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ChatGPT doesn’t have the same frustrating limits as a traditional chatbot.
On the other hand, ChatGPT rarely ever admits defeat — it can handle open-ended questions and doesn’t respond with generic replies. ChatGPT is one of the most famous examples of generative AI, a cutting-edge subfield of artificial intelligence. As I’ll show you later in this post, it can summarize long documents, write simple computer programs, and simplify difficult-to-understand concepts. All of this stems from ChatGPT’s ability to predict words and form sentences. But how does it work? Let me break it down.
How does ChatGPT work?
Since 2023, OpenAI has developed many generations of large language models, with the most recent one called GPT-4. The base version of ChatGPT, meanwhile, is based on an improved version of the slightly older GPT-3 model. You may also hear of ChatGPT referred to as GPT-3.5.
OpenAI hired human trainers to come up with examples of good responses and fine-tune ChatGPT’s behavior.
In supervised learning, OpenAI’s employees played both sides of the conversation — they would write a prompt and also provide an ideal response from the chatbot’s perspective. With thousands of such examples, the model was eventually trained on human-like dialogue.
Finally, in the reinforcement training stage, the trainers collected a number of chatbot-generated responses and rated them based on their quality. The model could now predict which words and responses appealed the most to a human.What can you do with ChatGPT?
Here are a handful of sample prompts you can enter into ChatGPT. I’ve also put together a list of the best ChatGPT prompts if you’re looking for some more in-depth examples.
Draft an email to someone important
Calvin Wankhede / Android Authority
In a hurry and need to write a formal email to your colleagues or boss? ChatGPT can help with that. With just a single line prompt, it generates a full email that’s nearly ready to send. What’s more, if you don’t like it, you can type another prompt asking for specific changes.
Explain a historical event
Calvin Wankhede / Android Authority
If you want a quick summary of a particular event in history, ChatGPT can provide it with the right prompt. However, keep in mind that OpenAI doesn’t let you use the tool to generate political thoughts so you might not always get an answer, especially on controversial topics.
Write a short story or poetry in a particular style
Calvin Wankhede / Android Authority
You can ask ChatGPT to write poetry like Shakespeare on any subject of your choice. Or a speech in a public figure’s distinct style. The possibilities are endless.
Write code to automate routine digital tasks
I asked ChatGPT to write a Python script that pulls random comics from XKCD. I then asked it to help with running and automating the code so I could find a new comic on my desktop each morning. ChatGPT delivered on both fronts. I simply followed the instructions and ran the code — it worked perfectly! I did need to install a Python library first, but ChatGPT helped with instructions for that too.
It’s worth stressing that you can’t expect perfection. ChatGPT may deliver authentic-looking code but it might not always compile. Still, it’s a pretty cool proof-of-concept.
Visit the ChatGPT website.
Enter your first and last name, then verify your phone number. You can opt to receive the verification code via WhatsApp.
Accept the terms and conditions when presented.
Once signed up, simply type your prompts in the text box at the bottom and press enter to send. You should see ChatGPT start responding almost immediately.
Yes, ChatGPT is currently free to use in its research preview phase. This may change in the future as OpenAI gathers sufficient data to improve its systems.
ChatGPT was created by OpenAI, a San Francisco-based startup that has raised billions of dollars from Microsoft and other investors.
Microsoft has invested billions of dollars in OpenAI but does not completely own OpenAI. According to some reports, Microsoft will receive 75% of the company’s profits until it recoups its initial multi-billion dollar investment. After that, it will retain a 49% stake in the startup.
Elon Musk was a founding member of OpenAI, but he stepped down as chairman of the board in 2023. At the time, he cited a potential conflict of interest between his roles at OpenAI and Tesla. In December 2023, Musk paused OpenAI’s access to the Twitter database and expressed concerns over its revenue plans going forward.
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Mental health is an important component of total well-being and good health. According to the World Health Organization, “mental health is a state of well-being in which an individual recognizes his or her own talents, can manage with the normal demands of life, can work effectively, and can contribute to his or her community. If a person is not mentally healthy, he or she may have a variety of problems or acquire mental diseases or disorders, which can be fatal.
