues, giving you a complete solution for fixing your computer. You can download it from its home page. To create a system restore point first before using this tool, so that you can always revert back, should the changes not be to your expectations.
While on the subject of fixing Windows problems, you might want to also check out our very popular portable first-of-its-kind freeware tool – FixWin.
The term freeware was first used nearly four decades ago when Andrew Fluegelman, a programmer, created the PC-Talk program for the IBM PC, although it wasn’t freely distributed initially.
A few months later, Bob Wallace, a Microsoft software developer, developed the PC-Write word processor and called it shareware because it wasn’t distributed freely.
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Ideally, freeware – or free software – is fully available for free, without any feature or time limits. Shareware, on the other hand, is a preview version of commercial software with limits on features, time and usage, plus other hobbling to nudge you to purchase the full version.
We’re going to look at each term individually with examples of each type of software, and show you why they’re different.What Is Freeware?
Freeware is a portmanteau of “free” and “software”, and refers to software that’s 100 percent free, without no paid licenses, fees, expiration dates or restrictions on their use.
Freeware is free to use, at no cost but is under copyright, while free software is copyright-free and has no constraints or limitations. Users of free software can make changes to the programs’ core elements, rewrite or overwrite whatever they want, and change it as they please.
Free software isn’t free as such because there’s no cost element to it, but, to be truly free, the software developer has to release it by giving away the source code. Some examples of free software include LibreOffice and GIMP among others.
It’s legally redistributable and users can profit from it, whether or not they spent anything to get it or make more from it than the initial cost.
Freeware is completely free but copyrighted nonetheless, and its source code may or may not be freely available. Unlike free software, it isn’t necessarily editable or modifiable to create a whole new program.
It may be restrictive particularly where it’s used for commercial purposes and not private use, and a paid edition exists with more features. In this case, the developer may restrict its functionality.
Freeware developers also grant users more or less access and freedom to the program and have the leeway to lock down the source code or restrict its usage in specific environments, among other restrictions.
There are some freeware programs that are freely available to the public for educational purposes.Examples Of Freeware
Freeware comes from many sources and in different forms.
You can find freeware PC games, driver updater programs, data destruction software, and freeware mobile apps, antivirus software, image editing programs and more.
Skype, Google Chrome, PDF file reader Adobe Acrobat, CCleaner and AOMEI Backupper are some practical examples that are widely used today.
Also, be sure to check out our excellent list of 99 of the best freeware programs you can download.What Is Shareware?
Shareware is commercial software that’s available at no cost but is designed for sharing with others. Developers distribute shareware on a trial basis or in a limited format with an expiry date, so that users can test run the software and hopefully decide to purchase the full versions.
A good example of shareware is the new games developers make available on a limited basis, allowing gamers to experience and share before purchasing the full version.
Unlike freeware that can be used at no cost and for an unlimited period of time, shareware is limited in the length of time you can use it for, even though it’s cost-free.
Another limitation with shareware is that you only get the full functionality of the software once you get a shareware license by buying the software. You’ll find most shareware programs constantly nagging users to buy the full version, or lock down functionality after the trial period has ended.
Some developers may use a login screen to grant access to a user account with valid registration details, or, offer a product key or license file to upgrade to the premium version.Examples Of Shareware
Shareware can be found in a wide range of categories, mostly focused on making it easier for users to fulfill specific computing needs. These categories include:
Popular shareware programs you may know about include WinRAR, AnyDVD, Adobe and Microsoft programs, some antivirus software and more.
It’s particularly at risk because most such programs aren’t fully licensed and don’t have updates or patches, which may put your system at risk too, especially if left on the computer.In Summary – Differences Between Freeware Vs Shareware
When you notice lag or overheating on your computer, the first place you check is the Windows Task Manager to see the process slowing the computer down or causing the heating. If you open Task Manager and see a strange process running, you now have to decide whether to leave it or get rid of it.
You may be reading this post because you say Modern Setup Host or chúng tôi running in the background of your system. Before even thinking of removing this file or process from your system, read this article. Here, I’ll tell you what this process is and how to determine if it’s a virus or not.What is Modern Setup Host on your computer?
Modern Setup Host or the chúng tôi file is a Windows operating system process that prepares your machine for updates and facilitates the system setup when you upgrade your operating system to a newer Windows 10 edition. It comes bundled in Windows 10 and runs in the background of your system when you install Windows Updates. This chúng tôi process can sometimes show high CPU or Memory usage.
You can find the chúng tôi file in the $Windows.~BT/Sources folder of your computer. It doesn’t interfere with the running of your machine, except when you install a Windows update. This is the only time Modern Setup Host should appear in Task Manager.
With Modern Setup Host missing from your machine, you wouldn’t be able to run Windows updates. Updates won’t also work if this file is buggy or corrupt.Is Modern Setup Host safe?
You may see Modern Setup Host running in Task Manager and wonder what it is. Generally, this file isn’t a virus; hence, it’s harmless. However, malicious players often disguise their software as legitimate files or processes. So, the Modern Setup Host process you see may or may not be a virus. If you delete this file, you can get Windows update errors such as in the screenshot below.
Thankfully, you have ways to determine the authenticity of this file. Firstly, you are not to download the chúng tôi file from a third-party website because Windows installs it automatically while running updates. Files you obtain from these third-party websites are likely to be malicious.
