Trending March 2024 # Windows Server 2008: Discover The New Active Directory Domain Services # Suggested April 2024 # Top 9 Popular

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There are a number of new Active Directory Domain Services features in Windows Server 2008. These new features improve auditing, security, and the management of Active Directory Domain Services and show Microsoft’s commitment to evolving Active Directory Domain Services. The following is an overview of the new Active Directory Domain Services features that are in Windows Server 2008.

Windows Server 2008 introduces significant changes to Active Directory Domain Services auditing. Active Directory Domain Services auditing in Windows Server 2008 is more granular than previous versions and provides you with more control over what is audited.

Active Directory Domain Services auditing is now divided into the following four subcategories:

Directory Service Access

Directory Service Changes

Directory Service Replication

Detailed Directory Service Replication

You can disable or enable Active Directory Domain Services auditing at the subcategory level. For each subcategory, you can also configure whether to log successful events, failed events, both successful and failed events, or no auditing.

In Windows Server 2008, the new Directory Service Changes subcategory allows you to log the old value and new value of a changed attribute, in addition to the attribute name.

Windows Server 2008 also provides the ability to exclude the logging of changes to specific attributes by modifying the attribute properties.

The Active Directory Domain Services auditing subcategories are viewed and configured by using the chúng tôi command-line tool.

Windows Server 2008 introduces the ability to create multiple password policies in a single domain, which is another first for Active Directory Domain Services. The introduction of fine-grained password policies in Windows Server 2008 allows organizations to create and manage multiple password policies and account lockout policies to meet diverse security requirements.

You can configure the same password policy and account lockout settings in a fine-grained password policy as you can at the domain level. Fine-grained password policies can be linked to users and to global groups. Because users can inherit multiple password fine-grained password policies, a precedence setting has been included to allow you more granular control.

Fine-grained password policies are configured by using the ADSI Edit snap-in.

Another first for Active Directory Domain Services is the introduction of a new type of domain controller in Windows Server 2008, the read-only domain controller (RODC). RODCs are intended to assist you in situations in which domain controllers must be deployed in locations where physical security cannot be guaranteed, such as branch offices.

Microsoft has implemented a number of mitigating measures to ensure a compromised RODC does not impact the rest of your Active Directory Domain Services environment. These measures include the following:

Read-only database

Unidirectional replication

Credential caching

Administrator role separation

Read-only Domain Name System (DNS)

Windows Server 2008 now includes a true service, which allows you to stop, start, and restart Active Directory Domain Services without having to restart the operating system.

In Windows 2000 Server and Windows Server 2003, the operating system on a domain controller had to be restarted in Directory Services Restore Mode for most maintenance and recovery. However, Windows Server 2008 now provides the ability to start, stop, and restart the Domain Controller service.

The domain controller service can be manipulated by using the Services snap-in or the Computer Management snap-in.

Windows Server 2008 includes a new ability to take snapshots of an Active Directory Domain Services database and mount these snapshots into a new database mounting tool.

The database mounting tool allows you to view an Active Directory Domain Services object’s previous state. You can then use this to compare the object’s previous state to the object in production. This is particularly useful if you know that an object’s attributes were changed, but do not know what the previous value of the attributes were.

A number of user interface improvements have been made in Windows Server 2008. The following is a list of some of the most noteworthy interface changes in Windows Server 2008:

New installation options for domain controllers.

A more streamlined and simplified installation process.

Improvements to the Active Directory Users and Computers console.

A built-in Attribute Editor, which is accessible on the properties page of each object in the Active Directory Domain Services management tools.

Windows Server 2008 now provides the ability to limit the default permissions that the owner of an object is given. In previous versions of Windows, the owner of an object was given the ability to read and change permissions on the object, which was more than they required in most cases. This new functionality in Windows Server 2008 also applies to Active Directory Domain Services objects.

You're reading Windows Server 2008: Discover The New Active Directory Domain Services

Windows Server 2003: “Inside The Box”

More, better, faster, cheaper…These are the adjectives one expects to see manufacturers use in the descriptions of new products, including operating systems. Microsoft is no exception – or are they? “Windows Server 2003 is the fastest, most reliable, most secure Windows Server operating system ever offered by Microsoft,” trumpets the company in one of its introductory pieces. This would indicate the firm’s focus on reliability and security. Taking a closer look should show us what Microsoft means.