We can make better decisions and judgments when we have good mental health. It is critical for happy relationships and mental well-being. Mental health has an impact on self-esteem and self-confidence. Being in excellent mental health contributes to our pleasure and satisfaction in life.
Mental health is also important in how a person views herself, others, the future, and various life events. Everything will appear unpleasant, terrible, and unsatisfactory if one’s mental health is inadequate. A person with good mental health, on the other hand, would examine diverse situations realistically, make wise judgments, and live life to the fullest.
Gaggle is a company that monitors the work and conversations of almost 5 million children in the United States, and schools pay a lot of money for it. Hundreds of business documents reveal a vast monitoring industrial complex aimed at children who are unable to opt-out. Would you desire your mentor and counselor to be an AI-powered app? Is Gaggle a life-saving app or simply another privacy threat?What exactly is Gaggle?
Gaggle is AI-powered school-monitoring software that analyses kids’ Google and Microsoft accounts for communication. Its main goal is to notify school officials as soon as possible if there is a threat to kids’ physical or mental health, as well as to safeguard them from hazardous information. Its ultimate purpose is to prevent catastrophic occurrences from occurring.
When keywords of concern arise in Gaggle’s systems, it instantly tells school administrators (e.g., it indicates evidence of illicit behavior, strong language, potential cyberbullying, and mentions of self-harm). The existence of such information may enable school officials to act and limit any effects. Many schools spend a lot of money on it. Gaggle keeps track of around 5 million pupils in the United States. While it has the ability to “prevent catastrophes” through real-time content analysis, it also adds an unprecedented level of school surveillance and privacy issues. It deals with delicate topics like mental health, and it might possibly expose them to the general public.
People all across the globe are affected by mental illness. Addiction and other unpleasant, stressful, and harmful effects can result from poor mental health. A mental health condition affects one out of every four people in the world. This is a really concerning scenario. It makes no difference if a person is white, black, short, tall, young, or elderly; mental illness may afflict anyone.
In the United States alone, one out of every 12 people suffers from a Substance Use Disorder, which can be the result of poor mental health or lead to other mental and physical health issues. In the United States, 1 out of every 24 people has a major mental illness, and 1 out of every 5 people has a minor mental disease.How does it Work?
Many schools spend a lot of money on it. Gaggle keeps track of around 5 million pupils in the United States. While it has the ability to “prevent catastrophes” through real-time content analysis, it also adds an unprecedented level of school surveillance and privacy issues. It deals with delicate topics like mental health, and it might possibly expose them to the general public. Gaggle monitors flagged communications and material that may signal a school safety risk with the help of an in-house team of certified safety specialists. Members of the Gaggle team who monitor these areas have backgrounds in specialized fields. Law enforcement, psychology, social work, suicide prevention, and crisis management are all examples of this. This group assesses reported information and categorizes online occurrences to determine the severity of a situation.
The team notifies district employees when anything has been tagged and flagged. This system notifies them of any rules breaches, offensive content, or serious mental health concerns. It will also keep them informed about anything that looks to pose a threat to pupils. Gaggle also catches obscene photos and messages about weapons carried to school, among other things.Threats that may be a problem Employee qualifications
The lack of openness in Gaggle’s business model and the credentials of its employees raises concerns. While the corporation claims that its personnel “have degrees in subjects such as criminal justice, psychology, communications, health administration, and education,” it’s unclear whether this information applies to all levels of the organization. We also know very little about Gaggle’s training and certification programs.
What’s more concerning is that Gaggle’s job postings for Level 1 personnel don’t need applicants to have prior expertise in mental health or young-adult therapy, but they must be familiar with social media vernacular. It’s also unknown if they get any perks or insurance. These issues raise questions about how sensitive information is handled.Invasion of privacy
While Gaggle claims to have prevented hundreds of suicides and has identified 722 suicide-related references, it is impossible to determine if Gaggle has played a significant impact on such prevention. Its detractors argue that the high level of surveillance is unjustified and damaging to pupils. Parents and students have also raised reservations about third-party surveillance of such private and sensitive matters.Leaks of information
Gaggle, like most other platforms, is not immune to data leaks. If such sensitive information goes into the wrong hands and is released to the public, the results might be devastating. Given the amount of data breaches that occur every day throughout the world, this scenario is not implausible.Inaccuracies are possible
While Gaggle’s recruiting practices raise concerns, the company’s use of artificial intelligence might lead to mistakes, causing further hardship to those engaged. AI algorithms aren’t flawless, and they can misunderstand statements if they aren’t given enough context.
