Trending December 2023 # Windows 10 & Secure Boot: Is Linux Really Doomed? # Suggested January 2024 # Top 21 Popular

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Back in 2011, many Linux fans were furious at the prospect that machines capable of running Windows 8 might lock them out of the ability to install Linux distributions on their own computers. The discussion was spurred by the fact that the BIOS firmware on motherboards would require UEFI compatibility for every system installed on the machine.

As a resolution, Microsoft mandated that manufacturers give users an “off switch” for UEFI Secure Boot. Fast forward to 2023, and the rage began once again when Microsoft announced that Windows 10 will not require manufacturers to include an option to turn off UEFI. What does this mean? Is Linux being phased out by design?

Understanding The UEFI Dilemma

As I’ve said above, Linux users are understandably concerned about Windows 10’s eventual prospect. Until 2023, manufacturers of BIOS chips and motherboards were required to allow users to turn off UEFI checking so that they can run Linux on their machines without any disturbance. The release of Windows 10 tells a different story, one that causes concern to many that they may not be able to install their favorite operating systems on computers that they build or pay for.

Of course, to understand this dilemma more, you have to know what the “Unified Extensible Firmware Interface” does. In short, it checks the digital signature on the operating system’s loader and drivers to make sure that some low-level malware isn’t being injected into it, damaging your hardware. In theory, UEFI could be locked down to approve only Microsoft-signed software, making it impossible to run anything not made by the company.

Can Windows 10 Run On a Pre-UEFI-Era Computer?

The answer is “yes”. Windows 10 is able to load on both UEFI and non-UEFI systems. This gets me to the next point: If you build your own computer, the manufacturer of the motherboard has every incentive to allow you the option to install Linux, since Windows 10 will be able to run on hardware that has UEFI booting disabled. This may not be very true for manufacturers of computers that have specific partnerships with Microsoft, but we’re only able to speculate on this.

Is This The End Of Linux?

No. UEFI is a global standard that Microsoft has no ownership over. Therefore, if Linux distributions include compatibility for UEFI, they’ll be able to run without a problem in a “secure boot” environment. Technically, this means that they aren’t “locked out”, per se. Linux Mint 17 has had no problems installing with UEFI enabled, for example.

The future may look bleak, but developers will always have the incentive to make their product as compatible with as many machines as possible. That includes developers of open-source operating systems like Linux and its various distributions. As for manufacturers, it may be safe to assume that many of them will include an “off switch” for UEFI even though they are no longer forced to. There are no hurdles preventing them from doing such a thing.

Miguel Leiva-Gomez

Miguel has been a business growth and technology expert for more than a decade and has written software for even longer. From his little castle in Romania, he presents cold and analytical perspectives to things that affect the tech world.

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Windows Defender Missing On Windows 11/10

If Windows Defender is missing or you see You’ll need a new app to open this windowsdefender error message in Windows 11/10, here is how you can get rid of the issue and start using Windows Defender or Windows Security. You need to go through all these solutions to troubleshoot the issue.

Windows Defender missing on Windows 11/10

If Windows Defender is missing on Windows 11/10, follow these steps:

Ask your administrator

Start Windows Security Health Service

Reinstall using Windows Terminal

Check Group Policy settings

Use System Restore point

Before you begin, you should know that now Windows Defender is integrated with Windows Security.

1] Ask your administrator

It is the first thing you need to do when Windows Defender is missing on your Windows 11/10 computer. At times, your administrator could disable or remove certain apps or features from all the networked computers. However, if you do not face this problem on an organization computer, you can go through other solutions mentioned below.

2] Start Windows Security Health Service

If the Windows Security Health Service has some issues or you have set an incorrect value, it may not work. In other words, Windows Security or Windows Defender might not be working on your computer. That is why you need to verify if Windows Security Health Service is running or not. Follow the following steps to check that:

Press Win+R to open the Run prompt.

Type regedit and hit the Enter button.

Go to this path: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESYSTEMCurrentControlSetServicesSecurityHealthService

Set the Value data as 3.

Finally, restart your computer and check if it resolves the issue or not.

3] Reinstall using Windows Terminal

You can reinstall the Windows Defender using Windows Terminal’s CMD or standalone Command Prompt instance. Whether you use Windows 11 or Windows 10, the process is almost the same for both versions. To reinstall Windows Defender using Windows Terminal, follow these steps:

Press Win+X to open the WinX menu.