Before reviewing what’s in the new OS, it’s important to remember what this release is and what it is not. This release is a replacement for the Windows 2000 Server family, which includes the Server, Advanced Server, and Datacenter Server.

However, because of its close cousin, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 is not entirely new to us. Codenamed Whistler, the new OS was intended to replace the entire Windows 2000 family of workstations and servers. While the workstation systems, in the guises of Windows XP Home and Professional, were released in 2001, the server versions were delayed, in large part due to Microsoft’s Trustworthy Computing Initiative (TCI), in which all development was stopped while Microsoft’s software engineers looked for security issues in their respective products.

Many of the new features in the 2003 server operating systems are already familiar to us from XP. The time gap between the releases of the workstation and server systems has been used to incorporate the robustness needed for Microsoft to be able to make its “most reliable, most secure” boast.

There are six editions of Windows Server 2003, including Web, Standard, Enterprise, and Datacenter editions for the x86 CPU, and 64-bit Enterprise and Datacenter editions for the Itanium CPU. Windows Server 2003 is the first server operating system to include the .Net Framework as an integrated part of the system. Both versions 1.0 and 1.1 are included in the x86 editions; the 64-bit .Net is not yet ready, however, and as a result is not included in the 64-bit editions at this time.

The Core of the System

The core technologies of the Windows Server 2003 family form the basis of the improved performance, reliability, and security it delivers. The Common Language Runtime (CLR) verifies code before executing it to ensure that the coee runs error free (from the OS point of view – not necessarily the user’s!). The CLR also monitors memory allocations to clean up memory leakage problems and checks security permissions to ensure that code only performs suitable functions. Thus, the CLR reduces the number of bugs and security holes opened up by programming errors and improves system reliability and performance.

Internet Information Services (IIS) 6.0 is much more security conscious than its predecessor. The default IIS 6.0 installation is configured in a “locked down” state, requiring that administrators open up desired features. In fact, a default installation of Windows Server 2003 doesn’t install IIS at all (except for the Web Edition).

In earlier OS versions, IIS was installed by default and had to be removed if it was not needed, such as on a database server. The default install of IIS 6.0 will only serve up static pages and has to be configured to allow dynamic content. Timeouts are also set to aggressive defaults. Authorization and authentication – the “who are you?” and “what can you do?” mechanisms – are upgraded with the inclusion of .Net Passport support in the Windows Server 2003 authorization framework, enabling the use of these services in the core IIS web server.

IIS 6.0 itself now runs as a low-privileged network services account to help contain security vulnerabilities. Performance has not been forgotten either, with the tuning of many of the underlying service implementations and the addition of support for hardware-based cryptographic service accelerator cards to take the SSL cryptography load off the CPU.

Configuration information for IIS 6.0 is stored in a plain-text XML metabase, as opposed to the proprietary binary file used for IIS 4.0 and 5.0. This metabase can be opened in notepad to make configuration changes such as adding new virtual directories or a new web site (which could be copied from an existing site’s configuration). When the changes are saved to disk, the changes are detected, scanned for errors, and applied to the metabase. IIS does not need to be restarted for the changes to take effect.

Additionally, the old metabase file is marked with a version number and automatically saved in a history folder for use in case a rollback or restore is required. All changes made take effect without the need for any restarts. Additionally, there are two new Admin Base Object (ABO) methods that enable export or import of configuration nodes from server to server. A server independent method for backup and restore of the metabase is also available.

Page 2: Enhanced Management Services in Windows Server 2003

Fix: The Current Active Partition Is Compressed

FIX: The current active partition is compressed




If you lack disk storage space, especially in your system drive, then the Windows Drive Compression feature can become extremely handy.

Unfortunately, the Drive Compression feature can also cause issues in certain situations, and we will be looking over ways to fix these problems when they occur.

This particular issue is just one of many Install errors covered in this hub, so make sure you check it out, since you might find some other useful guides.

For more great troubleshooting articles on all things Windows 10-related, check out our Fix page.



To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

Fortect has been downloaded by


readers this month.