The increasing use of AI tools for content creation has increased the demand for AI plagiarism detectors. GPT Zero is one such tool that business owners and schools use to detect AI-based content. It is a free tool accessible directly from GPTZero’s official website.
GPT Zero was developed by a student studying at Princeton University soon after ChatGPT’s release in 2023. It accurately distinguishes between human and AI-written content. However, users still question the accuracy and reliability of GPT Zero.
In this guide, we will quickly review GPT Zero and its features. So, without wasting time, let’s dive in!
What is GPT Zero?
GPT Zero identifies AI text based on the patterns and words used within the content. Typically, AI tools follow a pattern while generating content. This makes them less efficient than humans. AI detectors can easily spot such patterns to identify AI-written content.
GPT Zero is currently free, but you may need to create an account to use it for longer text. The downside of this tool is that it is still in the beta phase. So, it is prone to make errors or provide false results sometimes.
GPT Zero Pricing
GPT Zero doesn’t charge a single penny for AI text detection. You can use it absolutely free, regardless of the length of your text. The only catch is that you must sign up for a new account by entering your email address to test longer texts.
Again, GPT Zero offers premium features for educators. You can upgrade to the premium version by filling out the official form on the official website. This plan will give a detailed analysis of the content and increased character limit with unlimited batch processing. The premium version is not yet officially released. You must apply for access and wait until the team approves your request.
GPT Zero Features
GPT Zero is used by one million users worldwide. The platform offers several features that distinguish it from other AI content detection tools. Below are some striking features of GPT Zero.
Holistic plagiarism scores
GPT Zero generates plagiarism results using two factors – perplexity and burstiness. Perplexity indicates how good an AI platform is at predicting the next word for a given text. Burstiness checks the sentence structure and organization within a content. If it detects similarity in the pattern, the text is likely written by an AI tool.
Highlights AI content
Sometimes only a few portions of your text will have AI content. GPT Zero highlights the text that it thinks is written by AI. This way, you don’t have to re-edit the entire content. Simply rewrite the detected content and submit it!
GPT Zero is in its initial phases but still offers API for developers. You can use this API to integrate GPT Zero features into other websites or apps. The API is not available for everyone. So, you have to apply for GPT Zero API by filling out its API request form.
Works for different AI platforms
Most users use GPT Zero to detect ChatGPT-written content. But it is not limited to that! GPT Zero accurately identifies content written by various AI platforms built on GPT-2, GPT-3, LLaMa, etc., language models.
Company Behind GPT Zero
GPT Zero is not established or owned by any company. A Princeton Student, Edward Tian, developed the platform to help educators detect AI plagiarism within students’ academic essays and assignments.
How does GPT Zero Work?
GPT Zero identifies AI-written content by analyzing text patterns in content and predicting the next words. If a text is easily predictable, it is written by AI tools. Alternatively, if the text has varied sentence structures, words, or patterns, it is human-written.
GPT Zero detects AI content based on two factors:
Perplexity – It measures the randomness within a text based on predictability. If a text is easily predictable, it is AI-written. It measures the perplexity value between 0 to 100. 0 indicates the content is artificially generated, and 100 is human-written.
Burstiness – Burstiness refers to the non-common terms used within a text. If the content contains varied words, phrases, and sentence structures, it is mostly written by humans.
To detect AI-written content, enter your text in the space on GPTZero’s website and hit Get Results. GPT Zero will check the content and return results as AI, human, or mixed content. You can also upload a pdf or doc file.
What can you do with GPT Zero?
GPT Zero is primarily used to detect artificially written content. Educators, schools, and universities widely use the platform to check their students’ work. GPTZero is fine-tuned to detect AI plagiarism in academic content.
Is Gpt Zero Accurate
GPT Zero is not accurate at all. The problem with GPT Zero is that it uses burstiness and perplexity to calculate if the text was written by AI, and it doesn’t work that well.