Select the Windows Terminal (Admin) option.

Ensure that the Command Prompt instance is opened.

Enter this command:

PowerShell -ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -Command "& {$manifest = (Get-AppxPackage *Microsoft.Windows.SecHealthUI*).InstallLocation + 'AppxManifest.xml' ; Add-AppxPackage -DisableDevelopmentMode -Register $manifest}"

Alternatively, you can open the elevated Command Prompt window and enter the same command as above.


4] Check Group Policy settings

There is a Local Group Policy Editor setting that might be responsible for this error on your computer. Therefore, follow these steps to check the Group Policy setting:

Search for  chúng tôi  in the Taskbar search box.

Choose the Not Configured option.

Then, restart your computer and check if it resolves the problem or not.

Read: Windows Security is not opening or working

5] Use System Restore point

If none of the solutions has worked for you, it is probably the last thing you need to opt for in order to troubleshoot the issue. At times, an adware or malware attack could cause this issue on your computer. In such situations, even if you ditch the adware or malware, it might not fix all the problems. That is why it is recommended to use the System Restore point to get the job done. You can follow this guide to restore Windows using a System Restore point.

Read: Troubleshoot Definition update issues for Microsoft Defender

How do I fix Windows Defender missing?

If Windows Defender is missing on your computer, you need to follow the suggestions mentioned above. Ask your administrator, Start Windows Security Health Service, Reinstall using Windows Terminal, Check Group Policy settings or use System Restore point.

How do I restore Windows Defender?

To restore Windows Defender or Windows Security in Windows 11/10, you can follow the solutions mentioned above. However, you may not be able to do that when your system administrator has blocked access. Otherwise, you can start the Windows Security Health Service using Registry Editor, reinstall the app using Windows PowerShell, etc.

That’s all! Hope these solutions worked for you.

Read: Cannot or Unable to turn on Windows Defender.

How To Stop Windows From Downloading Windows 10

When Windows 10 was first launched, a lot of us were really excited about it and reserved our free upgrade, installing it as soon as it was available. That being said, some of chose not to upgrade to Windows 10, maybe because of the privacy concerns, program incompatibilities, or satisfaction with a current Windows version. But the thing is Microsoft is automatically downloading the Windows 10 upgrade to all the compatible systems whether they have opted in or not.

Simply put, disregarding your choice, you will be downloading a good 3+ GB in the name of Windows 10. Actually, the Windows 10 upgrade is downloaded to your system only if you have the update KB3080351 installed.

If you are low on space or just want to save your bandwidth, it is a good idea to stop Windows from downloading Windows 10 automatically. After all, you can always download Windows 10 using the official Media Creation Tool. Here is how you can stop automatic download.

Using Group Policy Editor

Blocking Windows from downloading the Windows 10 upgrade is pretty easy and straightforward. To start, press “Win + R,” type gpedit.msc and press the Enter button to open Windows Group Policy Editor.

Again, if you don’t have the KB3080351 update installed, you won’t find this policy.

From this point forward Windows won’t download the Windows 10 upgrade. If you ever want to revert back, simply select either the “Disabled” or “Not Configured” option.

Using Windows Registry

If you don’t have access to the Group Policy Editor, then you can achieve the same using the Windows Registry. To start, press “Win + R,” type regedit and press the Enter button to open the Windows Registry.

Once the Windows Registry has been opened, navigate to the following key.

Rename the newly created subkey to “WindowsUpdate.”

Rename the newly created value “DisableOSUpgrade.”

With these changes, Windows won’t download the Windows 10 upgrade, even if you’ve reserved your upgrade. If you ever want to revert back, simply change the Value Data back to “0” or just delete the newly created key.

Vamsi Krishna

Vamsi is a tech and WordPress geek who enjoys writing how-to guides and messing with his computer and software in general. When not writing for MTE, he writes for he shares tips, tricks, and lifehacks on his own blog Stugon.

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Error In Windows 10, 7

FIX: Err_ssl_protocol_error in Windows PC Solve this stubborn issue in just a few steps by following our guide




The err_ssl_protocol_error is a standard error encountered by Google Chrome users when browsing on the web. 

Having an issue like this involves updating your browser, or replacing it with a more functional one. 

Even though an error like this can be resolved easily without much effort, you need to follow certain steps to get it done permanently. 