When switching to Windows 10 from previous Windows iterations, users have two options. Either they can install Windows 10 clean on the formatted drive or, in the more likely scenario, upgrade over older iteration and retain all applications and data.

However, the latter convenient option seems to be impossible for some users, as they run into the prompt message informing them that The current active partition is compressed.

After that, the upgrade process can’t be continued and they are forced to stick with Windows 7/8.1.

This is a severe problem, especially since Windows 10 is becoming (mostly due to security traits) a system you would want to use these days.

Luckily, there’s a solution to every issue, and we made sure to acquire and post some of them on the list below. Therefore, if you’re unable to upgrade to Windows 10 due to the partition error, you’re at the right spot.

How do I fix the The current active partition is compressed error? 1. Disable drive compression

First things first. In order to preserve the system partition’s storage space, some drives might be automatically compressed. It depends on the configuration setup, as some prebuilt configurations tend to compress data on the system drive, as they’re rarely upgraded, storage-wise.

This is mostly the case with the workstations, but there are exceptions in the non-enterprise pre-built configurations as well.

For various reasons, Windows 10 can’t be upgraded on the compressed system partition within one drive. The most prominent one concerns data allocation, as Windows 7/8.1 is preserved in a folder later on in order to preserve the data.

You can address this by simply unchecking the drive compression and trying to upgrade again.

2. Check HDD for errors

Albeit, the C is commonly used.

Wait for the procedure to scan for errors and close Command Prompt.

Restart your PC and retry upgrading.

Another thing worth checking concerns the overall health of the HDD at hand. Of all the hardware pieces, HDD is the most prone to malfunction. Symptoms are easily distinguishable: system booting and loading take longer than usual and, eventually, you’re unable to boot.

It might be too late to do something when the boot errors occur, so you should check your data storage drive on regular basis.

In order to check for HDD corruption and faulty sectors, you can use third-party tools or built-in system resources. Either way, those can help you address minor errors and give you an insight into HDD’s overall health.

And it’s good to know if it’s in good shape or close to its demise, so you can backup your data timely.

3. Expand the reserved partition

Expert tip:

Now, there are 3 things that should occupy your attention regarding the Reserved system partition:

It needs to have at least 500 MB

It needs to be set to Active partition mode

You can’t use compressed Reserved system partition

With that in mind, we need to check if all the conditions are met before moving to alternative upgrade procedures. In order to do so, follow the steps we provided below:

You can also opt for an easier solution and use third-party software with multiple capabilities that allow you to manage partitions with ease and more.

4. Use Media Creation tool to upgrade to Windows 10

Now, back in the days, when the free upgrade was offered through the Windows Update, users were able to obtain Windows 10 through the system interface.

However, since that’s a goner, there are few ways to obtain and perform an upgrade to Windows 10 legally. You can download Media Creation Tool and upgrade to Windows 10 from the Windows 7/8.1 interface.

Or you can create the installation media (USB or DVD) and upgrade to Windows 10 with it.

Now, even though the former is much easier, it’s not particularly better. Especially, if we take into consideration the error at hand. So, we’ll show you below how to create an installation media and upgrade to Windows 10 that way. Make sure to backup your data just in case something goes astray.

5. Clean install Windows on an alternative HDD/SSD

Finally, if none of the previous steps addressed the issue and you’re still stuck on the The current active partition is compressed screen, we recommend the clean reinstallation.

It’s for the better for various reasons. In theory, the Windows 10 platform should integrate all files and applications from the former system iteration. However, and based on our experience, this doesn’t work that well in practice.

For that reason, and if you’re positive that you indeed have enough storage space, properly configured reserved system partition, and non-active partition compression, we recommend clean reinstallation.

Just make sure to backup your data and Windows 7/8.1 license key. Afterward, you can install all applications from scratch. You can find detailed instructions in this article.

Still experiencing issues?

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Discover The Best 10 Tools Of Devops For 2023

Introduction to DevOps Tools

The IT industry comprises programmers, software developers, and so on. To streamline the software development cycle, companies or programmers use tools that would help them in their process. DevOps is one such practice that combines software development and IT operations. This article will cover several DevOps tools you could use in your workspace, but before that, we will briefly introduce DevOps.