Gpt Zero Accuracy
Though GPT Zero does a really good job at recognizing the texts created using ChatGPT. The accuracy of GPT Zero is estimated to be around 98%. This means that it is able to correctly identify whether a given text was written by a human or an AI with a 98% success rate. While GPT Zero is very accurate, it is not perfect.
GPT Zero is an excellent tool for AI detection. The best part about this tool is that it’s free and provides accurate results for almost every content type. The tool can detect content written by various AI language models, including ChatGPT. If you are looking for a less costly yet efficient AI detector, GPT Zero is a must-try!
Remember, the tool is in the beta phase and new. Its results may not be as good as those of paid AI detection tools.
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Even with these new communication methods, many of us (especially in the business world) still rely heavily on email. It’s effective, reliable, and a great way to keep in contact with others.
Whether you use email every day or periodically, I’m sure you have heard the term “email client.” So, what exactly does it mean?
What is a Client?
To better understand what an email client is, let’s first explore what a “client” is in general.
We’re not talking about a business client or customer, but it is a similar idea. In the software/hardware world, a client is a device, app, or program that receives services or data from a central location, usually a server. Just like a business client receives service from a business, a software/hardware client receives data or service from its server.
You may have heard of a client-server model. In this model, the term client was first used to describe dumb terminals connected to a mainframe computer. The terminals had no software or processing capability themselves, but ran programs and were fed data from the mainframe or server. They requested or sent data from the keyboard back to the mainframe.
This terminology is still used today. Instead of dumb terminals and mainframes, we have desktop computers, laptops, tablets, smartphones, etc. that talk to servers or server clusters.
In today’s world, most of our devices now have their own processing capability, so we don’t think of them as clients so much as we do the software or applications running on them. A great example of a client is our web browser. A web browser is a client of the web server that feeds information from the internet.
Now that we know what a client is, you might have figured out that an email client is an application that communicates with an email server so we can read, send, and manage our electronic mail. Simple, right? Well, yes, in theory, but there are some variations we should take a look at.
If you use Gmail, Outlook, Yahoo, a website from your internet service provider, or any other site to retrieve your messages, you are most likely using webmail. That is, you’re going to a website, logging in, viewing, sending, and managing email. You look at messages directly on the mail server; they are not downloaded to your device.
While your browser lets you read, send, and manage your messages, it is not a dedicated email client. Without an internet connection, you cannot even get into the website. Like the name says, you are performing these mail functions from the web.
Also Read: Best Email Client for Windows & Mac
Dedicated Email Client Application
We’re usually talking about a dedicated email client app when we refer to an email client. It is a dedicated application that you use to read, download, compose, send, and manage email exclusively. Usually, you can start the app even if you don’t have an internet connection, then read and manage messages that you have already received.
These clients may also be referred to as email readers or mail user agents (MUAs). Some examples of these mail clients are applications like Mozilla Thunderbird, Microsoft Outlook (not the chúng tôi website), Outlook Express, Apple Mac Mail, iOS Mail, etc. There are many other paid, free, and open-source email readers out there.
With webmail, you look at a copy of the email on a web page, but with an email client application, you download the data to your device. It allows you to read and manage your messages even when you don’t have an internet connection.
When you create and send messages, you compose them locally on your device. It can also be done without an internet connection. Once you are ready to send the mail, you will need an internet connection. The client will send the message to the email server; the email server then sends it to its destination.
Advantages of a Dedicated Email Client
Other Email Clients
There are some other types of email clients, including automated mail clients, which read and interpret emails or send them automatically. Even though we humans do not see them work, they’re still email clients. For example, some email clients receive emails and then perform tasks based on their contents.
Another example would be when you order something from an online store. When you do, you usually get a confirmation email from that store. There’s not someone sitting behind the scenes emailing every person who submits an order; there is an automated system that sends the email—an email client.
As you can see, email clients come in a variety of forms. All of them must communicate with an email server, thus forming a basic client-server model. Hopefully, this helps you better understand the concept of an email client.
Let us know if you have any questions or any other good examples of types of email clients. We would love to hear from you.