We provided direction guides down below for anyone who needs support regarding SSL protocol error, so you can proceed fast.



To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

Fortect has been downloaded by


readers this month.

Many Windows 10, and Windows 8.1 users have stumbled upon the error code err_ssl_protocol_error while trying to access specific websites on Google Chrome.

We will see what version of Google Chrome your need to update to in order to fix code err_ssl_protocol_error on Chrome Windows 10 once and for all.

How can I fix err_ssl_protocol_error on Windows PC? 1. Update your Chrome browser


The version of Google Chrome you need to download is 5.0.342.9 or the latest one you can find on their website

After you downloaded the new version of the Google Chrome application you will need to install it by following the instructions on the screen.

Close all Google Chrome windows you have opened.

Reboot your Windows 8.1 or Windows 10 device.

Try opening the Google Chrome application after the operating system is up and running.

Now you should have everything working without having to deal with the error code “err_ssl_protocol_error” anymore.

2. Disable Chrome QUIC Protocol

Many users confirmed that turning off the Chrome QUIC Protocol help them fix the problem. Here are the steps to follow:

Enter the following command in a new browser tab:  chrome://flags/#enable-quic

Now, use the drop-down menu to disable the feature, as shown in the screenshot below

3. Disable Chrome extensions

Follow the next steps to disable your Chrome extensions:

In rare cases, Chrome extensions may trigger the annoying Err_ssl_protocol_error. To rule out this possible reason off your list, go ahead and disable all your browser extensions and test if the error persists.

If this is not the case, this means that one of your browser extensions is the culprit. Enable your browser extensions one by one in order to identify and uninstall the faulty extensions.

4. Clear SSL State

Clearing your SSL State is one of the quickest ways to fix your browser issues. These are the steps to follow:

5. Try an alternative browser

You can as well consider an alternative browser to fix this kind of error. Opera is a better solution to avoid this issue, plus upgrading your internet speed and capabilities.

Plus, it provides connectivity between your devices to transfer files quickly.

More importantly, you can get built-in features right in your browser and thus don’t have to download other extensions or add-ons that may cause err_ssl_protocol_error on Chrome Windows 10.

Therefore, with dozens of features, this qualitative browser is a suitable way to be more protected on the web and benefit from a more stable browsing experience.


Get a browser alternative and benefit from this easy customization and enhanced security browsing.

Check price Visit website

There you go, it’s not that hard to get rid of the error code “err_ssl_protocol_error” from your Windows 8.1 or Windows 10 device.

Still experiencing issues?

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Windows 10 Calculator Not Working? 10 Fixes To Try

Bugs, glitches, and corrupted system files are key reasons that prevent the Windows Calculator from working correctly. 

Table of Contents

If your Windows 10 Calculator app is not working, the troubleshooting tips and fixes below should help you get it functioning as usual.

1. Run Windows Store Apps Troubleshooter

The Windows Calculator is a Microsoft Store app. So, you should begin by taking the built-in Windows Store Apps troubleshooter out for a spin. That will hopefully end up resolving any problems with the Calculator app quickly.

1. Open the Start menu and select Settings.

3. Switch to the Troubleshoot tab and select Additional troubleshooters.

4. Scroll down to the Find and fix other problems section and select Windows Store Apps. Then, select Run the troubleshooter.

5. Follow the on-screen instructions to fix any issues that the Windows Store Apps troubleshooter detects.

2. Update Calculator App

Microsoft releases periodic updates in the form of bug fixes and performance enhancements for the Windows Calculator. If you’ve disabled automatic updates in the Microsoft Store it could lead to the Windows 10 calculator not working. Check for a new Calculator update and install it manually.

1. Open the Microsoft Store. 

3. Select the Update icon next to Windows Calculator to install any pending updates.

After the update, check if the Calculator app works without issues.

3. Restart Computer

Rebooting Windows 10 flushes out obsolete or redundant data and resolves system-related conflicts that stop apps from running normally. Do that before moving on with the rest of the fixes. 

4. Reset Calculator

Windows 10 allows you to reset the Calculator by removing cached files and reverting the app to its defaults. In most cases, that should fix crashes, freezes, or other issues for good.