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DevOps could be interpreted differently as it is not any workflow or framework. The culture of the world profoundly impacts everything. Programmers or developers break down a problem statement into different interpretations for faster execution of the work. Companies use DevOps in their operations to stay ahead of the competitors in the market. A company whose success depends on its customers needs things to be done faster, which takes time in the traditional software development life cycle. Developers often introduce bugs and errors into their code because they typically write it focusing on the development stage rather than production. Integrating DevOps automates workflow, infrastructure, and performance of the application. Automation, Measurement, Culture, and Sharing are the core values of DevOps, while principles, values, practices, methods, and tools are its practice.

Automated testing and the agile method form the foundation of DevOps competency. It ensures keeping track of every code change by writing tests whose failure or success could then be evaluated. This is known as automated testing.

Continuous integration is the second phase of DevOps implementation. After receiving the code for testing, it is possible to automate the entire testing process. Many development teams widely use Jenkins as a tool for implementing continuous integration. It works so that at every iteration, the number of background servers would test the code to check if the creation of any bug could be automated. At the end of the testing process, a report indicating the success or failure of the tests would be generated.

Continuous Delivery is the third phase of DevOps implementation. During this phase, the development team writes small chunks of code to address bug fixes, add new features, and make other improvements. Thorough testing and deployment of these changes result in the Delivery of tangible business value. The tools and pipeline for Continuous Delivery vary among companies; a specific tool always backs a pipeline.

There are specific reasons why DevOps could accomplish so many things:

The integration of project changes and the monitoring of job execution, along with identifying problems by accessing the output, could be achieved using tools like Jenkins.

Specific tools like SVN, Git, etc., let a team track and manage all the code changes.

Utilizing automation tools such as Puppet, Chef, and other similar options can simplify the process of deploying code across multiple servers.

Different Types of DevOps Tools

There are numerous DevOps tools available, but some of the most popular ones include:

1. Gradle

Having a dependable build tool is crucial for completing your DevOps tool stack. Until 2009, when Gradle showed up, Ant and Maven pioneered automated build tools. The versatility of Gradle allows you to write code in any language, such as Java, Python, C++, and so on. Eclipse, NetBeans, and other IDEs also support Gradle. Gradle uses a Groovy-based DSL instead of XML to describe the build tools. Scripts would also be written in Kotlin. Gradle uses the Maven repository format, which includes dependency management functionality and is familiar to many developers. It has decent compile-time and incremental builds. Gradle is faster than Maven by hundred times because of cache and daemon. Shipping is faster in Gradle as well.

2. Git

3. Jenkins

For many software development teams, the go-to automation tool of DevOps is Jenkins. This CI/CD server could automate the different stages of the delivery pipeline. The enormous plugin ecosystem of Jenkins is the reason behind its popularity. From Docker to Puppet, Jenkins could integrate with almost all the tools of DevOps. It has over a thousand plugins.

Users can set up and customize the CI/CD pipeline according to their specific needs and requirements. Jenkins runs on all operating systems from Windows to Linux; thus, it’s easy to start with Jenkins. Puppet Enterprise offers several installation options, including installing it using Docker. Setting up and configuring the Jenkins server can be quickly done through a user-friendly web interface. A first-time user could use the frequently used plugins to install it. Users can create their custom configuration as well. Jenkins provides a fast and efficient means for deploying code, with the added benefit of tracking and measuring progress at every process stage.

4. Bamboo

5. Docker

Since its inception in 2013, the container platform number one is Docker, which is continuously improving. An essential DevOps tool, the distributed development ability of Docker has made containerization popular in the technological world. The app’s deployment could also be automated with Docker.

Applications are made secure and portable by isolating them into separate containers. It is Operating system-oriented. It is an alternative to VirtualBox. All dependencies could be shipped as an independent unit using Docker, which takes them away from the hassle of dependency management and makes it possible to run the apps on any platform. The delivery workflow could be improved if integrated with Jenkins and Bamboo servers. Cloud providers like Amazon Web Services and Google Cloud have extended support for Docker. Docker can ease the process of cloud migration.