Malicious versions of the chúng tôi file can lead to issues on your machine, of which the most common is high CPU usage. In the section that follows, I’ll show you some factors you can check to be sure that your copy of Modern Setup Host is safe.How do I know if chúng tôi is safe or a virus? 1] Check the file’s location
Check the directory that opens up as the file’s location. If this folder is anything other than the $Windows.~BT/Sources folder, then there’s a chance that the file is not authentic.2] Check the file’s copyright and signature
Modern Setup Host is developed and distributed by Microsoft. Therefore, another way of verifying the legitimacy of the file on your system is to confirm that it carries the Microsoft signature.
After confirming the Copyright information, switch to the Digital Signatures tab at the top. The Name of signer column in the Signature list should show Microsoft Windows to verify that the file is3] Check when it runs
Modern Setup Host concerns itself with Windows updates only. When not installing updates, the process should never run. This in itself is another pointer to tell if the file is malicious or not.
First, confirm that no update, press the CTRL + SHIFT + ESC key combination on your keyboard to open Task Manager. If you see the chúng tôi process running when you’re not installing a Windows update, it’s probably a virus, and it has to go.
To prevent viruses from infecting your computer and causing damage, you need reliable antivirus software.
Related read: Modern Setup Host has stopped working.
How often do you think about the power usage of your computer when you’re away from it? While computers have become pretty power-efficient they can still be significant power hogs. So when you’re not using your computer, you might want to switch it off.
However, things aren’t that simple. There are several different variants of “off” that a modern computer can use. Sleep and hibernation are two of the options you’ll see when telling your computer to take a nap. But what’s the difference between sleep and hibernate? They certainly sound like the same sort of thing!
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There’s actually a significant difference between these two options. Which can make a difference to both your power bill and data integrity.The Baseline: Shutting Down Your Computer
Let’s start with the very basics: shutting down. When you shut down your computer, all of the RAM is emptied. The computer turns all of its components off and it draws no power. It’s safe to unplug it. This is as “off” as your computer can be.
The main downside is that you have to start up the computer in a “cold” boot. You’ll have to start up your operating system, login and open your applications. If you just want to pick up from where you left off, this is the least convenient option.Going To Sleep: Sipping On Power
Which is where the first major weakness of sleep mode comes into the picture. If your computer loses power for any reason, you can’t resume from sleep! In some cases this can even lead to startup issues, since the computer was not properly shut down before the power loss.
Laptop computers obviously don’t have this problem at all. Since the on-board batteries will keep supplying power to the sleeping computer in the event of power loss. However, you may want to consider using a UPS (uninterruptible power supply) to keep your sleeping computer safe just in case.
The second big caveat with sleep mode is that it still uses power. To be sure, it uses less power than an active computer. Usually just a few, single-digit watts. That does add up over days, weeks and months however.
The big convenience with sleep mode is that your computer is ready to work almost instantly. Move the mouse or open the laptop lid and you’re ready to go.Hibernation: Going Cold For The Long Haul
Hibernation also lets you power on your computer and pick up from where you left off. The big difference here is that the contents of your memory are stored on your hard drive. This is non-volatile memory and so keeps your data even when the power is off.
With the contents of RAM completely saved to the hard drive, your computer can power off completely. It can be unplugged and transported with no worries at all. A power cut also doesn’t really matter in this case.
So, what’s the catch? Resuming from hibernation is slower than sleep mode. The computer has to boot from a cold state and then copy the contents of RAM back from your hard drive.
The thing is, modern computers boot from cold very quickly. In addition, if your computer has an SSD as a main drive, especially an NVME model, the RAM image can be copied in a flash. So though resuming from hibernation might not be as quick as resuming from sleep, the gap between the two has narrowed significantly. It also means that going into hibernation takes longer than going to sleep, but from a user perspective that doesn’t make a lot of difference.The Hybrid Sleep Option
A third option that may be available to you is known as hybrid sleep. What happens here is that the computer goes into a normal sleep mode, but it also saves a copy of your RAM to the hard drive. When you resume, it’s just like resuming from sleep mode. However, if there was a power cut while the computer was sleeping, it would boot up as if resuming from hibernation.
So with hybrid sleep you get the best of both worlds, but there’s no free ride here! That’s because it takes longer to enter hybrid sleep than normal sleep. Though the difference won’t necessarily matter to you. The second downside is that this uses exactly the same amount of power as normal sleep mode. So you don’t get the power savings benefit that you get from hibernation.Activating Different Sleep Options in Windows 10
Now that you know the difference between sleep and hibernate in Windows 10, it’s time to actually learn how to switch between them. You need to tell Windows what type of mode it should use when you put the system on standby. Here’s how to do it:
Select the Start Button
Select the cog icon
Select Power and Sleep
Select Additional power settings
Select Choose what the power buttons do
Now you can do a couple of things:
Make the power button sleep, hibernate or switch off the screen instead of shutting down
Make the sleep button hibernate or turn off the screen instead
Add hibernate as an option to the power menu
What about hybrid sleep? Let’s see how to turn it on or off. Follow the same steps 1 thru 5 from above.
Select the Start Button
Select the cog icon
Select Power and Sleep
Select Additional power settings
6. Select Change plan settings on your currently selected power plan
Under the Advanced settings, you’ll see a list of features with a little plus icon next to each. Expand Sleep and then expand Allow hybrid sleep. Change the settings to whichever you’d prefer.Which Power Mode Is Right For You?
While this might all sound a little complicated, it’s actually pretty easy to recommend specific power settings for various user contexts. If you’re using a laptop on a regular basis, then simply use plain sleep mode. The onboard battery renders fears about power cuts redundant. If you’re going to put the laptop away for a long time and don’t want to drain the battery, hibernation is of course an option. However, you probably have no need to resume a session that’s weeks or months old.
If you’re using a desktop computer, we’d recommend hybrid sleep if you don’t mind burning through a few watts when the computer isn’t in use.
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