Have you ever thought about what you’d do if suddenly you couldn’t connect to the internet to communicate with others, or get your everyday tasks done?
Most of us have come to rely on the internet for many things because of its many uses. Thus, anything that hinders access to the web and other online services would render things like file sharing, shopping, streaming media and others almost impossible to do.
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With mesh messaging though, it’s possible to communicate with others without a persistent managed network and stay connected to each other.
In this article, we’ll be helping you get a grasp of what mesh messaging is, how it’s being used today and explain how it works. If you’d like to delve more into different types of networks, we recommend you give our guide on computer networks a read.What Is Mesh Messaging?
Mesh messaging or off-the-grid messaging is a peer-to-peer networking system that allows users to contact each other without relying on the cell or WiFi networks, or any other government-controlled infrastructure.
The protests went on for weeks, prompting police to use violent and aggressive means to quash the efforts. Consequently, the protestors needed a way of communicating with one another without depending on an internet connection, so as to organize themselves and stay safe.
To do this, they used off-the-grid smartphone apps like FireChat and Bridgefy, which work by creating their own networks outside the internet and carrier cell masts. They rely mainly on the WiFi link or Bluetooth that exist between two or more phones.
Some of the ideal uses of mesh messaging include:
During disasters like earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, and fires among others
Jungle trekking or group camping in remote areas without reception
In a war zone or during mass protests where the government is likely to shut down the internet
When you don’t have mobile data on your phone or your plan expired
When traveling and you’re not seated next to your family or friends in the same vehicle or planeHow Mesh Messaging Works
Mesh messaging sends data via Bluetooth or ad hoc WiFi similar to what your phone sets up when trying to get a home security camera or smart device online.
The system is structured in such a way that no one can monitor or control the conversations you’ve got going. This way, neither hackers nor government surveillance authorities can tap into cell towers to block the communication channels, pull down websites you’re trying to use to communicate with others, or even listen in on whatever is being beamed to your internet service provider.
Apps used for mesh messaging don’t need traditional online networks. Plus, they make connections between users in the same way torrenting software does, instead of sucking files from a central repository.
If you have a mesh messaging app installed on your smartphone, and many other people in the same area have the same app, it’s easier to pass on messages to each other the way a relay team would pass on a baton. However, the passing on is invisible to everyone sending the message to others so it’s not being read by other people as it moves along.
The main principle at work in mesh messaging is device-to-device communication. This makes use of short-range Bluetooth connections to form a network and bypass cell or WiFi networks, and any other government-controlled infrastructure.
The main purpose for mesh messaging isn’t necessarily to keep off the government radar, but to enable communication in areas with poor connectivity, or remote locations with no form of connectivity. It also comes handy during events in stadiums where many fans would interact with each other, or in places that have been ravaged by natural disasters like earthquakes and floods, which destroy cell towers and WiFi networks.
Mesh messaging apps use the mesh network to link users’ devices together via Bluetooth, allowing the message to move from one device to another until it lands on the intended person’s inbox.
Since Bluetooth’s phone to phone range typically maxes out at around 100 meters, it’s possible to communicate with other people within a range of up to 200 meters. It’s more effective when two or more phones are within range of each other, otherwise the signal strength is affected.
For longer distances though, your message will jump between the nearest user and creates a mesh network until it reaches the intended person. For example, phone A can’t connect directly to phone C, the mesh messaging app will bounce the message from A to C via phone B.
Plus, the people forwarding the message needn’t be in your contacts list or perform any further actions whatsoever for it to reach your intended target. This makes it harder for the government or hackers to shut it down as there’s no single point of failure that can be targeted to shut it down.
The more users in a mesh network, the better mesh messaging works.How to Use A Mesh Messaging App
For you to understand just how mesh messaging works, we tested one of the popular off-the-grid apps, Bridgefy, and here’s a step-by-step guide on how to use it.
The first step is to go to Google Play Store or App Store depending on your phone, and download the Bridgefy app. For this guide, we’re using an Android smartphone with Android 9 version, so we’ll download the app from Google Play Store.
You’ll find two apps listed under Bridgefy: Bridgefy-Offline Messaging and Bridgefy Alerts. Download the Bridgefy-Offline Messaging option.