6. Kubernetes

The containerized application’s deployment, scaling, and management could be automated by an open-source system known as Kubernetes; 2023 is the year of Kubernetes. The containerization has been taken to the next level by the Kubernetes platform. It could be easily integrated with other tools like Docker. The idea behind Kubernetes was to manage containers at scale, and thus a solution was found in 2024 by two Google engineers. Containers could be grouped into logical units using Kubernetes.

Having a few containers might let you need a container orchestration platform. Reaching a certain level of complexity, however, would require scaling of the resources. Hundreds of containers could be managed by automating the process using Kubernetes. Instead of containerized apps being tied to a single machine, Kubernetes allows us to deploy them to a cluster of computers. Across the entire cluster, the scheduling of containers is automated by Kubernetes. There is one master and several worker node structures in Kubernetes. The master implements the pre-defined rules while the worker nodes deploy the containers. In a situation of necessity, the containers are re-distributed by Kubernetes, and it also notices when everything, even when a worker node is down.

7. Puppet Enterprise

Puppet Enterprise is a cross-platform configuration management platform. As a code, the infrastructure could be managed by the Puppet tool. Automated infrastructure management could deliver the software faster and more securely. Puppet could provide an open-source tool for smaller projects to developers. Extra features are available for dealing with extensive infrastructure.

Puppet Enterprise’s features include real-time report generation, role-based access control, and Node management. It can handle thousands of resources and multiple teams. Automating the relationship with infrastructure is one of the critical processes of a software development life-cycle, and Puppet Enterprise does it well. Intelligent failure handling and careful dependency management are inherent features of the system. If a configuration fails, the system automatically skips all dependent configurations to minimize disruptions and ensure smooth operations. There are more than five thousand modules in Puppet, and many popular DevOps tools could be integrated with it.

8. Ansible

One of the other standout features of Ansible is its Agentless architecture. For automating configuration management, a secure and lightweight solution is Ansible. There are several modules in Ansible which are similar to Puppet. Within a Jenkins pipeline, Ansible can provision the environment and deploy applications.

9. Nagios

A DevOps monitoring tool that is free and open-source is Nagios. The Nagios tool helps monitor infrastructure and identify and resolve problems. Records of failures, events, etc., could be tracked with the help of this tool. Nagios’s graphs and charts help to track the trends. As a result, it becomes possible to detect security threats and forecast errors. Nagios’s plugin system makes it stand out for infrastructure monitoring. There has been a huge community for Nagios since its emergence in 2002. All translations, tutorials, etc., and plugins are also free. The Nagios Core, Nagios Log Server, Nagios XI, and Nagios Fusion are monitoring solutions of Nagios, which are open-source.

Nagios XI forms the user interface, while Core is the command-line tool. Nagios Log Server enables the searching of log data, and Nagios Fusion allows the monitoring of multiple networks simultaneously. It provides a solution for DevOps to monitor infrastructure, which may take some time to become compatible.

10. Raygun

Raygun is a platform that reports crashes and monitors errors. The recent product of Raygun is APM. The Raygun tool can diagnose and track performance issues. It identifies problems with the highest priority and creates issues. Raygun brings together Development and Operation, linking errors back automatically to the source code, and provides the whole team with the causes of errors and performance problems.

Conclusion Recommended Articles

We hope that this EDUCBA information on “DevOps tools” was beneficial to you. You can view EDUCBA’s recommended articles for more information.

The Best Cloud Computing Services Providers

Public cloud providers play an integral part in business strategic planning by providing access to vital resources for data storage and web-app hosting. The services are provided over the Internet on a pay-as-you-go basis, allowing businesses to minimize upfront costs and the complexity of having to install and manage their own IT infrastructure.

The need for enterprise-grade data storage has propelled the global public cloud market skyward. It is expected to almost double from $445 billion to $988 billion between 2023 and 2027. The richness and diversity of the market can make it daunting for organizations looking to upscale and upgrade their services.

Here’s a brief guide to some of the leading providers of public cloud solutions and how to choose the right provider for specific business needs.

Amazon subsidiary Amazon Web Service (AWS) emerged in 2006, revolutionizing how organizations access cloud computing technology and remote resources. It offers a vast array of resources, allowing it to design and execute new solutions at a rapid pace to keep up with the global market’s evolution.