1. Open the Start menu and select Settings.

2. Select Apps.

3. Select Windows Calculator. Then, select Advanced Options.

4. Select Terminate to shut down all Calculator-related processes. 

5. Select Reset.

6. Select Reset again to confirm.

5. Re-register Calculator

Re-registering a problematic instance of the Windows Calculator can help make it work correctly. You can do that conveniently by using the Command Prompt console in Windows 10.

1. Press Windows+S to open Windows Search. Then, type cmd and select Open.

2. Copy and paste the following command into the Command Prompt console:

PowerShell -ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -Command “& {$manifest = (Get-AppxPackage *WindowsCalculator*).InstallLocation + ‘AppxManifest.xml’ ; Add-AppxPackage -DisableDevelopmentMode -Register $manifest}”

3. Press Enter to re-register the Windows Calculator.

4. Exit the Command Prompt console.

5. Reboot your computer.

If that didn’t fix the Windows Calculator, try re-registering all Microsoft Store apps on your computer.

2. Copy and paste the following command into Windows PowerShell:

3. Press Enter to re-register all Microsoft Store apps.

Once Windows PowerShell finishes the procedure, exit it and restart Windows 10.

6. Reinstall Calculator

If you still keep running into issues with the Windows Calculator, it’s time to re-install the app manually.

2. Select Calculator.

3. Select Uninstall to remove the Windows Calculator.

4. Open the Microsoft Store.

5. Search for Windows Calculator and choose Install.

7. Update Windows

Newer versions of Windows 10 typically offer native and third-party apps the most stable environment to run on. If you haven’t updated your computer in a while, try doing that now.

1. Open the Start menu and select Settings.

2. Select Update & Security.

3. Select Check for updates and choose Download and install to apply any pending Windows 10 updates.

8. Run SFC Scan

If corrupted system files are the reason why the Windows Calculator fails to work on your computer, an SFC (System File Checker) scan should help sort that out.

1. Press Windows+S to open Windows Search. Then, type cmd and select Run as administrator.

2. Type sfc /scannow into the elevated Command Prompt console and press Enter.

3. Wait for the SFC scan to complete and try using the Calculator app after that.

9. Run DISM Scan

If running an SFC scan didn’t help, you should go the extra step and perform a DISM (Deployment Image Servicing and Management) scan instead. The procedure can take up to an hour to complete, so make sure to have enough time before going through the steps that follow.

1. Open an elevated Command Prompt console.

2. Type the following command and press Enter:

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth

3. Once DISM finishes scanning your computer, continue running the following commands:

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth

10. Reset Windows 10

Is the Windows 10 Calculator still not working on your computer? If so, consider resetting Windows 10 to factory settings. That should revert all system-related settings to their defaults and fix any underlying issues causing the Calculator app to malfunction. 

A Windows 10 factory reset is an extreme measure, so you must create a backup of your computer before proceeding. Once you’ve done that, go through the following steps to initiate the reset procedure.

1. Open the Start menu and select Settings.

2. Select Update & Security and switch to the Recovery tab.

3. Select Get started.

For a complete walkthrough, check this guide about resetting Windows 10 to factory settings.

You’ve Fixed the Calculator App

In many instances, resetting, re-registering, or re-installing the Windows Calculator is all it takes to make the app work correctly. 

How To Remove Get Windows 10 Icon In Windows

Windows 10 is going to be out soon and I’m really excited about the news, as the new version packs some amazing features like Windows Hello, Cortana, and Edge, and also fixes the terrible start screen. In fact, the upgrade is free for all Windows 7 (and above) users, and the release date has also been announced. It is on the July 29th. As the release date is just around the corner, almost all the Windows 7 and Windows 8 users are seeing a new icon in their taskbar suggesting to reserve their free upgrade.

But the thing with this new taskbar icon is that it won’t go away even after reserving the free upgrade. So, if you want to get rid of this new icon and save some space on your taskbar, here is how to do it.

Note: before you remove the icon or the entire program, make sure that you have reserved your free upgrade.

Suggested Method by Microsoft

The above action will open the “Notification Area Icons” window. Here find the “GWX” icon and select the option “Hide icon and notifications” from the drop-down menu under the Behaviours section.

From this point forward, the “Get Windows 10” icon will be hidden for good.

Uninstall the Update

If you want to completely remove the icon from your system, then the best way would be to uninstall it. In case you don’t know, the “Get Windows 10” notification was installed in the form of a recommended update (KB3035583). So, if you uninstall the update, you can completely remove the icon from the taskbar.