Next, launch the app and set it up by tapping Get Started on the new screen.
Complete the set up by adding a username (preferably one your contacts know you by) and tap Complete setup.
If you get a popup that requests you to update Location settings, tap Enable, and move the Location slider to On. Hit the return button on your phone to go back to Bridgefy.
You’re now ready to use Bridgefy for mesh messaging. In the Chats screen, you’ll find two red buttons: Spread the love and Add a friend. You can use them to invite friends to join you on Bridgefy or add a friend to your list who probably already uses the app.
Tap on a user’s name to start sending them messages. You can also send your location by tapping the red button at the lower right side of the screen.
Tap the pin and then tap Share My Current Location (works with Google Maps).
Bridgefy also sends you notification pop-ups whenever you receive a new message, just as you’d get with apps like WhatsApp and other messaging apps.
Note: During testing, we moved around the building with our phones and tried sending messages from different rooms. We discovered that we couldn’t communicate as our messages would either show a little timer icon indicating the message is pending delivery, or Retry (with an exclamation mark) indicating they’ve not been delivered or they failed to send.
As we came closer within range, the messages started trickling in one after another. All messages that were sent and delivered show the green double ticks akin to the blue ticks on WhatsApp.Make Messaging Easier
Blockchain is, as the English translation suggests, the blockchain. These groups contain information. The purpose of Blockchain is to maintain unique, unalterable records for each data chain.
The history of Blockchain can be traced back to 1991 when Stuart Haber & W. Scott Stornetta published the first work on a cryptographically secure blockchain.
Haber and Stornetta aimed to develop mechanisms that could create digital seals and order files uniquely and securely. This was a practical computational solution to the organization and management of digital documents that could not be altered or manipulated.
Its popularity grew in 2008 when the cryptocurrency Bitcoin was introduced. However, it is also being used for commercial purposes, with an estimated 51% annual growth for 2023.
It could be applied to the crypto-world, as it functions as an accounting record sheet. However, once information has been entered, it is difficult to change (for instance, Bitcoin was built using Blockchain technology).What is a Blockchain?
The Blockchain keeps the transaction data public. However, the data of participants is anonymously protected because their identities are encrypted.
Each block is composed of three elements, which makes the data verifiable.
Information about the block
Each block’s hash (a unique code that acts as a fingerprint for the group or cluster)
The hash will show the information for the previous and next blocks.
Information: The block stores the data that is associated with the application.
In Bitcoin‘s case, the block includes details about the
transaction between the sender (or receiver) and the number of coins.
The fingerprint, also known as the hash , is a combination of letters and numbers that is used to identify the block’s content.The previous block’s footprint is what reaffirms Bitcoin’s security.
Because if anyone attempts to modify a block they will alter its footprint, invalidating the rest. Each block has the footprint from the previous block so they would be able to recognize any modifications.
Even with security locks, it is possible for someone to modify the fingerprints of both the front and rear blocks by using a computer capable of processing hundreds of fingerprints per seconds.
To address this problem, Blockchain uses a mechanism called “proof of work”. The system audits the entire chain it created and detects any alteration. If the block is not created, the system will review it. In other words, it would check the entire chain and determine if there was an alteration.The Blockchain doesn’t use a central server.
Instead, it uses a distributed system through the computers of everyone who participates. Each computer is called “a node” and each network holds an exact copy. This ensures that information is always available.
An attacker can cause a denial-of-service attack by deleting all nodes in the network. It is sufficient that at least one node is active for the information to be accessible. All nodes contain the exact same information so it is nearly impossible to alter it. This will ensure its integrity.
An attacker could modify the information on the Blockchain. They would need to change the entire chain in at most 51% of nodes. This is expensive and difficult.
Blockchain allows data to be distributed across all nodes in the network. Everyone participates equally in storing and validating the data, since there is no central node. This is a powerful tool for communicating and storing information in a reliable manner. It is not dependent on any company providing the service.
This technology is a great tool for practical applications. It streamlines some of the most complex and common processes and generates trust between all parties.
We now have a new technology that has enormous evolutionary potential like electricity and the Internet. What do you think?
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