AWS’s services range from Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS) to the simplified and easy-to-access and use, Software as a Service (SaaS) cloud models. Key offerings include:

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) is a web service that delivers secure and scalable computing capacity based in the cloud designed to facilitate web-centric computing for developers. This allows them to obtain and configure capacity with minimal friction with the infrastructure.

The services are available in a wide selection of instance types, from public to private and hybrid, that can be optimized to fit different use cases.

Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) is an object-based storage service known for its industry-leading scalability, security, performance and reliable data availability. Organizations of various sizes and industries can use it to store and retrieve any amount of data at any time, providing easy-to-use management features in order to organize data and configure it finely-tuned access control.

Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) simplifies the setup and operations of relational databases in the cloud. AWS is responsible for automating all the redundant and time-consuming administrative tasks, such as hardware provisioning, database setup and data backup and recovery. This is best used to free up developers’ time, allowing them to focus on more pressing tasks like application development and design.

As a multinational corporation, AWS is able to cater to a wide variety of industries at different stages of development, from startups to established enterprises, as well as the public sector.

Use cases include:

Application hosting

Data processing

Data warehousing

Backup and restoration

This makes AWS’s service particularly useful for data-intensive industries such as healthcare, telecommunications, financial services, retail, and manufacturing.

Microsoft launched Azure in 2010 as a comprehensive suite of cloud-based services designed to help businesses and organizations navigate the challenges that come with digital adoption. Azure was built on Microsoft’s decades-long specialty—software design—allowing its public cloud solutions to integrate seamlessly with other Microsoft products.

Azure also includes a multitude of services that range from computing and database management to storage and machine learning, including the following:

Azure Blob Storage is an object-based and scalable storage platform used for data lakes, warehouses and analytics as well as backup and recovery. It’s optimized for massive amounts of unstructured data, like text or binary values.

Azure Cosmos DB is a database management service that’s multi-modeled, globally distributed and highly scalable, ensuring low latency that supports various APIs to facilitate access. It supports data models including SQL, MongoDB, Tables, Gremlin and Cassandra.

Azure’s Virtual Machines are on-demand, scalable resources that provide users the flexibility of virtualization without the need to invest in or maintain the infrastructure that runs it. They also run on several Microsoft software platforms, supporting numerous Linux distributions for a more versatile experience.

When combined with Microsoft’s software and enterprise-focused approach to the public cloud, Microsoft Azure’s comprehensive services make it the ideal solution for numerous use cases, such as:

Big data and analytics

Application hosting

Disaster and backup recovery

IoT applications

Azure’s services are used by businesses and organizations in a number of industries such as e-commerce, healthcare, insurance and financial institutions.

First launched in 2011 as a cloud-based subsidiary of Google, Google Cloud Platform (GCP) is a suite of cloud computing services that uses the same infrastructure as Google’s software products. Its industry-leading creations from TensorFlow and Kubernetes are some of the greatest examples of Google’s sophisticated solutions, and include the following:

Google Cloud Storage is a fully managed and scalable object-oriented storage service. It includes many services ranging from serving website content to storing data for archival purposes and disaster recovery.

Google Compute Engine is a cloud-based virtual machine solution that’s scalable and flexible. It allows users to tailor their computing environment, meeting specific requirements, and offering flexible pricing and cost savings.

GCP is used by organizations and businesses in IT, healthcare and retail, as well as the financial industry. Use cases include:

Data analytics and machine learning

Application development

Storage and database management

IBM launched IBM Cloud in 2011 as a collection of cloud-based computing services. It leverages IBM’s vast experience, offering a robust approach to enterprise-grade public cloud platforms with an emphasis on open-source technologies and supporting a diverse set of computing models, including the following:

IBM Cloud Functions is IBM’s Function as a Service (FaaS) solution built on Apache OpenWhisk. It enables developers to execute code in response to events as well as direct HTTP calls without having to manage their own hardware infrastructure.

These flexible and scalable cloud computing solutions support both public and dedicated virtual servers. They’re the right balance of computing power to cost, allowing companies to deploy the servers globally and reach their customers.