Now, search for the “KB3035583” update using the integrated search feature. This action will fish out the update that is responsible for the Upgrade notification icon.

Just restart the system and you are good to go.

The Dirty Way – Delete Files in the Tasks Folder

But you cannot disable or delete the tasks, as they are protected by the system. We need to delete the relevant files and folders from the Windows File Explorer.

So, open the File Explorer using the shortcut “Win + E” and navigate to the “C:WindowsSystem32TasksMicrosoftWindowsSetup” folder. You may receive a warning message regarding the permissions; just hit the “Continue” button.

Once you are in there, just delete both the “gwx” and “GWXTrigger” folders. If you face any problems with the ownership, then you need to take ownership of both folders. As easy as it is, only follow this method if you fail in the other two methods

It is that simple to remove the Get Windows 10 icon both temporarily and permanently.

Vamsi Krishna

Vamsi is a tech and WordPress geek who enjoys writing how-to guides and messing with his computer and software in general. When not writing for MTE, he writes for he shares tips, tricks, and lifehacks on his own blog Stugon.

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Fix Windows Update Error 0X8007045B On Windows 11/10

If you’re encountering the error code 0x8007045b when trying to install certain updates or after a failed upgrade to Windows 11/10 from an older Windows version, then this post is intended to help you. In this post, we will identify the possible causes as well as provide the appropriate solutions you can try to remediate the issue. The Error String Description could be:

0x8007045B -2147023781 – ERROR_SHUTDOWN_IN_PROGRESS

You might encounter the Windows update error 0x8007045b due to one or more (but not limited to) of the following known causes;

System File corruption.

Windows Update glitch.

3rd party security software interference.

Fix Windows Update error 0x8007045b

If you’re faced with this Windows Update error 0x8007045b issue, you can try our recommended solutions in the order presented below to resolve the issue.

Run Windows Update Troubleshooter

Perform SFC and DISM scan

Disable/Uninstall 3rd party security software (if applicable)

Clear the Windows Update cache

Perform a Fresh Start, In-place upgrade repair or Cloud Reset

Let’s take a look at the description of the process involved concerning each of the listed solutions.

1] Run Windows Update Troubleshooter

This solution requires you to run the inbuilt Windows Update Troubleshooter and see if that helps to resolve the Windows Update error 0x8007045b issue.

2] Perform SFC and DISM scan

If you have system file errors, you may encounter the Windows Update error 0x8007045b.

The SFC/DISM is a utility in Windows that allows users to scan for corruptions in Windows system files and restore corrupted files.

For ease and convenience, you can run the scan using the procedure below.

Press Windows key + R.

In the Run dialog box, type notepad and hit Enter to open Notepad.

Copy and paste the syntax below into the text editor.

@echo off date /t & time /t echo Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /StartComponentCleanup Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /StartComponentCleanup echo ... date /t & time /t echo Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth echo ... date /t & time /t echo SFC /scannow SFC /scannow date /t & time /t pause

Save the file with a name and append the .bat file extension – eg; SFC_DISM_scan.bat.

Restart your PC.

On boot, try updating again. If the error persists, continue with the next solution.

3] Disable/Uninstall 3rd party security software (if applicable)

Firewall and antivirus are important for your system safety, but sometimes these programs can interfere with Windows 10 and cause this error to appear.

McAfee, AVAST, and Comodo are all known to cause this particular issue. In this case, to fix this issue, you’ll have to remove all third-party antivirus programs from your PC using the dedicated removal tool to remove all files associated with your antivirus program.

If removing the antivirus fixes this error, you can now install the same antivirus again, or you can switch to an alternative software or better still stick to Windows 10 native AV program – Windows Defender.

4] Clear the Windows Update cache/components

The Software Distribution folder in Windows 10 operating system is a folder located in the Windows directory and used to temporarily store files that may be required to install Windows Update on your computer. This solution requires you clear the contents of the Software Distribution folder and then retry the update process again. If the error is still unresolved, continue with the next solution.

5] Perform a Fresh Start, In-place upgrade repair or Cloud Reset

At this point, if the error is still unresolved, it’s most likely due to some kind of system corruption that cannot be resolved conventionally. In this case, you can try Fresh Start, In-place upgrade repair to reset every Windows component. Also, if you’re running Windows 10 version 1909 and later, you can try Cloud Reset and see if that helps.

Any of these solutions should work for you!

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