IBM Cloud Databases is a family of managed, public databases that support a wide variety of data models that include relational, key-value, document, and time-series applications.

IBM Cloud services a wide range of industries with its diverse offerings, such as IT and technology companies, healthcare organizations, financial institutions and retail providers, as well as the public sector. Use cases include:

Public and hybrid cloud implementation

Blockchain development

Data analytics and management

AI and machine learning

The Oracle Cloud Infrastructure is a part of Oracle’s comprehensive cloud offering, first launched in 2012. The public cloud solution leverages Oracle’s long history in enterprise computing and data processing, enabling the company to provide robust, scalable and secure services, including the following:

Oracle Cloud Storage is a high-performance, scalable and reliable object storage service. It’s capable of storing an unlimited amount of data of any content type, including analytic data and rich content like images and video.

Oracle’s Function as a Service (FaaS) offering lets developers write and deploy code without worrying about underlying infrastructure. It’s based on the open-source Fn Project and allows developers to build, run, and scale applications in a fully managed serverless environment.

With its versatile offerings, Oracle Cloud Infrastructure is able to serve a wide range of industries such as application development, insurance, healthcare and e-commerce in both the private and public sectors. Use cases include:

High-performance computing (HPC)

Enterprise resource planning (ERP)

Data backup and recovery

Data analytics

Launched in 2009, Alibaba Cloud is the cloud computing faction of the Alibaba Group. As the leading cloud provider in China and among the top global providers, Alibaba Cloud capitalizes on Alibaba’s massive scale and experience with e-commerce and data processing. Services include the following:

ApsaraDB is a suite of managed database services that cover a wide range of database types including relational, NoSQL and in-memory databases. These services handle database administration tasks, allowing developers to focus on their applications rather than database management.

Alibaba Object Storage Service (OSS) is an easy-to-use service that enables users to store, backup and archive large amounts of data in the cloud. It is highly scalable, secure, and designed to store exabytes of data, making it ideal for big data scenarios.

In essence, Alibaba Cloud’s extensive services, coupled with its strong presence in Asia, make it a compelling choice in the public cloud market. It also serves a multitude of data-heavy industries such as technology companies, media and entertainment, financial services and education. Use cases include:

E-commerce platforms

Big data analytics and processing

AI and machine learning models

The booming market and demand for public cloud have opened the doors for numerous technology companies to start offering their own cloud computing and storage solutions. The focus of emerging cloud providers tends to be on providing straightforward, scalable, and affordable cloud services to small and midsize businesses, and key players in addition to the ones covered in this article include DigitalOcean, Linode and Vultr. All offer developer-friendly features at affordable rates alongside high-quality customer service and support.

When choosing a provider of public cloud solutions, there are several factors to consider.

Providers must be compliant with local and federal data security and privacy regulations. Additionally, they should be able to protect data against attacks, leaks and breaches.

Cloud services are most known for their flexible, pay-as-you-go pricing models. Multiple tiers at varying costs allow businesses to access only the resources they need.

A public cloud solution should be compatible with existing and legacy systems, ensuring seamless integration, and should include reliable customer support and service to ensure access to solutions and assistance.

The public cloud market offers a diverse range of options, each with its own strengths and trade-offs. AWS, Microsoft Azure, GCP, IBM Cloud, Oracle Cloud Infrastructure and Alibaba Cloud are major players, each serving a multitude of industries with a broad array of services. Simultaneously, emerging providers offer compelling alternatives, especially for certain use cases or customer profiles.

When choosing a provider, considerations over scalability, performance, security, cost, integration and support are key. By understanding these factors, businesses can make informed decisions and choose the public cloud provider that best meets their specific needs.

Download Galaxy A5 Active Firmware

Samsung Galaxy A5 Active Firmware

Galaxy A5 Active Firmware (SM-G870A, AT&T)

Galaxy A5 Active Firmware (SM-G870F)

Galaxy A5 Active Firmware (SM-G870W, Canada)

How to download correct firmware file

This is the important part!

Be sure to check and find the correct the model no. of your Galaxy A5 Active. Then based on your device’s model no., look for the appropriate firmware build from above.

Now that you know the model no., download the latest firmware from above for that model no. exactly.

Next, install the firmware on your Galaxy A5 Active by following the guide linked right below.

How to Install Firmware

First, read our disclaimer, then take backup and then follow the guide below to install the firmware.

Disclaimer: Installing an official firmware through Odin doesn’t void your device’s warranty, but it remains an unofficial process and thus you need to be cautious of it. In any case, you only are responsible for your device. We won’t be liable if any damage occurs to your device and/or its components.

Backup, backup, backup! Create an appropriate backup of contacts, pictures, videos, songs and other important files stored on your device before proceeding with the steps below, so that in case something goes wrong you’ll have a backup of all your important files. Sometimes, firmware installation may delete everything on your device! Like, when you change the CSC of your device, knowingly or not.

Step-by-step Firmware Installation Guide

Let’s see how to install the firmware on your Galaxy A5 Active. Make sure you have more than 30% battery on your device.

Step 1. Make sure you have downloaded the correct firmware file on your PC. See above for how to download correct firmware file for your Galaxy A5 Active and download links.

Step 3. Also, download Odin PC software (latest version).

Step 5. Extract the Odin file. You should get the Odin exe file (other files could be hidden, hence not visible).

Step 6. Disconnect your Galaxy A5 Active from PC if it is connected.

Step 7. Boot into download mode:

Power off your device. Wait for 6-7 seconds after screen goes off.

Press and hold the three buttons Volume down + Home + Power together until you see Warning screen.

Press Volume Up to continue to download mode.

Step 9. Connect your device now using USB cable. Odin should recognize your device. It’s a must. When it recognizes, you will see Added!! message appearing in the Log box in bottom left, and the first box under ID:COM will also show a no. and turn its background blue. Look at the pic below.

You cannot proceed until you get the Added!! message, which confirms that Odin has recognized your device.

If you don’t get Added!! message, you need to install/re-install drivers again, and use the original cable that came with device. Mostly, drivers are the problem (look at step 2 above).

You can try different USB ports on your PC too.

Load the firmware files(s) on your device. This depends on how many files you got in step 4 above upon extracting the firmware .zip file.

Case 1: If you got a single .tar/.tar.md5 file, then load this into AP tab of your Odin software. Then go to next step.

Case 2: If you got more than one .tar/.tar.md5 file, then you must be having files starting with AP, CSC, Home_CSC, BL, CP, etc. stuff. In this case, choose the files as following. Select the firmware files as follows.

About CSC file: Using the HOME_CSC file won’t reset your device, and data on the phone shouldn’t be deleted. However, when we select regular CSC file, and it results in CSC on device being different than that in CSC file, your phone will be formatted automatically. You can even choose to ignore loading the CSC file, that may do alright too. But if it doesn’t works out, repeat the whole process and select CSC file this time around.

Info: When you load files, Odin checks the md5 of firmware file, which takes time. So, simply wait until that’s done and the firmware file is loaded. Don’t worry if Odin gets unresponsive for a while, it’s normal. Binary size will also show up in Odin.

Go back to Log tab now, as it will show the progress of firmware installation when you hit start button in next step.

Wait till installation is finished, after which your device will reboot automatically. You’ll get PASS message as shown below upon successful installation from Odin.

Some errors you may run into, and with respective solution.

If Odin gets stuck at setup connection, then you need to do this all again. Disconnect your device, close Odin, boot device into download mode again, open Odin, and then select the file and flash it again as said above.

If you get FAIL in the top left box, then also you need to flash the file again as stated just above.

That’s it. Let device restart automatically.

Firmware Benefits

You can use the firmware for variety of purposes, which includes:

Fix your Galaxy A5 Active if it’s giving you force closes errors and restarts randomly.

Unbrick your Galaxy A5 Active if it’s bootlooping and stuck at logo when restarting.

Go Back to Stock on your Galaxy A5 Active — helps when looking to sell the device, or fix installing OTA updates if broken.

Restore Galaxy A5 Active to factory state.

Upgrade your Galaxy A5 Active to newer Android version.

Downgrade your Galaxy A5 Active to lower build no. at same Android version.

Unroot your Galaxy A5 Active.

Remove custom recovery like TWRP and CWM, if installed, on your Galaxy A5 Active.

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